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Fast scaling approach based on cavitation conditions to estimate the speed limitation for axial pistonpump design

Qun CHAO, Jianfeng TAO, Junbo LEI, Xiaoliang WEI, Chengliang LIU, Yuanhang WANG, Linghui MENG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第16卷 第1期   页码 176-185 doi: 10.1007/s11465-020-0616-0

摘要: The power density of axial piston pumps can benefit greatly from increased rotational speeds. However, the maximum rotational speed of axial piston machines is limited by the cavitation phenomenon for a given volumetric displacement. This paper presents a scaling law derived from an analytical cavitation model to estimate the speed limitations for the same series of axial piston pumps. The cavitation model is experimentally verified using a high-speed axial piston pump, and the scaling law is validated with open specification data in product brochures. Results show that the speed limitation is approximately proportional to the square root of the inlet pressure and inversely proportional to the cube root of volumetric displacement. Furthermore, a characteristic constant is defined based on the presented scaling law. This constant can represent the comprehensive capacity of axial piston pumps free from cavitation.

关键词: axial piston pump     cavitation     speed limitation     scaling law    

Integrated slipper retainer mechanism to eliminate slipper wear in high-speed axial piston pumps

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.1007/s11465-021-0657-z

摘要: The power density of axial piston pumps can greatly benefit from increasing the speed level. However, traditional slippers in axial piston pumps are exposed to continuous sliding on the swash plate, suffering from serious wear at high rotational speeds. Therefore, this paper presents a new integrated slipper retainer mechanism for high-speed axial piston pumps, which can avoid direct contact between the slippers and the swash plate and thereby eliminate slipper wear under severe operating conditions. A lubrication model was developed for this specific slipper retainer mechanism, and experiments were carried out on a pump prototype operating at high rotational speed up to 10000 r/min. Experimental results qualitatively validated the theoretical model and confirmed the effectiveness of the new slipper design.

关键词: axial piston pump     high speed     slipper wear     slipper design     retainer     lubrication model    

Development of an analytical model to estimate the churning losses in high-speed axial piston pumps

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第17卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11465-021-0671-1

摘要: The axial piston pumps in aerospace applications are often characterized by high-speed rotation to achieve great power density. However, their internal rotating parts are fully immersed in the casing oil during operation, leading to considerable churning losses (more than 10% of total power losses) at high rotational speeds. The churning losses deserve much attention at the design stage of high-speed axial piston pumps, but accurate analytical models are not available to estimate the drag torque associated with the churning losses. In this paper, we derive the analytical expressions of the drag torque acting on the key rotating parts immersed in oil, including the cylinder block and the multiple pistons in a circular array. The calculated drag torque agrees well with the experimental data over a wide range of rotational speeds from 1500 to 12000 r/min. The presented analytical model provides practical guidelines for reducing the churning losses in high-speed axial piston pumps or motors.

关键词: axial piston pump     rotating parts     high rotational speed     churning losses     drag torque    

Fault diagnosis of axial piston pumps with multi-sensor data and convolutional neural network

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第17卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11465-022-0692-4

摘要: Axial piston pumps have wide applications in hydraulic systems for power transmission. Their condition monitoring and fault diagnosis are essential in ensuring the safety and reliability of the entire hydraulic system. Vibration and discharge pressure signals are two common signals used for the fault diagnosis of axial piston pumps because of their sensitivity to pump health conditions. However, most of the previous fault diagnosis methods only used vibration or pressure signal, and literatures related to multi-sensor data fusion for the pump fault diagnosis are limited. This paper presents an end-to-end multi-sensor data fusion method for the fault diagnosis of axial piston pumps. The vibration and pressure signals under different pump health conditions are fused into RGB images and then recognized by a convolutional neural network. Experiments were performed on an axial piston pump to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method. Results show that the proposed multi-sensor data fusion method greatly improves the fault diagnosis of axial piston pumps in terms of accuracy and robustness and has better diagnostic performance than other existing diagnosis methods.

关键词: axial piston pump     fault diagnosis     convolutional neural network     multi-sensor data fusion    

Multi-objective optimization of surface texture for the slipperswash plate interface in EHA pumps

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第17卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11465-022-0704-4

摘要: Well-designed surface textures can improve the tribological properties and the efficiency of the electro-hydrostatic actuator (EHA) pump under high-speed and high-pressure conditions. This study proposes a multi-objective optimization model to obtain the arbitrarily surface textures design of the slipper/swash plate interface for improving the mechanical and volumetric efficiency of the EHA pump. The model is composed of the lubrication film model, the component dynamic model considering the spinning motion, and the multi-objective optimization model. In this way, the arbitrary-shaped surface texture with the best comprehensive effect in the EHA pump is achieved and its positive effects in the EHA pump prototype are verified. Experimental results show a reduction in wear and an improvement in mechanical and volumetric efficiency by 1.4% and 0.8%, respectively, with the textured swash plate compared with the untextured one.

关键词: electro-hydrostatic actuator     axial piston pump     slipper/swash plate interface     multi-objective optimization     surface texture    

Characteristics of force acting on adjustable axial flow pump blade

WEI Peiru, CHEN Hongxun, LU Wei

《能源前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第4期   页码 508-513 doi: 10.1007/s11708-008-0054-x

摘要: The internal three-dimensional turbulent flow of adjustable axial-flow pump arrangement was simulated, and the force acting on the blade surface was calculated under different operating conditions. Based on the calculated results, finite element method (FEM) was adopted to analyze stress and strain distributions of the adjustment blade in different operations. Hydraulic moment, centrifugal moment and friction moment which must be conquered by adjusting the blades were also calculated.

关键词: three-dimensional     adjustable axial-flow     calculated     FEM     centrifugal    

Design approach for single piston hydraulic free piston diesel engines

Wei WU, Shihua YUAN, Jibin HU, Chongbo JING,

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第4卷 第4期   页码 371-378 doi: 10.1007/s11465-009-0069-y

摘要: The operating characteristics of a single piston hydraulic free piston diesel engine differ significantly from conventional diesel engines and this provides a theoretical basis for controlling and optimizing the design of the engine. The design of the proposed engine intended as a power supply for a hydraulic propulsion vehicle is presented. An engine performance forecast model was generated in AMESim. The performance of the prototype engine is predicted and the predictive results are verified with experiments. The particular features of the engine are discussed. The dynamic characteristics of the prototype engine are analyzed and the results indicate the rationality and feasibility of the engine design parameters. The features of the controllable working frequency and the intermittence output flows are provided. The flow capacity characteristics of the hydraulic valves on the prototype engine are offered. The methods for starting and the operation after misfire are presented.

关键词: free piston engine (FPE)     diesel engine     hydraulic equipment     simulation     experiment    

An experimental study of a single-piston free piston linear generator

Jin XIAO, Yingdong CHENG, Jinlong WANG, Chengwei ZHU, Zhen HUANG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期   页码 916-930 doi: 10.1007/s11708-022-0838-4

摘要: Free piston linear generator (FPLG) is a promising range extender for the electrical vehicle with unparallel advantages, such as compact structure, higher system efficiency, and reduced maintenance cost. However, due to the lack of the mechanic crankshaft, the related piston motion control is a challenge for the FPLG which causes problems such as misfire and crash and limits its widespread commercialization. Aimed at resolving the problems as misfire, a single-piston FPLG prototype has been designed and manufactured at Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU). In this paper, the development process and experimental validation of the related control strategies were detailed. From the experimental studies, significant misfires were observed at first, while the FPLG operated in natural-aspiration conditions. The root cause of this misfire was then identified as the poor scavenging process, and a compressed air source was leveraged to enhance the related scavenging pressure. Afterward, optimal control parameters, in terms of scavenging pressure, air-fuel equivalence ratio, and ignition position, were then calibrated in this charged-scavenging condition. Eventually, the FPLG prototype has achieved a continuous stable operation of over 1000 cycles with an ignition rate of 100% and a cycle-to-cycle variation of less than 0.8%, produced an indicated power of 2.8 kW with an indicated thermal efficiency of 26% and an electrical power of 2.5 kW with an overall efficiency of 23.2%.

关键词: free piston linear generator (FPLG)     charged scavenging     engine control     misfire     stable operation    

Design and modeling of a free-piston engine generator

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第6期   页码 811-821 doi: 10.1007/s11708-022-0848-2

摘要: Free-piston engine generators (FPEGs) can be applied as decarbonized range extenders for electric vehicles because of their high thermal efficiency, low friction loss, and ultimate fuel flexibility. In this paper, a parameter-decoupling approach is proposed to model the design of an FPEG. The parameter-decoupling approach first divides the FPEG into three parts: a two-stroke engine, an integrated scavenging pump, and a linear permanent magnet synchronous machine (LPMSM). Then, each of these is designed according to predefined specifications and performance targets. Using this decoupling approach, a numerical model of the FPEG, including the three aforementioned parts, was developed. Empirical equations were adopted to design the engine and scavenging pump, while special considerations were applied for the LPMSM. A finite element model with a multi-objective genetic algorithm was adopted for its design. The finite element model results were fed back to the numerical model to update the LPMSM with increased fidelity. The designed FPEG produced 10.2 kW of electric power with an overall system efficiency of 38.5% in a stable manner. The model provides a solid foundation for the manufacturing of related FPEG prototypes.

关键词: free-piston engine generator     linear permanent magnet synchronous machine     system design     numerical model     finite element method    

Influence of steel corrosion on axial and eccentric compression behavior of coral aggregate concrete

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第6期   页码 1415-1425 doi: 10.1007/s11709-021-0786-9

摘要: To study the behavior of coral aggregate concrete (CAC) column under axial and eccentric compression, the compression behavior of CAC column with different types of steel and initial eccentricity (ei) were tested, and the deformation behavior and ultimate bearing capacity (Nu) were studied. The results showed that as the ei increases, the Nu of CAC column decreases nonlinearly. Besides, the steel corrosion in CAC column is severe, which reduces the steel section and steel strength, and decreases the Nu of CAC column. The durability of CAC structures can be improved by using new organic coated steel. Considering the influence of steel corrosion and interfacial bond deterioration, the calculation models of Nu under axial and eccentric compression were presented.

关键词: coral aggregate concrete column     axial compression     eccentric compression     steel corrosion     calculation model    

Numerical study of axial-loaded circular concrete-filled aluminum tubular slender columns

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2024年 第18卷 第2期   页码 272-293 doi: 10.1007/s11709-024-1000-7

摘要: Aluminum alloys have been widely applied in coastal and marine structures because of their superior sustainability and corrosion resistance. Concrete-filled double-skin aluminum tubular columns (CFDAT) possess higher strength and better ductility than traditional reinforced concrete structures. However, few studies have been conducted on numerical simulation methods for circular CFDATs. Specifically, there has been no experimental or numerical study on intermediate-to-slender circular CFDATs. Here, a comprehensive numerical study was conducted on a modeling method for the first time to simulate the axial behavior of a slender circular CFDAT. This study outlines the development of numerical modeling techniques and presents a series of comparative studies using various material nonlinearities, confinement effects, and nonlinearity of the initial geometric imperfections for a slender column. The numerical results were compared with more than 80 previously available stub and slender experimental test results for verification. It was confirmed that the proposed numerical technique was reliable and accurate for simulating the axial behavior of intermediate and slender circular CFDAT. Furthermore, a parametric study was conducted to investigate the effects of geometric and material properties on the axial capacity of the CFDAT. Additionally, the slenderness and strength-to-width ratio of CFDAT were compared with those of concrete-filled double-skin steel tubular columns (CFDST). The simulated axial strengths were compared with those predicted using AS 5100 and AISC 360. New design equations for the CFDATs should be proposed based on AS 5100.

关键词: axial behavior     aluminum     concrete-filled     double-skin     slender columns     numerical modelling    

Elliptical lobe shape gerotor pump design to minimize wear

Mohammad Reza KARAMOOZ RAVARI

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第6卷 第4期   页码 429-434 doi: 10.1007/s11465-011-0247-6

摘要:

The gerotor pumps are the most important parts of mechanical equipment that have a vast number of applications in industries and automobiles. Because the gerotor pumps cannot be adjusted for wear so it is important to reduce the wear as much as possible. In this paper first mathematical equations for elliptical lobe shape rotors profile and curvature of them have been derived and then Specific flow and wear rate proportional factor (WRPF) have been formulated. To reach the minimum wear in rotors teeth, the ellipse shape factor is changed for each value of number of outer rotor teeth in a feasible range and wear rate proportional factor has been resulted. Also in order to have better comparison specific flow has been presented. The obtained results have been compared with circular pumps with similar geometrical parameters and show the significant improvement in wear of the rotors with negligible changes in the specific flow.

关键词: gerotor pump     elliptical lobe shape pump     wear rate proportional factor (WRPF)     specific flow    

New response surface model and its applications in aerodynamic optimization of axial compressor blade

LIU Xiaojia, NING Fangfei

《能源前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第4期   页码 541-549 doi: 10.1007/s11708-008-0077-3

摘要: A parametric method for the axial compressor 2D blade profiles is proposed in which the blade geometries are defined with the parameters commonly used for blade definition, which ensures that the geometric significance is clear and an unreasonable blade profile is not generated. Several illustrations are presented to show the fitting precision of the method. A novel response surface model is proposed which regards the objective distribution function in the vicinity of a sample as normal school, and then generates the response surface function in the whole design space by a linear combination of distribution functions of all the samples. Based on this model, a numerical aerodynamic optimization platform for the axial compressor 2D blade profiles is developed, by which aerodynamic optimization of two compressor blade profiles are presented.

关键词: definition     objective distribution     fitting precision     combination     numerical aerodynamic    

Extended two-fluid model applied to analysis of bubbly flow in multiphase rotodynamic pump impeller

Zhiyi YU, Guoyu WANG, Shuliang CAO

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第4卷 第1期   页码 53-59 doi: 10.1007/s11465-009-0006-0

摘要: This paper presents an extended two-fluid model based on the Navier-Stokes equations and the standard turbulence model, to simulate the three-dimensional air-water bubbly flow in turbo machinery. In the governing equations, the drag force and added mass force are added and the additional source terms arising from fluctuations of gas volume fraction are considered. The discrete equations are solved using a developed two-phase semi-implicit method for pressure-linked equations, consistent (SIMPLEC) algorithm in body-fitted coordinates with a staggered grid system. Simulation is then carried out for the pure liquid flow and air-water two-phase flow with the inlet gas volume fraction being 15% in a multiphase rotodynamic pump impeller and the pump head performance is predicted. Comparison with experimental results shows the reliability and commonality of the numerical model.

关键词: two-fluid model     multiphase rotodynamic pump     SIMPLEC algorithm     numerical simulation    

R&D of the ground-coupled heat pump technology in China

Nairen DIAO, Ping CUI, Junhong LIU, Zhaohong FANG,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第1期   页码 47-54 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0080-3

摘要: The ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) systems have been identified as one of the best sustainable energy technologies for space heating and cooling in residential and commercial buildings. In this paper, research on and development of the GCHP technology in China are summarized. New models are presented for efficient thermal analysis of ground heat exchangers, of which one- and two-dimensional solid cylindrical source models and their analytical solutions are devised to deal with pile ground heat exchangers. Analytical solutions are also derived for vertical and inclined finite line source models as well as for a groundwater advection model. Explicit solutions of a quasi-three-dimensional model can be used to better evaluate the thermal resistance inside boreholes. Studies on hybrid GCHP systems and the thermal response test in China are also commented.

关键词: ground source heat pump     ground heat exchanger     HVAC     China    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Fast scaling approach based on cavitation conditions to estimate the speed limitation for axial pistonpump design

Qun CHAO, Jianfeng TAO, Junbo LEI, Xiaoliang WEI, Chengliang LIU, Yuanhang WANG, Linghui MENG

期刊论文

Integrated slipper retainer mechanism to eliminate slipper wear in high-speed axial piston pumps

期刊论文

Development of an analytical model to estimate the churning losses in high-speed axial piston pumps

期刊论文

Fault diagnosis of axial piston pumps with multi-sensor data and convolutional neural network

期刊论文

Multi-objective optimization of surface texture for the slipperswash plate interface in EHA pumps

期刊论文

Characteristics of force acting on adjustable axial flow pump blade

WEI Peiru, CHEN Hongxun, LU Wei

期刊论文

Design approach for single piston hydraulic free piston diesel engines

Wei WU, Shihua YUAN, Jibin HU, Chongbo JING,

期刊论文

An experimental study of a single-piston free piston linear generator

Jin XIAO, Yingdong CHENG, Jinlong WANG, Chengwei ZHU, Zhen HUANG

期刊论文

Design and modeling of a free-piston engine generator

期刊论文

Influence of steel corrosion on axial and eccentric compression behavior of coral aggregate concrete

期刊论文

Numerical study of axial-loaded circular concrete-filled aluminum tubular slender columns

期刊论文

Elliptical lobe shape gerotor pump design to minimize wear

Mohammad Reza KARAMOOZ RAVARI

期刊论文

New response surface model and its applications in aerodynamic optimization of axial compressor blade

LIU Xiaojia, NING Fangfei

期刊论文

Extended two-fluid model applied to analysis of bubbly flow in multiphase rotodynamic pump impeller

Zhiyi YU, Guoyu WANG, Shuliang CAO

期刊论文

R&D of the ground-coupled heat pump technology in China

Nairen DIAO, Ping CUI, Junhong LIU, Zhaohong FANG,

期刊论文