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《工程(英文)》 >> 2017年 第3卷 第5期 doi: 10.1016/J.ENG.2017.03.010

高纤维日粮对猪营养和代谢的影响综述

1. Prairie Swine Center Inc., Saskatoon, SK S7H 5N9, Canada
2. Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada

录用日期 : 2017-07-28 00:00:00.000 发布日期 :2017-10-31

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摘要

目前,大量的低成本、纤维类的副产物被添加到猪的日粮中以减少猪的养殖成本。然而,由于猪不能有效降解膳食纤维,因此富含纤维的日粮营养价值偏低。此外,高纤维日粮会降低营养物质的利用率和猪的生长性能。最近的研究结果不一致,甚至互相矛盾,而且纤维来源、纤维类型和纤维水平也会影响高纤维日粮的负效应。另外,测定膳食纤维及其纤维组成的分析方法会经常干扰纤维对猪生长和生理反应的影响。虽然已经有一些改善纤维对猪的消极影响、提高日粮的营养价值的方法被逐渐应用,如外源纤维降解酶广泛应用于提高营养物质利用率和猪的生长性能。但是,与研究结果并不一致,还需要阐明外源纤维降解酶在猪的代谢和生理反应中的作用方式。另外,膳食纤维日益成为促进猪的肠道健康和改善妊娠母猪福利的方法。本文对膳食纤维及其对猪的营养、肠道生理和母猪福利的影响进行了讨论。同时,本文建议要对膳食纤维和外源酶如何提高猪对高纤维原料的利用率方面进行深入的研究。

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