Ecological compensation mechanism for urban green land and its application in Shanghai, China
1.Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100037, China; 2.Environmental School, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; 3.College of Water Sciences, Key Laboratory for Water and Sediment Sciences Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
Urban green land compensation plays an important role in county development, ecological environment management and many other fields. The concept, methods and principles of urban green land are introduced in this paper. According to the pay fee method, the value and ecological function of various types of urban green land were analyzed. The cost-benefit analysis method (CBAM) was used to estimate different external diseconomy benefits caused by green land loss. The authors applied CBAM to estimate such benefits in the case of Shanghai, China, and calculated the actual compensation value for green land. Results indicated that in 2002, the compensation value for the green land of Shanghai was RMB 8.58 × 10 Yuan/hm.