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Crushed rocks stabilized with organosilane and lignosulfonate in pavement unbound layers: Repeated load

Diego Maria BARBIERI, Inge HOFF, Chun-Hsing HO

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第2期   页码 412-424 doi: 10.1007/s11709-021-0700-5

摘要: The creation of the new “Ferry-Free Coastal Highway Route E39” in southwest Norway entails the production of a remarkable quantity of crushed rocks. These resources could be beneficially employed as aggregates in the unbound courses of the highway itself or other road pavements present nearby. Two innovative stabilizing agents, organosilane and lignosulfonate, can significantly enhance the key properties, namely, resilient modulus and resistance against permanent deformation, of the aggregates that are excessively weak in their natural state. The beneficial effect offered by the additives was thoroughly evaluated by performing repeated load triaxial tests. The study adopted the most common numerical models to describe these two key mechanical properties. The increase in the resilient modulus and reduction in the accumulated vertical permanent deformation show the beneficial impact of the additives. Furthermore, a finite element model was created to simulate the repeated load triaxial test by implementing nonlinear elastic and plastic constitutive relationships.

关键词: organosilane     lignosulfonate     crushed rocks     pavement unbound layers     repeated load triaxial test     finite element analysis    

Application of granular solid hydrodynamics to a well-graded unbound granular material undergoing triaxial

Shixiong SONG, Qicheng SUN, Feng JIN, Chuhan ZHANG

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第1期   页码 83-88 doi: 10.1007/s11709-012-0148-8

摘要: Unbound granular materials (UGMs) are widely used as a base or a subbase in pavement construction. They are generally well graded and exhibit a higher peak strength than that of conventional cohesionless granular materials. By using a simplified version of granular solid hydrodynamics (GSH), a set of GSH material constants is determined for a UGM material. The deviatoric stress and volumetric strain caused by triaxial compression are calculated and then compared with experimental data. The results indicate that the GSH theory is able to describe such a special type of granular materials.

关键词: granular solid hydrodynamics     unbound granular material (UGM)     triaxial tests    

Analyses of the seismic responses of soil layers with deep deposits

LOU Menglin, LI Yuchun, LI Nansheng

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第2期   页码 188-193 doi: 10.1007/s11709-007-0021-3

摘要: Several typical problems in the seismic response analysis of soil layers with deep deposits have been studied according to the seismic response analysis of the soil layer in the Shanghai region. The problems include the effect of the inclination of the bedrock under the soil layer on the seismic responses of the soil layer, the rationality of the artificial horizontal bedrock boundary in the soil layer, and the effect of the wave velocity of the bedrock and dynamic characteristics of the soil media on the seismic responses of the soil layer. Some results are obtained by numerical analysis. In the seismic response analysis, the effect of angle of inclination of the rock surface under the soil layer can be neglected if the angle is not more than two degrees. A significant error will be introduced in the calculation when the artificial horizontal rock surface is assumed in the soil layer according to the shear velocity of the soil media. The elasticity of the solid rock has little influence on the seismic response of the deep soil layer. The field investigation on the soil dynamic property should be paid more attention to.

关键词: little influence     layer     calculation     Shanghai     dynamic    

Structural pavement assessment in Germany

Lutz PINKOFSKY, Dirk JANSEN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第2期   页码 183-191 doi: 10.1007/s11709-017-0412-z

摘要: The aging structure as well as the considerable increase of heavy-traffic load on Germany’s motorways and trunk roads encourages the use of innovative, sound and reliable methods for the structural assessment on network level as well as on project level. Essential elements for this are data, which allow a reliable assessment. For a holistic approach to structural pavement assessment performance orientated measurements will be necessary. In combination with functional parameters as well as write-down models, strategically motivated decision making processes will be useful combined with technically motivated decision processes. For the application at the network level, the available methods for performance orientated measurements are still challenging, as they are based either on testing drill-cores or on non-traffic speed methods. In recent years significant innovation steps have been made to bring traffic speed bearing capacity measurements and methods for evaluating pavement structures on the road. The paper summarizes the actual assessment procedures in Germany as well as the ongoing work on the development and implementation of new methods and techniques.

关键词: pavement assessment     Germany     structure     system    

Factors affecting the formation of zeolite seed layers and the effects of seed layers on the growth of

ZHANG Xiongfu, WANG Jinqu, LIU Hai′ou, WANG Anjie

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第2期   页码 172-177 doi: 10.1007/s11705-007-0032-6

摘要: The present study investigates the formation of silicalite-1 seed layers on a porous carbon support of 0.5 μm pore size and α-A1O supports with different pore sizes (0.1 μm and 4 μm) via the slip-casting technique. The effects of support property, seed size and solvent on the formation of seed layers were investigated in detail. The growth of silicalite-1 membranes on different seeded supports by hydrothermal synthesis was also evaluated. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) characterizations indicate that a continuous seed layer can be obtained on the smooth support of 0.1 μm pore size by using any seed of 100 nm, 600 nm or 2.2 μm in size, whereas, on the coarse supports with either 0.5 μm or 4 μm pore size, a continuous seed layer cannot be formed using the above seed sizes and the same seeding time. At a longer contact time, a seed layer can also be formed using 100 nm seed on the supports with larger pore size. However, the layer is not uniform and smooth. For a hydrophobic porous carbon support, seeding ethanol suspension, which has weak polarity, favors the formation of a continuous seed layer. The seed layers and membranes grown from the smaller seed are more uniform and continuous and possess smoother surfaces than those from the larger seed. The seed layer and respective grown membrane formed from nanosized seed (100 nm) are the most uniform and compact. With this method of seeded secondary synthesis of zeolite membranes, the quality of a membrane mainly depends on the quality of the seed layer.

关键词: silicalite-1     α-A1O     growth     seeding ethanol     quality    

Laboratory evaluation of high-friction thin overlays for pavement preservation

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2024年 第18卷 第6期   页码 936-948 doi: 10.1007/s11709-024-0992-3

摘要: Traditional asphalt concrete (AC) and stone matrix asphalt (SMA), which are used as thin asphalt overlays, are common maintenance strategies to enhancing ride quality, skid resistance, and durability. Recently, several studies have used a novel asphalt mixture known as a high-friction thin overlay (HFTO) to improve surface characteristics. However, it remains uncertain whether the laboratory properties of HFTO differ significantly from those of conventional mixtures. This study aims to evaluate the laboratory properties of HFTO mixtures and compare them with those of AC and SMA. Those mixtures with nominal maximum size of 9.5 mm were produced in the laboratory, and performance tests were conducted, including wheel tracking test, low temperature flexural creep test, moisture susceptibility test, Cantabro Abrasion Test, Marshall Test, sand patch test, British pendulum test, and indoor tire-rolling-down test. The results showed that the HFTO exhibited a lower tire/pavement noise than the AC and SMA. Additionally, HFTO had superior high-temperature stability, larger macro texture, and higher skid resistance in comparison to those of AC, but lower than those of SMA. Consequently, HFTO mixtures may be considered a suitable replacement for traditional AC mixtures in regions where skid resistance and noise reduction are concerns.

关键词: road engineering     pavement maintenance     high friction thin overlay     performance     skid resistance     tire/pavement noise    

Pavement sustainability index for highway infrastructures: A case study of Maryland

Stella O. OBAZEE-IGBINEDION, Oludare OWOLABI

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第2期   页码 192-200 doi: 10.1007/s11709-017-0413-y

摘要: Pavement deterioration creates conditions that undermine their performances, which gives rise to the need for maintenance and rehabilitation. This paper develops a mathematical multi-linear regression analysis (MLRA) model to determine a pavement sustainability index ( ) as dependent variable for flexible pavements in Maryland. Four categories of pavement performance evaluation indicators are subdivided into seven pavement condition indices and analyzed as independent variables for each section of pavement. Data are collected from five different roadways using field evaluations and existing database. Results indicate that coefficient of determination ( ) is correlated and significant, = 0.959. Of the seven independent variables, present serviceability index ( ) is the most significant with a coefficient value of 0.032, present serviceability rating ( ) coefficient value= 0.028, and international roughness index ( ) coefficient value= ?0.001. Increasing each unit value of coefficients for and would increase the value of ; thereby providing a more sustainable pavement infrastructure; which explains the significance of the model and why will most likely impact environmental, economic and social values.

关键词: pavement indices     sustainability     pavement performance     flexible pavements    

Performance of steel bridge deck pavement structure with ultra high performance concrete based on resin

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第4期   页码 895-904 doi: 10.1007/s11709-021-0759-z

摘要: This research investigated a pavement system on steel bridge decks that use epoxy resin (EP) bonded ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC). Through FEM analysis and static and dynamic bending fatigue tests of the composite structure, the influences of the interface of the pavement layer, reinforcement, and different paving materials on the structural performance were compared and analyzed. The results show that the resin bonded UHPC pavement structure can reduce the weld strain in the steel plate by about 32% and the relative deflection between ribs by about 52% under standard axial load conditions compared to traditional pavements. The EP bonding layer can nearly double the drawing strength of the pavement interface from 1.3 MPa, and improve the bending resistance of the UHPC structure on steel bridge decks by about 50%; the bending resistance of reinforced UHPC structures is twice that of unreinforced UHPC structure, and the dynamic deflection of the UHPC pavement structure increases exponentially with increasing fatigue load. The fatigue life is about 1.2 × 107 cycles under a fixed force of 9 kN and a dynamic deflection of 0.35 mm, which meets the requirements for fatigue performance of pavements on steel bridge decks under traffic conditions of large flow and heavy load.

关键词: steel bridge deck pavement     ultra-high-performance concrete     epoxy resin     composite structure     bending fatigue performance    

Discrepant responses of soil organic carbon dynamics to nitrogen addition in different layers: a case RESEARCH ARTICLE

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2024年 第11卷 第2期   页码 314-325 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2024565

摘要:

Empirical research indicates that heightened soil nitrogen availability can potentially diminish microbial decomposition of soil organic carbon (SOC). Nevertheless, the relationship between SOC turnover response to N addition and soil depth remains unclear. In this study, soils under varying N fertilizer application rates were sampled up to 100 cm deep to examine the contribution of both new and old carbon to SOC across different soil depths, using a coupled carbon and nitrogen isotopic approach. The SOC turnover time for the plot receiving low N addition (250 kg·ha−1·yr−1 N) was about 20−40 years. Conversely, the plot receiving high N (450 kg·ha−1·yr−1 N) had a longer SOC turnover time than the low N plot, reaching about 100 years in the upper 10−20 cm layer. The rise in SOC over the entire profile with low N addition primarily resulted from an increase in the upper soil (0−40 cm) whereas with high N addition, the increase was mainly from greater SOC in the deeper soil (40−100 cm). Throughout the entire soil layer, the proportion of new organic carbon derived from maize C4 plant sources was higher in plots treated with a low N rate than those treated with a high N rate. This implies that, in contrast to low N addition agricultural practices, high N addition predominantly enhances the soil potential for fixing SOC by transporting organic matter from surface soils to deeper layers characterized by more stable properties. This research offers a unique insight into the dynamics of deep carbon under increased N deposition, thereby aiding in the formulation of policies for soil carbon management.

关键词: case study agroecosystem     Discrepant responses soil    

Finite element modeling of environmental effects on rigid pavement deformation

Sunghwan KIM,Halil CEYLAN,Kasthurirangan GOPALAKRISHNAN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第2期   页码 101-114 doi: 10.1007/s11709-014-0254-x

摘要: In this study, finite element (FE)-based primary pavement response models are employed for investigating the early-age deformation characteristics of jointed plain concrete pavements (JPCP) under environmental effects. The FE-based ISLAB (two-and-one-half-dimensional) and EverFE (three-dimensional) software were used to conduct the response analysis. Sensitivity analyses of input parameters used in ISLAB and EverFE were conducted based on field and laboratory test data collected from instrumented pavements on highway US-34 near Burlington, Iowa. Based on the combination of input parameters and equivalent temperatures established from preliminary studies, FE analyses were performed and compared with the field measurements. Comparisons between field measured and computed deformations showed that both FE programs could produce reasonably accurate estimates of actual slab deformations due to environmental effects using the equivalent temperature difference concept.

关键词: jointed plain concrete pavements (JPCP)     curling and warping     sensitivity analyses     rigid pavement analysis and design     finite element analysis (FEA)    

Modeling of dynamic response of poroelastic soil layers under wave loading

Mehmet Bar?? Can üLKER

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第1期   页码 1-18 doi: 10.1007/s11709-014-0233-2

摘要: In this paper, the dynamic response of saturated and layered soils under harmonic waves is modeled using the finite element method. The numerical results are then verified by corresponding analytical solutions which are also developed by the author. The equations governing the dynamics of porous media are written in their fully dynamic form and possible simplifications are introduced based on the presence of inertial terms associated with solid and fluid phases. The response variations are presented in terms of pore water pressure and shear stress distributions within the layers. It is determined that a set of non-dimensional parameters and their respective ratios as a result of layering play a major role in the dynamic response.

关键词: dynamic response of soils     coupled flow-deformation     finite elements     analytical solution     harmonic waves    

A cumulative damage model for predicting and assessing raveling in asphalt pavement using an energy dissipation

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2024年 第18卷 第6期   页码 949-962 doi: 10.1007/s11709-024-1074-2

摘要: Raveling is a common distress of asphalt pavements, defined as the removal of stones from the pavement surface. To predict and assess raveling quantitatively, a cumulative damage model based on an energy dissipation approach has been developed at the meso level. To construct the model, a new test method, the pendulum impact test, was employed to determine the fracture energy of the stone-mastic-stone meso-unit, while digital image analysis and dynamic shear rheometer test were used to acquire the strain rate of specimens and the rheology property of mastic, respectively. Analysis of the model reveals that when the material properties remain constant, the cumulative damage is directly correlated with loading time, loading amplitude, and loading frequency. Specifically, damage increases with superimposed linear and cosine variations over time. A higher stress amplitude results in a more rapidly increasing rate of damage, while a lower load frequency leads to more severe damage within the same loading time. Moreover, an example of the application of the model has been presented, showing that the model can be utilized to estimate failure life due to raveling. The model is able to offer a theoretical foundation for the design and maintenance of anti-raveling asphalt pavements.

关键词: asphalt pavement     raveling     cumulative damage     dissipation energy theory    

Modification of premixed combustion in shear layers by grid turbulence

MU Kejin, WANG Yue, ZHANG Zhedian, NIE Chaoqun

《能源前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第2期   页码 245-250 doi: 10.1007/s11708-007-0034-6

摘要: The influence of grid turbulence on the shear layer of a jet and the premixed flames embedded in it was investigated in the present study. The velocity field of the jet was measured by using hot-wire anemometry. It was found that grid turbulence reduced turbulence intensities in the shear layer and suppressed low frequency fluctuation. Moreover, the energy contained in small-scale fluctuation was increased and turbulence became homogeneous. The results indicate that grid turbulence inhibits the formation of a large-scale coherent structure in the shear layer. Flame temperature was measured by using a compensated fine-wire thermocouple. It was found that grid turbulence reduced low frequency fluctuation of the flame fronts, increased the small-scale wrinkles and elevated the mean temperature of the flame zone. The results show that grid turbulence can enhance and stabilize premixed flames in shear flow.

关键词: homogeneous     fine-wire thermocouple     temperature     hot-wire anemometry     premixed    

Life-cycle cost analysis of optimal timing of pavement preservation

Zilong WANG,Hao WANG

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第1期   页码 17-26 doi: 10.1007/s11709-016-0369-3

摘要: Optimal application of pavement preservation or preventive maintenance is critical for highway agencies to allocate the limited budget for different treatments. This study developed an integrated life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) model to quantify the impact of pavement preservation on agency cost and vehicle operation cost (VOC) and analyzed the optimal timing of preservation treatments. The international roughness index (IRI) data were extracted from the long-term pavement performance (LTPP) program specific pavement studies 3 (SPS-3) to determine the long-term effectiveness of preservation treatments on IRI deterioration. The traffic loading and the initial IRI value significantly affects life extension and the benefit of agency cost caused by pavement preservation. The benefit in VOC is one to two orders greater in magnitude as compared to the benefit in agency cost. The optimal timing calculated based on VOC is always earlier than the optimal timing calculated based on agency cost. There are considerable differences among the optimal timing of three preservation treatments.

关键词: pavement preservation     life-cycle cost analysis     agency cost     vehicle operation cost    

Estimation of flexible pavement structural capacity using machine learning techniques

Nader KARBALLAEEZADEH, Hosein GHASEMZADEH TEHRANI, Danial MOHAMMADZADEH SHADMEHRI, Shahaboddin SHAMSHIRBAND

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第5期   页码 1083-1096 doi: 10.1007/s11709-020-0654-z

摘要: The most common index for representing structural condition of the pavement is the structural number. The current procedure for determining structural numbers involves utilizing falling weight deflectometer and ground-penetrating radar tests, recording pavement surface deflections, and analyzing recorded deflections by back-calculation manners. This procedure has two drawbacks: falling weight deflectometer and ground-penetrating radar are expensive tests; back-calculation ways has some inherent shortcomings compared to exact methods as they adopt a trial and error approach. In this study, three machine learning methods entitled Gaussian process regression, M5P model tree, and random forest used for the prediction of structural numbers in flexible pavements. Dataset of this paper is related to 759 flexible pavement sections at Semnan and Khuzestan provinces in Iran and includes “structural number” as output and “surface deflections and surface temperature” as inputs. The accuracy of results was examined based on three criteria of , , and . Among the methods employed in this paper, random forest is the most accurate as it yields the best values for above criteria ( =0.841, =0.592, and =0.760). The proposed method does not require to use ground penetrating radar test, which in turn reduce costs and work difficulty. Using machine learning methods instead of back-calculation improves the calculation process quality and accuracy.

关键词: transportation infrastructure     flexible pavement     structural number prediction     Gaussian process regression     M5P model tree     random forest    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Crushed rocks stabilized with organosilane and lignosulfonate in pavement unbound layers: Repeated load

Diego Maria BARBIERI, Inge HOFF, Chun-Hsing HO

期刊论文

Application of granular solid hydrodynamics to a well-graded unbound granular material undergoing triaxial

Shixiong SONG, Qicheng SUN, Feng JIN, Chuhan ZHANG

期刊论文

Analyses of the seismic responses of soil layers with deep deposits

LOU Menglin, LI Yuchun, LI Nansheng

期刊论文

Structural pavement assessment in Germany

Lutz PINKOFSKY, Dirk JANSEN

期刊论文

Factors affecting the formation of zeolite seed layers and the effects of seed layers on the growth of

ZHANG Xiongfu, WANG Jinqu, LIU Hai′ou, WANG Anjie

期刊论文

Laboratory evaluation of high-friction thin overlays for pavement preservation

期刊论文

Pavement sustainability index for highway infrastructures: A case study of Maryland

Stella O. OBAZEE-IGBINEDION, Oludare OWOLABI

期刊论文

Performance of steel bridge deck pavement structure with ultra high performance concrete based on resin

期刊论文

Discrepant responses of soil organic carbon dynamics to nitrogen addition in different layers: a case

期刊论文

Finite element modeling of environmental effects on rigid pavement deformation

Sunghwan KIM,Halil CEYLAN,Kasthurirangan GOPALAKRISHNAN

期刊论文

Modeling of dynamic response of poroelastic soil layers under wave loading

Mehmet Bar?? Can üLKER

期刊论文

A cumulative damage model for predicting and assessing raveling in asphalt pavement using an energy dissipation

期刊论文

Modification of premixed combustion in shear layers by grid turbulence

MU Kejin, WANG Yue, ZHANG Zhedian, NIE Chaoqun

期刊论文

Life-cycle cost analysis of optimal timing of pavement preservation

Zilong WANG,Hao WANG

期刊论文

Estimation of flexible pavement structural capacity using machine learning techniques

Nader KARBALLAEEZADEH, Hosein GHASEMZADEH TEHRANI, Danial MOHAMMADZADEH SHADMEHRI, Shahaboddin SHAMSHIRBAND

期刊论文