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《中国工程科学》 >> 2021年 第23卷 第6期 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.001

我国电力碳达峰、碳中和路径研究

1. 中国华能集团有限公司,北京 100031;

2. 国家电网有限公司,北京 100031;

3. 国网能源研究院有限公司,北京 102209
 

收稿日期 :2021-10-18 修回日期 :2021-11-05 发布日期 :2021-11-12

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摘要

电力低碳转型对实现碳达峰、碳中和目标具有全局性意义。本文在电力碳预算评估的基础上构建深度低碳、零碳、负碳 3 类电力转型情景,研判电力需求等关键边界条件,构建路径规划优化模型;采用 GESP-V 软件包进行优化分析,确定不同情景下包含电源结构、电力碳排放、电力供应成本在内的电力低碳转型路径;探讨并剖析煤电发展定位、新能源发展利用、清洁能源多元化供应、电力平衡等实现电力系统低碳转型亟待解决的重大问题。研究建议,加强顶层设计,稳妥规划转型节奏,保障电力供应安全;加强绿色低碳重大科技攻关,统筹电力全链条技术与产业布局;优化完善利益平衡统筹兼顾的市场机制,加快建设绿色金融政策保障体系。通过政策、技术、机制协同,推动中长期我国电力低碳转型的高质量发展。

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