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Agriculture Green Development: a model for China and the world

Jianbo SHEN, Qichao ZHU, Xiaoqiang JIAO, Hao YING, Hongliang WANG, Xin WEN, Wen XU, Tingyu LI, Wenfeng CONG, Xuejun LIU, Yong HOU, Zhenling CUI, Oene OENEMA, William J. DAVIES, Fusuo ZHANG

Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1,   Pages 5-13 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019300

Abstract: Proposals include interdisciplinary innovations, whole food chain improvement and regional solutions.

Keywords: Agriculture Green Development     food security     interdisciplinary innovations     resource use efficiency     sustainable    

Fire Safety Science——A Promising and Interdisciplinary Engineering Scientific Field

Fan Weicheng,Liu Naian

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2001, Volume 3, Issue 1,   Pages 6-14

Abstract:

During the past several decades, much progress has been made in fire safety science which aims at understanding the complexities of fire behavior as well as providing the technological principle for fire safety engineering. In this paper, the background and history of fire safety science are reviewed, the major fire safety technological principles to be developed are summarized, and the significant fundamental research topics are outlined in detail.

Keywords: fire     fire safety science     interdisciplinary science    

WATER USE IN HUMAN CIVILIZATIONS: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY ANALYSIS OF A PERPETUAL SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL CHALLENGE

Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4,   Pages 512-524 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE -2021393

Abstract:

Settlement patterns and social structures have been shaped by access to water since the onset of human societies. This review covers historical and recent examples from Cambodia, Central Asia, India, Latin America and the Arabian Peninsula to analyze the role of water resources in determining the rise and collapse of civilizations. Over recent decades increasing globalization and concomitant possibilities to externalize water needs as virtual water have obscured global dependence on water resources via telecoupling, but rapid urbanization brings it now back to the political agenda. It is foremost in the urban arena of poorer countries where competing claims for water increasingly lead to scale-transcendent conflicts about ecosystem services. Solutions to the dilemma will require broad stakeholder-based agreements on water use taking into account the available data on water resources, their current and potential use efficiency, recycling of water after effective treatment, and social-ecological approaches of improved governance and conflict resolution.

 

Keywords: agroecology     historical water use     water footprint     water governance     urbanization    

Science and technology innovations on Beijing-Tianjin inter-city railway

He Huawu

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2009, Volume 11, Issue 1,   Pages 4-16

Abstract: There are significant innovations made on key technologies and four challenging issues including system

Keywords: high speed railway     Beijing-Tianjin inter-city railway     innovations     exemplary demonstration    

WATER USE IN HUMAN CIVILIZATIONS: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY ANALYSIS OF A PERPETUAL SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL CHALLENGE

Andreas BUERKERT, Kotiganahalli Narayanagowda GANESHAIAH, Stefan SIEBERT

Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering   Pages 512-524 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2021393

Abstract: Since the onset of human societies, settlement patterns and social structures have been shaped by access to water. This review covers historical and recent examples from Cambodia, Central Asia, India, Latin America and the Arabian Peninsula to analyze the role of water resources in determining the rise and collapse of civilizations. Over recent decades increasing globalization and concomitant possibilities to externalize water needs as have obscured global dependence on water resources via telecoupling, but rapid urbanization brings it now back to the political agenda. It is foremost in the urban arena of poorer countries where competing claims for water increasingly lead to scale-transcendent conflicts about ecosystem services. Solutions to the dilemma will require broad stakeholder-based agreements on water use taking into account the available data on water resources, their current and potential use efficiency, recycling of water after effective treatment, and social-ecological approaches of improved governance and conflict resolution.

Keywords: agroecology     historical water use     water footprint     water governance     urbanization    

Comments on “Innovations for phosphorus sustainability: implications for the whole food chain” in special

Peter M. VITOUSEK, Xuejun LIU

Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering 2019, Volume 6, Issue 4,   Pages 441-442 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019284

Editorial for the Special Issue on Energetic Materials and Interdisciplinary Sciences

Xuguang Wang, James Short

Engineering 2020, Volume 6, Issue 9,   Pages 957-957 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2020.08.002

Technology improvements and management innovations in construction of Xiluodu hydropower station on Jinsha

Qixiang FAN

Frontiers of Engineering Management 2017, Volume 4, Issue 2,   Pages 231-237 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2017103

Abstract: Hongtao ZHOU, Hongwei WANG, Wei ZENG. [J]. Front. Eng, 2018, 5(1): 78-87.Peter REDFERN, Hua ZHONG. [J]. Front. Eng, 2017, 4(2): 193-200.Ming-zhou Liu,Cong-hu Liu,Mao-gen Ge,Yuan Zhang,Qing-hua Zhu. [J]. Front. Eng, 2016, 3(2): 144-146.Chong-guang Feng,Hao Hu,Feng Xu,Jian Yang. [J]. Front. Eng, 2015, 2(2): 178-181.Yu Zhao,Sheng-quan Wang,Ke-chao Zhu. [J]. Front. Eng, 2015, 2(1): 35-38.Ru-gui Chen,Jia-meng Chen. [J]. Front. Eng, 2014, 1(1): 52-61.An Wang. [J]. Front. Eng, 2014, 1(1): 13-17.

Keywords: super-high arch dam     intelligent construction     mass concrete temperature control     structure behavior control     anti-erosion concrete     low-heat portland cement     large-discharge and high-velocity spillway tunnels     large scale underground powerhouse     green hydropower station     sustainable development     Xiluodu hydropower station    

Innovations of membrane science and technology in China

Xu Nanping,Gao Congjie and Jin Wanqin

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2014, Volume 16, Issue 12,   Pages 4-9

Abstract: Recent 10-year innovations in fields of water treatment membranes, pervaporation membranes, gas separation

Keywords: membrane separation     China     progress    

Development Strategy of “New Medicine” Under the Background of Healthy China

He Ke, Wang Ling

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2019, Volume 21, Issue 2,   Pages 98-102 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2019.02.007

Abstract: comprehensively promote the overall development of medical personnel, and accelerate innovation in interdisciplinary

Keywords: healthy China     new medicine     interdisciplinary integration    

Innovations in planning and design of Luojing Port area

Wu Peng

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2012, Volume 14, Issue 3,   Pages 92-99

Abstract:

The newbuilt Luojing Port area in shanghai port is an integrative port which is a combination of iron ore, coal, steel and other bulk cargo, and it is the world´s first port which provides distribution and other value-added services for the large steel companies. The brand new parallel layout mode for combined port of transshipment hub and logistics has been developed in the plan and design of Luojing port area. Based on the traditional arrangement methods of public port, using the logistic concepts of just in time (JIT) and lean production (LP), the cargohandling technology and plane arrangement of port have been optimized, and the service level has been elevated, and the port service chain has been prolonged. The highly integration and synchronization of the logistics process has been achieved. The deep coast and land resources have been saved and energy consumption has been reduced.

Keywords: port planning and design     transhipment port     logistic port     prolonged port service chain    

Innovations of phosphorus sustainability: implications for the whole chain

Jianbo SHEN, Liyang WANG, Xiaoqiang JIAO, Fanlei MENG, Lin ZHANG, Gu FENG, Junling ZHANG, Lixing YUAN, Lin MA, Yong HOU, Tao ZHANG, Weifeng ZHANG, Guohua LI, Kai ZHANG, Fusuo ZHANG

Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering 2019, Volume 6, Issue 4,   Pages 321-331 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019283

Abstract:

Phosphorus (P) is a non-renewable resource, therefore ensuring global food and environmental security depends upon sustainable P management. To achieve this goal, sustainable P management in the upstream and downstream sectors of agriculture from mineral extraction to food consumption must be addressed systematically. The innovation and feasibility of P sustainability are highlighted from the perspective of the whole P-based chain, including the mining and processing of P rock, production of P fertilizers, soil and rhizosphere processes involving P, absorption and utilization of P by plants, P in livestock production, as well as flow and management of P at the catchment scale. The paper also emphasizes the importance of recycling P and the current challenges of P recovery. Finally, sustainable solutions of holistic P management are proposed from the perspective of technology improvement with policy support.

Keywords: P-use efficiency     recycling     sustainable management     the whole P chain    

The Next Breakthroughs of Artificial Intelligence: The Interdisciplinary Nature of AI

Yueting Zhuang, Ming Cai, Xuelong Li, Xiangang Luo, Qiang Yang, Fei Wu

Engineering 2020, Volume 6, Issue 3,   Pages 245-247 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2020.01.009

The General Design and Technology Innovations of CAP1400 Review

Mingguang Zheng, Jinquan Yan, Shentu Jun, Lin Tian, Xujia Wang, Zhongming Qiu

Engineering 2016, Volume 2, Issue 1,   Pages 97-102 doi: 10.1016/J.ENG.2016.01.018

Abstract:

The pressurized water reactor CAP1400 is one of the sixteen National Science and Technology Major Projects. Developed from China’s nuclear R&D system and manufacturing capability, as well as AP1000 technology introduction and assimilation, CAP1400 is an advanced large passive nuclear power plant with independent intellectual property rights. By discussing the top design principle, main performance objectives, general parameters, safety design, and important improvements in safety, economy, and other advanced features, this paper reveals the technology innovation and competitiveness of CAP1400 as an internationally promising Gen-III PWR model. Moreover, the R&D of CAP1400 has greatly promoted China’s domestic nuclear power industry from the Gen-II to the Gen-III level.

Keywords: CAP1400     Advanced passive technology     General design     Localization     Technology innovation    

Considerations on Innovation in the Development of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences

Wang Zhidong,Gao Meixu

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2008, Volume 10, Issue 1,   Pages 86-90

Abstract:

The development status and existing problems in the field of nuclear agricultural sciences (NAS) are reviewed .Including the application of nuclear technology in mutation breeding by irradiation, isotopic technique application, food irradiation and sterile insect technique, etc. China has made great achievements in the research and application of nuclear technique in agriculture from 1950s to 1990s. Due to lack of enough financial support to the basic research and reformation of science & research system in China, the development of NAS now meets its tough time. Through analyzing the difference and reasons of NAS development between China and the USA, it is recognized that the innovation in research and scientific system is important for promoting the development speed and research level of NAS.

Keywords: mutation breeding     isotope application     food irradiation     sterile insect technique     basic theory research     innovations    

Title Author Date Type Operation

Agriculture Green Development: a model for China and the world

Jianbo SHEN, Qichao ZHU, Xiaoqiang JIAO, Hao YING, Hongliang WANG, Xin WEN, Wen XU, Tingyu LI, Wenfeng CONG, Xuejun LIU, Yong HOU, Zhenling CUI, Oene OENEMA, William J. DAVIES, Fusuo ZHANG

Journal Article

Fire Safety Science——A Promising and Interdisciplinary Engineering Scientific Field

Fan Weicheng,Liu Naian

Journal Article

WATER USE IN HUMAN CIVILIZATIONS: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY ANALYSIS OF A PERPETUAL SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL CHALLENGE

Journal Article

Science and technology innovations on Beijing-Tianjin inter-city railway

He Huawu

Journal Article

WATER USE IN HUMAN CIVILIZATIONS: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY ANALYSIS OF A PERPETUAL SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL CHALLENGE

Andreas BUERKERT, Kotiganahalli Narayanagowda GANESHAIAH, Stefan SIEBERT

Journal Article

Comments on “Innovations for phosphorus sustainability: implications for the whole food chain” in special

Peter M. VITOUSEK, Xuejun LIU

Journal Article

Editorial for the Special Issue on Energetic Materials and Interdisciplinary Sciences

Xuguang Wang, James Short

Journal Article

Technology improvements and management innovations in construction of Xiluodu hydropower station on Jinsha

Qixiang FAN

Journal Article

Innovations of membrane science and technology in China

Xu Nanping,Gao Congjie and Jin Wanqin

Journal Article

Development Strategy of “New Medicine” Under the Background of Healthy China

He Ke, Wang Ling

Journal Article

Innovations in planning and design of Luojing Port area

Wu Peng

Journal Article

Innovations of phosphorus sustainability: implications for the whole chain

Jianbo SHEN, Liyang WANG, Xiaoqiang JIAO, Fanlei MENG, Lin ZHANG, Gu FENG, Junling ZHANG, Lixing YUAN, Lin MA, Yong HOU, Tao ZHANG, Weifeng ZHANG, Guohua LI, Kai ZHANG, Fusuo ZHANG

Journal Article

The Next Breakthroughs of Artificial Intelligence: The Interdisciplinary Nature of AI

Yueting Zhuang, Ming Cai, Xuelong Li, Xiangang Luo, Qiang Yang, Fei Wu

Journal Article

The General Design and Technology Innovations of CAP1400

Mingguang Zheng, Jinquan Yan, Shentu Jun, Lin Tian, Xujia Wang, Zhongming Qiu

Journal Article

Considerations on Innovation in the Development of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences

Wang Zhidong,Gao Meixu

Journal Article