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Optimization of Land-use Based on the Theory of Cellular Automata and Value of Ecosystem Services

Lian-fu Jiang,Guo-xian Xu,Hao Jiang

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2014年 第1卷 第4期   页码 395-401 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2014058

摘要: The main objective of the study was to confirm the location and configuration of “Habitat Conservation Area” in Dongguan City. The land utilization condition in the target city was simulated using Arc GIS and Geo SOS software basing on multi-criteria decision model of Cellular Automata (CA). Both the simulation result and accuracy satisfied well the basic requirements. In addition to multi-criteria decision model, space optimization technique was used as well in simulation experiments.

关键词: Ecosystem service function     optimization of land use     Cellular Automata (CA)    

Evaluating heavy metal contamination of riverine sediment cores in different land-use areas

Wenzhong Tang, Liu Sun, Limin Shu, Chuang Wang

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1283-4

摘要: Abstract • Metal pollution was studied in riverine sediments from different land-use areas. • Cd was the most serious heavy metal contaminant in riverine sediment cores. • Riverine sediment cores from industrial area were most polluted by heavy metals. • B1 fraction determined metal pollution, risk and toxicity in riverine sediments. Anthropogenic activities are regarded as the main sources of heavy metal pollution, yet few studies have investigated the effects of land-use setting on heavy metal accumulation in riverine sediments. Based on both total contents and geochemical fractions, heavy metal pollution, risk and toxicity were determined in riverine sediment cores from different land-use areas (mountain area- MA, farm area- FA, city area- CA, and industrial area- IA) of the Yang River Basin in North China. The results showed that FA had higher contents of riverine sedimentary Cu; CA had higher contents of Cd; IA had higher contents of both Cd and Zn. Most riverine sediments from FA and IA were contaminated with the investigated metals, although these concentrations were evaluated to have low potential ecological risk and no toxicity to benthic organisms. However, a high proportion of Cd in the B1 fraction of riverine sediments in IA indicating high risk should receive more attention. The B1 fraction largely determined the contamination, risk and toxicity levels associated with heavy metals in the riverine sediments of the Yang River Basin.

关键词: Heavy metals     Riverine sediments     Pollution     Land-use    

Simulation of soil carbon changes due to land use change in urban areas in China

Cui HAO, Jo SMITH, Jiahua ZHANG, Weiqing MENG, Hongyuan LI

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第2期   页码 255-266 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0485-4

摘要: Land use change can have a strong impact on soil carbon dynamics and carbon stocks in urban areas. Due to rapid urbanization, large areas of land have been paved, and other areas have undergone rapid land use change. Evaluation of the impact of urbanization on carbon dynamics and carbon stock (30 cm) has become an issue of urgent concern. The soil carbon dynamics, due to rapid land use change in Tianjin Binhai New Area of China, have been simulated in this paper using the RothC model. Because this area is saline, a modified version of RothC that includes a salt rate modifier provided more accurate simulations than the original model. The conversion to urban green land was not accurately simulated by either of the models because of the undefined changes in soil and plant conditions. According to the model, changes of arable to grassland resulted in a decline in soil carbon stocks, and changes of grassland to forest and grassland to arable resulted in increased soil carbon stocks in this area. Across the whole area simulated, the total carbon stocks in 2010 had decreased due to land use change by 6.5% from the 1979 value. By 2050, a further decrease of 21.9% is expected according to the 2050 plan for land use and the continuing losses from the soils due to previous land use changes.

关键词: land use change     soil carbon     RothC     urban area    

Effect of land use and land cover change on soil erosion and the spatio-temporal variation in Liupan

Bin QUAN, M. J. M. R?MKENS, Rui LI, Fang WANG, Jie CHEN

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第4期   页码 564-572 doi: 10.1007/s11783-011-0348-9

摘要: The Liupan Mountains are located in the southern Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China, that forms an important divide between landforms and bio-geographic regions. The populated part of the Liupan Mountain Region has suffered tremendous ecological damage over time due to population pressure, excessive demand and inappropriate use of agricultural land resources. To present the relationship between land use/cover change and spatio-temporal variation of soil erosion, data sets of land use between the late 1980s and 2000 were obtained from Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, and spatial models were used to characterize landscape and soil erosion conditions. Also, soil erosion in response to land use and land cover change were quantified and analyzed using data from geographical information systems and remote sensing. Soil erosion by water was the dominant mode of soil loss, while soil erosion by wind was only present on a relatively small area. The degree of soil erosion was classified into five severity classes: slight, light, moderate, severe, and very severe. Soil erosion in the Liupan Mountain Region increased between the late 1980s and 2000, both in terms of acreage and severity. Moderate, severe, and very severe eroded areas accounted for 54.86% of the total land area. The lightly eroded area decreased, while the moderately eroded area increased by 368817 ha (22%) followed by severe erosion with 146552 ha (8.8%), and very severe erosion by 97067.6 ha (5.8%). Soil loss on sloping cropland increased with slope gradients. About 90% of the cropland was located on slopes less than 15°. Most of the increase in soil erosion on cropland was due to conversion of steep slopes to cropland and degradation of grassland and increased activities. Soil erosion was severe on grassland with a moderate or low grass cover and on dry land. Human activities, cultivation on steep slopes, and overgrazing of pastures were the main reasons for the increase in erosion severity.

关键词: land use/land cover change     soil erosion     geographical information system     remote sensing     Liupan Mountain Region    

Effects of riparian land use on water quality and fish communities in the headwater stream of the Taizi

Sen DING, Yuan ZHANG, Bin LIU, Weijing KONG, Wei MENG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第5期   页码 699-708 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0528-x

摘要: Riparian land use remains one of the most significant impacts on stream ecosystems. This study focuses on the relationship between stream ecosystems and riparian land use in headwater regions. Four riparian land types including forest, grassland, farmland, and residential land were examined to reveal the correlation between stream water and fish communities in headwater streams of the Taizi River in north-eastern China. Four land types along riparian of 3 km in length were evaluated at 25, 50, 100, 200 and 500 m widths, respectively. Generally, the results found a significant relationship between riparian land uses and stream water quality. Grassland was positively correlated with water quality parameters (conductivity and total dissolved solids) at scales from 100 to 500 m riparian width. Farmland and residential land was negatively correlated with water quality parameters at scales from 25 to 500 m and from 50 to 200 m riparian widths, respectively. Although the riparian forest is important for maintaining habitat diversity and fish communities, the results found that only fish communities were significantly correlated with the proportion of riparian farmland. Farmland had a positive correlation with individual fish abundance within a riparian corridor of 25 to 50 m, but a negative correlation with fish diversity metrics from 25 to 100 m. This study indicates that effective riparian management can improve water quality and fish communities in headwater streams.

关键词: fish     water quality     land use     riparian buffer     headwater stream    

Effects of land use change on hydrological cycle from forest to upland field in a catchment, Japan

Chuan ZHANG, Keiji TAKASE, Hiroki OUE, Nobuhiro EBISU, Haofang YAN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第4期   页码 456-465 doi: 10.1007/s11709-013-0218-6

摘要: Understanding the effects of land use change on the hydrological cycle is very important for development of sustainable water resource in an upland field catchment. In this study, soil and hydrological properties in an upland field catchment, which was reclaimed partially from a forest catchment, were compared with another forest catchment. The soil properties of surface and subsurface layers were investigated in the two catchments. The soil was compacted and water-holding capacity of soil in the upland field catchment became smaller after the reclamation from forest to upland field, which decreased infiltration rate and water storage in the soil layers. We found that peak discharge and direct runoff in the upland field catchment increased compared with the forest catchment. Annual evapotranspiration from the upland field catchment tended to be lower due to the change in vegetation type and soil properties. Furthermore, a semi-distributed hydrological model was applied in the upland field catchment to understand the integrated effects of reclamation on the hydrological cycle. The model parameters, which were determined using a nonlinear optimization technique—the Shuffled Complex Evolution method (SCE), were compared between the two catchments. The Nash and Sutcliffe coefficient was used to evaluate the model performance. The simulated results indicated that evapotranspiration was decreased and change in discharge was more obvious in the surface layer. We considered that declined infiltration and water storage and increased peak discharge and direct runoff have a negative impact on water resources in the upland field catchment. This study will provide information for forest managers in planning and making decisions for land and water resource management.

关键词: land-use change     hydrological processes     upland field catchment     forest catchment     semi-distributed hydrological model    

SEQUESTERING ORGANIC CARBON IN SOILS THROUGH LAND USE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES: A REVIEW

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第2期   页码 210-225 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2022474

摘要:

● Either increasing C input to or reducing C release from soils can enhance soil C sequestration.

关键词: agroecosystems     climate change     negative emissions technology     net zero    

Uncertainty analysis on aquatic environmental impacts of urban land use change

ZHOU Jiquan, LIU Yi, CHEN Jining, YU Fanxian

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第4期   页码 494-504 doi: 10.1007/s11783-008-0072-2

摘要: Uncertainties hamper the implementation of strategic environmental assessment (SEA). In order to quantitatively characterize the uncertainties of environmental impacts, this paper develops an integrated methodology through uncertainty analysis on land use change, which combines the scenario analysis approach, stochastic simulation technique, and statistics. Dalian city in China was taken as a case study in the present work. The results predict that the Fuzhou River poses the highest environmental pollution risk with a probability of 89.63% for COD in 2020. Furthermore, the Biliu River, Fuzhou River, Zhuang River, and Dasha River have 100% probabilities for NH-N. NH-N is a more critical pollutant than COD for all rivers. For COD, industry is the critical pollution source for all rivers except the Zhuang River. For NH-N, agriculture is the critical pollution source for the Biliu River, Yingna River, and Dasha River, sewage for the Fuzhou River and Zhuang River, and industry for the Dengsha River. This methodology can provide useful information, such as environmental risk, environmental pressure, and extremely environmental impact, especially under considerations of uncertainties. It can also help to ascertain the significance of each pollution source and its priority for control in urban planning.

Industrial development and land use/cover change and their effects on local environment: a case study

Yurui LI, Hualou LONG, Yansui LIU

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第4期   页码 438-448 doi: 10.1007/s11783-010-0273-3

摘要: The interactions among industrial development, land use/cover change (LUCC), and environmental effects in Changshu in the eastern coastal China were analyzed using high-resolution Landsat TM data in 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2006, socio-economic data and water environmental quality monitoring data from research institutes and governmental departments. Three phases of industrial development in Changshu were examined (i.e., the three periods of 1990 to 1995, 1995 to 2000, and 2000 to 2006). Besides industrial development and rapid urbanization, land use/cover in Changshu had changed drastically from 1990 to 2006. This change was characterized by major replacements of farmland by urban and rural settlements, artificial ponds, forested and constructed land. Industrialization, urbanization, agricultural structure adjustment, and rural housing construction were the major socio-economic driving forces of LUCC in Changshu. In addition, the annual value of ecosystem services in Changshu decreased slightly during 1990–2000, but increased significantly during 2000–2006. Nevertheless, the local environmental quality in Changshu, especially in rural areas, has not yet been improved significantly. Thus, this paper suggests an increased attention to fully realize the role of land supply in adjustment of environment-friendly industrial structure and urban-rural spatial restructuring, and translating the land management and environmental protection policies into an optimized industrial distribution and land-use pattern.

关键词: industrial development     land use/cover change (LUCC)     driving forces     environmental effects     ecosystem services value (ESV)     water environmental quality     Changshu    

INTENSIFICATION OF GRASSLAND-BASED DAIRY PRODUCTION AND ITS IMPACTS ON LAND, NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUSUSE EFFICIENCIES

Jouke OENEMA, Oene OENEMA

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第1期   页码 130-147 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2020376

摘要: Many grassland-based dairy farms are intensifying production, i.e., produce more milk per ha of land in response to the increasing demand for milk (by about 2% per year) in a globalized market. However, intensive dairy farming has been implicated for its resources use, ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions, and eutrophication impacts. This paper addresses the question of how the intensity of dairy production relates to N and P surpluses and use efficiencies on farms subjected to agri-environmental regulations. Detailed monitoring data were analyzed from 2858 grassland-based dairy farms in The Netherlands for the year 2015. The farms produced on average 925 Mg·yr milk. Milk production per ha ranged from<10 to>30 Mg·ha ·yr . Purchased feed and manure export strongly increased with the level of intensification. Surpluses of N and P at farm level remained constant and ammonia emissions per kg milk decreased with the level of intensification. In conclusion, N and P surpluses did not differ much among dairy farms greatly differing in intensity due to legal N and P application limits and obligatory export of manure surpluses to other farms. Further, N and P use efficiencies also did not differ among dairy farms differing in intensity provided the externalization of feed production was accounted for. This paper provides lessons for proper monitoring and control of N and P cycling in dairy farming.

关键词: ammonia     externalization     feed     forage maize     front runners     manure production     milk yield     nitrogen surplus    

Towards the sustainable intensification of agriculture—a systems approach to policy formulation

Leslie G. FIRBANK

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第1期   页码 81-89 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019291

摘要:

The sustainable intensification of agriculture involves providing sufficient food and other ecosystem services without going beyond the limits of the earth’s system. Here a project management approach is suggested to help guide agricultural policy to deliver these objectives. The first step is to agree measurable outcomes, integrating formal policy goals with the often much less formal and much more diverse goals of individual farmers. The second step is to assess current performance. Ideally, this will involve the use of farm-scale metrics that can feed into process models that address social and environmental domains as well as production issues that can be benchmarked and upscaled to landscape and country. Some policy goals can be delivered by supporting ad hoc interventions, while others require the redesign of the farming system. A pipeline of research, knowledge and capacity building is needed to ensure the continuous increase in farm performance. System models can help prioritise policy interventions. Formal optimization of land use is only appropriate if the policy goals are clear, and the constraints understood. In practice, the best approach may depend on the scale of action that is required, and on the amount of resource and infrastructure available to generate, implement and manage policy.

关键词: agricultural policy     ecosystem services     indicators of sustainable intensification     knowledge exchange     land use optimization    

INTENSIFICATION OF GRASSLAND-BASED DAIRY PRODUCTION AND ITS IMPACTS ON LAND, NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUSUSE EFFICIENCIES

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第1期

摘要:

• Monitoring data of>5000 dairy farms collected and examined in uniform manner.

• Environmental performances of farms influenced by government regulations.

• N and P surpluses at farm level remained about constant with intensity level.

• N and P use efficiencies at farm, herd and soil increased with intensity level.

• Accounting for externalization of off-farm feed production affects NUE and PUE.

• Ammonia emissions per kg milk decreased with the level of intensification.

 

Many grassland-based dairy farms are intensifying production, i.e., produce more milk per ha of land in response to the increasing demand for milk (by about 2% per year) in a globalized market. However, intensive dairy farming has been implicated for its resources use, ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions, and eutrophication impacts. This paper addresses the question of how the intensity of dairy production relates to N and P surpluses and use efficiencies on farms subjected to agri-environmental regulations. Detailed monitoring data were analyzed from 2858 grassland-based dairy farms in The Netherlands for the year 2015. The farms produced on average 925 Mg·yr1 milk. Milk production per ha ranged from<10 to>30 Mg·ha1·yr1. Purchased feed and manure export strongly increased with the level of intensification. Surpluses of N and P at farm level remained constant and ammonia emissions per kg milk decreased with the level of intensification. In conclusion, N and P surpluses did not differ much among dairy farms greatly differing in intensity due to legal N and P application limits and obligatory export of manure surpluses to other farms. Further, N and P use efficiencies also did not differ among dairy farms differing in intensity provided the externalization of feed production was accounted for. This paper provides lessons for proper monitoring and control of N and P cycling in dairy farming.

土地利用可持续发展的制约因素及对策

李伯衡

《中国工程科学》 2003年 第5卷 第9期   页码 7-12

摘要:

我们只有一个地球,为了中华民族可持续发展,保护耕地就是保护我们的生命线;人多地少、环境污染是制约我国土地利用可持续发展的主要因素;利用遥感技术对耕地进行动态监测,强化基本农田的管理,实现园林化和生态优化,努力实现耕地总量动态平衡是土地利用可持续发展的雄伟目标。

关键词: 土地利用     制约因素     动态监测    

Effect of land-use management systems on coupled physical and mechanical, chemical and biological soil

Rainer HORN, Winfried E. H. BLUM

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第3期   页码 243-245 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2020334

Relationship between the incidence of HFRS and changes of land-use in Big Three Gorges area of Chongqing

Lei YAN MD, MPH, PhD, Shi-Wen WANG MD, PhD, Yu-Huan REN PhD, Jing ZHANG MD, Pei-Long LI MD, Wei-Zhong YANG MD, PhD, Xin-Li WANG MD, De-Qiang MAO MD,

《医学前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第2期   页码 199-203 doi: 10.1007/s11684-010-0042-5

摘要: After the establishment of big reservoirs, the environment along the Yangtze River, China, has changed. The alterations may influence people’s health. This study intended to find out the relationships between the environmental changes and the incidence of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in the Big Three Gorges Area (BTGA) of Chongqing Municipality, China. Land-use thematic maps were applied in the research. The results show that there was a significant relationship between the land-use change in the grass area and the cumulative HFRS incidence (correlation coefficient= − 0.676, = 0.011). In the BTGA, the land was submerged because water filled in the reservoir, and meanwhile, the government called for returning land for farming to forestry. It is concluded that the changes of environment may influence the incidence of HFRS.

关键词: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome     land-use     Big Three Gorges area    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Optimization of Land-use Based on the Theory of Cellular Automata and Value of Ecosystem Services

Lian-fu Jiang,Guo-xian Xu,Hao Jiang

期刊论文

Evaluating heavy metal contamination of riverine sediment cores in different land-use areas

Wenzhong Tang, Liu Sun, Limin Shu, Chuang Wang

期刊论文

Simulation of soil carbon changes due to land use change in urban areas in China

Cui HAO, Jo SMITH, Jiahua ZHANG, Weiqing MENG, Hongyuan LI

期刊论文

Effect of land use and land cover change on soil erosion and the spatio-temporal variation in Liupan

Bin QUAN, M. J. M. R?MKENS, Rui LI, Fang WANG, Jie CHEN

期刊论文

Effects of riparian land use on water quality and fish communities in the headwater stream of the Taizi

Sen DING, Yuan ZHANG, Bin LIU, Weijing KONG, Wei MENG

期刊论文

Effects of land use change on hydrological cycle from forest to upland field in a catchment, Japan

Chuan ZHANG, Keiji TAKASE, Hiroki OUE, Nobuhiro EBISU, Haofang YAN

期刊论文

SEQUESTERING ORGANIC CARBON IN SOILS THROUGH LAND USE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES: A REVIEW

期刊论文

Uncertainty analysis on aquatic environmental impacts of urban land use change

ZHOU Jiquan, LIU Yi, CHEN Jining, YU Fanxian

期刊论文

Industrial development and land use/cover change and their effects on local environment: a case study

Yurui LI, Hualou LONG, Yansui LIU

期刊论文

INTENSIFICATION OF GRASSLAND-BASED DAIRY PRODUCTION AND ITS IMPACTS ON LAND, NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUSUSE EFFICIENCIES

Jouke OENEMA, Oene OENEMA

期刊论文

Towards the sustainable intensification of agriculture—a systems approach to policy formulation

Leslie G. FIRBANK

期刊论文

INTENSIFICATION OF GRASSLAND-BASED DAIRY PRODUCTION AND ITS IMPACTS ON LAND, NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUSUSE EFFICIENCIES

期刊论文

土地利用可持续发展的制约因素及对策

李伯衡

期刊论文

Effect of land-use management systems on coupled physical and mechanical, chemical and biological soil

Rainer HORN, Winfried E. H. BLUM

期刊论文

Relationship between the incidence of HFRS and changes of land-use in Big Three Gorges area of Chongqing

Lei YAN MD, MPH, PhD, Shi-Wen WANG MD, PhD, Yu-Huan REN PhD, Jing ZHANG MD, Pei-Long LI MD, Wei-Zhong YANG MD, PhD, Xin-Li WANG MD, De-Qiang MAO MD,

期刊论文