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Cyber–Physical Power System (CPPS): A review on measures and optimization methods of system resilience

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第4期   页码 503-518 doi: 10.1007/s42524-021-0163-3

摘要: The Cyber–Physical Power System (CPPS) is one of the most critical infrastructure systems in a country because a stable and secure power supply is a key foundation for national and social development. In recent years, resilience has become a major topic in preventing and mitigating the risks caused by large-scale blackouts of CPPSs. Accordingly, the concept and significance of CPPS resilience are at first explained from the engineering perspective in this study. Then, a review of representative quantitative assessment measures of CPPS resilience applied in the existing literature is provided. On the basis of these assessment measures, the optimization methods of CPPS resilience are reviewed from three perspectives, which are mainly focused on the current research, namely, optimizing the recovery sequence of components, identifying and protecting critical nodes, and enhancing the coupling patterns between physical and cyber networks. The recent advances in modeling methods for cascading failures within the CPPS, which is the theoretical foundation for the resilience assessment and optimization research of CPPSs, are also presented. Lastly, the challenges and future research directions for resilience optimizing of CPPSs are discussed.

关键词: Cyber–Physical Power System     resilience assessment     resilience optimization     cascading failure modeling    

Optimization of power and efficiency for an irreversible Diesel heat engine

Shiyan ZHENG, Guoxing LIN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第4期   页码 560-565 doi: 10.1007/s11708-010-0018-9

摘要: A cyclic model of an irreversible Diesel heat engine is presented, in which the heat loss between the working fluid and the ambient during combustion, the irreversibility inside the cyclic working fluid resulting from friction, eddies flow, and other irreversible effects are taken into account. By using the thermodynamic analysis and optimal control theory methods, the analytical expressions of power output and efficiency of the Diesel heat engine are derived. Variations of the main performance parameters with the pressure ratio of the cycle are analyzed and calculated. The optimum operating region of the heat engine is determined. Moreover, the optimum criterion of some important parameters, such as the power output, efficiency, pressure ratio, and temperatures of the working fluid at the related state points are illustrated and discussed. The conclusions obtained in the present paper may provide some theoretical guidance for the optimal parameter design of a class of internal-combustion engines.

关键词: Diesel heat engine     irreversibility     power output     efficiency     parameter optimization    

Novel power capture optimization based sensorless maximum power point tracking strategy and internal

Ali EL YAAKOUBI,Kamal ATTARI,Adel ASSELMAN,Abdelouahed DJEBLI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第4期   页码 742-756 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0462-x

摘要: Under the trends to using renewable energy sources as alternatives to the traditional ones, it is important to contribute to the fast growing development of these sources by using powerful soft computing methods. In this context, this paper introduces a novel structure to optimize and control the energy produced from a variable speed wind turbine which is based on a squirrel cage induction generator (SCIG) and connected to the grid. The optimization strategy of the harvested power from the wind is realized by a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm based on fuzzy logic, and the control strategy of the generator is implemented by means of an internal model (IM) controller. Three IM controllers are incorporated in the vector control technique, as an alternative to the proportional integral (PI) controller, to implement the proposed optimization strategy. The MPPT in conjunction with the IM controller is proposed as an alternative to the traditional tip speed ratio (TSR) technique, to avoid any disturbance such as wind speed measurement and wind turbine (WT) characteristic uncertainties. Based on the simulation results of a six KW-WECS model in Matlab/Simulink, the presented control system topology is reliable and keeps the system operation around the desired response.

关键词: power optimization     wind energy conversion system     maximum power point tracking (MPPT)     fuzzy logic     internal model (IM) controller    

Modeling, evaluation, and optimization of gas-power and energy supply scenarios

Hossam A. GABBAR,Aboelsood ZIDAN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第4期   页码 393-408 doi: 10.1007/s11708-016-0422-x

摘要: Recently, renewable energy sources such as wind power and photovoltaic (PV) are receiving a wide acceptance because they are inexhaustible and nonpolluting. Renewable energy sources are intermittent ones because of climate changes in wind speed and solar irradiance. Due to the continuous demand growth and the necessity for efficient and reliable electricity supply, there is a real need to increase the penetration of gas technologies in power grids. The Canadian government and stakeholders are looking for ways to increase the reliability and sustainability of power grid, and gas-power technologies may provide a solution. This paper explores the integration of gas and renewable generation technologies to provide a qualified, reliable, and environmentally friendly power system while satisfying regional electricity demands and reducing generation cost. Scenarios are evaluated using four key performance indicators (KPIs), economic, power quality, reliability, and environmental friendliness. Various scenarios outcomes are compared based on the defined performance indices. The proposed scenario analysis tool has three components, the geographic information system (GIS) for recording transmission and distribution lines and generation sites, the energy semantic network (ESN) knowledgebase to store information, and an algorithm created in Matlab/Simulink for evaluating scenarios. To interact with the scenario analysis tool, a graphical user interface (GUI) is used where users can define the desired geographic area, desired generation percentage via gas technology, and system parameters. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method, the regional zone of the province of Ontario and Toronto are used as case studies.

关键词: gas-power     renewable     key performance indicators (KPIs)     reliability    

Constriction factor based particle swarm optimization for analyzing tuned reactive power dispatch

Syamasree BISWAS(RAHA), Kamal Krishna MANDAL, Niladri CHAKRABORTY

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第2期   页码 174-181 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0246-x

摘要: The reactive power dispatch (RPD) problem is a very critical optimization problem of power system which minimizes the real power loss of the transmission system. While solving the said problem, generator bus voltages and transformer tap settings are kept within a stable operating limit. In connection with the RPD problem, solving reactive power is compensated by incorporating shunt capacitors. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique is a swarm intelligence based fast working optimization method which is chosen in this paper as an optimization tool. Additionally, the constriction factor is included with the conventional PSO technique to accelerate the convergence property of the applied optimization tool. In this paper, the RPD problem is solved in the case of the two higher bus systems, i.e., the IEEE 57-bus system and the IEEE 118-bus system. Furthermore, the result of the present paper is compared with a few optimization technique based results to substantiate the effectiveness of the proposed study.

关键词: real power loss minimization     voltage stability     constriction factor     particle swarm optimization (PSO)    

Study of operation optimization based on data mining technique in power plants

LI Jianqiang, LIU Jizhen, GU Junjie, NIU Chenglin

《能源前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第4期   页码 457-462 doi: 10.1007/s11708-007-0067-1

摘要: The determination of operation optimization value is very important for economic analysis and operation optimization in power plants. The operation optimization value determined by traditional methods usually cannot reflect the ac

关键词: traditional     optimization     determination     economic analysis     important    

Combined heat and power economic dispatch problem using the invasive weed optimization algorithm

T. JAYABARATHI, Afshin YAZDANI, V. RAMESH, T. RAGHUNATHAN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第1期   页码 25-30 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0276-4

摘要: Cogeneration units which produce both heat and electric power are found in many process industries. These industries also consume heat directly in addition to electricity. The cogeneration units operate only within a feasible zone. Each point within the feasible zone consists of a specific value of heat and electric power. These units are used along with other units which produce either heat or power exclusively. Hence the economic dispatch problem for these plants optimizing the fuel cost is quite complex and several classical and meta-heuristic algorithms have been proposed earlier. This paper applies the invasive weed optimization algorithm which is inspired by the ecological process of weed colonization and distribution. The results obtained have been compared with those obtained by other methods earlier and showed a marked improvement over earlier ones.

关键词: combined heat and power (CHP)     economic dispatch     meta-heuristic algorithm     invasive weed optimization     cogeneration    

Optimization of cold-end system of thermal power plants based on entropy generation minimization

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期   页码 956-972 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0785-5

摘要: Cold-end systems are heat sinks of thermal power cycles, which have an essential effect on the overall performance of thermal power plants. To enhance the efficiency of thermal power plants, multi-pressure condensers have been applied in some large-capacity thermal power plants. However, little attention has been paid to the optimization of the cold-end system with multi-pressure condensers which have multiple parameters to be identified. Therefore, the design optimization methods of cold-end systems with single- and multi-pressure condensers are developed based on the entropy generation rate, and the genetic algorithm (GA) is used to optimize multiple parameters. Multiple parameters, including heat transfer area of multi-pressure condensers, steam distribution in condensers, and cooling water mass flow rate, are optimized while considering detailed entropy generation rate of the cold-end systems. The results show that the entropy generation rate of the multi-pressure cold-end system is less than that of the single-pressure cold-end system when the total condenser area is constant. Moreover, the economic performance can be improved with the adoption of the multi-pressure cold-end system. When compared with the single-pressure cold-end system, the excess revenues gained by using dual- and quadruple-pressure cold-end systems are 575 and 580 k$/a, respectively.

关键词: cold-end system     entropy generation minimization     optimization     economic analysis     genetic algorithm (GA)    

A novel power system reconfiguration for a distribution system with minimum load balancing index usingbacterial foraging optimization algorithm

K. Sathish KUMAR, T. JAYABARATHI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第3期   页码 260-265 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0196-8

摘要: In this paper, the objective of minimum load balancing index (LBI) for the 16-bus distribution system is achieved using bacterial foraging optimization algorithm (BFOA). The feeder reconfiguration problem is formulated as a non-linear optimization problem and the optimal solution is obtained using BFOA. With the proposed reconfiguration method, the radial structure of the distribution system is retained and the burden on the optimization technique is reduced. Test results are presented for the 16-bus sample network, the proposed reconfiguration method has effectively decreased the LBI, and the BFOA technique is efficient in searching for the optimal solution.

关键词: bacterial foraging optimization algorithm (BFOA)     distribution system     network reconfiguration     load balancing index (LBI)     radial network    

Review of stochastic optimization methods for smart grid

S. Surender REDDY, Vuddanti SANDEEP, Chan-Mook JUNG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第2期   页码 197-209 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0457-7

摘要: This paper presents various approaches used by researchers for handling the uncertainties involved in renewable energy sources, load demands, etc. It gives an idea about stochastic programming (SP) and discusses the formulations given by different researchers for objective functions such as cost, loss, generation expansion, and voltage/V control with various conventional and advanced methods. Besides, it gives a brief idea about SP and its applications and discusses different variants of SP such as recourse model, chance constrained programming, sample average approximation, and risk aversion. Moreover, it includes the application of these variants in various power systems. Furthermore, it also includes the general mathematical form of expression for these variants and discusses the mathematical description of the problem and modeling of the system. This review of different optimization techniques will be helpful for smart grid development including renewable energy resources (RERs).

关键词: renewable energy sources     stochastic optimization     smart grid     uncertainty     optimal power flow (OPF)    

Thermo-economic analysis of a direct supercritical CO electric power generation system using geothermal

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第2期   页码 246-262 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0749-9

摘要: A comprehensive thermo-economic model combining a geothermal heat mining system and a direct supercritical CO2 turbine expansion electric power generation system was proposed in this paper. Assisted by this integrated model, thermo-economic and optimization analyses for the key design parameters of the whole system including the geothermal well pattern and operational conditions were performed to obtain a minimal levelized cost of electricity (LCOE). Specifically, in geothermal heat extraction simulation, an integrated wellbore-reservoir system model (T2Well/ECO2N) was used to generate a database for creating a fast, predictive, and compatible geothermal heat mining model by employing a response surface methodology. A parametric study was conducted to demonstrate the impact of turbine discharge pressure, injection and production well distance, CO2 injection flowrate, CO2 injection temperature, and monitored production well bottom pressure on LCOE, system thermal efficiency, and capital cost. It was found that for a 100 MWe power plant, a minimal LCOE of $0.177/kWh was achieved for a 20-year steady operation without considering CO2 sequestration credit. In addition, when CO2 sequestration credit is $1.00/t, an LCOE breakeven point compared to a conventional geothermal power plant is achieved and a breakpoint for generating electric power generation at no cost was achieved for a sequestration credit of $2.05/t.

关键词: geothermal heat mining     supercritical CO2     power generation     thermo-economic analysis     optimization    

Power system reconfiguration and loss minimization for a distribution systems using “Catfish PSO” algorithm

K Sathish KUMAR,S NAVEEN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第4期   页码 434-442 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0313-y

摘要: One of the very important ways to save electrical energy in the distribution system is network reconfiguration for loss reduction. Distribution networks are built as interconnected mesh networks; however, they are arranged to be radial in operation. The distribution feeder reconfiguration is to find a radial operating structure that optimizes network performance while satisfying operating constraints. The change in network configuration is performed by opening sectionalizing (normally closed) and closing tie (normally opened) switches of the network. These switches are changed in such a way that the radial structure of networks is maintained, all of the loads are energized, power loss is reduced, power quality is enhanced, and system security is increased. Distribution feeder reconfiguration is a complex nonlinear combinatorial problem since the status of the switches is non-differentiable. This paper proposes a new evolutionary algorithm (EA) for solving the distribution feeder reconfiguration (DFR) problem for a 33-bus and a 16-bus sample network, which effectively ensures the loss minimization.

关键词: distribution system reconfiguration (DFR)     power loss reduction     catfish particle swarm optimization (catfish PSO)     radial structure    

Control efficiency optimization and Sobol’s sensitivity indices of MTMDs design parameters for buffeting

Nazim Abdul NARIMAN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第1期   页码 66-89 doi: 10.1007/s11709-016-0356-8

摘要: This paper studies optimization of three design parameters (mass ratio, frequency ratio and damping ratio) of multiple tuned mass dampers MTMDs that are applied in a cable stayed bridge excited by a strong wind using minimax optimization technique. ABAQUS finite element program is utilized to run numerical simulations with the support of MATLAB codes and Fast Fourier Transform FFT technique. The optimum values of these three parameters are validated with two benchmarks from the literature, first with Wang and coauthors and then with Lin and coauthors. The validation procedure detected a good agreement between the results. Box-Behnken experimental method is dedicated to formulate the surrogate models to represent the control efficiency of the vertical and torsional vibrations. Sobol’s sensitivity indices are calculated for the design parameters in addition to their interaction orders. The optimization results revealed better performance of the MTMDs in controlling the vertical and the torsional vibrations for higher mode shapes. Furthermore, the calculated rational effects of each design parameter facilitate to increase the control efficiency of the MTMDs in conjunction with the support of the surrogate models.

关键词: MTMDs     power spectral density     fast Fourier transform     minimax optimization technique     Sobol’s sensitivity indices     Box-Behnken method    

Decoupling optimization of integrated energy system based on energy quality character

Shixi MA, Shengnan SUN, Hang WU, Dengji ZHOU, Huisheng ZHANG, Shilie WENG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第4期   页码 540-549 doi: 10.1007/s11708-018-0597-4

摘要:

Connections among multi-energy systems become increasingly closer with the extensive application of various energy equipment such as gas-fired power plants and electricity-driven gas compressor. Therefore, the integrated energy system has attracted much attention. This paper establishes a gas-electricity joint operation model, proposes a system evaluation index based on the energy quality character after considering the grade difference of the energy loss of the subsystem, and finds an optimal scheduling method for integrated energy systems. Besides, according to the typical load characteristics of commercial and residential users, the optimal scheduling analysis is applied to the integrated energy system composed of an IEEE 39 nodes power system and a 10 nodes natural gas system. The results prove the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method.

关键词: integrated energy system     energy quality character     optimization     electric power system     natural gas system    

A comprehensive energy solution for households employing a micro combined cooling, heating and power

Huayi ZHANG, Can ZHANG, Fushuan WEN, Yan XU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第4期   页码 582-590 doi: 10.1007/s11708-018-0592-9

摘要:

In recent years, micro combined cooling, heating and power generation (mCCHP) systems have attracted much attention in the energy demand side sector. The input energy of a mCCHP system is natural gas, while the outputs include heating, cooling and electricity energy. The mCCHP system is deemed as a possible solution for households with multiple energy demands. Given this background, a mCCHP based comprehensive energy solution for households is proposed in this paper. First, the mathematical model of a home energy hub (HEH) is presented to describe the inputs, outputs, conversion and consumption process of multiple energies in households. Then, electrical loads and thermal demands are classified and modeled in detail, and the coordination and complementation between electricity and natural gas are studied. Afterwards, the concept of thermal comfort is introduced and a robust optimization model for HEH is developed considering electricity price uncertainties. Finally, a household using a mCCHP as the energy conversion device is studied. The simulation results show that the comprehensive energy solution proposed in this work can realize multiple kinds of energy supplies for households with the minimized total energy cost.

关键词: energy hub     micro combined cooling     heating and power generation (mCCHP)     thermal comfort     robust optimization    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Cyber–Physical Power System (CPPS): A review on measures and optimization methods of system resilience

期刊论文

Optimization of power and efficiency for an irreversible Diesel heat engine

Shiyan ZHENG, Guoxing LIN

期刊论文

Novel power capture optimization based sensorless maximum power point tracking strategy and internal

Ali EL YAAKOUBI,Kamal ATTARI,Adel ASSELMAN,Abdelouahed DJEBLI

期刊论文

Modeling, evaluation, and optimization of gas-power and energy supply scenarios

Hossam A. GABBAR,Aboelsood ZIDAN

期刊论文

Constriction factor based particle swarm optimization for analyzing tuned reactive power dispatch

Syamasree BISWAS(RAHA), Kamal Krishna MANDAL, Niladri CHAKRABORTY

期刊论文

Study of operation optimization based on data mining technique in power plants

LI Jianqiang, LIU Jizhen, GU Junjie, NIU Chenglin

期刊论文

Combined heat and power economic dispatch problem using the invasive weed optimization algorithm

T. JAYABARATHI, Afshin YAZDANI, V. RAMESH, T. RAGHUNATHAN

期刊论文

Optimization of cold-end system of thermal power plants based on entropy generation minimization

期刊论文

A novel power system reconfiguration for a distribution system with minimum load balancing index usingbacterial foraging optimization algorithm

K. Sathish KUMAR, T. JAYABARATHI

期刊论文

Review of stochastic optimization methods for smart grid

S. Surender REDDY, Vuddanti SANDEEP, Chan-Mook JUNG

期刊论文

Thermo-economic analysis of a direct supercritical CO electric power generation system using geothermal

期刊论文

Power system reconfiguration and loss minimization for a distribution systems using “Catfish PSO” algorithm

K Sathish KUMAR,S NAVEEN

期刊论文

Control efficiency optimization and Sobol’s sensitivity indices of MTMDs design parameters for buffeting

Nazim Abdul NARIMAN

期刊论文

Decoupling optimization of integrated energy system based on energy quality character

Shixi MA, Shengnan SUN, Hang WU, Dengji ZHOU, Huisheng ZHANG, Shilie WENG

期刊论文

A comprehensive energy solution for households employing a micro combined cooling, heating and power

Huayi ZHANG, Can ZHANG, Fushuan WEN, Yan XU

期刊论文