Capsule endoscopy—A mechatronics perspective
1. School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore
2. School of Computer Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapor
3. National University Hospital, Singapore, SingaporeAvailable online: 2011-03-05
The recent advances in integrated circuit technology, wireless communication, and sensor technology have opened the door for development of miniature medical devices that can be used for enhanced monitoring and treatment of medical conditions. Wireless capsule endoscopy is one of such medical devices that has gained significant attention during the past few years. It is envisaged that future wireless capsule endoscopies replace traditional endoscopy procedures by providing advanced functionalities such as active locomotion, body fluid/tissue sampling, and drug delivery. Development of energy-efficient miniaturized actuation mechanisms is a key step toward achieving this goal. Here, we review some of the actuators that could be integrated into future wireless capsules and discuss the existing challenges.