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Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering >> 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0658-9

Analysis of the current situation of environmental policy of China and establishment of distributed environmental policy framework

1. School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.2. Tsinghua Holdings Human Settlements Environment Institute, Beijing 100083, China

Available online:2015-02-13

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In this study, China’s current macro-environmental policies as well as their implementation and management tools are analyzed. By using the basic economic methodology, detailed studies are conducted focusing on the implementation effect of contemporary China’s typical environmental policy of the total pollutant discharge quantity control type, and also the two types of environmental management tools are compared from the perspective of implementation costs and policy uncertainty. By introduction of distributed management tools into the implementation of environmental policies, market-oriented means and the methods of economic analysis are introduced into environmental policy decision-making mechanisms, which could afford a new method for changing the current relatively low efficiency of environmental policy, solving the problem of “government failure” in environmental policy implementation, and providing a new way to make environmental policy system more flexible and more efficient. It is of great practical significance to solve China's current structural, complex and accumulative environmental problems.

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