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Challenges and perspectives of air pollution control in China

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2024年 第18卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-024-1828-z

摘要:

● Major challenges of air pollution control in China are summarized.

关键词: Air pollution     China     Health impact     Air quality standards     GHGs     Emerging pollutants    

Efficiency evaluation of government investment for air pollution control in city clusters: A case from

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第4期   页码 612-624 doi: 10.1007/s42524-023-0269-x

摘要: Air pollution poses a significant threat to human health, particularly in urban areas with high levels of industrial activities. In China, the government plays a crucial role in managing air quality through the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan. The government provides direct financial support and guides the investment direction of social funds to improve air quality. While government investment has led to improvements in air quality across China, concerns remain regarding the efficiency of such large-scale investments. To address this concern, we conducted a study using a three-stage data envelopment analysis (DEA)-Malmquist model to assess the efficiency of government investment in improving air quality in China. Our analysis revealed regional disparities and annual dynamic changes. Specifically, we focused on the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei areas as a case study, as the investment primarily targeted industrial activities in urban areas with the goal of improving living conditions for urban residents. The results demonstrate significant differences in investment efficiency between regions. Beijing exhibits relatively high investment efficiency, while cities in Hebei Province require improvement. We identified scale inefficiency, which refers to the ratio of air pollutant reduction to financial investment, as the main factor contributing to regional disparities. However, we found that increasing the total investment scale can help mitigate this effect. Furthermore, our study observed positive but fluctuating annual changes in investment efficiency within this city cluster from 2014 to 2018. Investment-combined technical efficiency, which represents the investment strategy, is the main obstacle to improving yearly investment efficiency. Therefore, in addition to promoting investment strategies at the individual city level, it is crucial to enhance coordination and cooperation among cities to improve the investment efficiency of the entire city cluster. Evaluating the efficiency of government investment and understanding its influencing factors can guide future investment measures and directions. This knowledge can also support policymaking for other projects involving substantial investments.

关键词: investment efficiency     government investment     air pollution control     three-stage DEA-Malmquist model    

An integrated optimization and simulation approach for air pollution control under uncertainty in open-pit

Zunaira Asif, Zhi Chen

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1156-x

摘要: Air Pollution Control model is developed for open-pit metal mines. Model will aid decision makers to select a cost-effective solution. Open-pit metal mines contribute toward air pollution and without effective control techniques manifests the risk of violation of environmental guidelines. This paper establishes a stochastic approach to conceptualize the air pollution control model to attain a sustainable solution. The model is formulated for decision makers to select the least costly treatment method using linear programming with a defined objective function and multi-constraints. Furthermore, an integrated fuzzy based risk assessment approach is applied to examine uncertainties and evaluate an ambient air quality systematically. The applicability of the optimized model is explored through an open-pit metal mine case study, in North America. This method also incorporates the meteorological data as input to accommodate the local conditions. The uncertainties in the inputs, and predicted concentration are accomplished by probabilistic analysis using Monte Carlo simulation method. The output results are obtained to select the cost-effective pollution control technologies for PM2.5, PM10, NOx, SO2 and greenhouse gases. The risk level is divided into three types (loose, medium and strict) using a triangular fuzzy membership approach based on different environmental guidelines. Fuzzy logic is then used to identify environmental risk through stochastic simulated cumulative distribution functions of pollutant concentration. Thus, an integrated modeling approach can be used as a decision tool for decision makers to select the cost-effective technology to control air pollution.

关键词: Air pollution     Decision analysis     Linear programming     Mining     Optimization     Fuzzy     Monte Carlo    

China Keeps Carrying Forward the Key Special Project of “Air Pollution Causes and Control

Huan Liu,Kebin He

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-016-0881-7

Air pollution and its control in China

HAO Jiming, HE Kebin, DUAN Lei, LI Junhua, WANG Litao

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第2期   页码 129-142 doi: 10.1007/s11783-007-0024-2

摘要: The rapid growth of China s economy has led to severe air pollution characterized by acid rain, severe pollution in cities, and regional air pollution. High concentrations are found for various pollutants such as sulfur dioxides (SO), nitrogen oxides (NO), and fine particulates. Great efforts have thus been undertaken for the control of air pollution in the country. This paper discusses the development and application of appropriate technologies for reducing the major pollutants produced by coal and vehicles, and investigates air quality modeling as an important support for policy-making.

关键词: control     development     country     regional     important support    

Cost-benefit analysis of China’s national air pollution control plan

Jing ZHANG, Hongqiang JIANG, Wei ZHANG, Guoxia MA, Yanchao WANG, Yaling LU, Xi HU, Jia ZHOU, Fei PENG, Jun BI, Jinnan WANG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第4期   页码 524-537 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0074-8

摘要: China’s rapid economic growth has caused severe air pollution and public health problems. Therefore, the Chinese government launched the National Air Pollution Control Plan (hereinafter referred to as the “Air Plan”) in 2013–2017 to improve air quality and safeguard public health. In this study, an analytical framework for a cost-benefit analysis applicable to China was constructed, and the costs and benefits of the implementation of the “Air Plan” in 30 cities and provinces in China from 2013 to 2017 were evaluated. Results show that the total cost of implementation of the “Air Plan” is 1.6511 trillion RMB. The benefits of air quality improvement were determined to be 2.4691 trillion RMB through the willingness-to-pay method to calculate the economic loss of premature deaths. The net benefit related to the implementation of the “Air Plan” was 818 billion RMB. The public health benefit of air quality improvement was 1.5 times the cost of the nationwide implementation of the “Air Plan”. At the provincial level, net benefits that reach 279.3 billion RMB were the highest in Guangdong, whereas the benefit-cost ratio, where the benefit was 5.5 times the cost, was the highest in Fujian. Estimations in this study can serve as a reference for China in formulating similar environmental policies and implementing the “3-year Plan to Defend the Blue Sky”. In addition, these estimations have practical significance for advancing the long-term effective mechanisms of the cost-benefit analysis of China’s environmental policies.

关键词: Air Plan     cost-benefit analysis     health benefits     environmental policy    

Development of an integrated policy making tool for assessing air quality and human health benefits ofair pollution control

Xuezhen QIU,Yun ZHU,Carey JANG,Che-Jen LIN,Shuxiao WANG,Joshua FU,Junping XIE,Jiandong WANG,Dian DING,Shicheng LONG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第6期   页码 1056-1065 doi: 10.1007/s11783-015-0796-8

摘要: Efficient air quality management is critical to protect public health from the adverse impacts of air pollution. To evaluate the effectiveness of air pollution control strategies, the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) has developed the Software for Model Attainment Test-Community Edition (SMAT-CE) to assess the air quality attainment of emission reductions, and the Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program-Community Edition (BenMAP-CE) to evaluate the health and economic benefits of air quality improvement respectively. Since scientific decision-making requires timely and coherent information, developing the linkage between SMAT-CE and BenMAP-CE into an integrated assessment platform is desirable. To address this need, a new module linking SMAT-CE to BenMAP-CE has been developed and tested. The new module streamlines the assessment of air quality and human health benefits for a proposed air pollution control strategy. It also implements an optimized data gridding algorithm which significantly enhances the computational efficiency without compromising accuracy. The performance of the integrated software package is demonstrated through a case study that evaluates the air quality and associated economic benefits of a national-level control strategy of PM . The results of the case study show that the proposed emission reduction reduces the number of nonattainment sites from 379 to 25 based on the US National Ambient Air Quality Standards, leading to more than US$334 billion of economic benefits annually from improved public health. The integration of the science-based software tools in this study enhances the efficiency of developing effective and optimized emission control strategies for policy makers.

关键词: air quality assessment     human health benefit     economic benefit     air quality attainment assessment     air pollution control strategy     decision support system    

Health impacts of air pollution in China

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1367-1

摘要:

•Impacts of air pollution on various body systems health in China were highlighted.

关键词: Health impacts     Air pollution     China     Advances    

Investigating the impact of air pollution on AMI and COPD hospital admissions in the coastal city of

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1490-7

摘要:

• The impact of air pollution on AMI/COPD hospital admissions were examined.

关键词: AMI     COPD     Air pollution exposure     GAM    

The abatement of major pollutants in air and water by environmental catalysis

Junhua LI, Hong HE, Chun HU, Jincai ZHAO

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第3期   页码 302-325 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0511-6

摘要: This review reports the research progress in the abatement of major pollutants in air and water by environmental catalysis. For air pollution control, the selective catalytic reduction of NO (SCR) by ammonia and hydrocarbons on metal oxide and zeolite catalysts are reviewed and discussed, as is the removal of Hg from flue gas by catalysis. The oxidation of Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by photo- and thermal- catalysis for indoor air quality improvement is reviewed. For wastewater treatment, the catalytic elimination of inorganic and organic pollutants in wastewater is presented. In addition, the mechanism for the procedure of abatement of air and water pollutants by catalysis is discussed in this review. Finally, a research orientation on environment catalysis for the treatment of air pollutants and wastewater is proposed.

关键词: air pollution control     wastewater treatment     DeNOx     selective catalytic reduction (SCR)     Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)     environmental catalysis    

Air quality improvement in Los Angeles—Perspectives for developing cities

David D. Parrish,Jin Xu,Bart Croes,Min Shao

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-016-0859-5

摘要: Air quality improvement in Los Angeles can inform air quality policies in developing cities. Emission control efforts, their results, costs and health benefits are briefly summarized. Today's developing cities face new challenges including regional pollution. Air quality issues in Beijing are briefly compared and contrasted with Los Angeles. Opportunities for co-benefits for climate and air quality improvement are identified. Air quality improvement in Los Angeles, California is reviewed with an emphasis on aspects that may inform air quality policy formulation in developing cities. In the mid-twentieth century the air quality in Los Angeles was degraded to an extent comparable to the worst found in developing cities today; ozone exceeded 600 ppb and annual average particulate matter <10 mm reached ~150 mg·m . Today's air quality is much better due to very effective emission controls; e.g., modern automobiles emit about 1% of the hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide emitted by vehicles of 50 years ago. An overview is given of the emission control efforts in Los Angeles and their impact on ambient concentrations of primary and secondary pollutants; the costs and health benefits of these controls are briefly summarized. Today's developing cities have new challenges that are discussed: the effects of regional pollution transport are much greater in countries with very high population densities; often very large current populations must be supplied with goods and services even while economic development and air quality concerns are addressed; and many of currently developing cities are located in or close to the tropics where photochemical processing of pollution is expected to be more rapid than at higher latitudes. The air quality issues of Beijing are briefly compared and contrasted with those of Los Angeles, and the opportunities for co-benefits for climate and air quality improvement are pointed out.

关键词: Air pollution     Ozone     Particulate matter     Control technology    

Lung function and air pollution exposure in adults with asthma in Beijing: a 2-year longitudinal panel

《医学前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第4期   页码 574-583 doi: 10.1007/s11684-021-0882-1

摘要: The effect of air pollution on the lung function of adults with asthma remains unclear to date. This study followed 112 patients with asthma at 3-month intervals for 2 years. The pollutant exposure of the participants was estimated using the inverse distance weight method. The participants were divided into three groups according to their lung function level at every visit. A linear mixed-effect model was applied to predict the change in lung function with each unit change in pollution concentration. Exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) and particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5) was negatively associated with large airway function in participants. In the severe group, exposure to chronic sulfur dioxide (SO2) was negatively associated with post-bronchodilator forced expiratory flow at 50%, between 25% and 75% of vital capacity % predicted (change of 95% CI per unit: −0.34 (−0.55, −0.12), −0.24 (−0.44, −0.03), respectively). In the mild group, the effect of SO2 on the small airways was similar to that in the severe group, and it was negatively associated with large airway function. Exposure to CO and PM2.5 was negatively associated with the large airway function of adults with asthma. The negative effects of SO2 were more evident and widely observed in adults with severe and mild asthma than in adults with moderate asthma. Patients with asthma react differently to air pollutants as evidenced by their lung function levels.

关键词: lung function     asthma     air pollution     adult    

On the potential of iPhone significant location data to characterize individual mobility for air pollution

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1542-7

摘要:

● We evaluated the accuracy of iPhone data in capturing time-activity patterns.

关键词: Air pollution exposure     Human mobility     iPhone     Significant Location     Smartphone data    

Long-term exposure to air pollution and cerebrovascular disease: findings from Beijing Health Management

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第7期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1684-2

摘要:

● This study explored the long-term association by double robust additive models.

关键词: Air pollution     Cerebrovascular disease     Incidence     Long-term exposure     Doubly robust additive model    

Same stimuli, different responses: a pilot study assessing air pollution visibility impacts on emotional

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1620-5

摘要:

● Emotional responses to visibility-reducing haze was assessed in a controlled lab.

关键词: Air pollution     Emotional wellbeing     Variability     Visual exposure     Emotional bias    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Challenges and perspectives of air pollution control in China

期刊论文

Efficiency evaluation of government investment for air pollution control in city clusters: A case from

期刊论文

An integrated optimization and simulation approach for air pollution control under uncertainty in open-pit

Zunaira Asif, Zhi Chen

期刊论文

China Keeps Carrying Forward the Key Special Project of “Air Pollution Causes and Control

Huan Liu,Kebin He

期刊论文

Air pollution and its control in China

HAO Jiming, HE Kebin, DUAN Lei, LI Junhua, WANG Litao

期刊论文

Cost-benefit analysis of China’s national air pollution control plan

Jing ZHANG, Hongqiang JIANG, Wei ZHANG, Guoxia MA, Yanchao WANG, Yaling LU, Xi HU, Jia ZHOU, Fei PENG, Jun BI, Jinnan WANG

期刊论文

Development of an integrated policy making tool for assessing air quality and human health benefits ofair pollution control

Xuezhen QIU,Yun ZHU,Carey JANG,Che-Jen LIN,Shuxiao WANG,Joshua FU,Junping XIE,Jiandong WANG,Dian DING,Shicheng LONG

期刊论文

Health impacts of air pollution in China

期刊论文

Investigating the impact of air pollution on AMI and COPD hospital admissions in the coastal city of

期刊论文

The abatement of major pollutants in air and water by environmental catalysis

Junhua LI, Hong HE, Chun HU, Jincai ZHAO

期刊论文

Air quality improvement in Los Angeles—Perspectives for developing cities

David D. Parrish,Jin Xu,Bart Croes,Min Shao

期刊论文

Lung function and air pollution exposure in adults with asthma in Beijing: a 2-year longitudinal panel

期刊论文

On the potential of iPhone significant location data to characterize individual mobility for air pollution

期刊论文

Long-term exposure to air pollution and cerebrovascular disease: findings from Beijing Health Management

期刊论文

Same stimuli, different responses: a pilot study assessing air pollution visibility impacts on emotional

期刊论文