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《中国工程科学》 >> 2018年 第20卷 第6期 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2018.06.015

智能源于人、拓于工——人工智能发展的一点思考

同济大学嵌入式系统与服务计算教育部重点实验室,上海 201804

收稿日期 :2018-10-22 修回日期 :2018-10-30 发布日期 :2018-12-31

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摘要

人工智能(AI)旨在模拟人脑中信息存储和处理机制等智能行为,使机器具有一定程度的智能水平。随着互联网、大数据、云计算和深度学习等新一代信息技术的飞速发展,目前AI领域的研究和应用已经取得重要进展。本文将深入分析与AI密切相关的计算机科学、控制科学、类脑智能、人脑智能等学科或领域之间的交融与历史演进;指出神经科学、脑科学与认知科学中有关脑的结构与功能机制的研究成果,为构建智能计算模型提供了重要的启发,并从逻辑模型及系统、神经元及网络模型、视觉神经分层机制等方面,分别阐述智能的驱动与发展;最后从互联网的计算理论、AI的演算和计算的融合、类脑智能的模型和机理、AI对神经科学的推动作用、反馈计算的算法设计与控制系统的能级五个方面,对AI的发展趋势进行了展望。

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