A comparative review of the state and advancement of Site-Specific Crop Management in the UK and China
. School of Engineering, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK.. School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK.. National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing Nongke Mansion, Beijing 100097, China.. Courtyard Agriculture Ltd., Wiltshire SN3 5HY, UK.. Satellite Applications Catapult, Harwell OX11 0QR, UK.. RAL Space, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Didcot OX11 0QX, UK.. State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, College of Global Change and Earth System Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.. Center for Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.. National Geomatics Center of China, Beijing 100830, China录用日期 ： 2018-12-29 发布日期 ：2018-12-29
Precision agriculture, and more specifically Site-Specific Crop Management (SSCM), has been implemented in some form across nearly all agricultural production systems over the past 25 years. Adoption has been greatest in developed agricultural countries. In this review article, the current situation of SSCM adoption and application is investigated from the perspective of a developed (UK) and developing (China) agricultural economy. The current state-of-the art is reviewed with an emphasis on developments in position system technology and satellite-based remote sensing. This is augmented with observations on the differences between the use of SSCM technologies and methodologies in the UK and China and discussion of the opportunities for (and limitations to) increasing SSCM adoption in developing agricultural economies. A particular emphasis is given to the role of socio-demographic factors and the application of responsible research and innovation (RRI) in translating agri-technologies into China and other developing agricultural economies. Several key research and development areas are identified that need to be addressed to facilitate the delivery of SSCM as a holistic service into areas with low precision (PA) agriculture adoption. This has implications for developed as well as developing agricultural economies.