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Atomic and close-to-atomic scale manufacturing—A trend in manufacturing development

Fengzhou FANG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第11卷 第4期   页码 325-327 doi: 10.1007/s11465-016-0402-1

摘要:

Manufacturing is the foundation of a nation’s economy. It is the primary industry to promote economic and social development. To accelerate and upgrade China’s manufacturing sector from “precision manufacturing” to “high-performance and high-quality manufacturing”, a new breakthrough should be found in terms of achieving a “leap-frog development”. Unlike conventional manufacturing, the fundamental theory of “Manufacturing 3.0” is beyond the scope of conventional theory; rather, it is based on new principles and theories at the atomic and/or close-to-atomic scale. Obtaining a dominant role at the international level is a strategic move for China’s progress.

关键词: atomic manufacturing     Manufacturing 3.0     Manufacturing 2025     Industry 4.0    

Reconfigurable manufacturing systems: Principles, design, and future trends

Yoram KOREN, Xi GU, Weihong GUO

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第13卷 第2期   页码 121-136 doi: 10.1007/s11465-018-0483-0

摘要:

Reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMSs), which possess the advantages of both dedicated serial lines and flexible manufacturing systems, were introduced in the mid-1990s to address the challenges initiated by globalization. The principal goal of an RMS is to enhance the responsiveness of manufacturing systems to unforeseen changes in product demand. RMSs are cost-effective because they boost productivity, and increase the lifetime of the manufacturing system. Because of the many streams in which a product may be produced on an RMS, maintaining product precision in an RMS is a challenge. But the experience with RMS in the last 20 years indicates that product quality can be definitely maintained by inserting in-line inspection stations. In this paper, we formulate the design and operational principles for RMSs, and provide a state-of-the-art review of the design and operations methodologies of RMSs according to these principles. Finally, we propose future research directions, and deliberate on how recent intelligent manufacturing technologies may advance the design and operations of RMSs.

关键词: reconfigurable manufacturing systems     responsiveness     intelligent manufacturing    

Application of blockchain in the field of intelligent manufacturing: Theoretical basis, realistic plights

Qiang ZHANG, Baoyu LIAO, Shanlin YANG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第4期   页码 578-591 doi: 10.1007/s42524-020-0137-x

摘要: Blockchain technology is considered one of the promising technologies of the information technology era. The core features of blockchain, such as decentralization, transparency, high security, and tamper-proof nature, bring great convenience for large-scale social cooperation and data sharing. Blockchain has a broad application prospect in the field of intelligent manufacturing. The key issues of this field, such as distributed collaborative production, industrial big data sharing and security, transparent logistics, and supply chain, are naturally consistent with the core characteristics of the blockchain technology. This study aims to analyze the application of blockchain in the field of intelligent manufacturing. First, we introduce the basic connotation and applications of blockchain. Then, we propose the theoretical basis for the application of blockchain in the field of intelligent manufacturing. Finally, we point out the realistic plights and provide some suggestions to promote the application of blockchain in the field of intelligent manufacturing.

关键词: blockchain technology     intelligent manufacturing     networked collaborative manufacturing     full life-cycle management     manufacturing model innovation    

智能制造推动我国制造业全面创新升级

钟志华,臧冀原,延建林,苗仲桢,杨晓迎,古依莎娜

《中国工程科学》 2020年 第22卷 第6期   页码 136-142 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2020.06.018

摘要:

我国抓牢新一轮科技革命和产业变革的历史机遇,加快发展智能制造并取得了积极成效。也要注意到,我国智能制造整体发展仍处于初级阶段,不平衡不充分的矛盾较为突出,持续深入推进智能制造面临挑战。近年来,我国启动了从制造大国迈向制造强国的发展进程,加快制造业由大变强、全面创新升级的发展步伐,但升级的技术路线仍需更加明确。研究认为,新时期新阶段我国制造业要实现全面创新升级,应坚持智能制造发展的主攻方向,优化调整总体技术路线,即数字化制造、数字化网络化制造、数字化网络化智能化制造“并行推进、融合发展”;企业实施智能制造战略,应深度融合数字化网络化智能化赋能技术、先进制造技术,注重产品创新、生产创新、模式创新、制造系统集成创新,力争实现整体性突破。

关键词: 中国制造     智能制造     数字化制造     数字化网络化制造     数字化网络化智能化制造    

中国制造业发展的成就、经验与问题研究

李平,李晓华

《中国工程科学》 2015年 第17卷 第7期   页码 41-40

摘要:

改革开放30多年来,中国制造业建立起完善的和具有国际竞争力的现代制造业体系、在世界制造格局中占有举足轻重的地位。中国制造业发展成就的取得归功于坚持改革开放政策、保持稳定的社会经济环境、建设完善的公共基础设施、发挥地方政府的积极性和高度重视创新和科技进步。制约中国制造业进一步转型升级的体制、机制和政策问题仍然存在。

关键词: 中国制造     制造业     制造大国     制造强国    

Review of materials used in laser-aided additive manufacturing processes to produce metallic products

Xiaodong NIU, Surinder SINGH, Akhil GARG, Harpreet SINGH, Biranchi PANDA, Xiongbin PENG, Qiujuan ZHANG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第14卷 第3期   页码 282-298 doi: 10.1007/s11465-019-0526-1

摘要: Rapid prototyping (RP) or layered manufacturing (LM) technologies have been extensively used to manufacture prototypes composed mainly of plastics, polymers, paper, and wax due to the short product development time and low costs of these technologies. However, such technologies, with the exception of selective laser melting and sintering, are not used to fabricate metallic products because of the resulting poor life, short cycle, poor surface finish, and low structural integrity of the fabricated parts. The properties endowed by these parts do not match those of functional parts. Therefore, extensive research has been conducted to develop new additive manufacturing (AM) technologies by extending existing RP technologies. Several AM technologies have been developed for the fabrication of metallic objects. These technologies utilize materials, such as Ni-, Al-, and Ti-based alloys and stainless steel powders, to fabricate high-quality functional components. The present work reviews the type of materials used in laser-based AM processes for the manufacture of metallic products. The advantages and disadvantages of processes and different materials are summarized, and future research directions are discussed in the final section. This review can help experts select the ideal type of process or technology for the manufacturing of elements composed of a given alloy or material (Ni, Ti, Al, Pb, and stainless steel).

关键词: direct metal deposition     laser-based manufacturing     rapid manufacturing     selective laser melting     additive manufacturing    

面向高端装备制造业的高端制造装备需求趋势分析

张俊,卢秉恒

《中国工程科学》 2017年 第19卷 第3期   页码 136-141 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2017.03.019

摘要:

高端制造装备是高端装备制造业快速发展的基础,本文针对航空装备、航天装备、轨道交通装备、海洋工程装备、智能制造装备等高端装备制造业的“十三五”发展趋势,分析了各领域对高端机床和高端基础制造装备提出的新需求和未来的发展重点,并结合我国制造装备行业的现状,提出了几点建议,以促进我国高端装备制造业的良性发展。

关键词: 高端装备制造业     高端制造装备     机床     基础制造装备    

An identification method for enclosed voids restriction in manufacturability design for additive manufacturing

Shutian LIU,Quhao LI,Wenjiong CHEN,Liyong TONG,Gengdong CHENG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第10卷 第2期   页码 126-137 doi: 10.1007/s11465-015-0340-3

摘要:

Additive manufacturing (AM) technologies, such as selective laser sintering (SLS) and fused deposition modeling (FDM), have become the powerful tools for direct manufacturing of complex parts. This breakthrough in manufacturing technology makes the fabrication of new geometrical features and multiple materials possible. Past researches on designs and design methods often focused on how to obtain desired functional performance of the structures or parts, specific manufacturing capabilities as well as manufacturing constraints of AM were neglected. However, the inherent constraints in AM processes should be taken into account in design process. In this paper, the enclosed voids, one type of manufacturing constraints of AM, are investigated. In mathematics, enclosed voids restriction expressed as the solid structure is simply-connected. We propose an equivalent description of simply-connected constraint for avoiding enclosed voids in structures, named as virtual temperature method (VTM). In this method, suppose that the voids in structure are filled with a virtual heating material with high heat conductivity and solid areas are filled with another virtual material with low heat conductivity. Once the enclosed voids exist in structure, the maximum temperature value of structure will be very high. Based upon this method, the simply-connected constraint is equivalent to maximum temperature constraint. And this method can be easily used to formulate the simply-connected constraint in topology optimization. The effectiveness of this description method is illustrated by several examples. Based upon topology optimization, an example of 3D cantilever beam is used to illustrate the trade-off between manufacturability and functionality. Moreover, the three optimized structures are fabricated by FDM technology to indicate further the necessity of considering the simply-connected constraint in design phase for AM.

关键词: additive manufacturing     topology optimization     manufacturability constraints     design for additive manufacturing     simply-connected constraint    

农机装备制造业服务型制造模式研究

罗建强,张弛

《中国工程科学》 2023年 第25卷 第1期   页码 178-186 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2023.01.704

摘要:
农机装备制造业是确保粮食安全、助推农业现代化的重要基础。我国农机装备制造业服务型制造处于萌芽探索阶段, 服务化水平落后于国际先进水平,难以满足当前农业生产、未来产业高质量发展的需要。本文基于我国农机装备制造业当前 的发展现状,深度分析3家全球知名的农机装备制造企业服务化转型案例及经验,在此基础上归纳提炼了适用于我国国情的 农机装备制造业服务型制造的3类模式。研究发现,农机装备制造业服务型制造模式实现具有较强的情境依赖性,服务能力 是面向对象与面向组织的集成体,农机装备制造业服务型制造模式具有较强的收敛性。为此建议,加强农机装备制造产业内 外合作,整合国际优势资源;培养专业农机服务队伍,塑造错位竞争优势;聚焦我国农事难题,开展技术与服务双创新。

关键词: 服务型制造;制造业服务化;农机装备制造业;农事解决方案    

“制造强国”评价指标体系构建及初步分析

刘丹,王迪,赵蔷,古依莎娜

《中国工程科学》 2015年 第17卷 第7期   页码 96-95

摘要:

制造业是实体经济的主体、国民经济的支柱。本文描述了我国制造业“大而不强”的现实状况,借鉴国内外制造业产业评价体系的研究经验,确定了“制造强国”的内涵和特征,构建了包括四个一级指标和18个二级指标在内的“制造强国”综合评价体系,并以此为基础,对中国和其他几个国家的制造业指标横向对比进行了初步分析。

关键词: 制造业     制造大国     制造强国     评价指标     体系构建    

“制造强国”评价指标历史发展趋势及特征分析

王迪,赵蔷,古依莎娜,刘丹

《中国工程科学》 2015年 第17卷 第7期   页码 108-107

摘要:

本文主要对“制造强国”评价指标体系中的18个二级指标的历史发展趋势做了详细分析,总结了各国在工业化初期、中期、后期及后工业化时期的变动特点,同时也对指标特征进行了汇总,包括指标的上下限、独立性、关联性等,并对主要特点进行了归纳。

关键词: 制造业     制造大国     制造强国     评价指标     发展趋势    

智能制造——比较性综述与研究进展 Review

王柏村, 陶飞, 方续东, 刘超, 刘宇飞, Theodor Freiheit

《工程(英文)》 2021年 第7卷 第6期   页码 738-757 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2020.07.017

摘要: “Smart manufacturing” (SM)和“Intelligent manufacturing” (IM)这两个名词已被科研人员和制造业从业者作为专用术语广泛使用

关键词: 智能制造     工业4.0     人–信息–物理系统    

Digital manufacturing—the development direction of the manufacturing technology in the 21st century

XIONG You-lun, YIN Zhou-ping

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2006年 第1卷 第2期   页码 125-130 doi: 10.1007/s11465-006-0021-3

摘要: After introducing the concepts of digital manufacturing technology, the discipline framework of digital manufacturing is presented in the paper by discussing its basic concept, theory foundation, key technology and scientific problems in detail. As the core of the advanced manufacturing technology, digital manufacturing is gradually becoming the main manufacturing technology of the twenty-first century. Firstly, the main features of digital manufacturing are indicated and its key supporting technologies are investigated by grouping them into four levels related to product development, numerical control, production management, and enterprise collaboration, respectively. Moreover, the existing problems in the research on the multi-discipline theory foundation of digital manufacturing such as manufacturing informatics, computational manufacturing, and manufacturing intelligence, are also indicated. Then, the core scientific problems of digital manufacturing are discussed in depth, which focuses on digitization of manufacturing information, modeling of manufacturing constraints, high-speed and high-precision numerical control theory, and Internet-based collaboration and integration. Lastly, the development trends and application perspectives of digital manufacturing are concluded.

关键词: development     foundation     multi-discipline     scientific     supporting    

流程工业智能优化制造的基础理论与关键技术

钱锋, 钟伟民, 杜文莉

《工程(英文)》 2017年 第3卷 第2期   页码 154-160 doi: 10.1016/J.ENG.2017.02.011

摘要:

本文围绕流程工业转型升级的重大需求,剖析了当前流程工业在经营决策层面、生产运行层面、能效安环层面和信息集成层面存在的主要问题,提出了利用现代信息技术从生产、管理以及营销全过程优化出发,推进以高效化、绿色化和智能化制造为目标的流程工业智能优化制造的愿景目标。围绕制造过程从装备智能化到制造流程、操作模式、供应链管理等自适应智能优化,以需求驱动、应用导向为主,提出了当前亟须研究的核心工程科学问题,即:①生产与经营全过程信息智能感知与集成;②知识驱动的生产过程计划调度与管理决策;③人机物自然交互的生产过程全流程协同控制与优化;④全生命周期安全环境足迹监控与风险溯源分析及控制。并围绕核心科学问题进一步提出了拟突破的流程工业智能优化制造的基础理论与关键技术。

关键词: 流程工业     智能优化制造     绿色制造     高端制造     最优性评价    

实现从制造大国到制造强国的跨越

“制造强国战略研究”综合组

《中国工程科学》 2015年 第17卷 第7期   页码 1-6

摘要:

为实现中国从“制造大国”到“制造强国”的转变,2013年中国工程院会同工业和信息化部联合组织开展“制造强国战略研究”重大咨询研究项目。本项目从机械、航空、航天、轨道、船舶、汽车、电力装备、信息电子、冶金、化工、纺织、家电、仪器十三个领域的制造业发展问题进行研究。研究分析了中国制造业所处现状、面临的机遇和挑战,总结中国制造业大而不强的原因,提出制造强国工程科技战略的思路和目标。研究建立了评价制造强国特征的指标体系,预测中国制造业发展趋势。项目提出了实现制造强国的指导方针和战略对策,明确跨入制造强国行列的“三步走”战略,为我国研究制订《中国制造2025》提供了科学支撑和决策支持。

关键词: 制造强国战略     工程科技     指标体系     指导方针     战略对策     《中国制造2025》    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Atomic and close-to-atomic scale manufacturing—A trend in manufacturing development

Fengzhou FANG

期刊论文

Reconfigurable manufacturing systems: Principles, design, and future trends

Yoram KOREN, Xi GU, Weihong GUO

期刊论文

Application of blockchain in the field of intelligent manufacturing: Theoretical basis, realistic plights

Qiang ZHANG, Baoyu LIAO, Shanlin YANG

期刊论文

智能制造推动我国制造业全面创新升级

钟志华,臧冀原,延建林,苗仲桢,杨晓迎,古依莎娜

期刊论文

中国制造业发展的成就、经验与问题研究

李平,李晓华

期刊论文

Review of materials used in laser-aided additive manufacturing processes to produce metallic products

Xiaodong NIU, Surinder SINGH, Akhil GARG, Harpreet SINGH, Biranchi PANDA, Xiongbin PENG, Qiujuan ZHANG

期刊论文

面向高端装备制造业的高端制造装备需求趋势分析

张俊,卢秉恒

期刊论文

An identification method for enclosed voids restriction in manufacturability design for additive manufacturing

Shutian LIU,Quhao LI,Wenjiong CHEN,Liyong TONG,Gengdong CHENG

期刊论文

农机装备制造业服务型制造模式研究

罗建强,张弛

期刊论文

“制造强国”评价指标体系构建及初步分析

刘丹,王迪,赵蔷,古依莎娜

期刊论文

“制造强国”评价指标历史发展趋势及特征分析

王迪,赵蔷,古依莎娜,刘丹

期刊论文

智能制造——比较性综述与研究进展

王柏村, 陶飞, 方续东, 刘超, 刘宇飞, Theodor Freiheit

期刊论文

Digital manufacturing—the development direction of the manufacturing technology in the 21st century

XIONG You-lun, YIN Zhou-ping

期刊论文

流程工业智能优化制造的基础理论与关键技术

钱锋, 钟伟民, 杜文莉

期刊论文

实现从制造大国到制造强国的跨越

“制造强国战略研究”综合组

期刊论文