Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering
Influence of pressure and density on the rheological properties of rockfills
1. Institute of Applied Mechanics, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria; 2. Geotechnical Engineering Department, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing, 210029, China; 3. Institute of Hydraulic Structures, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
Long-term deformations of rockfill dams can be related to the type of dam, the pre-compaction achieved during the construction of the dam, the history of loading events, the rheological properties of the rockfill material used, the seepage behavior caused by defects of the sealing, the interactions of the dam building with the foundation, and the hydrothermal phenomena of the stressed rockfill material. The present paper investigates the rheological properties of coarse grained rockfill materials using a hypoplastic constitutive model. Particular attention is paid to wetting deformation under different deviatoric loading states and pre-compactions. To quantify the state of weathering a so-called “solid hardness” is used in the sense of a continuum description. It is shown that an appropriate modeling of wetting deformations requires a unified description of the interaction at least between the state of weathering, the stress state, the density and the rate of deformation. The results obtained from the numerical simulations are compared with available experimental data for a rockfill material used in Xiaolangdi earth dam.