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《工程(英文)》 >> 2022年 第16卷 第9期 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2022.01.010

住宅建筑需求侧柔性——定义、柔性负荷及量化方法

a College of Civil Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410006, China
b Key Laboratory of Building Safety and Energy Efficiency of the Ministry of Education, Changsha 410006, China
c School of Business, Society & Engineering, Mälardalen University, Vasteras 999027, Sweden

收稿日期 :2021-09-17 修回日期 :2022-01-05 录用日期 : 2022-01-28 发布日期 :2022-03-18

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摘要

本文综述了近年来关于住宅建筑负荷柔性的定义、柔性负荷及柔性量化方法方面的研究。首先,针对建筑需求侧柔性、运行柔性和能源柔性等不同的术语,进行了系统的比较和区分;其次,对住宅建筑主要柔性负荷的运行特性和柔性能力进行了总结和比较;再次,对柔性负荷的建模方法和柔性量化指标也进行了详细的综述和总结;最后,提出了当前建筑负荷柔性领域存在的一些亟待解决的问题。研究结果表明当前针对住宅建筑负荷柔性的研究主要集中在中央空调、储水型电热水器、湿电器、冰箱和照明,分别占现有研究的36.7%、25.7%、14.7%、 9.2%和 8.3%。这些柔性负荷在运行特性、使用频率和柔性能力方面存在较大的差异,而其实际的响应特性有待进一步研究。此外,本文给出了用于柔性负荷建模的白箱、灰箱和黑箱模型在不同应用场合下适用性的建议;对于柔性量化指标,现有研究主要从功率、时间、能量、效率、经济性和环保性等维度提出了大量的指标,但是缺少统一的柔性量化体系。本文能够帮助读者更好地理解建筑负荷柔性、区分与柔性相关的不同的术语、了解住宅建筑不同柔性负荷的运行特性和柔性能力,同时也能为柔性负荷的建模和柔性量化的相关研究提供指导。

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