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Reactive power compensation of an isolated hybrid power system with load interaction using ANFIS tuned

Nitin SAXENA,Ashwani KUMAR

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第2期   页码 261-268 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0298-6

摘要: This paper presents an adaptive neuro fuzzy interference system (ANFIS) based approach to tune the parameters of the static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) with frequent disturbances in load model and power input of a wind-diesel based isolated hybrid power system (IHPS). In literature, proportional integral (PI) based controller constants are optimized for voltage stability in hybrid systems due to the interaction of load disturbances and input power disturbances. These conventional controlling techniques use the integral square error (ISE) criterion with an open loop load model. An ANFIS tuned constants of a STATCOM controller for controlling the reactive power requirement to stabilize the voltage variation is proposed in the paper. Moreover, the interaction between the load and the isolated power system is developed in terms of closed loop load interaction with the system. Furthermore, a comparison of transient responses of IHPS is also presented when the system has only the STATCOM and the static compensation requirement of the induction generator is fulfilled by the fixed capacitor, dynamic compensation requirement, meanwhile, is fulfilled by STATCOM. The model is tested for a 1% step increase in reactive power load demand at = 0 s and then a sudden change of 3% from the 1% at = 0.01 s for a 1% step increase in power input at variable wind speed model.

关键词: isolated wind-diesel power system     adaptive neuro fuzzy interference system (ANFIS)     integral square error (ISE) criterion     load interaction    

Systems understanding of plant–pathogen interactions through genome-wide protein–protein interaction

Hong LI,Ziding ZHANG

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第3卷 第2期   页码 102-112 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2016100

摘要: Plants are frequently affected by pathogen infections. To effectively defend against such infections, two major modes of innate immunity have evolved in plants; pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity and effector-triggered immunity. Although the molecular components as well as the corresponding pathways involved in these two processes have been identified, many aspects of the molecular mechanisms of the plant immune system remain elusive. Recently, the rapid development of omics techniques (e.g., genomics, proteomics and transcriptomics) has provided a great opportunity to explore plant–pathogen interactions from a systems perspective and studies on protein–protein interactions (PPIs) between plants and pathogens have been carried out and characterized at the network level. In this review, we introduce experimental and computational identification methods of PPIs, popular PPI network analysis approaches, and existing bioinformatics resources/tools related to PPIs. Then, we focus on reviewing the progress in genome-wide PPI networks related to plant–pathogen interactions, including pathogen-centric PPI networks, plant-centric PPI networks and interspecies PPI networks between plants and pathogens. We anticipate genome-wide PPI network analysis will provide a clearer understanding of plant–pathogen interactions and will offer some new opportunities for crop protection and improvement.

关键词: plant–pathogen interactions     systems biology     omics     plant immunity     protein–protein interaction     network    

An efficient method for the dynamic interaction of open structure-foundation systems

LIU Jingbo, GU Yin, LI Bin, WANG Yan

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第3期   页码 340-345 doi: 10.1007/s11709-007-0045-8

摘要: The structure-foundation system is transformed from an original open system into an approximately hermetic system through a viscous-spring artificial boundary. In addition, the seismic wave scattering problem is changed to a wave source problem by employing an equivalent seismic wave input method. Subsequently, the modal superposition method is adopted to solve the approximated hermetic system. This procedure is highly efficient in analyzing dynamic structure-foundation interaction problems in the time domain. Two numerical examples are presented to illustrate the characteristics of the proposed method: one is a wave source problem in 2-dimensions (2-D) elastic semi-infinite space, and the other is a dynamic structure-foundation interaction problem under seismic excitations. Compared with the traditional direct step-by-step integration method, the proposed method, with a sufficient number of modes included, can significantly reduce the computational time with almost the same precision. The results also indicate that the proposed method is more advantageous for solving large structure-foundation systems of many degrees of freedom.

关键词: structure-foundation interaction     superposition     interaction problem     freedom     efficient    

Unveiling the interaction mechanisms of key functional microorganisms in the partial denitrification-anammox

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第8期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1703-3

摘要:

● The availability of PD-anammox was investigated with higher NO3–N concentration.

关键词: PD-anammox process     Nitrite accumulation     COD     Microbial interaction    

The interaction of the structure-directing agent with the zeolite framework determines germanium distribution

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2024年 第18卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11705-024-2417-1

摘要: We report results from computational modeling of the relative stability of germanosilicate SCM-15 structure due to different distribution of germanium heteroatoms in the double four-member rings (D4Rs) of the framework and the orientation of the structure directing agent (SDA) molecules in the as-synthesized zeolite. The calculated relative energies of the bare zeolite framework suggest that structures with germanium ions clustered in the same D4Rs, e.g., with large number of Ge–O–Ge contacts, are the most stable. The simulations of various orientations of the SDA in the pores of the germanosilicate zeolite show different stability order—the most stable models are the structures with germanium spread among all D4Rs. Thus, for SCM-15 the stabilization due to the presence of the SDA and their orientation, is thermodynamic factor directing both the formation of specific framework type and Ge distribution in the framework during the synthesis. The relative stability of bare structures with different germanium distribution is of minor importance. This differs from SCM-14 germanosilicate, reported earlier, for which the stability order is preserved in presence of SDA. Thus, even for zeolites with the same chemical composition and SDA, the characteristics of their framework lead to different energetic preference for germanium distribution.

关键词: zeolite     density functional theory     structure-directing agent     SCM-15    

Influence of fluid-structure interaction on vortex induced vibration and lock-in phenomena in long span

Nazim Abdul NARIMAN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第4期   页码 363-384 doi: 10.1007/s11709-016-0353-y

摘要: In this paper, deck models of a cable stayed bridge are generated in ABAQUS-finite element program once using only CFD model (one-way fluid-structure interaction) and another by using both the CFD model and the CSD model together (two-way fluid-structure interaction) in a co-simulation. Shedding frequencies for the associated wind velocities in the lock-in region are calculated in both approaches. The results are validated with Simiu and Scanlan results. The lift and drag coefficients are determined for the two approaches and the latter results are validated with the flat plate theory results by Munson and coauthors. A decrease in the critical wind velocity and the shedding frequencies considering two-way approach was determined compared to those obtained in the one-way approach. The results of the lift and drag forces in the two-way approach showed appreciable decrease in their values. It was concluded that the two-way approach predicts earlier vortex induced vibration for lower critical wind velocities and lock-in phenomena will appear at lower natural frequencies of the long span bridges. This helps the designers to efficiently plan and consider for the design and safety of the long span bridge against this type of vibration.

关键词: vortex-induced vibration     fluid-structure interaction     Strouhal number     lock-in     kinetic energy    

Copper and zinc interaction on water clearance and tissue metal distribution in the freshwater mussel

Tianxiang XIA, Xuehua LIU

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第2期   页码 236-242 doi: 10.1007/s11783-010-0218-8

摘要: Copper and zinc interaction on clearance from water and distribution in different tissues was investigated for the freshwater mussel, , under laboratory conditions. Clearance rate of Cu or Zn from water was highly dependent on exposure concentration. Interaction effect was most evident at 300 μg·L Cu exposure and depressed the Zn clearance rate significantly ( <0.05). However, the presence of 100 μg·L and 300 μg·L Zn hardly affected the Cu clearance rate. The 300 μg·L Cu presence enhanced Cu accumulation in each tissue most significantly ( <0.01), but caused Zn content to decrease in the gills by 62% ( <0.05), viscera by 49% ( <0.05) and foot by 31% ( <0.05), and increase in the mantle by 97% ( <0.05) and the muscles by 243% ( <0.05) for different Zn exposure treatments. The response of metal accumulation in various tissues of the test mussels indicated that Zn transferred from the gills, viscera and foot to the mantle and muscles might be one of the important characteristics of the Zn regulatory mechanism by leading to a narrow range of Zn concentration in the different tissues.

关键词: interaction     mussel     copper     zinc     clearance     distribution    

Study on System Coupling Interaction of Large-Scale Construction Companies Programme Contracting and

Feng Guo,Tian Huang

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2015年 第2卷 第2期   页码 137-140 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2015022

摘要: Constant changes in the construction market have resulted in individual projects being challenged to meet the long-term growth needs of large construction companies. Change should be based on the construction of this new model project group, to achieve better interaction, and to allow for a more rapid enterprise development. This paper is based on the system coupling analysis of large-scale construction enterprises and construction projects. A clear system presents itself and forms the basis of the system construction, institutional change and mechanism of the path between base construction projects and business growth.

关键词: programme contracting     firm growth     coupling interaction     system     large construction companies    

Thermal fluid-structure interaction and coupled thermal-stress analysis in a cable stayed bridge exposed

Nazim Abdul NARIMAN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第4期   页码 609-628 doi: 10.1007/s11709-018-0452-z

摘要: In this paper, thermal fluid structure-interaction (TFSI) and coupled thermal-stress analysis are utilized to identify the effects of transient and steady-state heat-transfer on the vortex induced vibration and fatigue of a segmental bridge deck due to fire incidents. Numerical simulations of TFSI models of the deck are dedicated to calculate the lift and drag forces in addition to determining the lock-in regions once using fluid-structure interaction (FSI) models and another using TFSI models. Vorticity and thermal convection fields of three fire scenarios are simulated and analyzed. Simiu and Scanlan benchmark is used to validate the TFSI models, where a good agreement was manifested between the two results. Extended finite element method (XFEM) is adopted to create 3D models of the cable stayed bridge to simulate the fatigue of the deck considering three fire scenarios. Choi and Shin benchmark is used to validate the damaged models of the deck in which a good coincide was seen between them. The results revealed that TFSI models and coupled thermal-stress models are significant in detecting earlier vortex induced vibration and lock-in regions in addition to predicting damages and fatigue of the deck due to fire incidents.

关键词: fire scenario     transient heat transfer     TFSI model     coupled thermal-stress     XFEM    

Interaction behavior and load sharing pattern of piled raft using nonlinear regression and LM algorithm-based

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第5期   页码 1181-1198 doi: 10.1007/s11709-021-0744-6

摘要: In the recent era, piled raft foundation (PRF) has been considered an emergent technology for offshore and onshore structures. In previous studies, there is a lack of illustration regarding the load sharing and interaction behavior which are considered the main intents in the present study. Finite element (FE) models are prepared with various design variables in a double-layer soil system, and the load sharing and interaction factors of piled rafts are estimated. The obtained results are then checked statistically with nonlinear multiple regression (NMR) and artificial neural network (ANN) modeling, and some prediction models are proposed. ANN models are prepared with Levenberg–Marquardt (LM) algorithm for load sharing and interaction factors through backpropagation technique. The factor of safety (FS) of PRF is also estimated using the proposed NMR and ANN models, which can be used for developing the design strategy of PRF.

关键词: interaction     load sharing ratio     piled raft     nonlinear regression     artificial neural network    

Soil-water interaction in unsaturated expansive soil slopes

ZHAN Liangtong

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第2期   页码 198-204 doi: 10.1007/s11709-007-0023-1

摘要: The intensive soil-water interaction in unsaturated expansive soil is one of the major reasons for slope failures. In this paper, the soil-water interaction is investigated with the full-scale field inspection of rainwater infiltration and comprehensive experiments, including wetting-induced softening tests, swelling, and shrinkage tests. It is demonstrated that the soil-water interaction induced by seasonal wetting-drying cycles is very complex, and it involves coupled effects among the changes in water content, suction, stress, deformation and shear strength. In addition, the abundant cracks in the expansive soil play an important role in the soil-water interaction. The cracks disintegrate the soil mass, and more importantly, provide easy pathways for rainfall infiltration. Infiltration of rainwater not only results in wetting-induced softening of the shallow unsaturated soil layers, but also leads to the increase of horizontal stress. The increase of horizontal stress may lead to a local passive failure. The seasonal wetting-drying cycles tend to result in a down-slope creeping of the shallow soil layer, which leads to progressive slope failure.

关键词: strength     intensive soil-water     comprehensive     Infiltration     wetting-induced softening    

The role of geometrical features in the architectural-structural interaction: Some case studies of the

Maryam ZANDIYEHVAKILI, Isa HOJAT, Mehdi MAHMUDI

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第3期   页码 716-724 doi: 10.1007/s11709-018-0508-0

摘要: This research aims to enhance the interaction between a structure and its architectural form. Having a qualitative approach, the present work discovers some successfully used geometrical features of the Iranian ancient architecture in terms of the architectural-structural interaction. We define four qualitative criteria for this assessment, i.e., construction-ability, cost effectiveness, participation of the structure in fulfillment of the visual, and functional-semantic needs of the architectural form. For this purpose, two case studies including the Jamé Mosque of Isfahan and the Soltaniyeh building are investigated. The outcomes of this research help designers to not only design efficient structures by adapting non-load bearing elements with the general form of the structure, but also meet concepts such as the unity or perfectionism in the structure.

关键词: architectural-structural interaction     geometrical features     structure     architectural form     Iranian ancient architecture    

Diaphragm wall-soil-cap interaction in rectangular-closed- diaphragm-wall bridge foundations

Hua WEN, Qiangong CHENG, Fanchao MENG, Xiaodong CHEN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第1期   页码 93-100 doi: 10.1007/s11709-009-0015-4

摘要: Rectangular-closed-diaphragm-wall foundation is a new type of bridge foundation. Diaphragm wall-soil-cap interaction was studied using a model test. It was observed that the distribution of soil resistance under the cap is not homogeneous. The soil resistance in the corner under the cap is larger than that in the border; and that in the center is the smallest. The distribution of soil resistance under the cap will be more uniform, if the sectional area of soil core is enlarged within a certain range. Due to the existence of cap, there is a “weakening effect” in inner shaft resistance of the upper wall segments, and there is “enhancement effect” in the lower wall segments and in toe resistance. The load shearing percentage of soil resistance under the cap is 10%-20%. It is unreasonable to ignore the effects of the cap and the soil resistance under the cap in bearing capacity calculations.

关键词: diaphragm wall     bridge foundation     low cap     interaction    

5′-tiRNA-Gln inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma progression by repressing translation through the interaction

《医学前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第3期   页码 476-492 doi: 10.1007/s11684-022-0966-6

摘要: tRNA-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs) are novel non-coding RNAs that are involved in the occurrence and progression of diverse diseases. However, their exact presence and function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. Here, differentially expressed tsRNAs in HCC were profiled. A novel tsRNA, tRNAGln-TTG derived 5′-tiRNA-Gln, is significantly downregulated, and its expression level is correlated with progression in patients. In HCC cells, 5′-tiRNA-Gln overexpression impaired the proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro and in vivo, while 5′-tiRNA-Gln knockdown yielded opposite results. 5′-tiRNA-Gln exerted its function by binding eukaryotic initiation factor 4A-I (EIF4A1), which unwinds complex RNA secondary structures during translation initiation, causing the partial inhibition of translation. The suppressed downregulated proteins include ARAF, MEK1/2 and STAT3, causing the impaired signaling pathway related to HCC progression. Furthermore, based on the construction of a mutant 5′-tiRNA-Gln, the sequence of forming intramolecular G-quadruplex structure is crucial for 5′-tiRNA-Gln to strongly bind EIF4A1 and repress translation. Clinically, 5′-tiRNA-Gln expression level is negatively correlated with ARAF, MEK1/2, and STAT3 in HCC tissues. Collectively, these findings reveal that 5′-tiRNA-Gln interacts with EIF4A1 to reduce related mRNA binding through the intramolecular G-quadruplex structure, and this process partially inhibits translation and HCC progression.

关键词: EIF4A1     G-quadruplex     hepatocellular carcinoma     tRNA-derived small RNA     translation initiation    

Characterization of interaction between different adsorbents and copper by simulation experiments using

Yan ZHANG,Yuan ZHANG,Tao YU

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第4期   页码 510-518 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0588-y

摘要: The complex capacity of different types of organic matters (OMs) for Cu was quantitatively studied by simulation experiments using different adsorbents prepared from the sediment in Taihu Lake. The free Cu was measured with ion selective electrode (ISE) and complex capacity was calculated using a conditional formation constant model. The result indicated that the complex capacity was 0.048 mmol·g , 0.009 and 0.005 mmol·g for raw sediment, sediment without DOM, sediment without insoluble organic matters but with DOM and sediment without OM. Insoluble organic matter played a major role in the sorption of Cu in sediment and it can adsorb most Cu from water column. In the solution, Cu mainly existed as a complex with DOM and the DOM-Cu complexation capacity was 327.87 mg·g . The change of TOC and pH indicated ion-exchange in the interaction between free Cu and DOM. When the Cu concentration in the experiment reached the complex capacity of DOM, precipitation was the major mechanism to remove Cu from water phase, which was observed from UV absorbance change of DOM, that is, its aromaticity increased while molecular weight decreased. The desorption result indicated that DOM was more capable of desorbing Cu from adsorbents without OM than adsorbent with OM. The desorbed quantity with DOM was 1.65, 1.78 and 2.25 times higher than that with water for adsorbents without OM, raw adsorbents (sediment) and adsorbents without DOM.

关键词: interaction     dissolved organic matters     sediment     sorption     desorption     Taihu Lake    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Reactive power compensation of an isolated hybrid power system with load interaction using ANFIS tuned

Nitin SAXENA,Ashwani KUMAR

期刊论文

Systems understanding of plant–pathogen interactions through genome-wide protein–protein interaction

Hong LI,Ziding ZHANG

期刊论文

An efficient method for the dynamic interaction of open structure-foundation systems

LIU Jingbo, GU Yin, LI Bin, WANG Yan

期刊论文

Unveiling the interaction mechanisms of key functional microorganisms in the partial denitrification-anammox

期刊论文

The interaction of the structure-directing agent with the zeolite framework determines germanium distribution

期刊论文

Influence of fluid-structure interaction on vortex induced vibration and lock-in phenomena in long span

Nazim Abdul NARIMAN

期刊论文

Copper and zinc interaction on water clearance and tissue metal distribution in the freshwater mussel

Tianxiang XIA, Xuehua LIU

期刊论文

Study on System Coupling Interaction of Large-Scale Construction Companies Programme Contracting and

Feng Guo,Tian Huang

期刊论文

Thermal fluid-structure interaction and coupled thermal-stress analysis in a cable stayed bridge exposed

Nazim Abdul NARIMAN

期刊论文

Interaction behavior and load sharing pattern of piled raft using nonlinear regression and LM algorithm-based

期刊论文

Soil-water interaction in unsaturated expansive soil slopes

ZHAN Liangtong

期刊论文

The role of geometrical features in the architectural-structural interaction: Some case studies of the

Maryam ZANDIYEHVAKILI, Isa HOJAT, Mehdi MAHMUDI

期刊论文

Diaphragm wall-soil-cap interaction in rectangular-closed- diaphragm-wall bridge foundations

Hua WEN, Qiangong CHENG, Fanchao MENG, Xiaodong CHEN

期刊论文

5′-tiRNA-Gln inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma progression by repressing translation through the interaction

期刊论文

Characterization of interaction between different adsorbents and copper by simulation experiments using

Yan ZHANG,Yuan ZHANG,Tao YU

期刊论文