资源类型

期刊论文 1191

会议视频 77

会议信息 3

会议专题 1

年份

2024 41

2023 118

2022 160

2021 126

2020 93

2019 74

2018 84

2017 60

2016 41

2015 71

2014 46

2013 46

2012 33

2011 47

2010 40

2009 37

2008 28

2007 26

2006 12

2005 11

展开 ︾

关键词

能源 51

可持续发展 12

核能 11

可再生能源 10

节能 10

碳中和 9

能源安全 6

2035 4

新能源 4

氢能 4

绿色化工 4

能源战略 4

能源结构 4

能源转型 4

能源革命 4

节能减排 4

节能环保 4

中长期 3

关键技术 3

展开 ︾

检索范围:

排序: 展示方式:

Triboelectric nanogenerators: the beginning of blue dream

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第6期   页码 635-678 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2271-y

摘要: Wave energy is inexhaustible renewable energy. Making full use of the huge ocean wave energy resources is the dream of mankind for hundreds of years. Nowadays, the utilization of water wave energy is mainly absorbed and transformed by electromagnetic generators (EMGs) in the form of mechanical energy. However, waves usually have low frequency and uncertainty, which means low power generation efficiency for EMGs. Fortunately, in this slow current and random direction wave case, the triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) has a relatively stable output power, which is suitable for collecting blue energy. This article summarizes the main research results of TENG in harvesting blue energy. Firstly, based on Maxwell’s displacement current, the basic principle of the nanogenerator is expounded. Then, four working modes and three applications of TENG are introduced, especially the application of TENG in blue energy. TENG currently used in blue energy harvesting is divided into four categories and discussed in detail. After TENG harvests water wave energy, it is meaningless if it cannot be used. Therefore, the modular storage of TENG energy is discussed. The output power of a single TENG unit is relatively low, which cannot meet the demand for high power. Thus, the networking strategy of large-scale TENG is further introduced. TENG’s energy comes from water waves, and each TENG’s output has great randomness, which is very unfavorable for the energy storage after large-scale TENG integration. On this basis, this paper discusses the power management methods of TENG. In addition, in order to further prove its economic and environmental advantages, the economic benefits of TENG are also evaluated. Finally, the development potential of TENG in the field of blue energy and some problems that need to be solved urgently are briefly summarized.

关键词: blue energy     triboelectric nanogenerator     water wave energy     networking strategy     micro/nano-energy     self-powered devices    

Bicontinuous porous membranes with micro-nano composite structure using a facile atomization-assisted

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第8期   页码 1268-1280 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2143-5

摘要: The micro-nano composite structure can endow separation membranes with special surface properties, but it often has the problems of inefficient preparation process and poor structural stability. In this work, a novel atomization-assisted nonsolvent induced phase separation method, which is also highly efficient and very simple, has been developed. By using this method, a bicontinuous porous microfiltration membrane with robust micro-nano composite structure was obtained via commercially available polymers of polyacrylonitrile and polyvinylpyrrolidone. The formation mechanism of the micro-nano composite structure was proposed. The microphase separation of polyacrylonitrile and polyvinylpyrrolidone components during the atomization pretreatment process and the hydrogen bonding between polyacrylonitrile and polyvinylpyrrolidone molecules should have resulted in the nano-protrusions on the membrane skeleton. The membrane exhibits superhydrophilicity in air and superoleophobicity underwater. The membrane can separate both surfactant-free and surfactant-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions with high separation efficiency and permeation flux. With excellent antifouling property and robust microstructure, the membrane can easily be recycled for long-term separation. Furthermore, the scale-up verification from laboratory preparation to continuous production has been achieved. The simple, efficient, cost-effective preparation method and excellent membrane properties indicate the great potential of the developed membranes in practical applications.

关键词: atomization     nonsolvent induced phase separation     bicontinuous porous structure     micro-nano composite structure     oil-water separation    

Recent advances in micro- and nano-machining technologies

Shang GAO, Han HUANG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第12卷 第1期   页码 18-32 doi: 10.1007/s11465-017-0410-9

摘要:

Device miniaturization is an emerging advanced technology in the 21st century. The miniaturization of devices in different fields requires production of micro- and nano-scale components. The features of these components range from the sub-micron to a few hundred microns with high tolerance to many engineering materials. These fields mainly include optics, electronics, medicine, bio-technology, communications, and avionics. This paper reviewed the recent advances in micro- and nano-machining technologies, including micro-cutting, micro-electrical-discharge machining, laser micro-machining, and focused ion beam machining. The four machining technologies were also compared in terms of machining efficiency, workpiece materials being machined, minimum feature size, maximum aspect ratio, and surface finish.

关键词: micro machining     cutting     electro discharge machining (EDM)     laser machining     focused ion beam (FIB)    

Recent advances in ultrasonic-assisted machining for the fabrication of micro/nano-textured surfaces

Shaolin XU,Tsunemoto KURIYAGAWA,Keita SHIMADA,Masayoshi MIZUTANI

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第12卷 第1期   页码 33-45 doi: 10.1007/s11465-017-0422-5

摘要:

In this paper, the state of art of ultrasonic-assisted machining technologies used for fabrication of micro/nano-textured surfaces is reviewed. Diamond machining is the most widely used method in industry for manufacturing precision parts. For fabrication of fine structures on surfaces, conventional diamond machining methods are competitive by considering the precision of structures, but have limitations at machinable structures and machining efficiency, which have been proved to be partly solved by the integration of ultrasonic vibration motion. In this paper, existing ultrasonic-assisted machining methods for fabricating fine surface structures are reviewed and classified, and a rotary ultrasonic texturing (RUT) technology is mainly introduced by presenting the construction of vibration spindles, the texturing principles, and the applications of textured surfaces. Some new ideas and experimental results are presented. Finally, the challenges in using the RUT method to fabricate micro/nano-textured surfaces are discussed with respect to texturing strategies, machinable structures, and tool wear.

关键词: ultrasonic-assisted machining     textured surface     micro/nano-structures     functional performance    

Fabrication of micro/nano-structures by electrohydrodynamic jet technique

Dazhi WANG, Xiaojun ZHAO, Yigao LIN, Tongqun REN, Junsheng LIANG, Chong LIU, Liding WANG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第12卷 第4期   页码 477-489 doi: 10.1007/s11465-017-0461-y

摘要:

Electrohydrodynamic jet (E-Jet) is an approach to the fabrication of micro/nano-structures by the use of electrical forces. In this process, the liquid is subjected to electrical and mechanical forces to form a liquid jet, which is further disintegrated into droplets. The major advantage of the E-Jet technique is that the sizes of the jet formed can be at the nanoscale far smaller than the nozzle size, which can realize high printing resolution with less risk of nozzle blockage. The E-Jet technique, which mainly includes E-Jet deposition and E-Jet printing, has a wide range of applications in the fabrication of micro/nano-structures for micro/nano-electromechanical system devices. This technique is also considered a micro/nano-fabrication method with a great potential for commercial use. This study mainly reviews the E-Jet deposition/printing fundamentals, fabrication process, and applications.

关键词: electrohydrodynamic jet deposition     electrohydrodynamic jet printing     micro/nano-structures     film    

Strengthening of polysulfone membranes using hybrid mixtures of micro- and nano-scale modifiers

Peyman P. Selakjani, Majid Peyravi, Mohsen Jahanshahi, Hamzeh Hoseinpour, Ali S. Rad, Soodabeh Khalili

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第1期   页码 174-183 doi: 10.1007/s11705-017-1670-y

摘要: Polysulfone (PSf) membranes were modified by either a new organic modifier (sulfonated poly(ether sulfide sulfone), SPESS) or a traditional modifier (rice hulk). These membranes were further reinforced with either multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) or silica nanoparticles. Having a dye rejection of 98.46%, the reinforced membranes increased more than 50% in strength but no change in solution flux was observed. The morphological and roughness studies were conducted using scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Moreover, the PSF membranes were also characterized by differential scanning calorimetry. Modifying the membranes with organic modifier or nanofiller increases the glass transition temperature ( ). The highest and strength were observed for the PSf-SPESS-MWCNT membrane. SPESS decreases surface roughness but MWCNT increases roughness on the nanoscale. All membranes show a bimodal pore size distribution, whereas the PSf-SPESS-MWCNT membrane exhibits a relatively uniform distribution of macroscopic and microscopic pores.

关键词: polysulfone membrane     mechanical properties     micro- and nano-modification     binary and ternary system     dye removal    

Optimizing the compressive strength of concrete containing micro-silica, nano-silica, and polypropylene

Fatemeh ZAHIRI, Hamid ESKANDARI-NADDAF

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第4期   页码 821-830 doi: 10.1007/s11709-019-0518-6

摘要: Many studies have evaluated the effects of additives such as nano-silica (NS), micro-silica (MS) and polymer fibers on optimizing the mechanical properties of concrete, such as compressive strength. Nowadays, with progress in cement industry provides, it has become possible to produce cement type I with strength classes of 32.5, 42.5, and 52.5 MPa. On the one hand, the microstructure of cement has changed, and modified by NS, MS, and polymers; therefore it is very important to determine the optimal percentage of each additives for those CSCs. In this study, 12 mix designs containing different percentages of MS, NS, and polymer fibers in three cement strength classes(CSCs) (32.5, 42.5, and 52.5 MPa) were designed and constructed based on the mixture method. Results indicated the sensitivity of each CSCs can be different on the NS or MS in compressive strength of concrete. Consequently, strength classes have a significant effect on the amount of MS and NS in mix design of concrete. While, polymer fibers don’t have significant effect in compressive strength considering CSCs.

关键词: mixture method     compressive strength     nano-silica     micro-silica     polypropylene fibers    

Achievements and trends of solid oxide fuel cells in clean energy field: a perspective review

Abdalla M. ABDALLA, Shahzad HOSSAIN, Pg MohdIskandr PETRA, Mostafa GHASEMI, Abul K. AZAD

《能源前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第2期   页码 359-382 doi: 10.1007/s11708-018-0546-2

摘要: The main concerns in the world today, especially in the energy field, are subjected to clean, efficient, and durable sources of energy. These three aspects are the main goals that scientist are paying attention to. However, the various types of energy resources include fossil and sustainable ones, but still some challenges are chasing these kinds from energy conversion, storage, and efficiency. Hence, the most reliable and considered energy resource nowadays is the utilized one which is as highly efficient, clean, and everlasting as possible. So, in this review, an attempt is made to highlight one of the promising types as a clean and efficient energy resource. Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is the most efficient type of the fuel cell types involved with hydrogen and hydrocarbon-based fuels, especially when it works with combined heat and power (CHP). The importance of this type is due to its nature of work as conversion tool from chemical to electrical for generation of power without noise, pollution, and can be safely handled.

关键词: solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs)     clean energy     design     micro-scale     nano-scale     performance    

微纳操作与表征

Yu Sun, Sergej Fatikow, Xinyu Liu

《工程(英文)》 2023年 第24卷 第5期   页码 1-2 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2023.04.006

纳卫星微型百叶窗热控技术研究及仿真

杨娟,李运泽,王浚

《中国工程科学》 2008年 第10卷 第7期   页码 169-172

摘要:

微型百叶窗能够适当解决因体积及质量限制而引起的纳卫星内部热环境高热流密度问题。微型百 叶窗驱动的智能化控制方法是亟待解决的关键技术。在球状纳卫星动态特性模型的基础上,提出了一种模 糊PI 混合控制方法。分别在舱内仪器散热增加和减少的工况下进行控制仿真。结果表明,这种并联控制系 统较之单独使用模糊控制器和传统PID控制器在控制效果和动态特性方面更佳。

关键词: 纳卫星     微型百叶窗     模糊PI 控制器     仿真    

Preparation and photocatalytic kinetics of nano-ZnO powders by precipitation stripping process

ZHANG Dongxiang, XUE Min, XU Hang, XU Wenguo, TARASOV V

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第3期   页码 319-324 doi: 10.1007/s11705-008-0051-y

摘要: Ultra-fine zinc oxalate powders were prepared through a precipitation stripping method with bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (HDEHP) diluted by tetrachloride carbon as the extractant, and oxalic acid ethanol aqueous solution as the re-extractant and precipitator. Zinc oxide powders were obtained by decomposing zinc oxalate powders at 450°C. The prepared zinc oxide powders were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Thermogravimetric analysis (TG), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transmission infrared (FT-IR) spectrum. The photocatalytic performance of methylene blue by zinc oxide was studied based on the Langmuir model and Photo-Layer model. The results show that some zinc oxide powders were micro-multipore materials with hexagonal crystal. The particle size was around 32 nm. The photocatalytic process was the control step in the chemical reaction. The photo catalytic process followed pseudo-first order kinetics and •OH concentration inside the photo-layer in different reaction condition were calculated according to the Photo-Layer model.

关键词: 2-ethylhexyl     micro-multipore     Photo-Layer     hexagonal     methylene    

Parametric study on the mixed solvent synthesis of ZIF-8 nano- and micro-particles for CO adsorption:

Alireza Hadi, Javad Karimi-Sabet, Abolfazl Dastbaz

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第4期   页码 579-594 doi: 10.1007/s11705-018-1770-3

摘要: The room temperature synthesis of ZIF-8 micro- and nano-particles was investigated using a mixed methanol-water solvent system. ZIF-8 particles of good quality and high crystallinity were obtained. Response surface methodology was used to determine the effect of the synthesis conditions on the ZIF-8 yield, particle size distribution, and mean particle size. The ligand/metal salt molar ratio followed by the amount of sodium formate (the deprotonating agent) and then the amount of water (i.e., the composition of the mixed solvent) respectively had the largest effects on both the ZIF-8 yield and particle size. Results showed that mixing of solvents with different strengths in producing ZIF-8 crystals is a practical method to size-controlled synthesis of ZIF-8 particles. This method is more favorable for industrial-scale ZIF-8 synthesis than using excess amounts of ligands or chemical additives (like sodium formate). In addition, ZIF-8 samples with different mean particle sizes (100, 500, and 1000 nm) were used for CO adsorption and the mid-sized ZIF-8 particles had the highest adsorption capacity.

关键词: metal organic frameworks     zeolitic imidazolate frameworks     ZIF-8     response surface methodology     Box Behnken design     CO adsorption    

A comprehensive energy solution for households employing a micro combined cooling, heating and power

Huayi ZHANG, Can ZHANG, Fushuan WEN, Yan XU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第4期   页码 582-590 doi: 10.1007/s11708-018-0592-9

摘要:

In recent years, micro combined cooling, heating and power generation (mCCHP) systems have attracted much attention in the energy demand side sector. The input energy of a mCCHP system is natural gas, while the outputs include heating, cooling and electricity energy. The mCCHP system is deemed as a possible solution for households with multiple energy demands. Given this background, a mCCHP based comprehensive energy solution for households is proposed in this paper. First, the mathematical model of a home energy hub (HEH) is presented to describe the inputs, outputs, conversion and consumption process of multiple energies in households. Then, electrical loads and thermal demands are classified and modeled in detail, and the coordination and complementation between electricity and natural gas are studied. Afterwards, the concept of thermal comfort is introduced and a robust optimization model for HEH is developed considering electricity price uncertainties. Finally, a household using a mCCHP as the energy conversion device is studied. The simulation results show that the comprehensive energy solution proposed in this work can realize multiple kinds of energy supplies for households with the minimized total energy cost.

关键词: energy hub     micro combined cooling     heating and power generation (mCCHP)     thermal comfort     robust optimization    

Utilization of nano/micro-size iron recovered from the fine fraction of automobile shredder residue for

Jiwan SINGH, Yoon-Young CHANG, Jae-Kyu YANG, Seon-Hong KANG, Janardhan Reddy KODURU

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-016-0848-8

摘要: Phenol removal by n/m Fe in the presence of H O was highly effective. Increasing the amounts of n/m Fe and H O ?increased the phenol removal rate. Phenol removal was decreased with an increase in the concentration of phenol. The natural pH (6.9) of the solution was highly effective for phenol removal. The pseudo-first-order kinetics was best fitted for the degradation of phenol. The study investigates the magnetic separation of Fe from automobile shredder residue (ASR) (<0.25 mm) and its application for phenol degradation in water. The magnetically separated Fe was subjected to an ultrasonically assisted acid treatment, and the degradation of phenol in an aqueous solution using nano/micro-size Fe (n/m Fe) was investigated in an effort to evaluate the possibility of utilizing n/m Fe to remove phenol from wastewater. The prepared n/m Fe was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The effects of the dosages of n/mFe, pH, concentration of phenol and amount of H O on phenol removal were evaluated. The results confirm that the phenol degradation rate was improved with an increase in the dosages of n/mFe and H O ; however, the rate is reduced when the phenol concentration is higher. The degradation of phenol by n/mFe followed the pseudo-first-order kinetics. The value of the reaction rate constant ( was increased as the amounts of n/m Fe and H O increased. Conversely, the value of was reduced when the concentration of phenol was increased. The probable mechanism behind the degradation of phenol by n/m Fe is the oxidation of phenol through hydroxyl radicals which are produced during the reaction between H O and n/m Fe.

关键词: Automobile shredder residue (ASR)     Fe     Phenol     Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)     Mechanism    

Micro/nanofluidics-enabled energy conversion and its implemented devices

Yang YANG, Jing LIU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第3期   页码 270-287 doi: 10.1007/s11708-010-0126-6

摘要: Most people were not aware of the role of energy as a basic force that drives the development and economic growth of the world until the two great oil crises occurred. According to the conservation law, energy not only exists in various forms but is also capable of being converted from one form to another. The common forms of energy are mechanical energy, chemical energy, internal energy, electrical energy, atomic energy, and electromagnetic energy, among others. The fluids in nature serve as the most common carriers and media in the energy conversion process. Following the rapid development of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology, the energy supply and conversion issue in micro/nano scale has also been introduced in research laboratories worldwide. With unremitting efforts, great quantities of micro/nano scale energy devices have been investigated. Micro/nanofluid shows distinct features in transporting and converting energy similar to their counterpart macroscale tasks. In this paper, a series of micro/nanofluid-enabled energy conversion devices is reviewed based on the transformation between different forms of energy. The evaluation and contradistinction of their performances are also examined. The role of micro/nanofluid as media in micro/nano energy devices is summarized. This contributes to the establishment of a comprehensive and systematic structure in the relationship between energy conversion and fluid in the micro/nano scale. Some fundamental and practical issues are outlined, and the prospects in this challenging area are explored.

关键词: micro/nanofluid     different energy forms     energy conversion     medium role    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Triboelectric nanogenerators: the beginning of blue dream

期刊论文

Bicontinuous porous membranes with micro-nano composite structure using a facile atomization-assisted

期刊论文

Recent advances in micro- and nano-machining technologies

Shang GAO, Han HUANG

期刊论文

Recent advances in ultrasonic-assisted machining for the fabrication of micro/nano-textured surfaces

Shaolin XU,Tsunemoto KURIYAGAWA,Keita SHIMADA,Masayoshi MIZUTANI

期刊论文

Fabrication of micro/nano-structures by electrohydrodynamic jet technique

Dazhi WANG, Xiaojun ZHAO, Yigao LIN, Tongqun REN, Junsheng LIANG, Chong LIU, Liding WANG

期刊论文

Strengthening of polysulfone membranes using hybrid mixtures of micro- and nano-scale modifiers

Peyman P. Selakjani, Majid Peyravi, Mohsen Jahanshahi, Hamzeh Hoseinpour, Ali S. Rad, Soodabeh Khalili

期刊论文

Optimizing the compressive strength of concrete containing micro-silica, nano-silica, and polypropylene

Fatemeh ZAHIRI, Hamid ESKANDARI-NADDAF

期刊论文

Achievements and trends of solid oxide fuel cells in clean energy field: a perspective review

Abdalla M. ABDALLA, Shahzad HOSSAIN, Pg MohdIskandr PETRA, Mostafa GHASEMI, Abul K. AZAD

期刊论文

微纳操作与表征

Yu Sun, Sergej Fatikow, Xinyu Liu

期刊论文

纳卫星微型百叶窗热控技术研究及仿真

杨娟,李运泽,王浚

期刊论文

Preparation and photocatalytic kinetics of nano-ZnO powders by precipitation stripping process

ZHANG Dongxiang, XUE Min, XU Hang, XU Wenguo, TARASOV V

期刊论文

Parametric study on the mixed solvent synthesis of ZIF-8 nano- and micro-particles for CO adsorption:

Alireza Hadi, Javad Karimi-Sabet, Abolfazl Dastbaz

期刊论文

A comprehensive energy solution for households employing a micro combined cooling, heating and power

Huayi ZHANG, Can ZHANG, Fushuan WEN, Yan XU

期刊论文

Utilization of nano/micro-size iron recovered from the fine fraction of automobile shredder residue for

Jiwan SINGH, Yoon-Young CHANG, Jae-Kyu YANG, Seon-Hong KANG, Janardhan Reddy KODURU

期刊论文

Micro/nanofluidics-enabled energy conversion and its implemented devices

Yang YANG, Jing LIU

期刊论文