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Structural dimension optimization and mechanical response analysis of fabricated honeycomb plastic pavement

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》   页码 896-908 doi: 10.1007/s11709-022-0856-7

摘要: Because of favorable mechanical properties, deformation resistance and being conducive to environmental protection, honeycomb fabricated plastic pavement slabs are highly recommended these years. At present, most studies focus on the performance of plastic materials, however, the dimension optimization of fabricated plastic pavement slab is rarely mentioned. In this paper, an optimized geometry of the honeycomb pavement slab was determined through finite element analysis. Mechanical response of honeycomb slabs with different internal dimensions and external dimensions were explored. Several dimension factors were taken into consideration including the side length, rib thickness, the thickness of both top and bottom slabs of honeycomb structure and the length, the width and the thickness of the fabricated plastic slab. The results showed that honeycomb pavement slab with 6 cm bottom slab, 12 cm top slab,18 cm side length and 6 cm rib thickness is recommended, additionally, an external dimension of 4 m × 4 m × 0.45 m is suggested. Then, the mechanical responses of this optimized fabricated plastic slab were further investigated. Significance of different influencing factors, including wheel load, elastic modulus of plastic material, base layer thickness, soil foundation modulus and base layer modulus were ranked.

关键词: honeycomb structure     plastic pavement     dimension optimization     mechanical response     factor significance    

Life-cycle cost analysis of optimal timing of pavement preservation

Zilong WANG,Hao WANG

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第1期   页码 17-26 doi: 10.1007/s11709-016-0369-3

摘要: Optimal application of pavement preservation or preventive maintenance is critical for highway agencies to allocate the limited budget for different treatments. This study developed an integrated life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) model to quantify the impact of pavement preservation on agency cost and vehicle operation cost (VOC) and analyzed the optimal timing of preservation treatments. The international roughness index (IRI) data were extracted from the long-term pavement performance (LTPP) program specific pavement studies 3 (SPS-3) to determine the long-term effectiveness of preservation treatments on IRI deterioration. The traffic loading and the initial IRI value significantly affects life extension and the benefit of agency cost caused by pavement preservation. The benefit in VOC is one to two orders greater in magnitude as compared to the benefit in agency cost. The optimal timing calculated based on VOC is always earlier than the optimal timing calculated based on agency cost. There are considerable differences among the optimal timing of three preservation treatments.

关键词: pavement preservation     life-cycle cost analysis     agency cost     vehicle operation cost    

Finite element modeling of environmental effects on rigid pavement deformation

Sunghwan KIM,Halil CEYLAN,Kasthurirangan GOPALAKRISHNAN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第2期   页码 101-114 doi: 10.1007/s11709-014-0254-x

摘要: In this study, finite element (FE)-based primary pavement response models are employed for investigating the early-age deformation characteristics of jointed plain concrete pavements (JPCP) under environmental effects. The FE-based ISLAB (two-and-one-half-dimensional) and EverFE (three-dimensional) software were used to conduct the response analysis. Sensitivity analyses of input parameters used in ISLAB and EverFE were conducted based on field and laboratory test data collected from instrumented pavements on highway US-34 near Burlington, Iowa. Based on the combination of input parameters and equivalent temperatures established from preliminary studies, FE analyses were performed and compared with the field measurements. Comparisons between field measured and computed deformations showed that both FE programs could produce reasonably accurate estimates of actual slab deformations due to environmental effects using the equivalent temperature difference concept.

关键词: jointed plain concrete pavements (JPCP)     curling and warping     sensitivity analyses     rigid pavement analysis and design     finite element analysis (FEA)    

Analysis of cost effective pavement treatment and budget optimization for arterial roads in the city

Mbakisya ONYANGO, Saliha Ammour MERABTI, Joseph OWINO, Ignatius FOMUNUNG, Weidong WU

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第3期   页码 291-299 doi: 10.1007/s11709-017-0419-5

摘要:

Many transportation agencies lack sufficient funds to maintain and repair roads, which results into increased pavement maintenance cost. Pavement Management System (PMS) has demonstrated to be an essential tool for proper management of infrastructure and proper utilization of available funds. The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga utilized Micropaver software as PMS tool to conduct a pavement management analysis of principal arterials in the City of Chattanooga. The study used the City of Chattanooga pavement database to create the current and future pavement conditions. Maintenance and repair (M&R) planning analysis was also performed in order to determine the most cost-effective treatment and suggest the optimum utilization of funds for the city. An analysis of five budget scenarios was conducted for a five-year plan using the critical pavement condition index (PCI) method (ASTM D6433). Results show that the backlog elimination budget would be the best scenario because it increases the pavement condition and eliminates the backlog of major maintenance and repairs over the five-year period. The unlimited budget seems though ideal, it does not improve pavement condition. Maintaining current condition and limited budget scenarios would increase both the backlog and the total cost of maintenance and repairs over the analysis period.

关键词: PMS     Micropaver     pavement budget     maintenance     rehabilitation    

Crushed rocks stabilized with organosilane and lignosulfonate in pavement unbound layers: Repeated load

Diego Maria BARBIERI, Inge HOFF, Chun-Hsing HO

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第2期   页码 412-424 doi: 10.1007/s11709-021-0700-5

摘要: The creation of the new “Ferry-Free Coastal Highway Route E39” in southwest Norway entails the production of a remarkable quantity of crushed rocks. These resources could be beneficially employed as aggregates in the unbound courses of the highway itself or other road pavements present nearby. Two innovative stabilizing agents, organosilane and lignosulfonate, can significantly enhance the key properties, namely, resilient modulus and resistance against permanent deformation, of the aggregates that are excessively weak in their natural state. The beneficial effect offered by the additives was thoroughly evaluated by performing repeated load triaxial tests. The study adopted the most common numerical models to describe these two key mechanical properties. The increase in the resilient modulus and reduction in the accumulated vertical permanent deformation show the beneficial impact of the additives. Furthermore, a finite element model was created to simulate the repeated load triaxial test by implementing nonlinear elastic and plastic constitutive relationships.

关键词: organosilane     lignosulfonate     crushed rocks     pavement unbound layers     repeated load triaxial test     finite element analysis    

Structural pavement assessment in Germany

Lutz PINKOFSKY, Dirk JANSEN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第2期   页码 183-191 doi: 10.1007/s11709-017-0412-z

摘要: The aging structure as well as the considerable increase of heavy-traffic load on Germany’s motorways and trunk roads encourages the use of innovative, sound and reliable methods for the structural assessment on network level as well as on project level. Essential elements for this are data, which allow a reliable assessment. For a holistic approach to structural pavement assessment performance orientated measurements will be necessary. In combination with functional parameters as well as write-down models, strategically motivated decision making processes will be useful combined with technically motivated decision processes. For the application at the network level, the available methods for performance orientated measurements are still challenging, as they are based either on testing drill-cores or on non-traffic speed methods. In recent years significant innovation steps have been made to bring traffic speed bearing capacity measurements and methods for evaluating pavement structures on the road. The paper summarizes the actual assessment procedures in Germany as well as the ongoing work on the development and implementation of new methods and techniques.

关键词: pavement assessment     Germany     structure     system    

Pavement sustainability index for highway infrastructures: A case study of Maryland

Stella O. OBAZEE-IGBINEDION, Oludare OWOLABI

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第2期   页码 192-200 doi: 10.1007/s11709-017-0413-y

摘要: Pavement deterioration creates conditions that undermine their performances, which gives rise to the need for maintenance and rehabilitation. This paper develops a mathematical multi-linear regression analysis (MLRA) model to determine a pavement sustainability index ( ) as dependent variable for flexible pavements in Maryland. Four categories of pavement performance evaluation indicators are subdivided into seven pavement condition indices and analyzed as independent variables for each section of pavement. Data are collected from five different roadways using field evaluations and existing database. Results indicate that coefficient of determination ( ) is correlated and significant, = 0.959. Of the seven independent variables, present serviceability index ( ) is the most significant with a coefficient value of 0.032, present serviceability rating ( ) coefficient value= 0.028, and international roughness index ( ) coefficient value= ?0.001. Increasing each unit value of coefficients for and would increase the value of ; thereby providing a more sustainable pavement infrastructure; which explains the significance of the model and why will most likely impact environmental, economic and social values.

关键词: pavement indices     sustainability     pavement performance     flexible pavements    

Performance of steel bridge deck pavement structure with ultra high performance concrete based on resin

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第4期   页码 895-904 doi: 10.1007/s11709-021-0759-z

摘要: This research investigated a pavement system on steel bridge decks that use epoxy resin (EP) bonded ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC). Through FEM analysis and static and dynamic bending fatigue tests of the composite structure, the influences of the interface of the pavement layer, reinforcement, and different paving materials on the structural performance were compared and analyzed. The results show that the resin bonded UHPC pavement structure can reduce the weld strain in the steel plate by about 32% and the relative deflection between ribs by about 52% under standard axial load conditions compared to traditional pavements. The EP bonding layer can nearly double the drawing strength of the pavement interface from 1.3 MPa, and improve the bending resistance of the UHPC structure on steel bridge decks by about 50%; the bending resistance of reinforced UHPC structures is twice that of unreinforced UHPC structure, and the dynamic deflection of the UHPC pavement structure increases exponentially with increasing fatigue load. The fatigue life is about 1.2 × 107 cycles under a fixed force of 9 kN and a dynamic deflection of 0.35 mm, which meets the requirements for fatigue performance of pavements on steel bridge decks under traffic conditions of large flow and heavy load.

关键词: steel bridge deck pavement     ultra-high-performance concrete     epoxy resin     composite structure     bending fatigue performance    

Optimization of polyurethane-bonded thin overlay mixture designation for airport pavement

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》   页码 947-961 doi: 10.1007/s11709-022-0836-y

摘要: This research explored the application potential of PUM thin-overlay technology on airport rapid maintenance. The rapid curing process of polyurethane binder determines the limited time window for mixing and construction of polyurethane-bonded mixture (PUM), which presents significant difference with hot-mix asphalt (HMA) technology. Therefore, this research investigated and optimized the mix design of PUM for airport thin-overlay technology based on its thermosetting characteristics. First, limestone and basalt were comprehensively compared as an aggregate for PUM. Then, the effects of molding and curing conditions were studied in terms of mixing time, molding method, molding parameters and curing temperature. Statistical analysis was also conducted to evaluate the effects of gradation and particle size on PUM performances based on gray relational analysis (GRA), thus determining the key particle size to control PUM performances. Finally, the internal structural details of PUM were captured by X-ray CT scan test. The results demonstrated that it only took 12 hours to reach 75% of maximum strength at a curing temperature of 50 °C, indicating an efficient curing process and in turn allowing short traffic delay. The internal structural details of PUM presented distribution of tiny pores with few connective voids, guaranteeing waterproof property and high strength.

关键词: polyurethane-bonded mixture     mix design optimization     airport pavement     thin overlay     gray relational analysis    

长寿命路面疲劳寿命预测的频域分析方法

魏保立,郭成超,崔璨

《中国工程科学》 2017年 第19卷 第6期   页码 80-85 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2017.06.012

摘要:

笔者分别从沥青路面和水泥混凝土路面两个方面分析了路面疲劳寿命预测的相关方法。重点对疲劳寿命预测的频域分析方法进行了较为详细的分析,结合车辆–道路耦合振动系统模型,对路面不平整引起的车辆与道路之间的随机振动进行了分析,指出车辆–道路耦合振动的随机功率谱密度是进行路面疲劳寿命预测的一种手段和方法,并提出了相应的预测步骤,旨在为长寿命路面的设计和性能评价提供参考。

关键词: 长寿命路面     疲劳寿命预测     随机振动     功率谱密度    

连续钢箱梁桥面铺装层结构应力分析

李国芬,曹牧,王宏畅,朱华平

《中国工程科学》 2013年 第15卷 第8期   页码 79-83

摘要:

正交异性钢桥面的构造复杂,用理论算法对铺装层进行力学计算,较难得到精确的计算结果。本文利用有限元通用软件对曲线钢箱梁桥浇筑式沥青铺装层进行受力分析,将正交异性钢桥面板、铺装层作为整体,建立有限元模型,研究铺装层受力变形特点。根据钢桥面铺装层常出现的病害,并结合超载及刹车产生的水平荷载对铺装层受力的影响,提出相应的桥面铺装层破坏的综合控制指标。

关键词: 桥面铺装     曲线钢箱梁     铺装层开裂     粘结滑移     应力应变特性    

Hierarchical approach for fatigue cracking performance evaluation in asphalt pavements

Ibrahim ONIFADE, Yared DINEGDAE, Björn BIRGISSON

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第3期   页码 257-269 doi: 10.1007/s11709-017-0410-1

摘要: In this paper, a hierarchical approach is proposed for the evaluation of fatigue cracking in asphalt concrete pavements considering three different levels of complexities in the representation of the material behaviour, design parameters characterization and the determination of the pavement response as well as damage computation. Based on the developed hierarchical approach, three damage computation levels are identified and proposed. The levels of fatigue damage analysis provides pavement engineers a variety of tools that can be used for pavement analysis depending on the availability of data, required level of prediction accuracy and computational power at their disposal. The hierarchical approach also provides a systematic approach for the understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of pavement deterioration, the elimination of the empiricism associated with pavement design today and the transition towards the use of sound principles of mechanics in pavement analysis and design.

关键词: fatigue cracking     energy based     crack initiation     mechanistic approach     pavement analysis    

Estimation of flexible pavement structural capacity using machine learning techniques

Nader KARBALLAEEZADEH, Hosein GHASEMZADEH TEHRANI, Danial MOHAMMADZADEH SHADMEHRI, Shahaboddin SHAMSHIRBAND

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第5期   页码 1083-1096 doi: 10.1007/s11709-020-0654-z

摘要: The most common index for representing structural condition of the pavement is the structural number. The current procedure for determining structural numbers involves utilizing falling weight deflectometer and ground-penetrating radar tests, recording pavement surface deflections, and analyzing recorded deflections by back-calculation manners. This procedure has two drawbacks: falling weight deflectometer and ground-penetrating radar are expensive tests; back-calculation ways has some inherent shortcomings compared to exact methods as they adopt a trial and error approach. In this study, three machine learning methods entitled Gaussian process regression, M5P model tree, and random forest used for the prediction of structural numbers in flexible pavements. Dataset of this paper is related to 759 flexible pavement sections at Semnan and Khuzestan provinces in Iran and includes “structural number” as output and “surface deflections and surface temperature” as inputs. The accuracy of results was examined based on three criteria of , , and . Among the methods employed in this paper, random forest is the most accurate as it yields the best values for above criteria ( =0.841, =0.592, and =0.760). The proposed method does not require to use ground penetrating radar test, which in turn reduce costs and work difficulty. Using machine learning methods instead of back-calculation improves the calculation process quality and accuracy.

关键词: transportation infrastructure     flexible pavement     structural number prediction     Gaussian process regression     M5P model tree     random forest    

Laboratory and field evaluation of asphalt pavement surface friction resistance

Zhong WU, Chris ABADIE

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第3期   页码 372-381 doi: 10.1007/s11709-017-0463-1

摘要:

Pavement surface friction is a significant factor for driving safety and plays a critical role in reducing wet-pavement crashes. However, the current asphalt mixture design procedure does not directly consider friction as a requirement. The objective of this study was to develop a surface friction prediction model that can be used during a wearing course mixture design. To achieve the objective, an experimental study was conducted on the frictional characteristics of typical wearing course mixtures in Louisiana. Twelve wearing course mixtures including dense-graded and open-graded mixes with different combinations of aggregate sources were evaluated in laboratory using an accelerated polishing and testing procedure considering both micro- and macro texture properties. In addition, the surface frictional properties of asphalt mixtures were measured on twenty-two selected asphalt pavement sections using different in situ devices including Dynamic Friction Tester (DFT), Circular Texture Meter (CTM), and Lock-Wheel Skid Trailer (LWST). The results have led to develop a procedure for predicting pavement end-of-life skid resistance based on the aggregate blend polish stone value, gradation parameters, and traffic, which is suited in checking whether the selected aggregates in a wearing course mix design would meet field friction requirements under a certain design traffic polishing.

关键词: friction skid resistance     polishing     PSV     LWST     micro-texture     macro-texture    

埋入式传感、图像处理技术和机器学习方法在路面监测与分析中应用的最新研究进展 Review

侯越, 李秋晗, 张晨, 陆国阳, 叶周景, 陈逸涵, 汪林兵, 曹丹丹

《工程(英文)》 2021年 第7卷 第6期   页码 845-856 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2020.07.030

摘要:

在现代交通系统中,道路作为车辆和行人使用频率最高的民用基础设施之一,其服役状况和使用寿命直接影响通行体验和效率。因此,在路面发生不可逆损伤之前进行路面健康监测和及时养护,对于保障公共交通服务质量以及通行安全至关重要。通过路面结构动力响应监测和路面状况评估可有效表征路面损伤状况。埋入式传感器、图像处理和机器学习是目前常用的三种路面结构动力响应监测技术和分析方法。本文综述了近年来上述三种技术在路面工程中的应用现状,并阐述了这些技术在未来路面工程监测与分析中的发展方向。

关键词: 路面监测与分析     最新的研究进展     埋入式传感器     图像处理技术     机器学习方法    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Structural dimension optimization and mechanical response analysis of fabricated honeycomb plastic pavement

期刊论文

Life-cycle cost analysis of optimal timing of pavement preservation

Zilong WANG,Hao WANG

期刊论文

Finite element modeling of environmental effects on rigid pavement deformation

Sunghwan KIM,Halil CEYLAN,Kasthurirangan GOPALAKRISHNAN

期刊论文

Analysis of cost effective pavement treatment and budget optimization for arterial roads in the city

Mbakisya ONYANGO, Saliha Ammour MERABTI, Joseph OWINO, Ignatius FOMUNUNG, Weidong WU

期刊论文

Crushed rocks stabilized with organosilane and lignosulfonate in pavement unbound layers: Repeated load

Diego Maria BARBIERI, Inge HOFF, Chun-Hsing HO

期刊论文

Structural pavement assessment in Germany

Lutz PINKOFSKY, Dirk JANSEN

期刊论文

Pavement sustainability index for highway infrastructures: A case study of Maryland

Stella O. OBAZEE-IGBINEDION, Oludare OWOLABI

期刊论文

Performance of steel bridge deck pavement structure with ultra high performance concrete based on resin

期刊论文

Optimization of polyurethane-bonded thin overlay mixture designation for airport pavement

期刊论文

长寿命路面疲劳寿命预测的频域分析方法

魏保立,郭成超,崔璨

期刊论文

连续钢箱梁桥面铺装层结构应力分析

李国芬,曹牧,王宏畅,朱华平

期刊论文

Hierarchical approach for fatigue cracking performance evaluation in asphalt pavements

Ibrahim ONIFADE, Yared DINEGDAE, Björn BIRGISSON

期刊论文

Estimation of flexible pavement structural capacity using machine learning techniques

Nader KARBALLAEEZADEH, Hosein GHASEMZADEH TEHRANI, Danial MOHAMMADZADEH SHADMEHRI, Shahaboddin SHAMSHIRBAND

期刊论文

Laboratory and field evaluation of asphalt pavement surface friction resistance

Zhong WU, Chris ABADIE

期刊论文

埋入式传感、图像处理技术和机器学习方法在路面监测与分析中应用的最新研究进展

侯越, 李秋晗, 张晨, 陆国阳, 叶周景, 陈逸涵, 汪林兵, 曹丹丹

期刊论文