. Institute of Desertification Studies, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China.. Research Institute of Forestry New Technology, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China.. Asia-Pacific Network for Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation, Beijing 100021, China
Desertification has been caused by various factors and is a major environmental problem and development bottleneck faced by the world. It is also a serious threat to ecological security and to sustainable economic and social development. As a stubborn world problem, focused on by the United Nations 2030 sustainable development goal 15.3, China aims to combat desertification by implementing the “eight-column four-beam” strategy, and also suggest the “four-medicine” approach for global desertification governance. This includes the development of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification protocol, unified global compliance and compliance metrics; building a global observation network, and monitoring land changes based on remote sense; preparing the global natural desert (heritage) list, leaving the original deserts for future generations; initiating the global action of combating desertification, and striving to achieve a land degradation-neutral world by 2030.