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《中国工程科学》 >> 2019年 第21卷 第5期 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2019.05.012

西部生态脆弱贫困区生态文明建设战略研究

1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;

2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049

收稿日期 :2019-08-09 修回日期 :2019-09-15

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摘要

生态脆弱贫困区的生态环境破坏严重、人口贫困问题集中,开展生态文明建设是生态脆弱贫困区可持续发展的必由之路。本文针对我国西部地区未来一段时期现代化建设进程中的生态文明建设问题开展研究,论证了实现生态资产与农牧民人均纯收入同时增长的发展路径,提出了相应的生态文明建设战略路线图。对照“守住发展与生态两条底线,促进人与自然和谐共生,全面实现绿色现代化”的西部生态脆弱贫困区生态文明建设总体战略目标,阐述了中长期(当前—2050 年)生态文明建设的阶段性任务。研究表明,到2020 年,西部地区基本消除相对贫困,使生态资产触底达到拐点,启动恢复性增长;到2035 年,西部地区整体消除相对贫困,彻底修复受损自然生态环境,实现整体生态恢复;到2050 年,西部地区实现资源节约、环境友好、社会经济全面发展的绿色现代化。

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