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《工程(英文)》 >> 2019年 第5卷 第6期 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2019.09.006

日本桥梁和建筑结构监测的研究与实施综述

a Institute of Advanced Sciences, Yokohama National University, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan
b Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
c Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

收稿日期 :2018-10-08 修回日期 :2019-04-15 录用日期 : 2019-06-01 发布日期 :2019-09-29

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摘要

本文对日本建筑结构监测技术的发展进行了综述,重点介绍了监测系统的类型、策略和开发利用。本文主要对基于振动技术的桥梁和建筑结构进行了介绍。日本的建筑结构监测系统历来都是以评估建筑结构对极端事件的响应程度为目标的。在建筑结构监测技术的开发中,监测系统和所收集到的数据被用来验证设计假设、更新技术参数并优化振动控制系统的性能。本文对大跨度桥梁和高层建筑的设计验证、建筑物和桥梁的隔震系统性能、建筑结构改造和加固验证、结构控制系统验证(被动式、半主动式和主动式)、结构评估和损伤检测进行了研究。近年来,监测系统的应用范围被逐步扩大,监测数据的充分利用使得风险和资产管理趋于合理化,从而进一步提升了监测系统的高效运作和有效维护。本文还从对日本桥梁和建筑结构监测案例研究中总结了一些经验教训和反馈意见。

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