Journal Home Online First Current Issue Archive For Authors Journal Information 中文版

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering >> 2022, Volume 24, Issue 5 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2022.05.018

Comprehensive Treatment of Rural Domestic Sewage in China

1. College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;

2. Key Laboratory of Yangtze River Water Environment, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 200092, China;

3. Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, Shanghai 200092, China

Received:2022-07-12 Revised:2022-09-19 Available online:2022-10-08

Next Previous

Abstract

Rural domestic sewage treatment is crucial for improving rural living environment, controlling agricultural and rural pollution, and implementing the rural revitalization strategy. In this paper, we evaluated the achievements of rural domestic sewage treatment from the aspects of regulations and standards, treatment scale and technology, and environmental protection education, and analyzed the problems associated with treatment capacity, technology, standards, and operation and maintenance. Rural domestic sewage treatment should adapt to local conditions, focus on resource utilization, and be economical, convenient, and scientifically planned. Key tasks were proposed from the perspectives of treatment mode, technical process, resource utilization, and operating mechanism. The development path we proposed emphasizes systematic treatment and integration of all parties. Moreover, several countermeasures are suggested. Discharge standards should be formulated scientifically for rural domestic sewage as nitrogen and phosphorus in rural sewage needs to be reused for irrigation. Ecological and simple treatment of the rural domestic sewage should be promoted based on the economical and feasible principles. The market mechanism needs to be improved to promote the specialized trusteeship of rural sewage treatment.

Image

图1

References

[1]  国家统计局‍ ‍. 第七次全国人口普查主要数据情 况 [EBO L]‍. 2021-05- 11 [2022-05-15 ]‍. http:www‍.stats‍.gov‍.cntjsjzxfb202105t20210510_1817176‍.html?utm_source=zhihuutm_medium=socialutm_oi=796295139365650432 ‍.

[2]  陆家缘‍ . 中国污水处理行业碳足迹与减排潜力分析 [D]‍. 合肥 : 中国科学技术大学硕士学位论文 , 2019 ‍.

[3]  第二次全国污染源普查公报 [J]‍. 环境保护 , 2020 , 48 18 : 8 ‒ 10 ‍.

[4]  向家莹‍ . 生态环境部: 2025年全国农村生活污水治理率将达 40 % [N]‍. 经济参考报 , 2022-04-25 02‍.

[5]  郜清攀‍ . 乡村振兴战略背景下乡镇政府公共服务能力研究 [D]‍. 长春 : 东北师范大学博士学位论文 , 2019 ‍.

[6]  梅莹 , 卜应露‍ . 农村生活污水治理的公共经济学分析 [J]‍. 内蒙古农业大学学报社会科学版 , 2020 , 22 2 : 1 ‒ 6 ‍.

[7]  贾小梅 , 于奇 , 王文懿 , 等‍ . 关于"十四五"农村生活污水治理的思考 [J]‍. 农业资源与环境学报 , 2020 , 37 5 : 1 ‒ 5 ‍.

[8]  陈小攀 , 张峰 , 王泽群 , 等‍ . 农村污水治理技术综述 [J]‍. 浙江化工 , 2020 , 51 1 : 36 ‒ 40 ‍.

[9]  周文栋‍ . 农村污水治理现状及技术应用研究 [J]‍. 中国环保产业 , 2020 6 : 57 ‒ 60 ‍.

[10]  何军辉‍ . 一体化设备在农村生活污水治理中的应用 [J]‍. 环境与发展 , 2020 , 32 2 : 58 ‒ 59 ‍.

[11]  黄敏峰‍ . 一体化装置处理农村分散生活污水的研究 [D]‍. 南昌 : 华东交通大学硕士学位论文 , 2019 ‍.

[12]  王学文 , 曹少飞 , 王慧娟 , 等‍ . 我国农村水环境污染现状与治理措施的思考 [J]‍. 科技创新与生产力 , 2018 6 : 58 ‒ 60 ‍.

[13]  王鸯妮‍ . 典型石漠化地区农村生活污水处理及处理后污水灌溉对蔬菜品质的影响研究——以凌云县为例 [D]‍. 南宁 : 广西大学硕士学位论文 , 2018 ‍.

[14]  杨晓英 , 袁晋 , 姚明星 , 等‍ . 中国农村生活污水处理现状与发展对策——以苏南农村为例 [J]‍. 复旦学报自然科学版 , 2016 , 55 2 : 183 ‒ 188 ‍.

[15]  陈伟达‍ . 解决农村污水问题应谋划长远 [N]‍. 中国环境报 , 2020-06-18 04‍.

[16]  黄丽坤‍ . 基于文化人类学视角的乡村营建策略与方法研究 [D]‍. 杭州 : 浙江大学博士学位论文 , 2015 ‍.

Related Research