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《中国工程科学》 >> 2022年 第24卷 第2期 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2022.02.016

面向可持续发展教育的工程科技人才需求特质与培养趋向研究

1. 南方科技大学高等教育研究中心,广东深圳 518055;

2. 清华大学教育研究院,北京 100084

收稿日期 :2021-08-12 修回日期 :2021-10-14 发布日期 :2022-03-16

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摘要

从《21世纪议程》到《教育2030行动框架》,国际社会不断推进可持续发展教育,对现有教育体系进行整合重塑以取得创新突破;可持续发展教育理念在引领国际工程教育改革的同时,日益成为提升工程教育质量的重要选择。本文在梳理可持续发展教育理念历史演进的基础上,分析了支撑2030年可持续发展教育的工程科技人才需求特质,从基于可持续发展教育的培养目标与关键能力新要求、国际工程联盟毕业生素质和职业能力框架解析、我国工程教育改革实践3个方面展开研究;基于可持续发展教育理念,总结了我国工程科技人才培养在培养目标定位、培养过程设计和学生考核评价等方面面临的严峻挑战。研究认为,我国面向2030年可持续发展教育的行动策略应从注重顶层设计、发挥政策协同作用,加强国际合作、整合全球优质资源,优化专业布局、发挥专业集群优势,赋能课程教学、培养优秀工程人才,强化专业认证、完善质量标准体系5个方面着手进行,以期推进契合可持续发展目标的工程科技人才培养质量持续提升。 

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