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《工程(英文)》 >> 2019年 第5卷 第4期 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2019.07.015

面向新一代智能制造的人- 信息- 物理系统(HCPS)

a Chinese Academy of Engineering, Beijing 100088, China

b Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China

c Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

d University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA

收稿日期 :2019-07-03 修回日期 :2019-07-12 录用日期 : 2019-07-15 发布日期 :2019-07-22

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摘要

智能制造系统是为了实现特定的价值创造目标,由相关的人、信息系统以及物理系统有机组成的综合智能系统,即人- 信息- 物理系统(HCPS),其中,物理系统是主体,信息系统是主导,人是主宰。同时,HCPS 揭示了智能制造的技术机理,也构成了智能制造的技术体系。实施智能制造的实质就是构建与应用各种不同用途、不同层次的HCPS。伴随着信息技术的发展,智能制造已历经了数字化制造和数字化网络化制造,并正在向数字化网络化智能化制造——新一代智能制造演进。新一代智能制造的本质特征是新一代人工智能技术(赋能技术)和先进制造技术(本体技术)的深度融合,新一代智能制造是第四次工业革命的核心技术。本文从HCPS 视角分析了智能制造系统的进化历程与趋势,重点探讨了面向新一代智能制造的HCPS 的内涵、特征、技术体系、实现架构以及面临的挑战。

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