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Real-time simulation platform for photovoltaic system with a boost converter using MPPT algorithm in

Geethanjali PURUSHOTHAMAN, Vimisha VENUGOPALAN, Aleena Mariya VINCENT

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第3期   页码 373-379 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0272-8

摘要: Recently, real-time simulation of renewable energy sources are indispensible for evaluating the performance of the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controller, especially in the photovoltaic (PV) system in order to reduce cost in the testing phase. Nowadays, real time PV simulators are obtained by using analog and/or digital components. In this paper, a real-time simulation of a PV system with a boost converter was proposed using only the digital signal processor (DSP) processor with two DC voltage sources to emulate the temperature and irradiation in the PV system. A MATLAB/Simulink environment was used to develop the real-time PV system with a boost converter into a C-program and build it into a DSP controller TMS320F28335. Besides, the performance of the real-time DSP-based PV was tested in different temperature and irradiation conditions to observe the P-V and V-I characteristics. Further, the performance of the PV with a boost converter was tested at different temperatures and irradiations using MPPT algorithms. This scheme was tested through simulation and the results were validated with that of standard conditions given in the PV data sheets. Implementation of this project helped to attract more researchers to study renewable energy applications without real sources. This might facilitate the study of PV systems in a real-time scenario and the evaluation of what should be expected for PV modules available in the market.

关键词: photovoltaic (PV) module     digital signal processor (DSP) controller     power electronic converter     real-time simulation    

Human power-based energy harvesting strategies for mobile electronic devices

Dewei JIA, Jing LIU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第1期   页码 27-46 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0002-4

摘要: Energy problems arise with the proliferation of mobile electronic devices, which range from entertainment tools to life saving medical instruments. The large amount of energy consumption and increasing mobility of electronic devices make it urgent that new power sources should be developed. It has been gradually recognized that the human body is highly flexible in generating applicable power from sources of heat dissipation, joint rotation, enforcement of body weight, vertical displacement of mass centers, and even elastic deformation of tissues and other attachments. These basic combinations of daily activities or metabolic phenomena open up possibilities for harvesting energy which is strong enough to power mobile or even implantable medical devices which could be used for a long time or be recharged permanently. A comprehensive review is presented in this paper on the latest developed or incubating electricity generation methods based on human power which would serve as promising candidates for future mobile power. Thermal and mechanical energy, investigated more thoroughly so far, will particularly be emphasized. Thermal energy relies on body heat and employs the property of thermoelectric materials, while mechanical energy is generally extracted in the form of enforcement or displacement excitation. For illustration purposes, the piezoelectric effect, dielectric elastomer and the electromagnetic induction couple, which can convert force directly into electricity, were also evaluated. Meanwhile, examples are given to explain how to adopt inertia generators for converting displacement energy via piezoelectric, electrostatic, electromagnetic or magnetostrictive vibrators. Finally, future prospects in harvesting energy from human power are made in conclusion.

关键词: mobile electronic device     human power     energy harvesting     micro/miniaturized generator     battery     green energy    

Emerging technologies to power next generation mobile electronic devices using solar energy

Dewei JIA , Yubo DUAN , Jing LIU ,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第3期   页码 262-288 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0015-z

摘要: Mobile electronic devices such as MP3, mobile phones, and wearable or implanted medical devices have already or will soon become a necessity in peoples’ lives. However, the further development of these devices is restricted not only by the inconvenient charging process of the power module, but also by the soaring prices of fossil fuel and its downstream chain of electricity manipulation. In view of the huge amount of solar energy fueling the world biochemically and thermally, a carry-on electricity harvester embedded in portable devices is emerging as a most noteworthy research area and engineering practice for a cost efficient solution. Such a parasitic problem is intrinsic in the next generation portable devices. This paper is dedicated to presenting an overview of the photovoltaic strategy in the chain as a reference for researchers and practitioners committed to solving the problem.

关键词: photovoltaic conversion     energy harvesting     solar cell     maximum power point track algorithm     PV electricity storage     mobile/standalone PV application    

Experimental investigation of liquid metal alloy based mini-channel heat exchanger for high power electronic

Manli LUO, Jing LIU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第4期   页码 479-486 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0277-3

摘要: There is currently a growing demand for developing efficient techniques for cooling integrated electronic devices with ever increasing heat generation power. To better tackle the high-density heat dissipation difficulty within the limited space, this paper is dedicated to clarify the heat transfer behaviors of the liquid metal flowing in mini-channel exchangers with different geometric configurations. A series of comparative experiments using liquid metal alloy Ga68%In20%Sn12% as coolant were conducted under prescribed mass flow rates in three kinds of heat exchangers with varied geometric sizes. Meanwhile, numerical simulations for the heat exchangers under the same working conditions were also performed which well interpreted the experimental measurements. The simulated heat sources were all cooled down by these three heat dissipation apparatuses and the exchanger with the smallest channel width was found to have the largest mean heat transfer coefficient at all conditions due to its much larger heat transfer area. Further, the present work has also developed a correlation equation for characterizing the Nusselt number depending on Peclet number, which is applicable to the low Peclet number case with constant heat flux in the hydrodynamically developed and thermally developing region in the rectangular channel. This study is expected to provide valuable reference for designing future liquid metal based mini-channel heat exchanger.

关键词: heat exchanger     liquid metal     mini-channel     heat dissipation     heat transfer coefficient    

A unified power electronic controller for wind driven grid connected wound rotor induction generator

D. R. BINU BEN JOSE, N. AMMASAI GOUNDEN, Raavi SRI NAGA RAMESH

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第1期   页码 39-48 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0229-3

摘要: The implementation of a simple power converter for a wound rotor induction generator employing a three phase diode bridge rectifier and a line commutated inverter in the rotor circuit for super synchronous speeds has been proposed. The detailed working of the system in power smoothing mode and maximum power point tracking mode is presented. The current flow in the rotor circuit is controlled (by controlling the firing angle of the line commutated inverter) for controlling the stator power in both the modes. An 8 bit PIC microcontroller has been programmed to vary the firing angle of the line commutated inverter. Experiments have been carried out on a 3-phase, 3.73 kW, 400 V, 50 Hz, 4-pole, 1500 r/min wound rotor induction generator and the results obtained with the generator supplying power in both the modes are furnished. The complete scheme has been modeled using MATLAB/SIMULINK blocks and a simulation study has been conducted. The experimental waveforms are compared with the simulation results and a very close agreement between them is observed.

关键词: line commutated inverter     MPPT     power smoothing     wound rotor induction generator    

风力发电变流器发展现状与展望

马伟明,肖飞

《中国工程科学》 2011年 第13卷 第1期   页码 11-20

摘要:

风电机组宽泛的使用环境,使作为机组关键设备之一的大容量变流器必须满足高功率密度、高可靠性与优良控制性能等要求。国产风电变流器的研发近几年有了较快的发展,但总体上依然落后于国外先进水平。文章对风电变流器,重点是直驱式全功率变流器的若干关键技术做了介绍,给出了相关问题的解决思路。

关键词: 风力发电     变速恒频     双馈型     直驱型     变流器    

Fault tolerant control strategy for modular PWM current source inverter

《能源前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.1007/s11708-022-0852-6

摘要: In this paper, a fault-tolerant control method for an input-series output-parallel modular grid-tied pulse-width modulation (PWM) current source inverter is proposed to address the most commonly seen single symmetrical gate-commutated thyristor (SGCT) open-circuit fault problems. This method actively offsets the neutral point of the current space vector to ensure a sinusoidal output of the grid current, and it can achieve the upper limit power of the inverter under the condition of a single SGCT open-circuit fault. In addition, an active damping control method based on grid harmonic current feedback is proposed after analyzing the influence of the transformer ferromagnetic resonance caused by the neutral point offset on the power quality of the grid current. It has been demonstrated that the proposed method effectively suppresses the resonance caused by the transformer and the modified modulation, improving the grid current’s power quality.

关键词: current source converter (CSC)     fault-tolerant control     space vector modulation     active damping     resonance suppression     power quality    

Simulation of grid connection and maximum power point tracking control of brushless doubly-fed generatorin wind power system

Hicham SERHOUD, Djilani BENATTOUS

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第3期   页码 380-387 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0252-z

摘要: In this paper, based on the analysis of the mathematical model in a common synchronous reference frame of the brushless doubly-fed generator (BDFG), the grid connection strategy and maximum energy extraction control were both analyzed. Besides, the transient simulation of no-load model and generation model of the BDFG have been developed on the MATLAB/Simulink platform. The test results during cutting-in grid confirmed the good dynamic performance of grid synchronization and effective power control approach for the BDFG-based variable speed wind turbines.

关键词: brushless doubly-fed generator (BDFG)     modeling     grid connection control     back-to-back pulse-width modulation (PWM) converter     wind power generation    

A comprehensive simulator for assessing the reliability of a photovoltaic panel peak power tracking system

Nabil KAHOUL,Mourad HOUABES,Ammar NEÇAIBIA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第2期   页码 170-179 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0353-y

摘要: When designing a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm, it is often difficult to correctly predict, before field testing, the behavior of this MPPT under varying solar irradiation on photovoltaic (PV) panels. A solution to this problem is to design a maximum power point trackers simulator of a PV system used to test MPPT algorithms. This simulator must have the same role as the MPPT card of the PV panel and thus will fully emulate the response of a real MPPT card of the PV panel. Therefore, it is a good substitute to help to test the peak power trackers of the PV system in the laboratory. This paper describes a simple peak power trackers simulator of the PV system which has a short response time thus, can be used to test MPPT algorithms under very rapid variation condition. The obtained results and the theoretical operation confirm the reliability and the superior performance of the proposed model.

关键词: photovoltaic module     DC-DC converter     design     maximum power point tracking (MPPT) card     microprocessor    

A review on front end conversion in ocean wave energy converters

Nagulan SANTHOSH,Venkatesan BASKARAN,Arunachalam AMARKARTHIK

《能源前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第3期   页码 297-310 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0370-x

摘要: Harvesting the energy from ocean waves is one of the greatest attractions for energy engineers and scientists. Till date, plenty of methods have been adopted to harvest the energy from the ocean waves. However, due to technological and economical complexity, it is intricate to involve the majority of these energy harvesters in the real ocean environment. Effective utilization and sustainability of any wave energy harvester depend upon its adaptability in the irregular seasonal waves, situation capability in maximum energy extraction and finally fulfilling the economic barriers. In this paper, the front end energy conversions are reviewed in detail which is positioned in the first stage of the wave energy converter among other stages such as power take off (PTO) and electrical energy conversion. If the recent development of these front end energy conversion is well known then developing wave energy converter with economic and commercial viability is possible. The aim of this review is to provide information on front end energy conversion of a point absorber and emphasize the strategies and calamity to be considered in designing such kinds of devices to improve the energy harvesting competence. This will be useful to the engineers for speeding up the development of a matured point absorbing type wave energy converter.

关键词: wave energy converter     point absorbers     power take off (PTO)     front end energy conversion    

Review of recent advances of polymer based dielectrics for high-energy storage in electronic power devices

Wenjie Sun, Jiale Mao, Shuang Wang, Lei Zhang, Yonghong Cheng

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第1期   页码 18-34 doi: 10.1007/s11705-020-1939-4

摘要: Polymer-based dielectric capacitors are widely-used energy storage devices. However, although the functions of dielectrics in applications like high-voltage direct current transmission projects, distributed energy systems, high-power pulse systems and new energy electric vehicles are similar, their requirements can be quite different. Low electric loss is a critical prerequisite for capacitors for electric grids, while high-temperature stability is an essential pre-requirement for those in electric vehicles. This paper reviews recent advances in this area, and categorizes dielectrics in terms of their foremost properties related to their target applications. Requirements for polymer-based dielectrics in various power electronic equipment are emphasized, including high energy storage density, low dissipation, high working temperature and fast-response time. This paper considers innovations including chemical structure modification, composite fabrication and structure re-design, and the enhancements to material performances achieved. The advantages and limitations of these methods are also discussed.

关键词: dielectric capacitors     polymer-based dielectrics     energy density     dielectric loss     working temperature     frequency response    

Rapid transaction to load variations of active filter supplied by PV system

M. BENADJA,S. SAAD,A. BELHAMRA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 335-344 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0325-7

摘要: This paper deals with the analysis and control of a photovoltaic (PV) system connected to the main supply through a Boost converter and shunt active filter supplied by a PV system providing continuous supply of nonlinear load in variation. A robust control of a PV system connected to the grid while feeding a variable nonlinear load is developed and highlighted. This development is based on the control of the Boost converter to extract the maximum power from the PV system using the Perturb and Observe (P and O) algorithm in the presence of temperature and illumination. The proposed modeling and control strategy provide power to the variable nonlinear load and facilitates the transfer of power from solar panel to the grid while improving the quality of energy (harmonic currents compensation, power factor compensation and dc bus voltage regulation). Validation of the developed model and control strategy is conducted using power system simulator Sim-Power System Blockset Matlab/Simulink. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the shunt active filter to load changes, the method of instantaneous power ( theory) is used to identify harmonic currents. The obtained results show an accurate extraction of harmonic currents and perfect compensation of both reactive power and harmonic currents with a lower THD and in accordance with the IEEE-519 standard.

关键词: solar panels     maximum power point tracking (MPPT)     DC/DC converter (Boost)     shunt active filter     instantaneous power control     power quality     harmonics     imbalances     reactive energy    

Toward a nonlinear control of an AC-DC-PWM converter dedicated to induction heating

Amel HADRI-HAMIDA, S. ZEROUALI, A. ALLAG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第2期   页码 140-145 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0243-0

摘要: In this paper, a nonlinear control strategy applied to an AC-DC-pulse width modulation (PWM) converter is developed and simulated. First a nonlinear system modeling is derived with state variables of the input current and the output voltage by using power balance of the input and output. The system is linearized and decoupled, and then a state feedback law is obtained. For robust control of parameter perturbation, integrators are added to the exact feedback control law. The simulation is provided to verify the validity of the control algorithm.

关键词: DC-DC converter     AC-DC-pulse width modulation (PWM) converter     induction heating     nonlinear control    

A linear quadratic regulator control of a stand-alone PEM fuel cell power plant

Amar BENAISSA, Boualaga RABHI, Ammar MOUSSI, Dahmani AISSA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第1期   页码 62-72 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0291-5

摘要: This paper introduces a technique based on linear quadratic regulator (LQR) to control the output voltage at the load point versus load variation from a stand-alone proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell power plant (FCPP) for a group housing use. The controller modifies the optimal gains by minimizing a cost function, and the phase angle of the AC output voltage to control the active and reactive power output from an FCPP to match the terminal load. The control actions are based on feedback signals from the terminal load, output voltage and fuel cell feedback current. The topology chosen for the simulation consists of a 45 kW proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), boost type DC/DC converter, a three-phase DC/AC inverter followed by an LC filter. Simulation results show that the proposed control strategy operated at low commutation frequency (2 kHz) offers good performances versus load variations with low total harmonic distortions (THD) , which is very useful for high power applications.

关键词: modeling of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC)     controlling of PEMFC     linear quadratic regulator (LQR)     DC/DC converter     DC/AC inverter    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Real-time simulation platform for photovoltaic system with a boost converter using MPPT algorithm in

Geethanjali PURUSHOTHAMAN, Vimisha VENUGOPALAN, Aleena Mariya VINCENT

期刊论文

Human power-based energy harvesting strategies for mobile electronic devices

Dewei JIA, Jing LIU

期刊论文

Emerging technologies to power next generation mobile electronic devices using solar energy

Dewei JIA , Yubo DUAN , Jing LIU ,

期刊论文

Experimental investigation of liquid metal alloy based mini-channel heat exchanger for high power electronic

Manli LUO, Jing LIU

期刊论文

冯延晖:电力电子交流器故障诊断与容错控制(2020年8月18日)

2022年10月17日

会议视频

A unified power electronic controller for wind driven grid connected wound rotor induction generator

D. R. BINU BEN JOSE, N. AMMASAI GOUNDEN, Raavi SRI NAGA RAMESH

期刊论文

风力发电变流器发展现状与展望

马伟明,肖飞

期刊论文

Fault tolerant control strategy for modular PWM current source inverter

期刊论文

Simulation of grid connection and maximum power point tracking control of brushless doubly-fed generatorin wind power system

Hicham SERHOUD, Djilani BENATTOUS

期刊论文

A comprehensive simulator for assessing the reliability of a photovoltaic panel peak power tracking system

Nabil KAHOUL,Mourad HOUABES,Ammar NEÇAIBIA

期刊论文

A review on front end conversion in ocean wave energy converters

Nagulan SANTHOSH,Venkatesan BASKARAN,Arunachalam AMARKARTHIK

期刊论文

Review of recent advances of polymer based dielectrics for high-energy storage in electronic power devices

Wenjie Sun, Jiale Mao, Shuang Wang, Lei Zhang, Yonghong Cheng

期刊论文

Rapid transaction to load variations of active filter supplied by PV system

M. BENADJA,S. SAAD,A. BELHAMRA

期刊论文

Toward a nonlinear control of an AC-DC-PWM converter dedicated to induction heating

Amel HADRI-HAMIDA, S. ZEROUALI, A. ALLAG

期刊论文

A linear quadratic regulator control of a stand-alone PEM fuel cell power plant

Amar BENAISSA, Boualaga RABHI, Ammar MOUSSI, Dahmani AISSA

期刊论文