期刊首页 优先出版 当期阅读 过刊浏览 作者中心 关于期刊 English

《中国工程科学》 >> 2021年 第23卷 第3期 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.03.015

我国国家质量基础设施发展战略研究

中国计量科学研究院,北京 100029

收稿日期 :2021-01-08 修回日期 :2021-02-22

下一篇 上一篇

摘要

国家质量基础设施(NQI)是一个国家高质量发展的技术基础,是国家创新体系的重要组成部分。提升国家质量基础设施的技术能力和管理水平是支撑科技强国、质量强国建设的关键手段。开展国家质量基础设施发展战略研究,对支撑我国从大国向强国转变具有重要战略意义。本文系统分析了国内外质量基础设施发展现状以及存在的问题,研究提出了我国国家质量基础设施发展战略的总体思路、发展目标和发展方向,从明确国家质量基础设施的战略定位,优化国家质量基础设施组织体系建设,夯实国家质量基础设施基础及系统性服务,加强国家质量基础设施多元化投入保障,推动国家质量基础设施国际交流合作等方面提出政策及保障措施建议,以期为我国国家质量基础设施的科学发展提供支撑和参考。

参考文献

[1]  UNCTAD, WTO. Innovations in export strategy: A strategic approach to the quality assurance challenge [C]. Geneva: UNCTAD, WTO, 2005.

[2]  Kellermann M. Ensuring quality to gain access to global markets: A reform toolkit [M]. Washington D.C.: The World Bank Group, 2019.

[3]  Yoo H. A case study on the establishment of a national quality infrastructure in Korea [J]. International Congress of Metrology, 2019:04002.

[4]  Racine J L. Harnessing quality for global competitiveness in Eastern Europe and Central Asia [M]. Washington D.C.: The World Bank Group, 2011.

[5]  蒋家东, 李相稹, 郑立伟. 国家质量基础设施研究综述 [J]. 工业 工程与管理, 2019, 24(2): 198–205. Jiang J D, Li X Z, Zheng L W. National quality infrastructure: A review [J]. Industrial Engineering and Management, 2019, 24(2): 198–205. 链接1

[6]  陈钢. 加强质量技术基础建设 助推经济提质增效升级 [J]. 行政 管理改革, 2016 (10): 30–35. Chen G. Strengthen the construction of quality and technical infrastructure to boost the quality and efficiency of the economy [J]. Administration Reform, 2016 (10): 30–35. 链接1

[7]  于连超. 论国家质量基础设施发展政策及其法律制度建设 [J]. 标准科学, 2020 (9): 6–11. Yu L C. On national quality infrastructure development policies and their legal system construction [J]. Standard Science, 2020 (9): 6–11. 链接1

[8]  United States Standards Strategy Committee. United States standards strategy [EB/OL]. (2020-12-09) [2020-12-19]. http:// www.ansi.org/standards_activities/nss/usss. 链接1

[9]  许柏, 杜东博, 刘晶, 等. 日本标准化战略发展历程与最新进展 [J]. 标准科学, 2018 (10): 6–10. Xu B, Du D B, Liu J, et al. Development history and latest progress of Japan standardization strategy [J]. Standard Science, 2018 (10): 6–10. 链接1

[10]  British Standards Institution, Department of Trade and Industry, Confederation of British Industry. National standardization strategic framework [EB/OL]. (2003-10-01) [2020-10-19]. http:// www.strategicstandards.com/files/UK.pdf. 链接1

[11]  DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V. The German standardization strategy [EB/OL]. (2016-11-03) [2020-10-19]. http://www.din.de/go/german-standardization-strategy. 链接1

[12]  AFNOR Normalisation. The french standardization strategy (2016—2018) [EB/OL]. (2016-06-01) [2020-10-19]. http:// normalisation.afnor.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Strategiefrancaise-2016-18-GB.pdf. 链接1

[13]  Walgren D. Malcolm baldrige national quality improvement act of 1987 [EB/OL]. (1987-01-28) [2020-10-19]. https://www.congress. gov/bill/100th-congress/house-bill/812. 链接1

[14]  Eichengreen B, Ritschl A. Understanding west German economic growth in the 1950s [J]. Economic History Working Papers, 2008, 3(3): 191–219. 链接1

[15]  Ministry of Education C, Sports, Science and Technology. Outline of the knowledge cluster initiative [EB/OL]. (2010-02-01) [2020- 10-19]. https://www.mext.go.jp/component/a_menu/science/ micro_detail/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2010/02/01/1288448_2.pdf. 链接1

[16]  Morella C. National technology transfer and advancement act of 1995 [EB/OL]. (1996-03-07) [2020-10-19]. https://www.nist.gov/ standardsgov/national-technology-transfer-and-advancementact-1995. 链接1

[17]  宫轲楠, 徐文见. 韩国国家质量基础设施立法及其启示 [J]. 标 准科学, 2020 (9): 12–16, 26. Gong K N, Xu W J. The legal system of national quality infrastructure in South Korea and its enlightenment to China [J]. Standard Science, 2020 (9): 12–16, 26. 链接1

[18]  于连超. 国家质量基础设施立法的比较分析与政策建议 [J]. 中 国市场监管研究, 2020 (8): 52–55. Yu L C. Comparative analysis and policy recommendations of national quality infrastructure legislation [J]. Research on China Market Regulation, 2020 (8): 52–55. 链接1

[19]  National Institute of Standards and Technology. Manufacturing extension partnership (MEP) [EB/OL]. (1998-01-01) [2020-10-19]. https://www.nist.gov/mep. 链接1

[20]  EVRARD L. Politique nationale de normalisation et stratégie pour la compétitivité de notre économie [R]. Paris: Ministère de l’Économie, de l’Industrie et du Numérique, 2014.

[21]  Quality Council of India. Vision and mission of ZED scheme [EB/ OL]. (2015-08-15) [2020-10-19]. https://zed.org.in/vision-mission. 链接1

[22]  邓川子. 印度“双零”项目及试点情况介绍 [J]. 中国计量, 2018, 273(8): 64–68. Deng C Z. Introduction to India’s “Zero Defect Zero Effect” project and pilot [J]. China Metrology, 2018, 273(8): 64–68. 链接1

[23]  Wittke W. Interim evaluation of the European Metrology Research Programme (EMRP) [R]. Brussels: European Commission, 2012.

相关研究