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我国果树业生产现状和待研究的问题

束怀瑞

《中国工程科学》 2003年 第5卷 第2期   页码 45-48

摘要:

介绍了我国果树资源及果树产业、科研当前水平;阐述了有关果业发展拟研究的五个问题:(1)果树传统品种组群与现代化生产及专业化;(2)果树发展与生态环境建设;(3)重视果树根系研究;(4)果品加工发展要加速研究与中试,加工产业发展要注意科学进程和大、中、小企业结合;(5)建立果品优质生产工程的技术体系。具体包括:品种组合与专业化,“世界品种”,名特优品种的不断选育,无公害基地的环境保护,根系研究对持续发展和提高产量品质的潜力,营养基因型根系,生根基因,建立质量工程技术体系,果品加工业的逐步进程等。

关键词: 果树资源     品种组合     果树根系     果品加工     果树优质工程技术体系    

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of the β-amylase genes strongly associated with fruitdevelopment, ripening, and abiotic stress response in two banana cultivars

Hongxia MIAO,Peiguang SUN,Yulu MIAO,Juhua LIU,Jianbin ZHANG,Caihong JIA,Jingyi WANG,Zhuo WANG,Zhiqiang JIN,Biyu XU

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第3卷 第4期   页码 346-356 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2016127

摘要: β-amylase (BAM) is an important enzyme involved in conversion of starch to maltose in multiple biological processes in plants. However, there is currently insufficient information on the BAM gene family in the important fruit crop banana. This study identified 16 genes in the banana genome. Phylogenetic analysis showed that MaBAMs were classified into four subfamilies. Most in each subfamily shared similar gene structures. Conserved motif analysis showed that all identified MaBAM proteins had the typical glyco hydro 14 domains. Comprehensive transcriptomic analysis of two banana genotypes revealed the expression patterns of in different tissues, at various stages of fruit development and ripening, and in responses to abiotic stresses. Most s showed strong transcript accumulation changes during fruit development and late-stage ripening. Some showed significant changes under cold, salt, and osmotic stresses. This finding indicated that might be involved in regulating fruit development, ripening, and responses to abiotic stress. Analysis of five hormone-related and seven stress-relevant elements in the promoters of further revealed that BAMs participated in various biological processes. This systemic analysis provides new insights into the transcriptional characteristics of the genes in banana and may serve as a basis for further functional studies of such genes.

关键词: β-amylase     banana     genome-wide identification     fruit development     abiotic stress    

YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF ALMOND, PEACH AND PLUM UNDER REGULATED DEFICIT IRRIGATION

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第4期   页码 583-593 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE -2020325

摘要:

The effects of regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) on the performance of almond cv. Tuono, peach cv. JH-Hall and plum cv. Stanley were assessed on the Saiss Plain (NW, Morocco) over three consecutive growing seasons (2011–2013). Irrigation treatments consisted of a control, irrigation applied to fully satisfy crop water requirements (100% ETC), and two RDI treatments, irrigation applied to 75% ETC (RDI-75) and 50% ETC (RDI-50). These three treatments were applied during fruit-growth slowdown periods corresponding to Stages II and III in almond and Stage II in peach and plum. Yield and fruit quality traits were determined. The effect of RDI differed between species. Yield and fruit size were reduced significantly only in peach under RDI-50. Fruit quality improved in this species in the first year of the experiment, with an increase of sugar/acid ratio and polyphenol content. Plum quality also improved but the effects were significant only in the second and third years. Similar results were recorded in almond kernel, but their epidermal grooves were deeper under RDI-50, and this may have affected their commercial value. It is concluded that water can be saved during the fruit-growth slowdown period by up to 25% in peach and 50% in almond and plum with improvements in fruit quality without affecting total yield.

 

关键词: fruit quality / fruit yield / Prunus domestica / Prunus dulcis / Prunus persica / regulated deficit irrigation    

Recent advances in fruit crop genomics

Qiang XU,Chaoyang LIU,Manosh Kumar BISWAS,Zhiyong PAN,Xiuxin DENG

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第1卷 第1期   页码 21-27 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2014002

摘要: In recent years, dramatic progress has been made in the genomics of fruit crops. The publication of a dozen fruit crop genomes represents a milestone for both functional genomics and breeding programs in fruit crops. Rapid advances in high-throughput sequencing technology have revolutionized the manner and scale of genomics in fruit crops. Research on fruit crops is encompassing a wide range of biological questions which are unique and cannot be addressed in a model plant such as . This review summarizes recent achievements of research on the genome, transcriptome, proteome, miRNAs and epigenome of fruit crops.

关键词: fruit crops     fruit biology     gene function     genomics    

Machine vision-based automatic fruit quality detection and grading

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023532

摘要:

● A machine vision-based prototype system was developed for fruit grading.

关键词: Computer and machine vision     convolution neural network     deep learning     defective fruit detection     fruit grading     microcontroller    

RECENT ADVANCES IN THE REGULATION OF CLIMACTERIC FRUIT RIPENING: HORMONE, TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR AND EPIGENETIC

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第2期

摘要:

Fruit ripening is a complex developmental process made up of genetically programmed physiological and biochemical activities. It culminates in desirable changes in the structural and textural properties and is governed by a complex regulatory network. Much is known about ethylene, one of the most important metabolites promoting the ripening of climacteric fruits. However, the dynamic interplay between phytohormones also plays an important part. Additional regulatory factors such as transcription factors (TFs) and epigenetic modifications also play vital role in the regulation of climacteric fruit ripening. Here, we review and evaluate the complex regulatory network comprising interactions between hormones and the action of TFs and epigenetic modifications during climacteric fruit ripening.

 

关键词: climacteric fruit ripening / phytohormones / TFs / epigenetic modifications    

果蔬益生菌发酵技术及其产业化发展趋势 Review

关倩倩, 熊涛, 谢明勇

《工程(英文)》 2021年 第7卷 第2期   页码 212-218 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2020.03.018

摘要:

本文简要介绍了现代人慢性疾病与肠道健康的关系,指出肠道菌群失调和膳食纤维摄入不足是慢性疾病发生的两大重要诱因。本文重点对益生菌发酵果蔬的研究现状、本团队在该领域取得的主要创新性成果以及相关产业未来发展趋势进行了综述。将益生菌发酵技术引入果蔬精深加工领域,开发益生菌发酵果蔬全新系列产品,不仅可以提高果蔬的附加值,还可将益生菌及其活性代谢产物与益生元(膳食纤维等)有机结合起来,对改善肠道健康、预防和缓解慢性疾病具有重要作用。果蔬益生菌发酵技术为益生菌影响人体健康的研究开辟了新思路,将为益生菌应用和果蔬加工新兴产业带来革命性影响,具有很大的市场潜力。

关键词: 益生菌     发酵果蔬     人体健康     慢性疾病预防    

RECENT ADVANCES IN THE REGULATION OF CLIMACTERIC FRUIT RIPENING: HORMONE, TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR AND EPIGENETIC

Yinglin JI, Mingyang XU, Aide WANG

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》   页码 314-334 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2021386

摘要: Fruit ripening is a complex developmental process made up of genetically programmed physiological and biochemical activities. It culminates in desirable changes in the structural and textural properties and is governed by a complex regulatory network. Much is known about ethylene, one of the most important metabolites promoting the ripening of climacteric fruits. However, the dynamic interplay between phytohormones also plays an important part. Additional regulatory factors such as transcription factors (TFs) and epigenetic modifications also play vital role in the regulation of climacteric fruit ripening. Here, we review and evaluate the complex regulatory network comprising interactions between hormones and the action of TFs and epigenetic modifications during climacteric fruit ripening.

关键词: climacteric fruit ripening     phytohormones     TFs     epigenetic modifications    

GASEOUS REACTIVE NITROGEN LOSSES FROM ORCHARDS, VEGETABLES AND TEA PLANTATIONS

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第2期   页码 155-166 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2022477

摘要:

● Gaseous N emissions from orchards, vegetables and tea plantations (OVT) are reviewed.

关键词: fruit     greenhouse gas     green development     fertilizer management     climate change    

FUNCTIONAL GAIN OF FRUIT NETTED-CRACKING IN AN INTROGRESSION LINE OF TOMATO WITH HIGHER EXPRESSION OF

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第2期

摘要:

Fruit cracking is a major disorder that affects the integrity of fruit and reduces the commercial value of tomato and other fleshy fruit. Here, we have found a novel fruit ‘netted-cracking’ (FNC) phenotype in tomato introgression line IL4-4 which is present in neither the donor parent (LA0716) nor the receptor parent (M82). An F2 population was generated by crossing IL4-4 with M82 to genetically characterize the FNC gene and this showed that a single dominant gene determined fruit netted-cracking. Further map-based cloning narrowed down the FNC locus to a 230 kb region on chromosome 4. Sequencing and annotation analysis show that FNC(Solyc04 g082540) was the most likely candidate gene. Functional characterization of FNC by overexpressing FNCAC and FNCIL4-4resulted in the fruit netted-cracking phenotype, suggesting that the FNC transcript level results in the functional gain of fruit netted-cracking. These findings were further confirmed by FNC ortholog in netted-cracking pepper and melon, indicating a common regulatory mechanism in different plant species. Furthermore, cytoplasm and nucleus-localized FNC indicates increased expression of genes involved in suberin, lignin, lipid transport and cell wall metabolism. These findings provide novel genetic insights into fruit netted-cracking and offer a way to promote molecular improvement toward cracking resistant cultivars.

 

关键词: fine mapping / fruit netted-cracking / introgression line / transcript level    

YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF ALMOND, PEACH AND PLUM UNDER REGULATED DEFICIT IRRIGATION

Rachid RAZOUK, Abdellah KAJJI, Anas HAMDANI, Jamal CHARAFI, Lahcen HSSAINI, Said BOUDA

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第4期   页码 583-593 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2020325

摘要: The effects of regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) on the performance of almond cv. Tuono, peach cv. JH-Hall and plum cv. Stanley were assessed on the Saiss Plain (NW, Morocco) over three consecutive growing seasons (2011–2013). Irrigation treatments consisted of a control, irrigation applied to fully satisfy crop water requirements (100% ET ), and two RDI treatments, irrigation applied to 75% ET (RDI-75) and 50% ET (RDI-50). These three treatments were applied during fruit-growth slowdown periods corresponding to Stages II and III in almond and Stage II in peach and plum. Yield and fruit quality traits were determined. The effect of RDI differed between species. Yield and fruit size were reduced significantly only in peach under RDI-50. Fruit quality improved in this species in the first year of the experiment, with an increase of sugar/acid ratio and polyphenol content. Plum quality also improved but the effects were significant only in the second and third years. Similar results were recorded in almond kernel, but their epidermal grooves were deeper under RDI-50, and this may have affected their commercial value. It is concluded that water can be saved during the fruit-growth slowdown period by up to 25% in peach and 50% in almond and plum with improvements in fruit quality without affecting total yield.

关键词: fruit quality     fruit yield     Prunus domestica     Prunus dulcis     Prunus persica     regulated deficit irrigation    

苹果栽培的世界性动向——提高果品质量

学士钊

《中国工程科学》 2001年 第3卷 第6期   页码 81-88

摘要:

由数量型向质量型转变,是苹果栽培的世界性动向。栽培者应该放弃只追求果品高额产量的过时做法,实施每公顷只产30 000 kg ,以达到最高的果品质量为目标,来保持果园的良性发展和增强果品抢占市场的优势。

关键词: 苹果栽培     世界性动向     果品质量    

Hydrogen peroxide is correlated with browning in peach fruit stored at low temperature

Zhansheng DING, Shiping TIAN, Xianghong MENG, Yong XU,

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第4期   页码 363-374 doi: 10.1007/s11705-009-0246-x

摘要: The objective of this present research is to study the biological basis of browning in peach fruit during storage at low temperatures. After being immersed in 0 or 2mmol·L salicylic acid (SA) aqueous solution for 10min, peach fruit (Prunus persica L. cv. Hongtao) were stored at 10°C, 5°C or 0°C with or without shelf life at 25°C. During storage, the progress of browning, lipid per-oxidation, phenol content, activities of polyphenol oxidase (PPO, E.C. 1.14.18.1) and guaiacol peroxidase (POD, EC 1.11.1.7), redox state of ascorbate and glutathione, as well as the content, location and metabolism of hydrogen peroxide (HO) in the fruit were examined. The results indicated that a decrease in HO content was correlated with browning, whereas phenol content and activities of PPO and POD were not correlated with the change in HO content. Moreover, HO content was influenced by different responses of antioxidants at different storage conditions. It was concluded that the main effect of HO on browning was to regulate its appearance and development as a signal molecule, and lower HO content was beneficial to browning.

关键词: beneficial     per-oxidation     appearance     decrease     hydrogen peroxide    

Valorization of agro-industrial fruit peel waste to fluorescent nanocarbon sensor: Ultrasensitive detection

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1461-z

摘要:

• Transformation of agro-industrial waste to value-added material via green chemistry.

关键词: Agro-industrial waste     Orange peel     Valorization     Nanodiamond-like carbon     Atropine sulphate     Fluorescence sensing    

FUNCTIONAL GAIN OF FRUIT NETTED-CRACKING IN AN INTROGRESSION LINE OF TOMATO WITH HIGHER EXPRESSION OF

Chunli ZHANG, Taotao WANG, Jing LI, Danqiu ZHANG, Qingmin XIE, Shoaib MUNIR, Jie YE, Hanxia LI, Yongen LU, Changxian YANG, Bo OUYANG, Yuyang ZHANG, Junhong ZHANG, Zhibiao YE

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》   页码 280-291 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2020374

摘要: Fruit cracking is a major disorder that affects the integrity of fruit and reduces the commercial value of tomato and other fleshy fruit. Here, we have found a novel fruit ‘netted-cracking’ (FNC) phenotype in tomato introgression line IL4-4 which is present in neither the donor parent (LA0716) nor the receptor parent (M82). An F population was generated by crossing IL4-4 with M82 to genetically characterize the gene and this showed that a single dominant gene determined fruit netted-cracking. Further map-based cloning narrowed down the locus to a 230 kb region on chromosome 4. Sequencing and annotation analysis show that (Solyc04 g082540) was the most likely candidate gene. Functional characterization of by overexpressing and resulted in the fruit netted-cracking phenotype, suggesting that the transcript level results in the functional gain of fruit netted-cracking. These findings were further confirmed by ortholog in netted-cracking pepper and melon, indicating a common regulatory mechanism in different plant species. Furthermore, cytoplasm and nucleus-localized indicates increased expression of genes involved in suberin, lignin, lipid transport and cell wall metabolism. These findings provide novel genetic insights into fruit netted-cracking and offer a way to promote molecular improvement toward cracking resistant cultivars.

关键词: fine mapping     fruit netted-cracking     introgression line     transcript level    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

我国果树业生产现状和待研究的问题

束怀瑞

期刊论文

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of the β-amylase genes strongly associated with fruitdevelopment, ripening, and abiotic stress response in two banana cultivars

Hongxia MIAO,Peiguang SUN,Yulu MIAO,Juhua LIU,Jianbin ZHANG,Caihong JIA,Jingyi WANG,Zhuo WANG,Zhiqiang JIN,Biyu XU

期刊论文

YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF ALMOND, PEACH AND PLUM UNDER REGULATED DEFICIT IRRIGATION

期刊论文

Recent advances in fruit crop genomics

Qiang XU,Chaoyang LIU,Manosh Kumar BISWAS,Zhiyong PAN,Xiuxin DENG

期刊论文

Machine vision-based automatic fruit quality detection and grading

期刊论文

RECENT ADVANCES IN THE REGULATION OF CLIMACTERIC FRUIT RIPENING: HORMONE, TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR AND EPIGENETIC

期刊论文

果蔬益生菌发酵技术及其产业化发展趋势

关倩倩, 熊涛, 谢明勇

期刊论文

RECENT ADVANCES IN THE REGULATION OF CLIMACTERIC FRUIT RIPENING: HORMONE, TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR AND EPIGENETIC

Yinglin JI, Mingyang XU, Aide WANG

期刊论文

GASEOUS REACTIVE NITROGEN LOSSES FROM ORCHARDS, VEGETABLES AND TEA PLANTATIONS

期刊论文

FUNCTIONAL GAIN OF FRUIT NETTED-CRACKING IN AN INTROGRESSION LINE OF TOMATO WITH HIGHER EXPRESSION OF

期刊论文

YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF ALMOND, PEACH AND PLUM UNDER REGULATED DEFICIT IRRIGATION

Rachid RAZOUK, Abdellah KAJJI, Anas HAMDANI, Jamal CHARAFI, Lahcen HSSAINI, Said BOUDA

期刊论文

苹果栽培的世界性动向——提高果品质量

学士钊

期刊论文

Hydrogen peroxide is correlated with browning in peach fruit stored at low temperature

Zhansheng DING, Shiping TIAN, Xianghong MENG, Yong XU,

期刊论文

Valorization of agro-industrial fruit peel waste to fluorescent nanocarbon sensor: Ultrasensitive detection

期刊论文

FUNCTIONAL GAIN OF FRUIT NETTED-CRACKING IN AN INTROGRESSION LINE OF TOMATO WITH HIGHER EXPRESSION OF

Chunli ZHANG, Taotao WANG, Jing LI, Danqiu ZHANG, Qingmin XIE, Shoaib MUNIR, Jie YE, Hanxia LI, Yongen LU, Changxian YANG, Bo OUYANG, Yuyang ZHANG, Junhong ZHANG, Zhibiao YE

期刊论文