资源类型

期刊论文 174

年份

2024 6

2023 7

2022 11

2021 13

2020 9

2019 16

2018 8

2017 6

2016 8

2015 17

2014 11

2013 9

2012 19

2011 9

2010 3

2009 7

2008 1

2007 3

2006 3

2005 1

展开 ︾

关键词

DX桩 6

沉降 3

承载力 2

数值模拟 2

病毒载量 2

ANSYS/LS-DYNA 1

FLTD型脉冲加速器 1

LS算法 1

L唱M算法 1

三台阶七步开挖法 1

三塔悬索桥 1

三峡升船机 1

中深孔台阶爆破 1

交通荷载 1

交通量 1

人工神经网络 1

人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV) 1

优势度 1

优化算法 1

展开 ︾

检索范围:

排序: 展示方式:

Load shedding scheme for the two-area system with linear quadratic regulator

D. TYAGI, Ashwani KUMAR, Saurabh CHANANA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第1期   页码 90-102 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0224-8

摘要: The power system is prone to many emergency conditions which may lead to emergency state of operation with decay in the system frequency. The dramatic change in the frequency can result in cascaded failure of the system. In order to avoid power system collapse, load shedding (LS) schemes are adopted with the optimal amount of load shed. This paper proposed a methodology in a two-area thermal-thermal system for finding the required amount of load to be shed for setting the frequency of the system within minimum allowable limits. The LS steps have been obtained based on the rate of change of frequency with the increase in load in steps. A systematic study has been conducted for three scenarios: the scheme with a conventional integral controller; the scheme with a linear quadratic regulator (LQR); and the scheme with an LQR and superconducting magnetic energy storage devices (SMES). A comparison of the results has been presented on the two-area system.

关键词: critical load     frequency response     load shedding (LS)     multi-area system     rate of change of frequency     linear quadratic regulator (LQR)     superconducting magnetic energy storage devices (SMES)    

Load shedding scheme for an interconnected hydro-thermal hybrid system with SMES

D. TYAGI, Ashwani KUMAR, Saurabh CHANANA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第3期   页码 227-236 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0198-6

摘要: The frequency of the power system varies based on the load pattern of the consumers. With continuous increase in the load, the frequency of the system keeps decreasing and may reach its minimum allowable limits. Further increase in the load will result in more frequency drop leading to the need of load shedding, if excess generation is not available to cater the need. This paper proposed a methodology in a hybrid thermal-hydro system for finding the required amount of load to be shed for setting the frequency of the system within its minimum allowable limits. The load shedding steps were obtained based on the rate of change of frequency with the increase in the load in both areas. The impact of superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) was obtained on load shedding scheme. The comparison of the results was presented on the two-area system.

关键词: critical load     frequency response     load shedding     multi-area system     rate of change of frequency     superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) device    

A new technique for islanding operation of distribution network connected with mini hydro

J. A. LAGHARI,H. MOKHLIS,M. KARIMI,A. H. A. BAKAR,Hasmaini MOHAMAD

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第16卷 第5期   页码 418-427 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.1400309

摘要: An islanding operation of a distribution network is a topic of interest due to the significant penetration of distributed generation (DG) in a power system network. However, controlling the frequency of an islanded distribution system remains an unresolved issue, especially when the load exceeds the generation. This paper presents a new technique for a successful islanding operation of a distribution network connected with multiple mini hydro based DGs. The proposed technique is based on three main parts. The first part uses an islanding detection technique to detect the islanding event correctly. The second part consists of a power imbalance estimation module (PIEM), which determines the power imbalance between the generation and load demand. The third part consists of a load shedding controller, which receives the power imbalance value and performs load shedding according to load priority. The proposed technique is validated on an 11 kV existing Malaysia distribution network. The simulation results show that the proposed technique is effective in performing a successful islanding operation by shedding a significant number of loads.

关键词: Islanding operation     Mini hydro     Distributed generation (DG)     Islanding detection     Load shedding    

Large deflection behavior effect in reinforced concrete columns exposed to extreme dynamic loads

Masoud ABEDINI, Azrul A. MUTALIB, Chunwei ZHANG, Javad MEHRMASHHADI, Sudharshan Naidu RAMAN, Roozbeh ALIPOUR, Tohid MOMENI, Mohamed H. MUSSA

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第2期   页码 532-553 doi: 10.1007/s11709-020-0604-9

摘要: Reinforced concretes (RC) have been widely used in constructions. In construction, one of the critical elements carrying a high percentage of the weight is columns which were not used to design to absorb large dynamic load like surface bursts. This study focuses on investigating blast load parameters to design of RC columns to withstand blast detonation. The numerical model is based on finite element analysis using LS-DYNA. Numerical results are validated against blast field tests available in the literature. Couples of simulations are performed with changing blast parameters to study effects of various scaled distances on the nonlinear behavior of RC columns. According to simulation results, the scaled distance has a substantial influence on the blast response of RC columns. With lower scaled distance, higher peak pressure and larger pressure impulse are applied on the RC column. Eventually, keeping the scaled distance unchanged, increasing the charge weight or shorter standoff distance cause more damage to the RC column. Intensive studies are carried out to investigate the effects of scaled distance and charge weight on the damage degree and residual axial load carrying capacity of RC columns with various column width, longitudinal reinforcement ratio and concrete strength. Results of this research will be used to assessment the effect of an explosion on the dynamic behavior of RC columns.

关键词: RC column     scaled distance     blast load     LS-DYNA    

Identification of thermal error in a feed system based on multi-class LS-SVM

Chao JIN, Bo WU, Youmin HU, Yao CHENG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第7卷 第1期   页码 47-54 doi: 10.1007/s11465-012-0307-6

摘要:

Research of thermal characteristics has been a key issue in the development of high-speed feed system. The thermal positioning error of a ball-screw is one of the most important objects to consider for high-accuracy and high-speed machine tools. The research work undertaken herein ultimately aims at the development of a comprehensive thermal error identification model with high accuracy and robust. Using multi-class least squares support vector machines (LS-SVM), the thermal positioning error of the feed system is identified with the variance and mean square value of the temperatures of supporting bearings and screw-nut as feature vector. A series of experiments were carried out on a self-made quasi high-speed feed system experimental bench HUST-FS-001 to verify the identification capacity of the presented method. The results show that the recommended model can be used to predict the thermal error of a feed system with good accuracy, which is better than the ordinary BP and RBF neural network. The work described in this paper lays a solid foundation of thermal error prediction and compensation in a feed system.

关键词: least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM)     feed system     thermal error     precision machining    

分段装药结构爆破效果的数值模拟研究

胡涛,李祥龙,关思,何丽华

《中国工程科学》 2014年 第16卷 第11期   页码 36-41

摘要:

基于大型非线性动力分析软件LS-DYNA,选用弹塑性模型*MAT_PLASTIC_KINEMATIC 和JWL方程,建立无限岩体介质中中深孔爆破时连续装药结构和分段装药结构三维模型,并进行了数值模拟

关键词: 中深孔台阶爆破     分段装药结构     ANSYS/LS-DYNA     数值模拟    

Estimation of composite load model with aggregate induction motor dynamic load for an isolated hybrid

Nitin Kumar SAXENA,Ashwani Kumar SHARMA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第4期   页码 472-485 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0373-7

摘要: It is well recognized that the voltage stability of a power system is affected by the load model and hence, to effectively analyze the reactive power compensation of an isolated hybrid wind-diesel based power system, the loads need to be considered along with the generators in a transient analysis. This paper gives a detailed mathematical modeling to compute the reactive power response with small voltage perturbation for composite load. The composite load is a combination of the static and dynamic load model. To develop this composite load model, the exponential load is used as a static load model and induction motors (IMs) are used as a dynamic load model. To analyze the dynamics of IM load, the fifth, third and first order model of IM are formulated and compared using differential equations solver in Matlab coding. Since the decentralized areas have many small consumers which may consist large numbers of IMs of small rating, it is not realistic to model either a single large rating unit or all small rating IMs together that are placed in the system. In place of using a single large rating IM, a group of motors are considered and then the aggregate model of IM is developed using the law of energy conservation. This aggregate model is used as a dynamic load model. For different simulation studies, especially in the area of voltage stability with reactive power compensation of an isolated hybrid power system, the transfer function of the composite load is required. The transfer function of the composite load is derived in this paper by successive derivation for the exponential model of static load and for the fifth and third order IM dynamic load model using state space model.

关键词: isolated hybrid power system (IHPS)     composite load model     static load     dynamic load     induction motor load model     aggregate load    

基于PSO优化LS-SVM算法的水电站厂房结构振动响应预测

练继建,何龙军,王海军

《中国工程科学》 2011年 第13卷 第12期   页码 45-50

摘要:

依据二滩水电站地下厂房和机组的原型观测数据对机组和厂房结构振动的相关性进行分析,据此建立基于粒子群优化最小二乘支持向量计算法的厂房振动响应预测模型,预测结果与实测资料吻合。在此基础上将运行水头作为输入因子引入到智能预测模型中,扩大了该智能预测模型的适用范围,取得了很好的效果。

关键词: 水电站厂房     耦联振动     粒子群优化算法     最小二乘支持向量机     响应预测    

Investigation of vortical flows over oscillating body using fast Lagrangian vortex method

Baoshan ZHU ,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第3期   页码 297-306 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0010-4

摘要: A computational method facilitating long-time and high-resolution unsteady vortical flows is developed with the advantages of the discrete vortex methods. Both the velocity and pressure distribution of the flow field are calculated by integral formulations in combination with a fast summation algorithm. The vorticity field is described by Lagrangian representation, which is well suited to the moving boundary. Viscosity diffusion of the vorticity is considered with the core spreading model corrected by an adaptive splitting and merging algorithm. The effectiveness of the present method is examined by comparing the numerical results of unsteady separated flows which pass a cylinder and a thin cambered blade undergoing rotational oscillations with available experimental results. Interesting results about vortex shedding patterns and lock-in characteristics are provided for the thin cambered blade.

关键词: unsteady vortical flows     fast vortex method     vortex shedding     rotational oscillation     thin cambered blade    

Calculation method of load distribution on pipe threaded connections under tension load

Shoujun CHEN, Lianxin GAO, Qi AN

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第6卷 第2期   页码 241-248 doi: 10.1007/s11465-011-0219-x

摘要:

This paper presents a new calculation method that can calculate the load distribution on pipe threaded connections under tension load. On the basis of elastic mechanics, the new method was developed by analyzing each thread tooth, and a new deformation and covariant equation by making a mechanics analysis on each thread tooth was obtained. Compared with the traditional method proposed by the previous references, the new deformation and covariant equation could be used to describe the relation between the previous and the next thread tooth. By applying the new method on the sample of P-110S pipe threaded connection, the obtained results show that the load on thread tooth mainly concentrates on the four or five threads engaged and the middle teeth were not utilized well to bear the loads. The model offers a new way to calculate the loads carried on the thread teeth under tension load.

关键词: load distribution     calculation method     pipe threaded connections     tension load    

Comparison of optimal capacitor placement methods in radial distribution system with load growth andZIP load model

Veera Venkata Satya Naryana MURTY, Ashwani KUMAR

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第2期   页码 197-213 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0249-7

摘要: In this paper, a combined power loss sensitivity (PLS) index-based approach is proposed to determine the optimal location of the capacitors in the radial distribution system (RDS) based on the real and reactive combined loss sensitivity index, as capacitor placement not only reduces real power loss with voltage profile improvement but also reduces reactive power loss due to the reactive power compensation in the network. The results have been obtained with the existing methods of power loss index (PLI) and index vector (IV) method for comparison. Besides, the optimal placement has been obtained with the proposed method as well as existing methods and the total kVar support has been obtained. In addition, the results of net cost savings for the 10-, 34-, and 69-bus systems are obtained for comparison. Moreover, the results have been obtained for a large system of 85 buses to validate the results with combined sensitivity based approach. Furthermore, the load growth factor has been considered in the study which is essential for the planning and expansion of the existing systems, whereas the impact of the realistic load model as ZIP load model has been considered for the study of all the systems.

关键词: load growth     load models     reactive power compensation     radial distribution system     power loss index (PLI)     power loss sensitivity (PLS)     index vector (IV)    

A practical multi-lane factor model of bridges based on multi-truck presence considering lane load disparities

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第4期   页码 877-894 doi: 10.1007/s11709-021-0756-2

摘要: Many bridge design specifications consider multi-lane factors (MLFs) a critical component of the traffic load model. Measured multi-lane traffic data generally exhibit significant lane disparities in traffic loads over multiple lanes. However, these disparities are not considered in current specifications. To address this drawback, a multi-coefficient MLF model was developed based on an improved probabilistic statistical approach that considers the presence of multiple trucks. The proposed MLF model and approach were calibrated and demonstrated through an example site. The model sensitivity analysis demonstrated the significant influence of lane disparity of truck traffic volume and truck weight distribution on the MLF. Using the proposed approach, the experimental site study yielded MLFs comparable with those directly calculated using traffic load effects. The exclusion of overloaded trucks caused the proposed approach, existing design specifications, and conventional approach of ignoring lane load disparity to generate comparable MLFs, while the MLFs based on the proposed approach were the most comprehensive. The inclusion of overloaded trucks caused the conventional approach and design specifications to overestimate the MLFs significantly. Finally, the benefits of the research results to bridge practitioners were discussed.

关键词: bridges     multi-lane factor     traffic load     lane load disparity     multi-truck presence     weigh-in-motion data    

Shape design of arch dams under load uncertainties with robust optimization

Fengjie TAN, Tom LAHMER

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第4期   页码 852-862 doi: 10.1007/s11709-019-0522-x

摘要: Due to an increased need in hydro-electricity, water storage, and flood protection, it is assumed that a series of new dams will be build throughout the world. The focus of this paper is on the non-probabilistic-based design of new arch-type dams by applying means of robust design optimization (RDO). This type of optimization takes into account uncertainties in the loads and in the material properties of the structure. As classical procedures of probabilistic-based optimization under uncertainties, such as RDO and reliability-based design optimization (RBDO), are in general computationally expensive and rely on estimates of the system’s response variance, we will not follow a full-probabilistic approach but work with predefined confidence levels. This leads to a bi-level optimization program where the volume of the dam is optimized under the worst combination of the uncertain parameters. As a result, robust and reliable designs are obtained and the result is independent from any assumptions on stochastic properties of the random variables in the model. The optimization of an arch-type dam is realized here by a robust optimization method under load uncertainty, where hydraulic and thermal loads are considered. The load uncertainty is modeled as an ellipsoidal expression. Comparing with any traditional deterministic optimization method, which only concerns the minimum objective value and offers a solution candidate close to limit-states, the RDO method provides a robust solution against uncertainty. To reduce the computational cost, a ranking strategy and an approximation model are further involved to do a preliminary screening. By this means, the robust design can generate an improved arch dam structure that ensures both safety and serviceability during its lifetime.

关键词: arch dam     shape optimization     robust optimization     load uncertainty     approximation model    

Prediction of bed load sediments using different artificial neural network models

Reza ASHEGHI, Seyed Abbas HOSSEINI

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第2期   页码 374-386 doi: 10.1007/s11709-019-0600-0

摘要: Modeling and prediction of bed loads is an important but difficult issue in river engineering. The introduced empirical equations due to restricted applicability even in similar conditions provide different accuracies with each other and measured data. In this paper, three different artificial neural networks (ANNs) including multilayer percepterons, radial based function (RBF), and generalized feed forward neural network using five dominant parameters of bed load transport formulas for the Main Fork Red River in Idaho-USA were developed. The optimum models were found through 102 data sets of flow discharge, flow velocity, water surface slopes, flow depth, and mean grain size. The deficiency of empirical equations for this river by conducted comparison between measured and predicted values was approved where the ANN models presented more consistence and closer estimation to observed data. The coefficient of determination between measured and predicted values for empirical equations varied from 0.10 to 0.21 against the 0.93 to 0.98 in ANN models. The accuracy performance of all models was evaluated and interpreted using different statistical error criteria, analytical graphs and confusion matrixes. Although the ANN models predicted compatible outputs but the RBF with 79% correct classification rate corresponding to 0.191 network error was outperform than others.

关键词: bed load prediction     artificial neural network     modeling     empirical equations    

Vision-based survey method for extraordinary loads on buildings

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2024年 第18卷 第6期   页码 815-831 doi: 10.1007/s11709-024-1029-7

摘要: The statistical modeling of extraordinary loads on buildings has been stagnant for decades due to the laborious and error-prone nature of existing survey methods, such as questionnaires and verbal inquiries. This study proposes a new vision-based survey method for collecting extraordinary load data by automatically analyzing surveillance videos. For this purpose, a crowd head tracking framework is developed that integrates crowd head detection and reidentification models based on convolutional neural networks to obtain head trajectories of the crowd in the survey area. The crowd head trajectories are then analyzed to extract crowd quantity and velocities, which are the essential factors for extraordinary loads. For survey areas with frequent crowd movements during temporary events, the equivalent dynamic load factor can be further estimated using crowd velocity to consider dynamic effects. A crowd quantity investigation experiment and a crowd walking experiment are conducted to validate the proposed survey method. The experimental results prove that the proposed survey method is effective and accurate in collecting load data and reasonable in considering dynamic effects during extraordinary events. The proposed survey method is easy to deploy and has the potential to collect substantial and reliable extraordinary load data for determining design load on buildings.

关键词: load survey     extraordinary load     live load     object detection     multiple-object tracking    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Load shedding scheme for the two-area system with linear quadratic regulator

D. TYAGI, Ashwani KUMAR, Saurabh CHANANA

期刊论文

Load shedding scheme for an interconnected hydro-thermal hybrid system with SMES

D. TYAGI, Ashwani KUMAR, Saurabh CHANANA

期刊论文

A new technique for islanding operation of distribution network connected with mini hydro

J. A. LAGHARI,H. MOKHLIS,M. KARIMI,A. H. A. BAKAR,Hasmaini MOHAMAD

期刊论文

Large deflection behavior effect in reinforced concrete columns exposed to extreme dynamic loads

Masoud ABEDINI, Azrul A. MUTALIB, Chunwei ZHANG, Javad MEHRMASHHADI, Sudharshan Naidu RAMAN, Roozbeh ALIPOUR, Tohid MOMENI, Mohamed H. MUSSA

期刊论文

Identification of thermal error in a feed system based on multi-class LS-SVM

Chao JIN, Bo WU, Youmin HU, Yao CHENG

期刊论文

分段装药结构爆破效果的数值模拟研究

胡涛,李祥龙,关思,何丽华

期刊论文

Estimation of composite load model with aggregate induction motor dynamic load for an isolated hybrid

Nitin Kumar SAXENA,Ashwani Kumar SHARMA

期刊论文

基于PSO优化LS-SVM算法的水电站厂房结构振动响应预测

练继建,何龙军,王海军

期刊论文

Investigation of vortical flows over oscillating body using fast Lagrangian vortex method

Baoshan ZHU ,

期刊论文

Calculation method of load distribution on pipe threaded connections under tension load

Shoujun CHEN, Lianxin GAO, Qi AN

期刊论文

Comparison of optimal capacitor placement methods in radial distribution system with load growth andZIP load model

Veera Venkata Satya Naryana MURTY, Ashwani KUMAR

期刊论文

A practical multi-lane factor model of bridges based on multi-truck presence considering lane load disparities

期刊论文

Shape design of arch dams under load uncertainties with robust optimization

Fengjie TAN, Tom LAHMER

期刊论文

Prediction of bed load sediments using different artificial neural network models

Reza ASHEGHI, Seyed Abbas HOSSEINI

期刊论文

Vision-based survey method for extraordinary loads on buildings

期刊论文