By establishing a research model for aero-damping in a uniform incoming flow, the three-dimension analytical algorithm of the modal aero-damping based on the equivalent viscous damping principle was established. The algorithm, which is suited for low-speed flow, to compute aero-damping is based on classical lift line theory in aerodynamics, according to the analytical solution of unsteady aerodynamic force. According to the analytical equations, the modal aero-damping ratio for different nature frequencies of blades in various fluid field conditions can be solved, and the factors to affect the aero-damping can be determined.The first bend and the first torsion’s modal aero-damping ratios of a compressor blade are calculated by using the above algorithms. The results show that the aero-damping cannot be neglected comparing with the structure damping. It reflects the coupling degree between the flow field and the structure field, so the aero-damping is significant to compute the stress and life of blade.