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《中国工程科学》 >> 2016年 第18卷 第3期 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2016.03.008

水产生物技术发展战略研究

1. 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所,山东青岛266071;

2. 青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室,山东青岛 266273;

3. 中国水产科学研究院水产生物技术中心,北京100141

收稿日期 :2016-04-27 修回日期 :2016-05-15 发布日期 :2016-06-29 13:33:03.000

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摘要

本文从水产养殖生物基因组测序、遗传连锁图谱绘制、重要经济性状相关分子标记/基因筛选、基因组编辑、基因组选择以及细胞培养与种质冷冻保存等方面综合介绍了水产生物技术的发展现状,并深入分析了水产生物技术研究中存在的主要问题,诸如基因功能分析平台不完善,抗病与性控育种技术研究滞后,基因组编辑与全基因组选择技术刚刚起步等。同时,围绕上述主要问题,提出了水产生物技术亟待突破的关键技术,并建议“十三五”期间设立重点研究计划专项,深入开展水产动物基因组资源开发与利用、重要经济性状遗传解析以及水产生物信息大数据平台构建等。

关键词

水产 ; 生物技术 ; 基因

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