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Phenolic compounds removal by wet air oxidation based processes

Linbi Zhou, Hongbin Cao, Claude Descorme, Yongbing Xie

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第1期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0970-2

摘要: Wet air oxidation (WAO) and catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) are efficient processes to degrade organic pollutants in water. In this paper, we especially reviewed the WAO and CWAO processes for phenolic compounds degradation. It provides a comprehensive introduction to the CWAO processes that could be beneficial to the scientists entering this field of research. The influence of different reaction parameters, such as temperature, oxygen pressure, pH, stirring speed are analyzed in detail; Homogenous catalysts and heterogeneous catalysts including carbon materials, transitional metal oxides and noble metals are extensively discussed, among which Cu based catalysts and Ru catalysts were shown to be the most active. Three different kinds of the reactor implemented for the CWAO (autoclave, packed bed and membrane reactors) are illustrated and compared. To enhance the degradation efficiency and reduce the cost of the CWAO process, biological degradation can be combined to develop an integrated technology.

关键词: Wet air oxidation     Catalytic wet air oxidation     Phenolic compounds     Heterogeneous catalysts     Mechanism    

Solvent-free mechanochemical mild oxidation method to enhance adsorption properties of chitosan

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1416-4

摘要:

• Solvent-free chitosan oxidation is obtained by rapid mechanochemical reaction.

关键词: Chitosan     High energy ball milling     Mechanochemistry     Oxidation    

β-Cyclodextrin promoted oxidation of primary amines to nitriles in water

Dongpo SHI, Hongbing JI, Zhong LI

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第2期   页码 196-200 doi: 10.1007/s11705-009-0051-6

摘要: A facile, efficient and substrate-selective oxidation of the primary amines with NaClO as oxidant catalyzed by cyclodextrin ( CD) has been developed in water for the first time, and the behavior of cyclodextrin that catalyzed the primary amines to nitriles in water was investigated. It was found that the primary amines which could form host-guest complexes with cyclodextrin were oxidized to nitriles with excellent yields at ambient temperature. The results show that cyclodextrin worked not only as a solubilizing agent but also as a catalyst in these reactions.

关键词: substrate-selective     amines oxidation     β-cyclodextrin    

Application of permanganate in the oxidation of micropollutants: a mini review

Xiaohong GUAN, Di HE, Jun MA, Guanghao CHEN

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第4期   页码 405-413 doi: 10.1007/s11783-010-0252-8

摘要: As a green oxidant, permanganate has received considerable attention for the removal of micropollutants in drinking water treatment. To provide a better understanding of the oxidation of organic micropollutants with permanganate, the oxidation kinetics of 32 micropollutants were compiled. The pollutants include algal toxins, endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), and pharmaceuticals. The oxidation kinetics of micropollutants by permanganate were found to be first order with respect to both contaminant and permanganate concentrations from which second-order rate constants ( ″) were obtained. Permanganate oxidized the heterocyclic aromatics with vinyl moiety (i.e., microcystins, carbamazepine, and dichlorvos) by the addition of double bonds. For the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with alkyl groups, permanganate attacked the benzylic C-H through abstraction of hydrogen. The mechanism for the oxidation of phenolic EDCs by permanganate was a single electron transfer and aromatic ring cleavage. The presence of background matrices could enhance the oxidation of some phenolic EDCs by permanganate, including phenol, chlorinated phenols, bisphenol A, and trichlosan. The toxicity of dichlorvos solution increased after permanganate oxidation, and the estrogenic activity of bisphnol A/estrone increased significantly at the beginning of permanganate oxidation. Therefore, the toxicity of degradation products or intermediates should be determined in the permanganate oxidation processes to better evaluate the applicability of permanganate. The influence of background ions on the permanganate oxidation process is far from clear and should be elucidated in the future studies to better predict the performance of permanganate oxidation of micropollutants. Moreover, methods should be employed to catalyze the permanganate oxidation process to achieve better removal of micropollutants.

关键词: pharmaceuticals     endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs)     algal toxins     permanganate     oxidation    

“ALL FREE” — a novel design concept of applying partial oxidation process to vehicle

Ling LIN, Wenshuang LIN, Qingbiao LI, Yao ZHOU,

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第2期   页码 207-212 doi: 10.1007/s11705-009-0240-3

摘要: With the rapid expansion of the global motor vehicle population, the transportation sector has taken up a growing proportion among all the carbon dioxide emission-related sectors. To contribute to solutions of the carbon dioxide-oriented problem in transportation, this paper proposes the “ALL FREE” concept that applies partial oxidation process instead of the conventional complete oxidation to vehicle engines. In such an engine, the fuels are partially oxidized into corresponding chemical products, which, as a result, enable the process to be theoretically free of CO, while the heat output of the partial oxidation could drive the vehicle. On the other hand, the resulting products are of great value, which could decrease or even counteract the cost of fuels in transportation. In this paper, the thermodynamic and kinetic data (e.g., the heat output and heat release rate) of five selected partial oxidation reactions were calculated at length to demonstrate and exemplify the theoretical feasibility of the “ALL FREE” concept. It turned out that the partial oxidation of -butane to maleic anhydride has the most potential to meet the basic requirements of this concept. To sum up, this design concept is of significant application potential for the reduction of CO emissions in the transportation industry, although there remain many technical challenges.

关键词: oxidation process     CO     complete oxidation     ALL FREE     -butane    

Plasma-assisted oxidation of benzoic acid

Anna Khlyustova, Nikolay Sirotkin

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第4期   页码 513-521 doi: 10.1007/s11705-019-1825-0

摘要: Plasma-assisted oxidation of organic compounds is one of the developing technologies for wastewater treatment. Plasmas effectively accelerate degradation processes due to plasma generated reactive species and ultra-violet radiation. Oxidation of benzoic acid in aqueous solutions by the atmospheric pressure glow discharge and underwater diaphragm discharge was studied and monitored by fluorescence and spectrophotometric methods. Discharge type and solution pH affect the formation rates of mono- and dihydroxybenzoic acids. Dihydroxyl derivatives were formed only by glow discharge action. The yields of hydroxyl radical were estimated on the kinetics data for the hydroxylation of benzoic acid. The steps of the hydroxylation processes and further oxidation were described.

关键词: atmospheric pressure glow discharge     underwater diaphragm discharge     oxidation     benzoic acid     hydroxyl radical    

Novel coprecipitation–oxidation method for recovering iron from steel waste pickling liquor

Shejiang Liu, Hongyang Yang, Yongkui Yang, Yupeng Guo, Yun Qi

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第1期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0902-1

摘要: Coprecipitation–oxidation method was developed to recover the iron from wastewater. Fe O nanoparticles were well synthesized from steel waste pickling liquor. Promoters greatly improved the properties of synthesized Fe O nanoparticle. Real-time control of the Fe /Fe molar ratio was achieved by ORP monitoring. Waste pickling liquors (WPLs) containing high concentrations of iron and acid are hazardous waste products from the steel pickling processes. A novel combined coprecipitation–oxidation method for iron recovery by Fe O nanoparticle production from the WPLs was developed in this study. An oxidation–reduction potential monitoring method was developed for real-time control of the Fe /Fe molar ratio. The key coprecipitation–oxidation parameters were determined using the orthogonal experimental design method. The use of promoters greatly improved the Fe O nanoparticle crystallinity, size, magnetization, and dispersion. X-ray diffraction patterns showed that the produced Fe O nanoparticles were single phase. The Fe O nanoparticles were approximately spherical and slightly agglomerated. Vibrating sample magnetometry showed that the Fe O nanoparticles produced from the WPLs had good magnetic properties, with a saturation magnetization of 80.206 emu·g and a remanence of 10.500 emu·g . The results show that this novel coprecipitation–oxidation method has great potential for recycling iron in WPLs.

关键词: Waste pickling liquor     Coprecipitation–oxidation     Fe3O4 nanoparticles     Oxidation–reduction potential     Promoter    

Electricity-driven ammonia oxidation and acetate production in microbial electrosynthesis systems

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1476-5

摘要:

• MES was constructed for simultaneous ammonia removal and acetate production.

关键词: Biocathode     Carbon dioxide     Electrochemical oxidation     Graphite anode     Boron-doped diamond    

Biological conversion pathways of sulfate reduction ammonium oxidation in anammox consortia

Zhen Bi, Deqing Wanyan, Xiang Li, Yong Huang

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1217-1

摘要: The SRAO phenomena tended to occur only under certain conditions. High amount of biomass and non-anaerobic condition is requirement for SRAO. Anammox bacteria cannot oxidize ammonium with sulfate as electron acceptor. AOB and AnAOB are mainly responsible for ammonium conversion. Heterotrophic sulfate reduction mainly contributed to sulfate conversion. For over two decades, sulfate reduction with ammonium oxidation (SRAO) had been reported from laboratory experiments. SRAO was considered an autotrophic process mediated by anammox bacteria, in which ammonium as electron donor was oxidized by the electron acceptor sulfate. This process had been attributed to observed transformations of nitrogenous and sulfurous compounds in natural environments. Results obtained differed largely for the conversion mole ratios (ammonium/sulfate), and even the intermediate and final products of sulfate reduction. Thus, the hypothesis of biological conversion pathways of ammonium and sulfate in anammox consortia is implausible. In this study, continuous reactor experiments (with working volume of 3.8L) and batch tests were conducted under normal anaerobic (0.2≤DO<0.5 mg/L) / strict anaerobic (DO<0.2 mg/L) conditions with different biomass proportions to verify the SRAO phenomena and identify possible pathways behind substrate conversion. Key findings were that SRAO occurred only in cases of high amounts of inoculant biomass under normal anaerobic condition, while absent under strict anaerobic conditions for same anammox consortia. Mass balance and stoichiometry were checked based on experimental results and the thermodynamics proposed by previous studies were critically discussed. Thus anammox bacteria do not possess the ability to oxidize ammonium with sulfate as electron acceptor and the assumed SRAO could, in fact, be a combination of aerobic ammonium oxidation, anammox and heterotrophic sulfate reduction processes.

关键词: Anammox bacteria     Autotrophic     Biological conversion     Sulfate reducing ammonium oxidation (SRAO)    

The combined effects of biomass and temperature on maximum specific ammonia oxidation rate in domestic

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1411-9

摘要:

• Actual SAORs was determined using MLVSS and temperature.

关键词: Specific ammonia oxidation rate     Sequencing batch reactor     Biomass     Temperature coefficient     Model simulation    

Platinum on nitrogen doped graphene and tungsten carbide supports for ammonia electro-oxidation reaction

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期   页码 930-938 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2130-2

摘要: Ammonia electrooxidation reaction involving multistep electron-proton transfer is a significant reaction for fuel cells, hydrogen production and understanding nitrogen cycle. Platinum has been established as the best electrocatalyst for ammonia oxidation in aqueous alkaline media. In this study, Pt/nitrogen-doped graphene (NDG) and Pt/tungsten monocarbide (WC)/NDG are synthesized by a wet chemistry method and their ammonia oxidation activities are compared to commercial Pt/C. Pt/NDG exhibits a specific activity of 0.472 mA∙cm–2, which is 44% higher than commercial Pt/C, thus establishing NDG as a more effective support than carbon black. Moreover, it is demonstrated that WC as a support also impacts the activity with further 30% increase in comparison to NDG. Surface modification with Ir resulted in the best electrocatalytic activity with Pt-Ir/WC/NDG having almost thrice the current density of commercial Pt/C. This work adds insights regarding the role of NDG and WC as efficient supports along with significant impact of Ir surface modification.

关键词: Ammonia electro-oxidation reaction     electrocatalyst supports     platinum     nitrogen doped graphene     tungsten carbide    

Microwave-assisted catalytic oxidation of gaseous toluene with a Cu-Mn-Ce/cordierite honeycomb catalyst

Longli Bo, Shaoyuan Sun

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第2期   页码 385-392 doi: 10.1007/s11705-018-1738-3

摘要: A novel Cu-Mn-Ce/cordierite honeycomb catalyst was prepared by an incipient wetness method and the catalyst was characterized. The active ingredients were present as various spinel species of Cu, Mn and Ce oxides with different valences and they were unevenly dispersed over the surface of the catalyst. The catalytic oxidation of gaseous toluene was primarily investigated using a fixed bed reactor under microwave heating in the continuous flow mode. Under the optimal conditions of 6.7 wt-% loading of the active component, a bed temperature of 200°C, a flow rate of 0.12 m ·h and an initial concentration of toluene of 1000 mg·m , the removal and mineralization efficiencies of toluene were 98% and 70%, respectively. Thus the use of the microwave effectively improved the oxidation of toluene and this is attributed to dipole polarization and hotspot effects. After four consecutive cycles (a total of 1980 min), the Cu-Mn-Ce/cordierite catalyst still exhibited excellent catalytic activity and structural stability, and the toluene removal was higher than 90%. This work demonstrates the possibility of treating volatile organic compounds in exhaust gases by microwave-assisted catalytic oxidation.

关键词: microwave     catalytic oxidation     toluene     Cu-Mn-Ce/cordierite     mineralization    

CuO/zeolite catalyzed oxidation of gaseous toluene under microwave heating

Longli BO, Jianbo LIAO, Yucai ZHANG, Xiaohui WANG, Quan YANG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第3期   页码 395-402 doi: 10.1007/s11783-012-0417-8

摘要: The development of a combined process of catalytic oxidation and microwave heating for treatment of toluene waste gas was described in this work. Toluene, a typical toxic volatile organic compound, was oxidized through a fixed bed reaction chamber containing zeolite-supported copper oxide (CuO/zeolite) catalyst mixed with silicon carbide (SiC), an excellent microwave-absorbing material. The target compound was efficiently degraded on the surface of the catalyst at high reaction temperature achieved by microwave-heated SiC. A set of experimental parameters, such as microwave power, air flow and the loading size of CuO etc., were investigated, respectively. The study demonstrated these parameters had critical impact on toluene degradation. Under optimal condition, 92% toluene was removed by this combined process, corresponding to an 80%–90% TOC removal rate. Furthermore, the catalyst was highly stable even after eight consecutive 6-h runs. At last, a hypothetical degradation pathway of toluene was proposed based on the experimental data obtained from gas chromatography-mass spectrum and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses.

关键词: microwave     catalytic oxidation     CuO/zeolite catalyst     silicon carbide (SiC)     toluene    

NO oxidation over Co-La catalysts and NO

Tiejun Zhang,Jian Li,Hong He,Qianqian Song,Quanming Liang

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0906-x

摘要: The Co-La catalyst (pH= 1) exhibited maximum NO conversion of 43% at 180°C. Acid modified catalyst enhanced the resistance to SO . The formed sulfates may block the pore structure of the catalyst. The NO conversion of compact SCR was 91% at 180°C at the highest space velocity. A series of Co-La catalysts were prepared using the wet impregnation method and the synthesis of catalysts were modified by controlling pH with the addition of ammonium hydroxide or oxalic solution. All the catalysts were systematically investigated for NO oxidation and SO resistance in a fixed bed reactor and were characterized by Brunanuer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X–ray diffraction (XRD), Thermogravimetric (TG) and Ion Chromatography (IC). Among the catalysts, the one synthesized at pH= 1 exhibited the maximum NO conversion of 43% at 180°C. The activity of the catalyst was significantly suppressed by the existence of SO (300 ppm) at 220°C. Deactivation may have been associated with the generation of cobalt sulfate, and the SO adsorption quantity of the catalyst might also have effected sulfur resistance. In the case of the compact selective catalytic reduction (SCR), the activity increased from 74% to 91% at the highest gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 300000 h when the NO catalyst maintained the highest activity, in excess of 50% more than that of the standard SCR.

关键词: NO catalytic oxidation     pH effect     Low temperature     Sulfur dioxide     High space velocity     SCR    

Complete oxidation of methane on CoO-SnO catalysts

Xingfu TANG , Jiming HAO , Junhua LI ,

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第3期   页码 265-270 doi: 10.1007/s11783-009-0019-2

摘要: CoO-SnO hybrid oxides were prepared by the coprecipitation method and were used to oxidate methane (CH) in presence of oxygen. The CoO-SnO with a molar ratio of Co/(Co+Sn) at 0.75 exhibited the highest catalytic activity among all the CoO-SnO hybrid oxides. Experimental results showed that the catalysts were considerably stable in the CH combustion reaction, and were verified by X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS). It was found that CoO was the active species, and SnO acted as a support or a promoting component in the CoO-SnO hybrid oxides. The surface area was not a major factor that affected catalytic activity. The hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H-TPR) results demonstrated that the interaction between cobalt and tin oxides accelerated the mobility of oxygen species of CoO-SnO, leading to higher catalytic activity.

关键词: Co3O4-SnO2     complete oxidation     methane (CH4)    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Phenolic compounds removal by wet air oxidation based processes

Linbi Zhou, Hongbin Cao, Claude Descorme, Yongbing Xie

期刊论文

Solvent-free mechanochemical mild oxidation method to enhance adsorption properties of chitosan

期刊论文

β-Cyclodextrin promoted oxidation of primary amines to nitriles in water

Dongpo SHI, Hongbing JI, Zhong LI

期刊论文

Application of permanganate in the oxidation of micropollutants: a mini review

Xiaohong GUAN, Di HE, Jun MA, Guanghao CHEN

期刊论文

“ALL FREE” — a novel design concept of applying partial oxidation process to vehicle

Ling LIN, Wenshuang LIN, Qingbiao LI, Yao ZHOU,

期刊论文

Plasma-assisted oxidation of benzoic acid

Anna Khlyustova, Nikolay Sirotkin

期刊论文

Novel coprecipitation–oxidation method for recovering iron from steel waste pickling liquor

Shejiang Liu, Hongyang Yang, Yongkui Yang, Yupeng Guo, Yun Qi

期刊论文

Electricity-driven ammonia oxidation and acetate production in microbial electrosynthesis systems

期刊论文

Biological conversion pathways of sulfate reduction ammonium oxidation in anammox consortia

Zhen Bi, Deqing Wanyan, Xiang Li, Yong Huang

期刊论文

The combined effects of biomass and temperature on maximum specific ammonia oxidation rate in domestic

期刊论文

Platinum on nitrogen doped graphene and tungsten carbide supports for ammonia electro-oxidation reaction

期刊论文

Microwave-assisted catalytic oxidation of gaseous toluene with a Cu-Mn-Ce/cordierite honeycomb catalyst

Longli Bo, Shaoyuan Sun

期刊论文

CuO/zeolite catalyzed oxidation of gaseous toluene under microwave heating

Longli BO, Jianbo LIAO, Yucai ZHANG, Xiaohui WANG, Quan YANG

期刊论文

NO oxidation over Co-La catalysts and NO

Tiejun Zhang,Jian Li,Hong He,Qianqian Song,Quanming Liang

期刊论文

Complete oxidation of methane on CoO-SnO catalysts

Xingfu TANG , Jiming HAO , Junhua LI ,

期刊论文