ENDF/B VII.0评价库 1
《医学前沿（英文）》 2013年 第7卷 第4期 页码 477-485 doi: 10.1007/s11684-013-0284-0
This study aims to construct a logistically derived additive score for predicting in-hospital mortality risk in Chinese patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Data from 9839 consecutive CABG patients in 43 Chinese centers were collected between 2007 and 2008 from the Chinese Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Registry. This database was randomly divided into developmental and validation subsets (9:1). The data in the developmental dataset were used to develop the model using logistic regression. Calibration and discrimination characteristics were assessed using the validation dataset. Thresholds were defined for each model to distinguish different risk groups. After excluding 275 patients with incomplete information, the overall mortality rate of the remaining 9564 patients was 2.5%. The SinoSCORE model was constructed based on 11 variables: age, preoperative NYHA stage III or IV, chronic renal failure, extracardiac arteriopathy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, preoperative atrial fibrillation or flutter (within 2βweeks), left ventricular ejection fraction, other elective surgery, combined valve procedures, preoperative critical state, and BMI. In the developmental dataset, calibration using a Hosmer-Lemeshow (HL) test was at =β0.44 and discrimination based on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was 0.80. In the validation dataset, the HL test was at =β0.34 and the area under the ROC (AUC) was 0.78. A logistically derived additive model for predicting in-hospital mortality among Chinese patients undergoing CABG was developed based on the most up-to-date multi-center data from China.
《医学前沿（英文）》 doi: 10.1007/s11684-023-1014-x
《中国工程科学》 2012年 第14卷 第8期 页码 17-19
医院中子照射器装置于2007年开始建造，2008年12月完成了反应堆厂房建造，2009年3月完成了相关系统的安装和调试。2009年12月7日首次达到临界，2010年1月22日达到满功率运行。物理调试结果表明，医院中子照射器反应堆最终后备反应性为4.2 mk，满功率最大可连续运行时间为12 h，功率波动小于0.3 %；4.2 mk反应性释放实验表明，反应堆在229 s时达到85.7 kW的最大峰值功率，随后，由于燃料元件多普勒效应和慢化剂的负温度效应会非能动地把功率限制在允许的安全水平之下，反应堆具有良好的固有安全特性。
《中国工程科学》 2012年 第14卷 第8期 页码 20-22
介绍了医院中子照射器及其相关系统的设计情况，描述了医院中子照射器的性能和特性。为验证医院中子照射器的固有安全特性，进行了4.2 mk反应性释放实验。实验结果表明，反应堆功率快速上升，在229 s时，功率达到85.7 kW峰值，随后，由于燃料元件多普勒效应和慢化剂的负温度效应会非能动地把功率限制在允许的安全水平之下。满功率运行时，各个工艺房间γ剂量率小于1 μSv/h，且中子剂量率为本底水平，具有低辐射特点。
《医学前沿（英文）》 2018年 第12卷 第2期 页码 218-223 doi: 10.1007/s11684-017-0534-7
Reforms in public hospitals are among the most important improvements in China’s health care system over the last two decades. However, the reforms that should be implemented in public hospitals are unclear. Thus, a feasible direction of reforms in Chinese public hospitals is suggested and reliable policy suggestions are provided for the government to reform public hospitals. The data used in this study were mainly derived from a qualitative study. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were conducted in Shanghai, Guangdong, and Gansu between May and December 2014. Government funding accounted for approximately eight percent of the total annual revenue of public hospitals in China, and the insufficient government subsidy considerably affects the operation mechanism of public hospitals. However, solely increasing this subsidy cannot address the inappropriate incentives of public hospitals in China. The most crucial step in setting the direction of reforms in public hospitals in China is transforming inappropriate incentives by implementing a new evaluation index system for directors and physicians in public hospitals.
《医学前沿（英文）》 2023年 第17卷 第1期 页码 58-67 doi: 10.1007/s11684-022-0937-y
《中国工程科学》 2012年 第14卷 第8期 页码 33-37
采用蒙特卡罗程序(Monte Carlo neutron and photo transport code, MCNP)对医院中子照射器I型堆（IHNI-1）超热中子束流孔道的慢化层、反射层进行了优化设计。首先对FLUENTAL、Al等材料组成的6种慢化体方案进行了分析比较，给出了孔道出口处超热中子通量密度较大的两种设计方案；基于此两种慢化体设计方案，在保持束流孔道外框尺寸不变情况下，对慢化体周围的反射层进行了分析比较，给出了反射层的推荐方案；基于慢化体和反射层优化方案，最后给出了超热中子束流孔道出口处束流参数的空间分布。
《医学前沿（英文）》 2022年 第16卷 第1期 页码 102-110 doi: 10.1007/s11684-021-0850-9
《医学前沿（英文）》 2015年 第9卷 第4期 页码 487-495 doi: 10.1007/s11684-015-0413-z
Although a number of studies have examined the etiology of lung cancer in Xuanwei County, China, other types of cancer in this county have not been reported systematically. This study aimed to investigate the temporal trend of eight major cancers in Xuanwei County using data from three mortality surveys (1973–1975, 1990–1992, and 2004–2005). The Chinese population in 1990 was used as a standard population to calculate age-standardized mortality rates. Cancers of lung, liver, breast, brain, esophagus, leukemia, rectum, and stomach were identified as the leading cancers in this county in terms of mortality rate. During the three time periods, lung cancer remained as the most common type of cancer. The mortality rates for all other types of cancer were lower than those of the national average, but an increasing trend was observed for all the cancers, particularly from 1990–1992 to 2004–2005. The temporal trend could be partly explained by changes in risk factors, but it also may be due to the improvement in cancer diagnosis and screening. Further epidemiological studies are warranted to systematically examine the underlying reasons for the temporal trend of the major cancers in Xuanwei County.
《化学科学与工程前沿（英文）》 2022年 第16卷 第5期 页码 634-660 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2107-1
标题 作者 时间 类型 操作
SinoSCORE: a logistically derived additive prediction model for post-coronary artery bypass grafting in-hospitalmortality in a Chinese population
Association between ICU quality and in-hospital mortality of V-V ECMO-supported patients—the ECMO quality
Association of cardiac disease with the risk of post-lung transplantation mortality in Chinese recipients
Renin--angiotensin system inhibitor is associated with the reduced risk of all-cause mortality in COVID
Membrane bioreactors for hospital wastewater treatment: recent advancements in membranes and processes