. Frontier Institute of Science and Technology, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710054, China.. Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.. Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.. Macromolecular Science and Engineering Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.. Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Available online: 2018-10-31
Native tissues possess unparalleled physiochemical and biological functions, which can be attributed to their hybrid polymer composition and intrinsic bioactivity. However, there are also various concerns or limitations over the use of natural materials derived from animals or cadavers, including the potential immunogenicity, pathogen transmission, batch to batch consistence and mismatch in properties for various applications. Therefore, there is an increasing interest in developing degradable hybrid polymer biomaterials with controlled properties for highly efficient biomedical applications. There have been efforts to mimic the extracellular protein structure such as nanofibrous and composite scaffolds, to functionalize scaffold surface for improved cellular interaction, to incorporate controlled biomolecule release capacity to impart biological signaling, and to vary physical properties of scaffolds to regulate cellular behavior. In this review, we highlight the design and synthesis of degradable hybrid polymer biomaterials and focus on recent developments in osteoconductive, elastomeric, photoluminescent and electroactive hybrid polymers. The review further exemplifies their applications for bone tissue regeneration.