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《工程(英文)》 >> 2017年 第3卷 第5期 doi: 10.1016/J.ENG.2017.03.017

中草药在水产养殖中的应用研究进展

a School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
b College of Fisheries and Life Science, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China
c Ministry of Education Center for Food Safety of Animal Origin, Dalian 116620, China
d Liaoning Food Safety of Animal Origin Innovation Team, Dalian 116024, China

发布日期 :2017-10-31

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摘要

随着人们对水产食品安全关注的不断加强,越来越多的化学合成药物在水产养殖中被禁用。同时,由于中草药具有绿色天然的优点,近年来其在水产养殖领域被广泛应用。研究表明,中草药具有促进养殖鱼类生长、提高抗病力、改善肌肉品质等多方面的作用。中草药所含生物活性物质不仅能够增加鱼类摄食量和消化酶活性,而且可能影响养殖产品风味。许多中草药种类还能够显著提升养殖鱼类的特异性和非特异性免疫力。然而,由于中草药的植物成分非常复杂,有效地分离提纯药用成分是开发应用的关键。本文回顾了中草药关于生长表现和饲料利用,免疫和抗病力以及养殖产品质量方面的最新研究和应用进展。本文同时介绍了中药材化学成分研究的新技术和方法,分析了中草药在水产养殖应用方面存在的问题,认为未来中草药研究应重点关注如何经济地提炼有效成分以及最佳的用药途径。

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