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THAI experimental research on hydrogen risk and source term related safety systems

《能源前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第4期   页码 887-915 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0789-1

摘要: In the defense-in-depth concept employed for the safety of nuclear installations, maintaining integrity of containment as the last barrier is of high importance to limit the release of radioactivity to the environment in case of a severe accident. The active and passive safety systems implemented in containments of light water reactors (LWRs) are designed to limit the consequences of such accidents. Assessing the performance and reliability of such systems under accident conditions is critical to the safety of nuclear installations.

关键词: severe accident     containment     safety     mitigation     H2 risk     source term    

REDUCTION OF NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION IN THE YONG’AN RIVER BY CONSTRUCTED WETLAND BASED ON 9 YEARS

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第4期   页码 627-638 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023516

摘要:

The agricultural and livestock activities surrounding the rivers flowing into the lakes have caused non-point source pollution, leading to excessive amounts of nutrient salts in downstream rivers. Introducing river water into constructed wetlands along river course has proven to be an effective solution for decreasing nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) loads. This paper reports 9 years of monitoring the Yong’an River and its surrounding constructed wetlands in the upper reaches of Erhai Lake, located in Yunnan Province, China. This study analyzed the main types of pollutants in the river, and evaluated the removal efficiency of pollutants by the constructed wetlands. The findings indicate that total nitrogen (TN) and nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N) are the primary pollutants in the Yong’an River, which exhibit variation throughout the year corresponding to the alternating wet and dry seasons. Although constructed wetlands are effective in removing NO3-N and P, their efficacy in removing ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N) and organic pollutants is limited. This limitation can be attributed to the lack of timely disposal of aquatic plant residues. This research contributes to the understanding of the potential issues that may arise during the extended use of constructed wetlands and provides solutions to address them.

关键词: inflowing rivers     surface-flow constructed wetland     nutrients     long-term monitoring    

Development of source profiles and their application in source apportionment of PM

Ningning Zhang, Mazhan Zhuang, Jie Tian, Pengshan Tian, Jieru Zhang, Qiyuan Wang, Yaqing Zhou, Rujin Huang, Chongshu Zhu, Xuemin Zhang, Junji Cao

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-016-0879-1

摘要: Seasonal and spatial distribution of PM and its component were shown. Local source profiles of major PM sources were developed. Source apportionment was conducted using CMB model. Inorganic secondary components is the biggest contribution at Xiamen. Ambient PM samples were collected at four sites in Xiamen, including Gulangyu (GLY), Hongwen (HW), Huli (HL) and Jimei (JM) during January, April, July and October 2013. Local source samples were obtained from coal burning power plants, industries, motor vehicles, biomass burning, fugitive dust, and sea salt for the source apportionment studies. The highest value of PM mass concentration and species related to human activities (SO , NO , Pb, Ni, V, Cu, Cd, organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC)) were found in the ambient samples from HL, and the highest and lowest loadings of PM and its components occurred in winter and summer, respectively. The reconstructed mass balance indicated that ambient PM consisted of 24% OM (organic matter), 23% sulfate, 14% nitrate, 9% ammonium, 9% geological material, 6% sea salt, 5% EC and 10% others. For the source profiles, the dominant components were OC for coal burning, motor vehicle, biomass burning and sea salt; SO for industry; and crustal elements for fugitive dust. Source contributions were calculated using a chemical mass balance (CMB) model based on ambient PM concentrations and the source profiles. GLY was characterized by high contributions from secondary sulfate and cooking, while HL and JM were most strongly affected by motor vehicle emissions, and biomass burning and fugitive dust, respectively. The CMB results indicated that PM from Xiamen is composed of 27.4% secondary inorganic components, 20.8% motor vehicle emissions, 11.7% fugitive dust, 9.9% sea salt, 9.3% coal burning, 5.0% biomass burning, 3.1% industry and 6.8% others.

关键词: PM2.5     Source profile     Source apportionment     CMB     Xiamen    

The source and transport of bioaerosols in the air: A review

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1336-8

摘要:

• Emission of microbe from local environments is a main source of bioaerosols.

关键词: Bioaerosols     Diffusion     Source identification     Biogeography    

Fault tolerant control strategy for modular PWM current source inverter

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第2期   页码 228-238 doi: 10.1007/s11708-022-0852-6

摘要: In this paper, a fault-tolerant control method for an input-series output-parallel modular grid-tied pulse-width modulation (PWM) current source inverter is proposed to address the most commonly seen single symmetrical gate-commutated thyristor (SGCT) open-circuit fault problems. This method actively offsets the neutral point of the current space vector to ensure a sinusoidal output of the grid current, and it can achieve the upper limit power of the inverter under the condition of a single SGCT open-circuit fault. In addition, an active damping control method based on grid harmonic current feedback is proposed after analyzing the influence of the transformer ferromagnetic resonance caused by the neutral point offset on the power quality of the grid current. It has been demonstrated that the proposed method effectively suppresses the resonance caused by the transformer and the modified modulation, improving the grid current’s power quality.

关键词: current source converter (CSC)     fault-tolerant control     space vector modulation     active damping     resonance suppression     power quality    

δN-stable isotope analysis of NH: An overview on analytical measurements, source sampling and its source

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1414-6

摘要:

• Challenges in sampling of NH3 sources for d15N analysis are highlighted.

关键词: Aerosol ammonium     Atmospheric gaseous ammonia     Isotope fingerprinting     Isotope-based source apportionment     Ammonia gas-to-particle conversion    

Stabilization-based soil remediation should consider long-term challenges

Zhengtao Shen, Zhen Li, Daniel S. Alessi

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-018-1028-9

摘要: Soil remediation is of increasing importance globally, especially in developing countries. Among available remediation options, stabilization, which aims to immobilize contaminants within soil, has considerable advantages, including that it is cost-effective, versatile, sustainable, rapid, and often results in less secondary pollution. However, there are emerging challenges regarding the long-term performance of the technology, which may be affected by a range of environmental factors. These challenges stem from a research gap regarding the development of accurate, quantitative laboratory simulations of long-term conditions, whereby laboratory accelerated aging methods could be normalized to real field conditions. Therefore, field trials coupled with long-term monitoring are critical to further verify conditions under which stabilization is effective. Sustainability is also an important factor affecting the long-term stability of site remediation. It is hence important to consider these challenges to develop an optimized application of stabilization technology in soil remediation.

关键词: Stabilization     Soil remediation     Long-term     Trace metals    

Long-term exposure to air pollution and cerebrovascular disease: findings from Beijing Health Management

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第7期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1684-2

摘要:

● This study explored the long-term association by double robust additive models.

关键词: Air pollution     Cerebrovascular disease     Incidence     Long-term exposure     Doubly robust additive model    

A hybrid Wavelet-CNN-LSTM deep learning model for short-term urban water demand forecasting

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1622-3

摘要:

● A novel deep learning framework for short-term water demand forecasting.

关键词: Short-term water demand forecasting     Long-short term memory neural network     Convolutional Neural Network     Wavelet multi-resolution analysis     Data-driven models    

Anlotinib as third- or further-line therapy for short-term relapsed small-cell lung cancer: subgroup

《医学前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第5期   页码 766-772 doi: 10.1007/s11684-021-0916-8

摘要: Patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) relapse within months after completing previous therapies. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of anlotinib as third- or further-line therapy in patients with short-term relapsed SCLC from ALTER1202. Patients with short-term relapsed SCLC (disease progression within 3 months after completing ≥ two lines of chemotherapy) in the anlotinib (n = 67) and placebo (n = 34) groups were analyzed. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). The secondary endpoints included overall survival, objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate, and safety. Anlotinib significantly improved median PFS/OS (4.0 vs. 0.7 months, P < 0.0001)/(7.3 vs. 4.4 months, P = 0.006) compared with placebo. The ORR was 4.5%/2.9% in the anlotinib/placebo group (P = 1.000). The DCR in the anlotinib group was higher than that in the placebo group (73.1% vs. 11.8%, P < 0.001). The most common adverse events (AEs) were hypertension (38.8%), loss of appetite (28.4%), and fatigue (22.4%) in the anlotinib group and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase elevation (20.6%) in the placebo group. No grade 5 AEs occurred. For patients with short-term relapsed SCLC, third- or further-line anlotinib treatment was associated with improved survival benefit. Further studies are warranted in this regard.

关键词: anlotinib     chemotherapy     short-term relapsed     small-cell lung cancer    

A perspective of “Nuclear Hot Spring” for long-term sustainable economy of the world

Yingzhong LU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第4期   页码 349-357 doi: 10.1007/s11708-011-0168-4

摘要: The rapid growth of human economy in the late 20th century gave rise to great concern over sustainability of the world. A pessimistic “Full World Model” forecasts that human economy could not develop further. The nuclear fission (and fusion later), however, could release huge amount of energy to create sufficient useful material resources and turn the said pessimistic modelinto a new optimistic “Sustainable World Model”.The dilemma of nuclear energy (Military Giant vs. Civil Dwarf) jeopardizes its performance as a “Technologic Fixer”. According to Mother Nature’s teachings, the elimination of the root-causes of the design-based risk factors could solve this problem. Recent technology break-through from inherent safety to natural safety has been made in China. The proposed full-power natural circulation “Nuclear Hot Spring (NHS)” reactor could operate solely on natural forces without complex man-made coolant circulation equipment and human-operated control systems. The cheap, unlimited supply of energy from nuclear energy could change the geopolitics forever, and finally eliminate the root-causes of most international and regional conflicts.

关键词: natural safety reactor     full power natural circulation     sustainable world economy    

Long-term behavior and safety assessment of Sance Rockfill Dam

Marta DOLEZALOVA, Ivo HLADIK

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第1期   页码 79-89 doi: 10.1007/s11709-010-0010-9

摘要: Safety assessment of the 62 m high Sance Rockfill Dam based on long-term monitoring results and their simulation by numerical models is presented in the paper. Unexpectedly large settlements and horizontal movements of the crest together with the steep downstream slope questioned the safety of the dam. Calibrated 2D and 3D models fitting the monitoring results were applied for the safety assessment of the dam including slope stability analysis and estimation of the clay core cracking and hydraulic fracturing hazard. The modeling results contributed to the rehabilitation concept and project of the dam.

关键词: rockfill dam     path dependence     creep     calibration     cracking     hydraulic fracturing hazard    

Elucidate long-term changes of ozone in Shanghai based on an integrated machine learning method

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第11期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1738-5

摘要:

● A novel integrated machine learning method to analyze O3 changes is proposed.

关键词: Ozone     Integrated method     Machine learning    

Long-term trends of fine particulate matter and chemical composition in the Pearl River Delta Economic

Xuemei WANG,Weihua CHEN,Duohong CHEN,Zhiyong WU,Qi Fan

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第1期   页码 53-62 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0728-z

摘要: Understanding the trends in PM levels is essential for formulating clean air plans. This paper analyzes PM data from various published sources for the years 2000 to 2010 in the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone (PRDEZ). The long-term variation in PM mass concentration is analyzed. Results show that PM , organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), and show a similar trend, increasing before 2005 and then decreasing slightly. The annual average PM concentration ranges from 49.1 μg·m in 2000 to 64.3 μg·m in 2010, with a peak of 84.1 μg·m in 2004. None of these 11 years meets the new National Ambient Air Quality standard (NAAQS) for PM (35 μg·m ). Overall average concentrations of OC, EC, and are 13.0, 6.5, and 11.8 μg·m , respectively. and respectively have concentrations of 1.5 μg·m and 2.9 μg·m in 2000 and 6.4 μg·m and 5.3 μg·m in 2010, with a statistically significant average annual trend of+ 0.2 μg·m ·yr and+ 0.1 μg·m ·yr . In certain geographic regions, OC and EC contribute most of the PM , while in other regions secondary water-soluble ions are more important. In general, OC and are the dominant components of PM , contributing 20.6% and 18.6%, respectively. These results provide, for the first time, a better understanding of the long-term PM characteristics and trends, on a species-by-species basis, in the PRDEZ. The results indicate that PM abatement needs to prioritize secondary species.

关键词: long-term trends     fine particulate matter     chemical components     Pearl River Delta Economic Zone (PRDEZ)    

STRENGTHENING NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION CONTROL TO PROMOTE AGRICULTURAL GREEN DEVELOPMENT

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第4期   页码 503-509 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023528

摘要:

STRENGTHENING NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION CONTROL TO PROMOTE AGRICULTURAL GREEN DEVELOPMENT

关键词: GREEN     AGRICULTURAL     PROMOTE     POLLUTION     SOURCE     DEVELOPMENT     POINT     STRENGTHENING     CONTROL    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

THAI experimental research on hydrogen risk and source term related safety systems

期刊论文

REDUCTION OF NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION IN THE YONG’AN RIVER BY CONSTRUCTED WETLAND BASED ON 9 YEARS

期刊论文

Development of source profiles and their application in source apportionment of PM

Ningning Zhang, Mazhan Zhuang, Jie Tian, Pengshan Tian, Jieru Zhang, Qiyuan Wang, Yaqing Zhou, Rujin Huang, Chongshu Zhu, Xuemin Zhang, Junji Cao

期刊论文

The source and transport of bioaerosols in the air: A review

期刊论文

Fault tolerant control strategy for modular PWM current source inverter

期刊论文

δN-stable isotope analysis of NH: An overview on analytical measurements, source sampling and its source

期刊论文

Stabilization-based soil remediation should consider long-term challenges

Zhengtao Shen, Zhen Li, Daniel S. Alessi

期刊论文

Long-term exposure to air pollution and cerebrovascular disease: findings from Beijing Health Management

期刊论文

A hybrid Wavelet-CNN-LSTM deep learning model for short-term urban water demand forecasting

期刊论文

Anlotinib as third- or further-line therapy for short-term relapsed small-cell lung cancer: subgroup

期刊论文

A perspective of “Nuclear Hot Spring” for long-term sustainable economy of the world

Yingzhong LU

期刊论文

Long-term behavior and safety assessment of Sance Rockfill Dam

Marta DOLEZALOVA, Ivo HLADIK

期刊论文

Elucidate long-term changes of ozone in Shanghai based on an integrated machine learning method

期刊论文

Long-term trends of fine particulate matter and chemical composition in the Pearl River Delta Economic

Xuemei WANG,Weihua CHEN,Duohong CHEN,Zhiyong WU,Qi Fan

期刊论文

STRENGTHENING NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION CONTROL TO PROMOTE AGRICULTURAL GREEN DEVELOPMENT

期刊论文