A model for the evaluation of environmental impact indicators for a sustainable maritime transportation systems
. Department of Analytics, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 S College Rd, Wilmington, NC, USA.. Department of Engineering Management and Systems Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, 223 600 W, 14th Street, Rolla, MO, USA.. U.S. Geological Survey, Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science, Rolla, MO, USA
Maritime shipping is considered the most efficient, low-cost means for transporting large quantities of freight over significant distances. However, this process also causes negative environmental and societal impacts. Therefore, environmental sustainability is a pressing issue for maritime shipping management, given the interest in addressing important issues that affect the safety, security, and air and water quality as part of the efficient movement of freight throughout the coasts and waterways and associated port facilities worldwide. In-depth studies of maritime transportation systems (MTS) can be used to identify key environmental impact indicators within the transportation system. This paper develops a tool for decision making in complex environments; this tool will quantify and rank preferred environmental impact indicators within a MTS. Such a model will help decision-makers to achieve the goals of improved environmental sustainability. The model will also provide environmental policy-makers in the shipping industry with an analytical tool that can evaluate tradeoffs within the system and identify possible alternatives to mitigate detrimental effects on the environment.