资源类型

期刊论文 229

会议视频 13

会议专题 1

年份

2024 6

2023 17

2022 30

2021 24

2020 28

2019 13

2018 15

2017 19

2016 6

2015 6

2014 8

2013 11

2012 6

2011 4

2010 10

2009 9

2008 9

2007 7

2006 1

2005 1

展开 ︾

关键词

智能制造 5

土地利用变化 3

中国 2

低碳经济 2

农业科学 2

土地利用 2

立堵截流 2

高端计算 2

3D打印 1

ATP荧光检测 1

GDP 1

GPS 1

Hilbert变换 1

ITS 1

LED战略性中心企业 1

LED高端制造装备 1

LNG 1

个人风险 1

中国汽车工业 1

展开 ︾

检索范围:

排序: 展示方式:

End-use energy utilization efficiency of Nigerian residential sector

Fidelis I. ABAM,Olayinka S. OHUNAKIN,Bethrand N. NWANKWOJIKE,Ekwe B. EKWE

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 322-334 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0329-3

摘要: In this paper, the end-use efficiencies of the different energy carriers and the overall energy efficiency in the Nigerian residential sector (NRS) were estimated using energy and exergy analysis. The energy and exergy flows were considered from 2006 to 2011. The overall energy efficiency ranges from 19.15% in 2006 to 20.19% in 2011 with a mean of (19.96±0.23)% while the overall exergy efficiency ranges from 4.34% in 2006 to 4.40% in 2011 with a mean of (4.31±0.059)%. The energy and exergy efficiency margin was 15.58% with a marginal improvement of 0.07% and 0.02%, respectively when compared with previous results. The contribution of the energy carriers to the total energy and exergy inputs were 1.45% and 1.43% for electricity, 1.95% and 3% for fossil fuel and 96.6% and 95.57% for bio-fuel. The result shows that approximately 65% of the residence use wood and biomass for domestic cooking and heating, and only a fraction of the residence have access to electricity. LPG was found to be the most efficient while kerosene, charcoal, wood and other biomass the least in this order. Electricity utilization exergy efficiency is affected by vapor-compression air conditioning application apart from low potential energy applications. In addition, this paper has suggested alternatives in the end-use application and has demonstrated the relevance of exergy analysis in enhancing sustainable energy policies and management and improved integration techniques.

关键词: end-use     energy     exergy efficiency     residential sector     Nigeria    

Analysis of Sydney’s recycled water schemes

Zhuo CHEN, Huu Hao NGO, Wenshan GUO, Xiaochang WANG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第4期   页码 608-615 doi: 10.1007/s11783-012-0468-x

摘要: Recycled water provides a viable opportunity to partially supplement fresh water supplies as well as substantially alleviate environmental loads. Currently, thousands of recycled water schemes have been successfully conducted in a number of countries and Sydney is one of the leading cities, which has made massive effort to apply water reclamation, recycling and reuse. This study aims to make a comprehensive analysis of recycled water schemes in Sydney for a wide range of end uses such as landscape irrigation, industrial process uses and residential uses (e.g., golf course irrigation, industrial cooling water reuse, toilet flushing and clothes washing etc.). For each representative recycled water scheme, this study investigates the involved wastewater treatment technologies, the effluent quality compared with specified guideline values and public attitudes toward different end uses. Based on these obtained data, multi criteria analysis (MCA) in terms of risk, cost-benefit, environmental and social aspects can be performed. Consequently, from the analytical results, the good prospects of further expansion and exploration of current and new end uses were identified toward the integrated water planning and management. The analyses could also help decision makers in making a sound judgment for future recycled water projects.

关键词: recycled water schemes     end use     water quality     public attitudes     integrated water planning and management    

Topology-independent end-to-end learning model for improving the voltage profile in microgrids-integrated

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第2期   页码 211-227 doi: 10.1007/s11708-022-0847-3

摘要: With multiple microgrids (MGs) integrated into power distribution networks in a distributed manner, the penetration of renewable energy like photovoltaic (PV) power generation surges. However, the operation of power distribution networks is challenged by the issues of multiple power flow directions and voltage security. Accordingly, an efficient voltage control strategy is needed to ensure voltage security against ever-changing operating conditions, especially when the network topology information is absent or inaccurate. In this paper, we propose a novel data-driven voltage profile improvement model, denoted as system-wide composite adaptive network (SCAN), which depends on operational data instead of network topology details in the context of power distribution networks integrated with multiple MGs. Unlike existing studies that realize topology identification and decision-making optimization in sequence, the proposed end-to-end model determines the optimal voltage control decisions in one shot. More specifically, the proposed model consists of four modules, Pre-training Network and modified interior point methods with adversarial networks (Modified IPMAN) as core modules, and discriminator generative adversarial network (Dis-GAN) and Volt convolutional neural network (Volt-CNN) as ancillary modules. In particular, the generator in SCAN is trained by the core modules in sequence so as to form an end-to-end mode from data to decision. Numerical experiments based on IEEE 33-bus and 123-bus systems have validated the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method.

关键词: end-to-end learning     microgrids     voltage profile improvement     generative adversarial network    

工业食品废物资源最终利用潜力的比较 Review

Raymond RedCorn, Samira Fatemi, Abigail S. Engelberth

《工程(英文)》 2018年 第4卷 第3期   页码 371-380 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2018.05.010

摘要:

全球大约有四分之一的可食用的食品被浪费。粮食浪费的驱动因素可以发生在生产、收获、分销、加工和消费者之间的任何阶段。尽管全球各地的驱动因素不同,但在北美、欧洲和亚洲的工业化地区有着相类似的情况。在这些地区,食物浪费最严重的情况发生在消费者环节,他们产生了大约51%的食品废物。因此,处理垃圾的重点就落在了处理城市固体废物上。在美国,食物垃圾占固体废物流重量的15%,产生二氧化碳当量排放量多达3.4×107 t,其处置费用高达19亿美元。利用食物垃圾中含有的碳、营养物和水分含量使垃圾转化成为高附加值产品,这是一种吸引人的减少浪费的方法。提取食物垃圾中的营养物质和生物活性物质,或者把两者转化为各种挥发性酸碱——包括乳酸、乙酸和丙酸,便可以利用这些机会回收废物并将产品出售以获得利润。废物转化为挥发性酸的过程可以与生物能源(如氢气和沼气)生产相结合。本文将工业食品废物升级的潜能比作特殊产品或者甲烷。高价值利用食品垃圾可以减轻大约1.9×108 t二氧化碳当量排放。以马铃薯皮为例,通过发酵技术将其转化为乳酸可每年节省56亿美元,也可以通过厌氧消化转化为甲烷,每年曾收9亿美元。回收食品废物潜在价值巨大,而食品废物价值化将有助于在各种食品工业的循环中形成回路。

关键词: 工业食品废弃物     食品废物价值化     废物回收价值增值    

一种端到端语音合成中的高效解码自注意力网络 Research Article

赵伟1,2,许力1,2

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第23卷 第7期   页码 1127-1138 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.2100501

摘要: 自注意力网络由于其并行结构和强大的序列建模能力,被广泛应用于语音合成(TTS)领域。然而,当使用自回归解码方法进行端到端语音合成时,由于序列长度的二次复杂性,其推理速度相对较慢。当部署设备未配备图形处理器(GPU)时,该效率问题更加严重。为解决该问题,提出一种高效解码自注意力网络(EDSA)作为替代。通过一个动态规划解码过程,有效加速TTS模型推理,使其具有线性计算复杂度。基于普通话和英文数据集的实验结果表明,所提EDSA模型在中央处理器(CPU)和GPU上的推理速度分别提高720%和50%,而性能几乎相同。因此,在GPU资源有限的情况下,该方法可使此类模型的部署更加容易。此外,所提模型在域外语言处理上可能比基线Transformer TTS性能更好。

关键词: 高效解码;端到端;自注意力网络;语音合成    

Comparison on End-of-Life strategies of WEEE in China based on LCA

Bin Lu, Xiaolong Song, Jianxin Yang, Dong Yang

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0994-7

摘要: As the Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) are upgraded more frequently in China, a large quantity of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) was and will be generated. It becomes an urgent issue to develop and adopt an effective End-of-Life (EoL) strategy for EEE in order to balance the resource recovery and environmental impacts. In an EoL strategy hierarchy for EEE, reuse strategy is usually deemed to be prior to materials recovery and other strategies. But in practice, the advantages and disadvantages of different strategies are always context-dependent. Therefore, main EoL strategies for EEE in China need to be evaluated in environment and resources aspects from the life cycle perspective. In this study, the obsolete refrigerator and Power Supply Unit (PSU) of desktop PC are both taken as the target products. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is applied to assess the environmental impacts of different EoL scenarios in China: Unit Reuse Scenario (URS), Component Reuse Scenario (CRS) and Materials Recovery Scenario (MRS). The LCA results show that the EoL strategies hierarchy is reasonable for the part of computer, but not necessarily suitable for obsolete refrigerators. When the policy makers promote or demote one EoL strategy especially reuse, it is necessary to take subsequent impacts into consideration.

关键词: End-of-Life     Waste electrical and electronic equipment     Life cycle assessment     Reuse    

Antimicrobial use in food animal production: situation analysis and contributing factors

Ziping WU

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第5卷 第3期   页码 301-311 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2018207

摘要:

By measuring the quantity and ways in which antimicrobials are used, and reviewing different technical and socioeconomic factors influencing antimicrobial use at farm level, this study discusses the main knowledge gaps in antimicrobial use in food animal production and provides recommendations for future research and policy development. The review reveals that antimicrobial use in food animals exhibit strong regional and species differences, and there are still large information gaps concerning the current state of antimicrobial use. Factors associated with animal health (including antimicrobial resistance), animal health improvement, economic costs and benefits relevant to animal diseases, and potential technological alternatives or alternative systems all have an impact on antimicrobial use on the farm. There is a clear need to resolve the data gap by monitoring antimicrobial use and developing an analytical framework to better understand farmer behaviors under different technical, economic and environmental circumstances.

关键词: antimicrobial use     drivers for antimicrobial use     food animal production    

Development and application of high-end aerospace MEMS

Weizheng YUAN

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第12卷 第4期   页码 567-573 doi: 10.1007/s11465-017-0424-3

摘要:

This paper introduces the design and manufacturing technology of aerospace microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) characterized by high performance, multi-variety, and small batch. Moreover, several kinds of special MEMS devices with high precision, high reliability, and environmental adaptability, as well as their typical applications in the fields of aeronautics and aerospace, are presented.

关键词: MEMS     design and manufacture technology     aeronautic and aerospace    

End-to-end delay analysis for networked systems

Jie SHEN,Wen-bo HE,Xue LIU,Zhi-bo WANG,Zhi WANG,Jian-guo YAO

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第16卷 第9期   页码 732-743 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.1400414

摘要: End-to-end delay measurement has been an essential element in the deployment of real-time services in networked systems. Traditional methods of delay measurement based on time domain analysis, however, are not efficient as the network scale and the complexity increase. We propose a novel theoretical framework to analyze the end-to-end delay distributions of networked systems from the frequency domain. We use a signal flow graph to model the delay distribution of a networked system and prove that the end-to-end delay distribution is indeed the inverse Laplace transform of the transfer function of the signal flow graph. Two efficient methods, Cramer’s rule-based method and the Mason gain rule-based method, are adopted to obtain the transfer function. By analyzing the time responses of the transfer function, we obtain the end-to-end delay distribution. Based on our framework, we propose an efficient method using the dominant poles of the transfer function to work out the bottleneck links of the network. Moreover, we use the framework to study the network protocol performance. Theoretical analysis and extensive evaluations show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

关键词: Networked system     End-to-end     Delay distribution    

Experimental study on pile-end post-grouting piles for super-large bridge pile foundations

Weiming GONG, Guoliang DAI, Haowen ZHANG

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第2期   页码 228-233 doi: 10.1007/s11709-009-0019-0

摘要: The application of pile-end post-grouting piles for super-large bridge pile foundations in some important projects was introduced in this paper. There are totally 21 test piles. The maximum pile diameter varies from 2.5 m to 3 m, and the maximum length is 125 m; the bearing capacity of the post-grouting piles is over ten thousands tons. Based on the test results, the bearing capacity, displacement, and bearing characteristic before and after grouting were analyzed. The results show that the bearing capacity of the piles are increased in different degrees after grouting although the technical parameters, including the patterns of grouting pipes, pressure, dosages of cement, duration of grouting lasting time, are different. However, the obtained values are very discrete. In addition, the calculation formula for the post-grouting piles under specified grouting condition was deduced based on the statistics analysis results of 57 test piles. The research results have been applied in the design of bridge foundation.

关键词: self-balanced testing technique     pile-end post-grouting     bearing capacity     grouting technology    

面向高端装备制造业的高端制造装备需求趋势分析

张俊,卢秉恒

《中国工程科学》 2017年 第19卷 第3期   页码 136-141 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2017.03.019

摘要:

高端制造装备是高端装备制造业快速发展的基础,本文针对航空装备、航天装备、轨道交通装备、海洋工程装备、智能制造装备等高端装备制造业的“十三五”发展趋势,分析了各领域对高端机床和高端基础制造装备提出的新需求和未来的发展重点,并结合我国制造装备行业的现状,提出了几点建议,以促进我国高端装备制造业的良性发展。

关键词: 高端装备制造业     高端制造装备     机床     基础制造装备    

Engineering management for high-end equipment intelligent manufacturing

Shanlin YANG, Jianmin WANG, Leyuan SHI, Yuejin TAN, Fei QIAO

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2018年 第5卷 第4期   页码 420-450 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2018050

摘要:

The high-end equipment intelligent manufacturing (HEIM) industry is of strategic importance to national and economic security. Engineering management (EM) for HEIM is a complex, innovative process that integrates natural science, technology, management science, social science, and the human spirit. New-generation information technology (IT), including the internet, cloud computing, big data, and artificial intelligence, have made a remarkable influence on HEIM and its engineering management activities, such as product system construction, product life cycle management, manufacturing resources organization, manufacturing model innovation, and reconstruction of the enterprise ecosystem. Engineering management for HEIM is a key topic at the frontier of international academic research. This study systematically reviews the current research on issues pertaining to engineering management for HEIM under the new-generation IT environment. These issues include cross-lifecycle management, network collaboration management, task integration management of innovative development, operation optimization of smart factories, quality and reliability management, information management, and intelligent decision making. The challenges presented by these issues and potential research opportunities are also summarized and discussed.

关键词: high-end equipment     intelligent manufacturing     engineering management     information technology    

An end-to-end 3d seismic simulation of underground structures due to point dislocation source by using

Zhenning BA; Jisai FU; Zhihui ZHU; Hao ZHONG

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第12期   页码 1515-1529 doi: 10.1007/s11709-022-0887-0

摘要: Based on the domain reduction idea and artificial boundary substructure method, this paper proposes an FK-FEM hybrid approach by integrating the advantages of FK and FEM (i.e., FK can efficiently generate high-frequency three translational motion, while FEM has rich elements types and constitutive models). An advantage of this approach is that it realizes the entire process simulation from point dislocation source to underground structure. Compared with the plane wave field input method, the FK-FEM hybrid approach can reflect the spatial variability of seismic motion and the influence of source and propagation path. This approach can provide an effective solution for seismic analysis of underground structures under scenario of earthquake in regions where strong earthquakes may occur but are not recorded, especially when active faults, crustal, and soil parameters are available. Taking Daikai subway station as an example, the seismic response of the underground structure is simulated after verifying the correctness of the approach and the effects of crustal velocity structure and source parameters on the seismic response of Daikai station are discussed. In this example, the influence of velocity structure on the maximum interlayer displacement angle of underground structure is 96.5% and the change of source parameters can lead to the change of structural failure direction.

关键词: source-to-structure simulation     FK-FEM hybrid approach     underground structures     point dislocation source    

A hybrid method for product low-end disruptive innovation

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第17卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11465-022-0690-6

摘要: Product innovation is often a process for improving existing products. Low-end disruptive innovation (LDI) enables a product to meet the most price-sensitive customers in the low-end market. The existing LDI methods are mainly based on unnecessary characteristics of disruptive innovations. Thus, they cannot easily identify and respond to the LDI design needs. This study proposes a hybrid method for the product LDI in two levels of the product design based on the summarized definition and essential characteristics of LDI. Feasible areas of the product LDI are determined using a hybrid relational function model to identify the maturity of dominant technologies. The technologies are identified through the technical search and evaluation of the feasible area for innovation to form an initial LDI scheme. Then, the product function is optimized using the trimming concept of theory of inventive problem solving based on the characteristics of LDI. The final LDI scheme is formed and evaluated based on the essential characteristics of the product LDI. The feasibility of the proposed method is verified in the design of a new dropping pill machine.

关键词: low-end disruptive innovation     product design     design improvement     theory of inventive problem solving     TRIZ     trimming    

Moving policy and regulation forward for single-use plastic alternatives

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1423-5

摘要: Single-use plastics are often used once or cannot be reused for extended periods. They are widely consumed with the rapid development of social economy. The waste generated by single-use plastics threatens ecosystem health by entering the environment and ultimately restricts sustainable human development. The innovation of sustainable and environmentally friendly single-use plastic alternative materials and the joint participation of governments, enterprises and the public are promising technologies and management approaches that can solve the problem of single-use plastics wastes. The development of single-use plastic alternative products can be promoted fundamentally only by improving relevant legislation and standards, providing differentiated industrial policies, encouraging scientific and technological innovation and expanding public participation.

关键词: Single-use plastic alternatives     Policy     Regulation     Sustainable development    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

End-use energy utilization efficiency of Nigerian residential sector

Fidelis I. ABAM,Olayinka S. OHUNAKIN,Bethrand N. NWANKWOJIKE,Ekwe B. EKWE

期刊论文

Analysis of Sydney’s recycled water schemes

Zhuo CHEN, Huu Hao NGO, Wenshan GUO, Xiaochang WANG

期刊论文

Topology-independent end-to-end learning model for improving the voltage profile in microgrids-integrated

期刊论文

工业食品废物资源最终利用潜力的比较

Raymond RedCorn, Samira Fatemi, Abigail S. Engelberth

期刊论文

一种端到端语音合成中的高效解码自注意力网络

赵伟1,2,许力1,2

期刊论文

Comparison on End-of-Life strategies of WEEE in China based on LCA

Bin Lu, Xiaolong Song, Jianxin Yang, Dong Yang

期刊论文

Antimicrobial use in food animal production: situation analysis and contributing factors

Ziping WU

期刊论文

Development and application of high-end aerospace MEMS

Weizheng YUAN

期刊论文

End-to-end delay analysis for networked systems

Jie SHEN,Wen-bo HE,Xue LIU,Zhi-bo WANG,Zhi WANG,Jian-guo YAO

期刊论文

Experimental study on pile-end post-grouting piles for super-large bridge pile foundations

Weiming GONG, Guoliang DAI, Haowen ZHANG

期刊论文

面向高端装备制造业的高端制造装备需求趋势分析

张俊,卢秉恒

期刊论文

Engineering management for high-end equipment intelligent manufacturing

Shanlin YANG, Jianmin WANG, Leyuan SHI, Yuejin TAN, Fei QIAO

期刊论文

An end-to-end 3d seismic simulation of underground structures due to point dislocation source by using

Zhenning BA; Jisai FU; Zhihui ZHU; Hao ZHONG

期刊论文

A hybrid method for product low-end disruptive innovation

期刊论文

Moving policy and regulation forward for single-use plastic alternatives

期刊论文