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Precise regulation of acid pretreatment for red mud SCR catalyst: Targeting on optimizing the acidity

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第7期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1447-x

摘要:

• The optimum SCR activity was realized by tuning the acid pretreatment.

关键词: Air pollution control     Nitrogen oxides     Selective catalytic reduction     Red mud     Solid waste utilization    

Effects of rape straw and red mud on extractability and bioavailability of cadmium in a calcareous soil

Junxing YANG,Liqun WANG,Jumei LI,Dongpu WEI,Shibao CHEN,Qingjun GUO,Yibing MA

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第3期   页码 419-428 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0674-9

摘要: Screening of cost-effective soil amendments is important to develop “ ” remediation techniques for cadmium (Cd) contaminated soils. In this study, different soil amendments, including red mud, a by-product of the alumina industry, and acid-treated, nano-treated by nano-particle milling, nano and acid-treated red muds, zeolite, corn straw, and rape straw, were evaluated to immobilize Cd in two added levels (2 and 5 mg Cd·kg soil) in a calcareous soil by single and sequential extractions and by cucumber ( L.) pot experiments. Results indicated that cruciferous rape straw significantly decreased the concentrations of water soluble, extractable Cd in soils, and Cd in cucumber plants, and it was more effective than gramineous corn straw. Also, red mud generally decreased the extractability and bioavailability of Cd added to calcareous soils more effectively than zeolite. Furthermore, the efficiency of red mud could be increased by the treatment of nano-particle milling due to the increase in specific surface area of red mud. It is potential to use rape straw and red mud as soil amendments to develop a cost-effective and efficient “ ” remediation technology for Cd mildly contaminated calcareous soils.

关键词: red mud     rape straw     cadmium     immobilization     calcareous soil    

Materials sustainability for environment: Red-mud treatment

Brajendra Mishra, Sumedh Gostu

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第3期   页码 483-496 doi: 10.1007/s11705-017-1653-z

摘要: Bayer’s process revolutionized the extraction of aluminum from the bauxite ores. However, the hydrothermal extraction of alumina is associated with the generation of a byproduct, red-mud consisting of undissolved solids composed of iron oxides, sodium alumino silicates, titania, silica and rare earth elements. The accumulation of red-mud (or bauxite residue) in the world is 30 billion metric tons produced at a rate of 125 million tons per annum (2013). Utilization of red-mud for constructional purposes, wastewater treatment, metallurgical products, and pigments are listed. Metallurgical processing efforts of red-mud to generate various value added products such as pig iron, direct reduced iron slag wool, magnetite, titania, iron carbides are presented in the article.

关键词: red-mud processing     waste management     sustainability     valorization    

Insight into the promotion mechanism of activated carbon on the monolithic honeycomb red mud catalyst

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1337-7

摘要:

• Activated carbon was proposed to be an efficient accelerant for molded red mud catalyst.

关键词: NOx     Selective catalytic reduction     Iron-based catalyst     Red mud     Monolithic catalyst     Activated carbon    

Assessing human bioaccessibility of trace contaminants in size-fractionated red mud, derived precipitates

Chunfeng Wang, Yanchen Zhu, Dan Yao, Guanfei Chen, Lianjun Wang

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0956-0

摘要: The objective of this study was to provide insight into human exposure to trace contaminants bearing red mud, derived precipitates and geopolymeric blocks due to inhalation contact and/or hand-to-mouth ingestion. The in vitro bioaccessibility behavior of trace contaminants was investigated with the PBET (physiologically based extraction test), ALF (artificial lysosomal fluid) and MGS (modified Gamble’ solution) methods. The results showed that total contents of trace contaminants and operation parameters, such as pH and chelating properties of simulated gastrointestinal phases (PBET), played a joint role in controlling the bioaccessibility efficacy for size-fractionated red mud particles. As for airborne particles (<38 µm size fractions), trace contaminants concentrations extracted by MGS was significantly higher than those by ALF. Additionally, higher bioaccessibility (PBET) values of Cu, Pb, Zn, As, V and U were obtained from red mud derived precipitates compared with those of red mud itself. Even though short-term and long-term leaching values of trace contaminants were relatively lower in the prepared geopolymeric blocks, the health risk could be significantly higher due to the more pronounced bioaccessibility characteristics.

关键词: Bioaccessibility     Trace contaminants     Red mud     Precipitates     Geopolymeric blocks.    

水波与淤泥质底床相互作用数值模拟——基于滞后回路特征的淤泥体流变模型

齐鹏,侯一筠

《中国工程科学》 2006年 第8卷 第4期   页码 39-45

摘要:

应用一个滞后回路特征的半经验的淤泥体流变模型描述表面水波作用下底床软泥层的振荡运动,建立了表面水波与淤泥质底床相互作用的垂向二维耦合模型。在数值处理上,为提高数值格式对水-泥界面附近流动的分辨力,较好地再现界面附近速度梯度大的流动特点,采用垂向对数网格处理技巧。模型验证是通过计算水波波高衰减率和底床软泥体输移速度,并与有关的实验测量数据进行比较。

关键词: 泥体输移     波浪衰减     淤泥质底床     流变模型    

Facile discovery of red blood cell deformation and compromised membrane/skeleton assembly in Prader–Willi

《医学前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期   页码 946-956 doi: 10.1007/s11684-022-0962-x

摘要: Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare congenital disease with genetic alterations in chromosome 15. Although genetic disorders and DNA methylation abnormalities involved in PWS have been investigated to a significant degree, other anomalies such as those in erythrocytes may occur and these have not been clearly elucidated. In the present study, we uncovered slight anemia in children with PWS that was associated with increased red blood cell (RBC) distribution width (RDW) and contrarily reduced hematocrit (HCT) values. Intriguingly, the increased ratio in RDW to HCT allowed sufficient differentiation between the PWS patients from the healthy controls and, importantly, with individuals exhibiting conventional obesity. Further morphologic examinations revealed a significant deformity in erythrocytes and mild hemolysis in PWS patients. Comprehensive mechanistic investigations unveiled compromised membrane skeletal assembly and membrane lipid composition, and revealed a reduced F-actin/G-actin ratio in PWS patients. We ascribed these phenotypic changes in erythrocytes to the observed genetic defects, including DNA methylation abnormalities. Our collective data allowed us to uncover RBC deformation in children with PWS, and this may constitute an auxiliary indicator of PWS in early childhood.

关键词: Prader–Willi syndrome     early diagnosis     erythrocyte deformation     membrane skeleton     membrane lipid    

the synergetic remediation and amendment effects of zeolite/biochar composite on heavy metal-polluted red

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.1007/s11783-024-1874-6

摘要:

● Converting of red soil into a zeolite framework has been reported for the first time.

关键词: Red soil     Heavy metal pollution     Zeolite/biochar composite     Soil remediation     Soil amendment    

cellulose nanocrystal cross-linked chitosan foam with high adsorption capacity for removal of acid red

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第7期   页码 853-866 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2256-x

摘要: The discharge of large amounts of dye-containing wastewater seriously threats the environment. Adsorbents have been adopted to remove these dyes present in the wastewater. However, the high adsorption capacity, predominant pH-responsibility, and excellent recyclability are three challenges to the development of efficient adsorbents. The poly(acryloxyethyl trimethylammonium chloride)-graft-dialdehyde cellulose nanocrystals were synthesized in our work. Subsequently, the cationic dialdehyde cellulose nanocrystal cross-linked chitosan nanocomposite foam was fabricated via freeze-drying of the hydrogel. Under the optimal ratio of the cationic dialdehyde cellulose nanocrystal/chitosan (w/w) of 12/100, the resultant foam (Foam-12) possesses excellent absorption properties, such as high porosity, high content of active sites, strong acid resistance, and high amorphous region. Then, Foam-12 was applied as an eco-friendly adsorbent to remove acid red 134 (a representative of anionic dyes) from aqueous solutions. The maximum dye adsorption capacity of 1238.1 mg∙g‒1 is achieved under the conditions of 20 mg∙L‒1 adsorbents, 100 mg∙L‒1 dye, pH 3.5, 24 h, and 25 °C. The dominant adsorption mechanism for the anionic dye adsorption is electrostatic attraction, and Foam-12 can effectively adsorb acid red 134 at pH 2.5–5.5 and be desorbed at pH 8. Its easy recovery and good reusability are verified by the repeated acid adsorption–alkaline desorption experiments.

关键词: chitosan foam     cellulose nanocrystals     acid red 134     adsorption    

Effects of red and blue LEDs on

Lili CHEN, Xuzhang XUE, Yadong YANG, Fei CHEN, Jie ZHAO, Xiquan WANG, Alam Tariful KHAN, Yuegao HU

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第5卷 第2期   页码 197-205 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2018224

摘要: The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of red and blue LEDs on growth and microtuberization of potato ( ) single-node cuttings. Explants were incubated under 6 light treatments: 100% red LEDs (R), 75% red LEDs+ 25% blue LEDs (3RB), 50% red LEDs+ 50% blue LEDs (RB), 25% red LEDs+ 75% blue LEDs (R3B), 100% blue LEDs (B) and white LEDs (W). Most of the growth and physiological parameters were significantly higher in 3RB than W. Enhancement of leaf area and chlorophyll concentrations were obtained in B. Leaf stomata were elliptical with the lowest density in 3RB. However, those in W were round in shape, and those with the smallest size and the highest density were observed in R. Most of the characteristics of microtuberization were also improved in 3RB. The combined spectra of red and blue LEDs increased the number of large microtubers. The fresh weight of individual microtubers in R and W were increased, but not their number. These results suggest that, of the treatments assessed, 3RB is optimal for the growth of potato plantlets and the combination of red and blue LEDs is beneficial for microtuberization.

关键词: blue LED     microtuber     plant tissue culture     potato plantlets in vitro     red LED    

A MYB-INDUCED MECHANISM FOR ENHANCED ASCORBATE IN RED-FLESHED APPLES

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第2期

摘要:

The results presented in “The anthocyanin biosynthetic regulator MdMYB1 positively regulates ascorbic acid biosynthesis in apple” (An et al., this issue) provide evidence for a new mechanism for the elevation of ascorbate concentration in apple. Using a red-fleshed apple breeding population, the authors show how the anthocyanin-regulating MYB transcription factor, MdMYB1, also increases ascorbate concentrations by directly activating transcription of the dehydroascorbate reductase gene MdDHAR. This gene recycles oxidized ascorbate back to ascorbate, leading to elevated concentrations of vitamin C. These red-fleshed apples have enhanced concentrations of both anthocyanins and ascorbate, both of which are appealing traits for the development of healthier apples.

 

Response of bacterial communities to short-term pyrene exposure in red soil

Jingjing PENG, Hong LI, Jianqiang SU, Qiufang ZHANG, Junpeng RUI, Chao CAI

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第4期   页码 559-567 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0501-8

摘要: Pyrene, a representative polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compound produced mainly from incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, is hazardous to ecosystem health. However, long-term exposure studies did not detect any significant effects of pyrene on soil microorganism. In this study, short-term microcosm experiments were conducted to identify the immediate effect of pyrene on soil bacterial communities. A freshly-collected pristine red soil was spiked with pyrene at 0, 10, 100, 200, and 500 mg·kg and incubated for one day and seven days. The bacterial communities in the incubated soils were analyzed using 16S rRNA sequencing and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) methods. The results revealed high bacterial diversity in both unspiked and pyrene-spiked soils. Only at the highest pyrene-spiking rate of 500 mg·kg , two minor bacteria groups of the identified 14 most abundant bacteria groups were completely suppressed. Short-term exposure to pyrene resulted in dominance of Proteobacteria in soil, followed by Acidobacteria, Firmutes, and Bacteroidetes. Our findings showed that bacterial community structure did respond to the presence of pyrene but recovered rapidly from the perturbation. The intensity of impact and the rate of recovery showed some pyrene dosage-dependent trends. Our results revealed that different levels of pyrene may affect the bacterial community structure by suppressing or selecting certain groups of bacteria. It was also found that the bacterial community was most susceptible to pyrene within one day of the chemical addition.

关键词: pyrene     bacterial communities     terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism     short-term exposure     rank-abundance plots    

Lignin-derived dual-function red light carbon dots for hypochlorite detection and anti-counterfeiting

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第7期   页码 966-975 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2244-1

摘要: The efficient utilization of natural lignin, which is the main by-product of the cellulose industry, is crucial for enhancing its economic value, alleviating the environmental burden, and improving ecological security. By taking advantage of the large sp2 hybrid domain of lignin and introducing amino functional groups, new lignin-derived carbon dots (SPN-CDs) with red fluorescence were successfully synthesized. Compared with green and blue fluorescent materials, red SPN-CDs have desirable anti-interference properties of short-wave background and exhibit superior luminescence stability. The SPN-CDs obtained exhibited sensitive and distinctive visible color with fluorescence-dual responses toward hypochlorite. Considering this feature, a portable, low-cost, and sensitive fluorescence sensing paper with a low limit of detection of 0.249 μmol∙L–1 was fabricated using the SPN-CDs for hypochlorite detection. Furthermore, a new type of visible-light and fluorescence dual-channel information encryption platform was constructed. Low-concentration hypochlorite can be employed as an accessible and efficient information encryption/decryption stimulus, as well as an information “eraser”, facilitating a safe and diversified transmission and convenient decryption of information. This work opens new avenues for high-value-added applications of lignin-based fluorescent materials.

关键词: alkali lignin     red light carbon dots     hypochlorite     encryption and anti-counterfeiting    

nanoarchitecture for an optimal combination of photothermal and chemodynamic therapy functions of CuS cores with red

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第12期   页码 2144-2155 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2362-4

摘要: This study introduces multifunctional silica nanoparticles that exhibit both high photothermal and chemodynamic therapeutic activities, in addition to luminescence. The activity of the silica nanoparticles is derived from their plasmonic properties, which are a result of infusing the silica nanoparticles with multiple Cu2–xS cores. This infusion process is facilitated by a recoating of the silica nanoparticles with a cationic surfactant. The key factors that enable the internal incorporation of the Cu2–xS cores and the external deposition of red-emitting carbon dots are identified. The Cu2–xS cores within the silica nanoparticles exhibit both self-boosting generation of reactive oxygen species and high photothermal conversion efficacy, which are essential for photothermal and chemodynamic activities. The silica nanoparticles’ small size (no more than 70 nm) and high colloidal stability are prerequisites for their cell internalization. The internalization of the red-emitting silica nanoparticles within cells is visualized using fluorescence microscopy techniques. The chemodynamic activity of the silica nanoparticles is associated with their dark cytotoxicity, and the mechanisms of cell death are evaluated using an apoptotic assay. The photothermal activity of the silica nanoparticles is demonstrated by significant cell death under near-infrared (1064 nm) irradiation.

关键词: copper sulfide nanoparticles     chemodynamic therapy     photothermal therapy     carbon dots     silica nanoparticles    

Red soil for sediment capping to control the internal nutrient release under flow conditions

Lei Xia, Guo Liu, Chunmei Chen, Meiyan Wen, Yangyang Gao

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-016-0886-2

摘要: The inhibition of sediment nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) release seems necessary. Red soil (RS) was firstly used as sediment capping material under flow conditions. RS capping can effectively reduce the N and P release from sediment. Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) released from the sediment to the surface water is a major source of water quality impairment. Therefore, inhibiting sediment nutrient release seems necessary. In this study, red soil (RS) was employed to control the nutrients released from a black-odorous river sediment under flow conditions. The N and P that were released were effectively controlled by RS capping. Continuous-flow incubations showed that the reduction efficiencies of total N (TN), ammonium (NH -N), total P (TP) and soluble reactive P (SRP) of the overlying water by RS capping were 77%, 63%, 77% and 92%, respectively, and nitrification and denitrification occurred concurrently in the RS system. An increase in the water velocity coincided with a decrease in the nutrient release rate as a result of intensive water aeration.

关键词: Sediment     Red soil capping     Flow conditions     Nitrogen     Phosphorus    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Precise regulation of acid pretreatment for red mud SCR catalyst: Targeting on optimizing the acidity

期刊论文

Effects of rape straw and red mud on extractability and bioavailability of cadmium in a calcareous soil

Junxing YANG,Liqun WANG,Jumei LI,Dongpu WEI,Shibao CHEN,Qingjun GUO,Yibing MA

期刊论文

Materials sustainability for environment: Red-mud treatment

Brajendra Mishra, Sumedh Gostu

期刊论文

Insight into the promotion mechanism of activated carbon on the monolithic honeycomb red mud catalyst

期刊论文

Assessing human bioaccessibility of trace contaminants in size-fractionated red mud, derived precipitates

Chunfeng Wang, Yanchen Zhu, Dan Yao, Guanfei Chen, Lianjun Wang

期刊论文

水波与淤泥质底床相互作用数值模拟——基于滞后回路特征的淤泥体流变模型

齐鹏,侯一筠

期刊论文

Facile discovery of red blood cell deformation and compromised membrane/skeleton assembly in Prader–Willi

期刊论文

the synergetic remediation and amendment effects of zeolite/biochar composite on heavy metal-polluted red

期刊论文

cellulose nanocrystal cross-linked chitosan foam with high adsorption capacity for removal of acid red

期刊论文

Effects of red and blue LEDs on

Lili CHEN, Xuzhang XUE, Yadong YANG, Fei CHEN, Jie ZHAO, Xiquan WANG, Alam Tariful KHAN, Yuegao HU

期刊论文

A MYB-INDUCED MECHANISM FOR ENHANCED ASCORBATE IN RED-FLESHED APPLES

期刊论文

Response of bacterial communities to short-term pyrene exposure in red soil

Jingjing PENG, Hong LI, Jianqiang SU, Qiufang ZHANG, Junpeng RUI, Chao CAI

期刊论文

Lignin-derived dual-function red light carbon dots for hypochlorite detection and anti-counterfeiting

期刊论文

nanoarchitecture for an optimal combination of photothermal and chemodynamic therapy functions of CuS cores with red

期刊论文

Red soil for sediment capping to control the internal nutrient release under flow conditions

Lei Xia, Guo Liu, Chunmei Chen, Meiyan Wen, Yangyang Gao

期刊论文