9 + 2结构 1
Roberto T. LEON,Yu GAO
《结构与土木工程前沿（英文）》 2016年 第10卷 第3期 页码 239-253 doi: 10.1007/s11709-016-0349-7
《工程管理前沿（英文）》 2021年 第8卷 第4期 页码 492-502 doi: 10.1007/s42524-021-0172-2
Rini NISHANTH, Andrew WHYTE, V. John KURIAN
《工程管理前沿（英文）》 2018年 第5卷 第3期 页码 357-368 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2018022
Floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) units increasingly represent a practical and economic means for deep-water oil extraction and production. Systems thinking gives a unique opportunity to seek a balance between FPSO technical performance(s), with whole-cost; stakeholder decision-making is charged to align different fit-for-use design specification options’ that address technical-motion(s), with respective life-cycle cost analyses (LCCA). Soft system methodology allows situation based analyses over set periods-of-time by diagnosing the problem-at-hand; namely, assessing the antecedents of life-cycle cost relative to FPSO sub-component design alternatives. Alternative mooring- component comparisons for either new-build hulls or refurbished hulls represent an initial necessary consideration to facilitate extraction, production and storage of deep-water oil reserves. Coupled dynamic analysis has been performed to generate FPSO motion in six degrees of freedom using SESAM DeepC, while life-cycle cost analysis (LCAA) studies give net-present-value comparisons reflective of market conditions. A parametric study has been conducted by varying wave heights from 4 – 8 m to understand FPSO motion behavior in the presence of wind and current, as well as comparing the motions of turreted versus spread mooring design alternatives. LCCA data has been generated to compare the cost of such different mooring options/hull conditions over 10 and 25-year periods. Systems thinking has been used to explain the interaction of problem variables; resultantly this paper is able to identify explicit factors affecting the choice of FPSO configurations in terms of motion and whole-cost, toward assisting significantly with the front-end engineering design (FEED) phase of fit-for-purpose configured FPSOs, in waters off Malaysia and Australia.
《农业科学与工程前沿（英文）》 2023年 第10卷 第1期 页码 4-15 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023493
● The goals of Chinese food and agriculture have shifted from grain self-sufficiency to diversified goals, including protecting natural resources, reducing pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, and improving food safety and nutrition.
《农业科学与工程前沿（英文）》 2023年 第10卷 第1期 页码 109-123 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023483
● The analysis of financing for the transformation of food systems requires first a consideration of costs.
《工程管理前沿（英文）》 2022年 第9卷 第3期 页码 504-508 doi: 10.1007/s42524-022-0220-6
主办单位： Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Simon P. Philbin
《工程管理前沿（英文）》 2015年 第2卷 第1期 页码 19-30 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2015004
《能源前沿（英文）》 2022年 第16卷 第3期 页码 397-428 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0758-8
《化学科学与工程前沿（英文）》 2022年 第16卷 第2期 页码 137-140 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2135-x
《农业科学与工程前沿（英文）》 2021年 第8卷 第1期
• ICLS combines the benefits of specialization with increased resilience of the system.
• Clear opportunities but also barriers for ICLS were observed.
• ICLS need to be embedded within future environmental legislation.
• ICLS systems with a range of intensities are needed to support a biodiverse landscape.
Ongoing specialization of crop and livestock systems provides socioeconomic benefits to the farmer but has led to greater externalization of environmental costs when compared to mixed farming systems. Better integration of crop and livestock systems offers great potential to rebalance the economic and environmental trade-offs in both systems. The aims of this study were to analyze changes in farm structure and review and evaluate the potential for reintegrating specialized intensive crop and livestock systems, with specific emphasis on identifying the co-benefits and barriers to reintegration. Historically, animals were essential to recycle nutrients in the farming system but this became less important with the availability of synthetic fertilisers. Although mixed farm systems can be economically attractive, benefits of scale combined with socio-economic factors have resulted in on-farm and regional specialization with negative environmental impacts. Reintegration is therefore needed to reduce nutrient surpluses at farm, regional and national levels, and to improve soil quality in intensive cropping systems. Reintegration offers practical and cost-effective options to widen crop rotations and promotes the use of organic inputs and associated benefits, reducing dependency on synthetic fertilisers, biocides and manure processing costs. Circular agriculture goes beyond manure management and requires adaptation of both food production and consumption patterns, matching local capacity to produce with food demand. Consequently, feed transport, greenhouse gas emissions, nutrient surpluses and nutrient losses to the environment can be reduced. It is concluded that reintegration of specialized farms within a region can provide benefits to farmers but may also lead to further intensification of land use. New approaches within a food system context offer alternatives for reintegration, but require strong policy incentives which show clear, tangible and lasting benefits for farmers, the environment and the wider community.
Yoram KOREN, Xi GU, Weihong GUO
《机械工程前沿（英文）》 2018年 第13卷 第2期 页码 121-136 doi: 10.1007/s11465-018-0483-0
Reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMSs), which possess the advantages of both dedicated serial lines and flexible manufacturing systems, were introduced in the mid-1990s to address the challenges initiated by globalization. The principal goal of an RMS is to enhance the responsiveness of manufacturing systems to unforeseen changes in product demand. RMSs are cost-effective because they boost productivity, and increase the lifetime of the manufacturing system. Because of the many streams in which a product may be produced on an RMS, maintaining product precision in an RMS is a challenge. But the experience with RMS in the last 20 years indicates that product quality can be definitely maintained by inserting in-line inspection stations. In this paper, we formulate the design and operational principles for RMSs, and provide a state-of-the-art review of the design and operations methodologies of RMSs according to these principles. Finally, we propose future research directions, and deliberate on how recent intelligent manufacturing technologies may advance the design and operations of RMSs.
《工程管理前沿（英文）》 doi: 10.1007/s42524-023-0256-2
Stephen URQUHART, Andrew WHYTE
《工程管理前沿（英文）》 2018年 第5卷 第3期 页码 369-380 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2018019
Limited research has been conducted on the internal tendering procedures (ITP) of construction contractors because of the commercially sensitive and confidential nature of the subject matter. This limitation explains the reluctance of contractors to undergo interviews. Existing research (outside bid/no-bid and margin decision factor identification and subsequent decision modeling development) only begins to provide insights into key tendering stages, particularly around risk assessments and corporate review processes. Early research suggested one to three review stages. However, when considering the whole work procurement process from prospect identification to contract execution, five to seven series of reviews can be arguably applied by some contractors, wherein some reviews stepped through several layers of internal senior management. Tendering processes were presented as flowchart models that traditionally follow “hard” system (rectangular shapes and straight line arrows) steps, which suggest that a precise process also leads to precise results. However, given that contractors do not win every tender they submit, the process is less precise than that suggested in rigidly structured flowcharts. Twenty-five detailed semi-structured interviews were held with purposely selected high-profile publicly and privately owned construction companies in Australia with significantly varied turnovers. Analyses show that contractors are concerned about the negative effects of increasing corporate governance demands, with many stating that people involved are the most critical element to tendering success. A new way of presenting the ITP of contractors is assessed using a soft systems methodology (SSM) approach. SSM offers an alternative way of considering human interaction challenges within the ITP of contractors, which needs to be tested with the industry. The format graphics of SSM guidelines are presented as a way of offering contractors a different approach, which may assist individuals who are looking to re-structure their tendering activities in a more humanistic and less rigid procedural approach.
标题 作者 时间 类型 操作
Floating production storage and offloading systems’ cost and motion performance: A systems thinking application
Rini NISHANTH, Andrew WHYTE, V. John KURIAN
The Twenty Third International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (μTAS
Applying an Integrated Systems Perspective to the Management of Engineering Projects
Simon P. Philbin
Multiscale process systems engineering—analysis and design of chemical and energy systems from molecular
Reconfigurable manufacturing systems: Principles, design, and future trends
Yoram KOREN, Xi GU, Weihong GUO