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Identification of sources, characteristics and photochemical transformations of dissolved organic matter with EEM-PARAFAC in the Wei River of China

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1340-z

摘要:

• The source of DOM in surface water and sediment is inconsistent.

关键词: Dissolved organic matter     Parallel factor analysis     Excitation-emission matrices     Photodegradation    

Excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy for characterization of organic matter in

Jinlan Yu, Kang Xiao, Wenchao Xue, Yue-xiao Shen, Jihua Tan, Shuai Liang, Yanfen Wang, Xia Huang

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1210-8

摘要: • Principles and methods for fluorescence EEM are systematically outlined. • Fluorophore peak/region/component and energy information can be extracted from EEM. • EEM can fingerprint the physical/chemical/biological properties of DOM in MBRs. • EEM is useful for tracking pollutant transformation and membrane retention/fouling. • Improvements are still needed to overcome limitations for further studies. The membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology is a rising star for wastewater treatment. The pollutant elimination and membrane fouling performances of MBRs are essentially related to the dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the system. Three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (3D-EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy, a powerful tool for the rapid and sensitive characterization of DOM, has been extensively applied in MBR studies; however, only a limited portion of the EEM fingerprinting information was utilized. This paper revisits the principles and methods of fluorescence EEM, and reviews the recent progress in applying EEM to characterize DOM in MBR studies. We systematically introduced the information extracted from EEM by considering the fluorescence peak location/intensity, wavelength regional distribution, and spectral deconvolution (giving fluorescent component loadings/scores), and discussed how to use the information to interpret the chemical compositions, physiochemical properties, biological activities, membrane retention/fouling behaviors, and migration/transformation fates of DOM in MBR systems. In addition to conventional EEM indicators, novel fluorescent parameters are summarized for potential use, including quantum yield, Stokes shift, excited energy state, and fluorescence lifetime. The current limitations of EEM-based DOM characterization are also discussed, with possible measures proposed to improve applications in MBR monitoring.

关键词: excitation-emission matrix (EEM)     dissolved organic matter (DOM)     membrane bioreactor (MBR)     fluorescence indicator     characterization method    

Characterization of the dissolved organic matter in sewage effluent of sequence batch reactor: the impact of carbon source

Jin GUO, Feng SHENG, Jianhua GUO, Xiong YANG, Mintao MA, Yongzhen PENG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第2期   页码 280-287 doi: 10.1007/s11783-011-0336-0

摘要: Dissolved organic matter (DOM) transformation in sequence batch reactor (SBR) fed with carbon sources of different biodegradability was investigated. During the biologic degradation process, the low molecular weight (MW) fraction (<1 kDa) gradually decreased, while the refractory compounds with higher aromaticity were aggregated. Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and fluorescence of excitation emission matrices (EEM) demonstrated that more biopolymers (polysaccharides or proteins) and humic-like substances were presented in the extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) extracted from the SBR fed with sodium acetate or glucose, while the EPS from SBR fed with slowly biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (DOC) substrate-starch had relatively less biopolymers. Comparing the EfOM in sewage effluent of three SBRs, the effluent from SBR fed with starch is more aromatic. Organic carbon with MW>1 kDa as well as the hydrophobic fraction in DOM gradually increased with the carbon sources changing from sodium acetate to glucose and starch. The DOC fractionation and the EEM all demonstrated that EfOM from the effluent of the SBR fed with starch contained more fulvic acid-like substances comparing with the SBR fed with sodium acetate and glucose.

关键词: effluent organic matter (EfOM)     extracellular polymeric substance (EPS)     molecular weight distribution (MWD)     hydrophobic     hydrophilic     excitation emission matrices (EEM)    

A chemometric analysis on the fluorescent dissolved organic matter in a full-scale sequencing batch reactor for municipal wastewater treatment

Chen Qian, Wei Chen, Wei-Hua Li, Han-Qing Yu

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0962-2

摘要: Rapid monitoring of water quality is crucial to the operation of municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (EEM) in combination with parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) has been used as a powerful tool for the characterization of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in WWTPs. However, a recent work has revealed the drawback of PARAFAC analysis, i.e., overestimating the component number. A novel method, parallel factor framework-clustering analysis (PFFCA), has been developed in our earlier work to resolve this drawback of PARAFAC. In the present work, both PARAFAC and PFFCA were used to analyze the EEMs of water samples from a full-scale WWTP from a practical application point of view. The component number and goodness-of-fit from these two methods were compared and the relationship between the relative score change of component and the actual concentration was investigated to evaluate the estimation error introduced by both methods. PFFCA score and actual concentration exhibited a higher correlation coefficient ( = 0.870) compared with PARAFAC ( <0.771), indicating that PFFCA provided a more accurate relative change estimation than PARAFAC. The results suggest that use of PARAFAC may cause confusion in selecting the component number, while EEM-PFFCA is a more reliable alternative approach for monitoring water quality in WWTPs.

关键词: Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs)     Excitation-emission matrix (EEM)     Parallel factor (PARAFAC)     Parallel factor framework-clustering analysis (PFFCA)    

Investigation of fluorescence characterization and electrochemical behavior on the catalysts of nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al

Chang-Mao HUNG, Wen-Liang LAI, Jane-Li LIN

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第3期   页码 428-434 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0517-0

摘要: This work describes the environmentally friendly technology for oxidation of ammonia (NH ) to form nitrogen at temperatures range from 423K to 673K by selective catalytic oxidation (SCO) over a nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al O catalyst prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation method of hexachloroplatinic acid (H PtCl ) and rhodium (III) nitrate (Rh(NO ) ) with γ-Al O in a tubular fixed-bed flow quartz reactor (TFBR). The characterization of catalysts were thoroughly measured using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), three-dimensional excitation-emission fluorescent matrix (EEFM) spectroscopy, UV-Vis absorption, dynamic light-scattering (DLS), zeta potential meter, and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The results demonstrated that at a temperature of 673K and an oxygen content of 4%, approximately 99% of the NH was removed by catalytic oxidation over the nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al O catalyst. N was the main product in NH -SCO process. Further, it reveals that the oxidation of NH was proceeds by the over-oxidation of NH into NO, which was conversely reacted with the NH to yield N . Therefore, the application of nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al O catalyst can significantly enhance the catalytic activity toward NH oxidation. One fluorescent peak for fresh catalyst was different with that of exhausted catalyst. It indicates that EEFM spectroscopy was proven to be an appropriate and effective method to characterize the Pt clusters in intrinsic emission from nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al O catalyst. Results obtained from the CV may explain the significant catalytic activity of the catalysts.

关键词: ammonia (NH3)     nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al2O3 catalyst     excitation-emission fluorescent matrix (EEFM)     selective catalytic oxidation (SCO)     tubular fixed-bed reactor (TFBR)    

Chemical identification and genotoxicity analysis of petrochemical industrial wastewater

Jing ZHANG, Shigong WANG, Can WANG, Hongying HU

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第3期   页码 350-359 doi: 10.1007/s11783-012-0404-0

摘要: The actual harmful effects of industrial wastewater can not be reflected by the conventional water quality index. Therefore, the change in dissolved organic matter and the genetic toxicity of petrochemical wastewater were observed in the current study by examining the wastewater treatment plant of a large petrochemical enterprise in Northwest China. Using XAD-8, MSC, and DA-7 resins, the wastewater was separated into six fractions, namely, hydrophobic acid (HOA), hydrophobic neutral (HOB), hydrophobic alkaline, hydrophilic acid, hydrophilic alkaline, and hydrophilic neutral. Umu-test was used to detect the genetic toxicity of the wastewater samples, and fluorescence spectra were also obtained to examine genetic toxic substances. The results show that wastewater treatment facilities can effectively reduce the concentration of organic matter in petrochemical wastewater ( <0.05). However, the mixing of aniline wastewater can increase the amount of organic carbon ( <0.05) and can overload facilities. This finding shows that the mixed collection and joint treatment of different types of petrochemical wastewater can affect the water quality of the effluent. Particularly, hydrophobic substances can be difficult to remove and account for a relatively large proportion of the effluent. The mixture of aniline wastewater can increase the genetic toxicity of the effluent ( <0.05), and biologic treatment can not effectively decrease the toxicity. Most of the genetic toxicology may exist in the HOA and HOB fractions. Fluorescence spectroscopy also confirms this result, and tryptophan-like substances may play an important role in genetic toxicity.

关键词: dissolved organic matter     resin fraction     genetic toxicity     fluorescence excitation and emission matrix    

Approximation of structural damping and input excitation force

Mohammad SALAVATI

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第2期   页码 244-254 doi: 10.1007/s11709-016-0371-9

摘要: Structural dynamic characteristics are the most significant parameters that play a decisive role in structural damage assessment. The more sensitive parameter to the damage is the damping behavior of the structure. The complexity of structural damping mechanisms has made this parameter to be one of the ongoing research topics. Despite all the difficulties in the modeling of damping, there are some approaches like as linear and nonlinear models which are described as the energy dissipation throughout viscous, material or structural hysteretic and frictional damping mechanisms. In the presence of a mathematical model of the damping mechanisms, it is possible to estimate the damping ratio from the theoretical comparison of the damped and un-damped systems. On the other hand, solving the inverse problem of the input force estimation and its distribution to each SDOFs, from the measured structural responses plays an important role in structural identification process. In this paper model-based damping approximation method and a model-less structural input estimation are considered. The effectiveness of proposed methods has been carried out through analytical and numerical simulation of the lumped mass system and the results are compared with reference data. Consequently, high convergence of the comparison results illustrates the satisfactory of proposed approximation methods.

关键词: structural modal parameters     damping identification method     input excitation force identification     Inverse problem    

Interactions between metal ions and the biopolymer in activated sludge: quantification and effects of system pH value

Yun Zhou, Siqing Xia, Binh T. Nguyen, Min Long, Jiao Zhang, Zhiqiang Zhang

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第1期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0898-6

摘要: The biopolymer showed two protein-like fluorescence peaks (peaks A and B). Interactions of Pb(II) and biopolymer were quantified at various system pH values. System pH values significantly affect the quenching constant values for both peaks. Peak B plays a more important role in the interactions than peak A. Removal mechanism of metal ions by activated sludge system was further disclosed. The quantification and effects of system pH value on the interactions between Pb(II) and the biopolymer from activated sludge were investigated. The biopolymer had two protein-like fluorescence peaks (Ex/Em= 280 nm/326–338 nm for peak A; Ex/Em= 220–230 nm/324–338 nm for peak B). The fluorescence intensities of peak B were higher than those of peak A. The fluorophores of both peaks could be largely quenched by Pb(II), and the quencher dose for peak B was about half of that for peak A. The modified Stern-Volmer equation well depicted the fluorescence quenching titration. The quenching constant (Ka) values for both peaks decreased with rising system pH value, and then sharply decreased under alkaline conditions. It could be attributed to that the alkaline conditions caused the reduction of available Pb(II) due to the occurrence of Pb(OH)2 sediments. The Ka values of peak B were bigger than those for peak A at the same system pH values. Accordingly, the aromatic protein (peak B) plays the key role in the interactions between metal ions and the biopolymer.

关键词: Metal ions     Biopolymer     Activated sludge     Three-dimensional excitation emission matrix (3D-EEM)     Fluorescence regional integration (FRI) technique     Quantification    

同步发电机励磁系统中PWM控制的仿真研究

贾贵玺,徐伟,郭宝钥,张臣堂

《中国工程科学》 2005年 第7卷 第6期   页码 50-53

摘要:

优良的励磁控制系统不仅可以保证发电机运行的可靠性和稳定性,而且可有效地提髙发电机和电力系统技术指标。同步发电机励磁系统采用了PWM整流技术,实现励磁电流低谐波和励磁功率单元高功率因数转换,提高了发电机供电质量,并用MATLAB对设计系统做出仿真验证,证明该设计对改善发电机输出电压、提高功率单元电能利用率有明显效果。

关键词: PWM     高功率因数     励磁系统     Matlab仿真    

一种基于子带激励替换的窄带语音水印算法 Article

Wei LIU, Ai-qun HU

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第18卷 第5期   页码 627-643 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.1601503

摘要: 本文建议了一种新的窄带语音水印算法,该算法将部分语音信号替换为一个经过幅度调节和频谱成形的隐蔽信号。文中从理论上证明了若仅对一小部分载体语音作修改,则不但可以建立一个用于隐蔽通信的理想信道模型,而且还能确保隐藏信号的不可感知性和带水印信号的可懂度。在此基础上,文中建议了一个实际的系统模型。在嵌入器中,使用了能量规范化准则,使得通带水印信号的能量与原始通带语音激励信号的能量相等,然后使用合成滤波器来对该水印信号进行频谱成形。在提取器中,先用带通滤波器去除带外信号,然后用分析滤波器对失真进行补偿。实验结果显示,本文建议算法的数据速率可达400 bits/s,具有更佳的带宽效率,且有良好的不可感知性。此外,该算法对实际应用中的各种攻击也是顽健的。

关键词: 分析滤波器;线性预测;窄带语音水印;通带激励替代;能量规范化;谱包络成形;合成滤波器    

A new prediction method of industrial atmospheric pollutant emission intensity based on pollutant emission

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第1期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1608-1

摘要:

● Established a quantification method of pollutant emission standard.

关键词: Industrial atmospheric pollutants     Pollutant emission standards     Quantitative method     Machine learning     Single enterprise    

Dissolved methane in anaerobic effluent: Emission or recovery?

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1537-4

摘要: Various anaerobic processes have been explored for the energy-efficient treatment of municipal wastewater. However, dissolved methane in anaerobic effluent appears to be a barrier towards the energy and carbon neutrality of wastewater treatment. Although several dissolved methane recovery methods have been developed, their engineering feasibility and economic viability have not yet been assessed in a holistic manner. In this perspective, we thus intend to offer additional insights into the cost-benefit of dissolved methane recovery against its emission.

关键词: Anaerobic treatment     Municipal wastewater     Dissolved methane     Methane recovery     Carbon emission    

Spatiotemporal distribution, environmental risk and carbon emission reduction potential of livestock

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2024552

摘要:

● Production, distributions and environmental risks of LM in Shaanxi were studied.

关键词: Livestock manure     emission estimation     N and P loads     biogas potential     carbon emission reduction    

Response of organic aerosol characteristics to emission reduction in Yangtze River Delta region

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第9期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1714-0

摘要:

● The emission reduction causes significant change in organic aerosol composition.

关键词: Emission control     Secondary organic aerosol     Atmospheric oxidizing capacity     Holiday effects     COVID-19 lockdown    

Study on the Path of “Near-zero Emission” Coal-based Clean Energy Ecosystem Development

Zhang Yu-zhuo

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2014年 第1卷 第1期   页码 37-41 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2014007

摘要: Developing a "near-zero emission" coal-based clean energy ecosystem bears great significance for the sustainable development of clean energy in China and the world at large. This article delves into the development strategy, implementation pathways and key priorities of China's "near-zero emission" coal-based clean energy ecosystem, and in turn proposes specific measures to underpin the development and implementation of such system.

关键词: near-zero emission     clean energy ecosystem     study on the path    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Identification of sources, characteristics and photochemical transformations of dissolved organic matter with EEM-PARAFAC in the Wei River of China

期刊论文

Excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy for characterization of organic matter in

Jinlan Yu, Kang Xiao, Wenchao Xue, Yue-xiao Shen, Jihua Tan, Shuai Liang, Yanfen Wang, Xia Huang

期刊论文

Characterization of the dissolved organic matter in sewage effluent of sequence batch reactor: the impact of carbon source

Jin GUO, Feng SHENG, Jianhua GUO, Xiong YANG, Mintao MA, Yongzhen PENG

期刊论文

A chemometric analysis on the fluorescent dissolved organic matter in a full-scale sequencing batch reactor for municipal wastewater treatment

Chen Qian, Wei Chen, Wei-Hua Li, Han-Qing Yu

期刊论文

Investigation of fluorescence characterization and electrochemical behavior on the catalysts of nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al

Chang-Mao HUNG, Wen-Liang LAI, Jane-Li LIN

期刊论文

Chemical identification and genotoxicity analysis of petrochemical industrial wastewater

Jing ZHANG, Shigong WANG, Can WANG, Hongying HU

期刊论文

Approximation of structural damping and input excitation force

Mohammad SALAVATI

期刊论文

Interactions between metal ions and the biopolymer in activated sludge: quantification and effects of system pH value

Yun Zhou, Siqing Xia, Binh T. Nguyen, Min Long, Jiao Zhang, Zhiqiang Zhang

期刊论文

同步发电机励磁系统中PWM控制的仿真研究

贾贵玺,徐伟,郭宝钥,张臣堂

期刊论文

一种基于子带激励替换的窄带语音水印算法

Wei LIU, Ai-qun HU

期刊论文

A new prediction method of industrial atmospheric pollutant emission intensity based on pollutant emission

期刊论文

Dissolved methane in anaerobic effluent: Emission or recovery?

期刊论文

Spatiotemporal distribution, environmental risk and carbon emission reduction potential of livestock

期刊论文

Response of organic aerosol characteristics to emission reduction in Yangtze River Delta region

期刊论文

Study on the Path of “Near-zero Emission” Coal-based Clean Energy Ecosystem Development

Zhang Yu-zhuo

期刊论文