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Solvates and polymorphs of clindamycin phosphate: Structural, thermal stability and moisture stability

Junbo Gong, Dejiang Zhang, Yuanyuan Ran, Keke Zhang, Shichao Du

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第2期   页码 220-230 doi: 10.1007/s11705-017-1624-4

摘要: Clindamycin phosphate (CP), an antibacterial agent, has been reported to form several solid-state forms. The crystal structures of two CP solvates, a dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solvate and a methanol/water solvate (solvate V), have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The properties and transformations of these forms were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, Single-crystal X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, thermo gravimetric analysis, hot-stage microscopy, and dynamic vapor sorption. Very different hydrogen bonding networks exist among the host-host and host-solvent molecules in the two crystal structures, resulting in different moisture stabilities. The thermal stabilities of the two solvates upon heating and desolvation were also studied. When the temperature was above the boiling point of methanol, solvate V converted to a polymorphic phase after a one step desolvation process, whereas the desolvation temperature of the DMSO solvate was below the boiling point of DMSO. At the relative humidity above 43%, the DMSO solvate transformed to a hydrate at 25 °C. In contrast, solvate V did not transform at any of the humidities studied.

关键词: clindamycin phosphate     solvate     crystal structure     thermal stability     moisture stability    

Evaluation and prediction of slope stability using machine learning approaches

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第4期   页码 821-833 doi: 10.1007/s11709-021-0742-8

摘要: In this paper, the machine learning (ML) model is built for slope stability evaluation and meets the high precision and rapidity requirements in slope engineering. Different ML methods for the factor of safety (FOS) prediction are studied and compared hoping to make the best use of the large variety of existing statistical and ML regression methods collected. The data set of this study includes six characteristics, namely unit weight, cohesion, internal friction angle, slope angle, slope height, and pore water pressure ratio. The whole ML model is primarily divided into data preprocessing, outlier processing, and model evaluation. In the data preprocessing, the duplicated data are first removed, then the outliers are filtered by the LocalOutlierFactor method and finally, the data are standardized. 11 ML methods are evaluated for their ability to learn the FOS based on different input parameter combinations. By analyzing the evaluation indicators R 2, MAE, and MSE of these methods, SVM, GBR, and Bagging are considered to be the best regression methods. The performance and reliability of the nonlinear regression method are slightly better than that of the linear regression method. Also, the SVM-poly method is used to analyze the susceptibility of slope parameters.

关键词: slope stability     factor of safety     regression     machine learning     repeated cross-validation    

Effect of cutterhead configuration on tunnel face stability during shield machine maintenance outages

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第4期   页码 522-532 doi: 10.1007/s11709-023-0930-9

摘要: Owing to long-distance advancement or obstacles, shield tunneling machines are typically shut down for maintenance. Engineering safety during maintenance outages is determined by the stability of the tunnel face. Pressure maintenance openings are typically used under complicated hydrogeological conditions. The tunnel face is supported by a medium at the bottom of the excavation chamber and compressed air at the top. Owing to the high risk of face failure, the necessity of support pressure when cutterhead support is implemented and a method for determining the value of compressed air pressure using different support ratios must to be determined. In this study, a non-fully chamber supported rotational failure model considering cutterhead support is developed based on the upper-bound theorem of limit analysis. Numerical simulation is conducted to verify the accuracy of the proposed model. The results indicate that appropriately increasing the specific gravity of the supporting medium can reduce the risk of collapse. The required compressed air pressure increases significantly as the support ratio decreases. Disregarding the supporting effect of the cutterhead will result in a tunnel face with underestimated stability. To satisfy the requirement of chamber openings at atmospheric pressure, the stratum reinforcement strength and range at the shield end are provided based on different cutterhead aperture ratios.

关键词: tunnel face stability     cutterhead configuration     aperture ratio     pressure gradient     support ratio    

Modified Bishop method for stability analysis of weakly sloped subgrade under centrifuge model test

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第3期   页码 727-741 doi: 10.1007/s11709-021-0730-z

摘要: The sliding forms of weak sloped and horizontal subgrades during the sliding process differ. In addition, the sliding form of weakly sloped subgrades exhibits considerable slippage and asymmetry. The accuracy of traditional slice methods for computing the stability safety factor of weakly sloped subgrades is insufficient for a subgrade design. In this study, a novel modified Bishop method was developed to improve the accuracy of the stability safety factor for different inclination angles. The instability mechanism of the weakly sloped subgrade was considered in the proposed method using the “influential force” and “additional force” concepts. The “additional force” reflected the weight effect of the embankment fill, whereas the “influential force” reflected the effect of the potential energy difference. Numerical simulations and experimental tests were conducted to evaluate the advantages of the proposed modified Bishop method. Compared with the traditional slice method, the error between the proposed method and the exact value is less than 32.3% in calculating the safety factor.

关键词: weakly sloped subgrade     stability analysis     additional force     influential force     modified Bishop method    

Effect of undercut on the lower bound stability of vertical rock escarpment using finite element and

Shuvankar DAS; Debarghya CHAKRABORTY

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第8期   页码 1040-1055 doi: 10.1007/s11709-022-0841-1

摘要: In the present study, the stability of a vertical rock escarpment is determined by considering the influence of undercut. Lower bound finite element limit analysis in association with Power Cone Programming (PCP) is applied to incorporate the failure of rock mass with the help of the Generalized Hoek-Brown yield criterion. The change in stability due to the presence of undercut is expressed in terms of a non-dimensional stability number (σci/γH). The variations of the magnitude of σci/γH are presented as design charts by considering the different magnitudes of undercut offset (H/vu and wu/vu) from the vertical edge and different magnitudes of Hoek-Brown rock mass strength parameters (Geological Strength Index (GSI), rock parameter (mi,), Disturbance factor (D)). The obtained results indicate that undercut can cause a severe stability problem in rock mass having poor strength. With the help of regression analysis of the computed results, a simplified design equation is proposed for obtaining σci/γH. By performing sensitivity analysis for an undisturbed vertical rock escarpment, we have found that the undercut height ratio (H/vu) is the most sensitive parameter followed by GSI, undercut shape ratio (wu/vu), and mi. The developed design equation as well as design charts can be useful for practicing engineers to determine the stability of the vertical rock escarpment in the presence of undercut. Failure patterns are also presented to understand type of failure and extent of plastic state during collapse.

关键词: undercut     vertical escarpment     stability     Hoek-Brown yield criterion     PCP    

Correction to: Effect of undercut on the lower bound stability of vertical rock escarpment using finite

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第12期   页码 1949-1949 doi: 10.1007/s11709-023-0035-5

摘要: Correction to: Effect of undercut on the lower bound stability of vertical rock escarpment using finite element and power cone programming

关键词: finite element power     stability rock escarpment    

Design and stability analysis of continuous skew tied-arch bridge over Bin Jiang River

YU Jiancheng, TONG Hao, HUANG Wei

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第1期   页码 37-42 doi: 10.1007/s11709-008-0004-z

摘要: A tied arch bridge without wind bracing was built over the Bin Jiang River, with oblique angle of 20°. Its main design details are described and mechanical performances are analyzed. The stability analytical types are also introduced and the first elastic stability theory is used. A space finite element model has been built to analyze the stability performances in both construction and operation stages for single span or continuous, orthogonal or oblique bridge. The influence of stiffness of the end crossbeam is also analyzed. The result shows that out-plane buckling occur for a rigid tie and similar no matter whether it is single span or continuous and orthogonal or oblique. When there are more and stronger inner crossbeams, the influence of the end crossbeams on arch stability becomes unremarkable.

关键词: out-plane buckling     unremarkable     crossbeam     stability analytical     orthogonal    

Generation of enhanced stability of SnO/In(OH)/InP for photocatalytic water splitting by SnO protection

《能源前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第3期   页码 710-720 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0764-x

摘要: InP shows a very high efficiency for solar light to electricity conversion in solar cell and may present an expectation property in photocatalytic hydrogen evolution. However, it suffers serious corrosion in water dispersion. In this paper, it is demonstrated that the stability and activity of the InP-based catalyst are effectively enhanced by applying an anti-corrosion SnO layer and In(OH)3 transition layer, which reduces the crystal mismatch between SnO and InP and increases charge transfer. The obtained Pt/SnO/In(OH)3/InP exhibits a hydrogen production rate of 144.42 µmol/g in 3 h under visible light illumination in multi-cycle tests without remarkable decay, 123 times higher than that of naked In(OH)3/InP without any electron donor under visible irradiation.

关键词: SnO/In(OH)3/InP photocatalyst     enhanced activity and stability for water splitting     corrosion inhibition     enhancing charge transfer and decreasing crystal mismatch    

Influence of boundary conditions and turntable speeds on the stability of hydrostatic oil cavity

Zhaomiao LIU, Chengyin ZHANG, Feng SHEN

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第6卷 第3期   页码 359-368 doi: 10.1007/s11465-011-0222-2

摘要:

The flow, bearing, and carrying capacity of the cycloidal hydrostatic oil cavity in hydrostatic turntable systems are numerically simulated, considering the rotation speeds of a turntable from 0 to 5 m/s and different boundary conditions. The vortex effect is weakened, and the stability of the oil cavity is enhanced with the increase in lubricant viscosity. However, the increase in inlet speed, depth, and inlet radius of the oil cavity causes the vortex effect to increase and the stability of oil cavity to reduce. With the increase in the oil film thickness, the carrying capacity of the oil cavity diminishes. The oil cavity pressure increases along the direction of the motion of the turntable; it is distributed unevenly because of the rotation of the turntable. With the increase in turntable speed, the location and size of the vortex scope in the oil cavity flow field and the strength of the vortex near the entrance gradually weaken and move away from the entry. The distribution of pressure is determined by the locations of the vortex. When the vortex is close to the wall, the wall pressure increases at its location. Otherwise, the wall pressure decreases first and then increases after the center of the vortex.

关键词: hydrostatic oil cavity     flow state     oil cavity pressure     stability     vortex    

Three-dimensional stability analysis of the dam foundation at Baise

XU Qianjun, LI Xu, CHEN Zuyu

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第2期   页码 217-221 doi: 10.1007/s11709-007-0026-y

摘要: It is usually difficult to determine the actual safety factors of rock masses in an ordinary two-dimensional stability analysis if the safety factors of the different cross sections in the rock mass vary significantly. In addition to the actual slope, arch dam abutment, and the actual foundation of a high building, another example is that the different cross sections of the foundation in the monolith of a gravity dam vary significantly, just like the condition at the overflow dam in the Baise project. A three-dimensional stability analysis method based on the upper-bound theorem was employed to solve this problem. The parameters used in the analysis were obtained from geomechanics tests, as well as continuity simulations of the randomly distributed joints. Two failure patterns against sliding are analyzed. One pattern is the foundation slide along deep-seated planes which were determined by calculations. The other pattern is the foundation slide along the planes across the bottom of the high steps in the foundation pit. The results indicate that a special overflow dam monolith can be considered to be safe in case of considering the three dimensional effect. However, a key wall with a depth of 5m must be constructed at the upper side of this monolith in order to ensure the safety of the foundation.

关键词: ordinary two-dimensional     randomly     monolith     three-dimensional stability     different    

Seismic stability of earth slopes with tension crack

Yundong ZHOU, Fei ZHANG, Jingquan Wang, Yufeng GAO, Guangyu DAI

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第4期   页码 950-964 doi: 10.1007/s11709-019-0529-3

摘要: Cracks at the crest of slopes frequently occur during earthquakes. Such cracks result from limited tension strength of the soil. A tension cut-off in Mohr-Coulomb shear strength can represent this limited strength. Presented is an extension of variational analysis of slope stability with a tension crack considering seismicity. Both translational and rotational failure mechanisms are included in a pseudo-static analysis of slope stability. Developed is a closed-form to assess the seismic stability of slopes with zero tensile strength. The results indicate that the presence of the tension crack has significant effects on the seismic stability of slopes, i.e. leading to small value of the yield acceleration. Considering soil tension strength in seismic slope analysis may lead to overestimation on the stability, as much as 50% for vertical slopes. Imposing tension crack results in transit of the critical failure mode to a straight line from a log-spiral, except for flat slopes with small soil cohesion. Under seismic conditions, large cohesion may increase the depth of crack, moving it closer to the slope.

关键词: slope stability     tension     crack     limit equilibrium     seismic effect    

Enhanced methanation stability of nano-sized MoS

Zhenhua LI, Jia HE, Haiyang WANG, Baowei WANG, Xinbin MA

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第1期   页码 33-39 doi: 10.1007/s11705-014-1446-6

摘要: A series of unsupported MoS catalysts with or without Al O modification was prepared using a modified thermal decomposition approach. The catalysts were tested for the methanation of carbon monoxide and the optimum one has 25.6 wt-% Al O content. The catalysts were characterized by nitrogen adsorption measurement, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The results show that adding appropriate amount of Al O increases the dispersion of MoS , and the increased interaction force between MoS and Al O can inhibit the sintering of active MoS to some extent.

关键词: unsupported catalyst     molybdenum sulfide     stability     alumina     methanation    

A real-life stability model for a large shield-driven tunnel in heterogeneous soft soils

Xinyu HU, Zixin ZHANG, Scott KIEFFER

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第2期   页码 176-187 doi: 10.1007/s11709-012-0149-7

摘要: The current models that have been published to date only allow for homogeneous soil at the tunnel face. This paper presents a real-life face stability model to determine the minimal pressure needed at the tunnel face for a large shield-driven tunnel in heterogeneous soft soils. It is found that the influence of multilayered soil boundaries is significant, especially for the mixed-layer (e.g., sand and clay) soils. The suggested M-M model is developed by considering the influence of the heterogeneity of the soil on the angle of slip and the minimal support pressure. Comparisons of the solutions in mixed-layer soils are conducted, and the effects of the involved parameters for a large, multilayered, shield-driven tunnel are also investigated.

关键词: analytical solution     shield-driven tunnel     multilayered soil     face stability    

Construction of nitrogen-doped carbon cladding LiMnO film electrode with enhanced stability for electrochemically

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第12期   页码 2050-2060 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2343-7

摘要: Reducing the dissolution of Mn from LiMn2O4 (LMO) and enhancing the stability of film electrodes are critical and challenging for Li+ ions selective extraction via electrochemically switched ion exchange technology. In this work, we prepared a nitrogen-doped carbon cladding LMO (C-N@LMO) by polymerization of polypyrrole and high-temperature annealing in the N2 gas to achieve the above purpose. The modified C-N@LMO film electrode exhibited lower Mn dissolution and better cyclic stability than the LMO film electrode. The dissolution ratio of Mn from the C-N@LMO film electrode decreased by 42% compared to the LMO film electrode after 10 cycles. The cladding layer not only acted as a protective layer but also functioned as a conductive shell, accelerating the migration rate of Li+ ions. The intercalation equilibrium time of the C-N@LMO film electrode reached within an hour during the extraction of Li+ ions, which was 33% less compared to the pure LMO film electrode. Meanwhile, the C-N@LMO film electrode retained evident selectivity toward Li+ ions, and the separation factor was 118.38 for Li+ toward Mg2+ in simulated brine. Therefore, the C-N@LMO film electrode would be a promising candidate for the recovery of Li+ ions from salt lakes.

关键词: LiMn2O4     lithium extraction     surface coating     cyclic stability     Mn dissolution    

Regulation of NLR stability in plant immunity

Tao WANG, Jiaxin LI, Qian-Hua SHEN

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第2期   页码 97-104 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2018248

摘要:

Plant nucleotide binding domain and leucine-rich repeat (NLR) receptors recognize pathogen effectors directly or indirectly and mediate innate immune responses. NLR-mediated immunity also has direct impacts on plant growth and development, as well as yield and survival. The levels of NLR proteins are therefore intricately controlled in plants to balance defense responses and other processes. In recent years, the ubiquitination-26S proteasome system and the HSP90 chaperones have emerged as having key functions in the regulation of NLR stability. The N-end rule pathway of protein degradation is also directly linked to NLR stability. Recent progress in the regulation of NLR stability and turnover is summarized here, focusing on the key components and pathways.

关键词: E3 ubiquitin ligase     degradation     nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat receptor     plant immunity     proteasome     protein stability     ubiquitination    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Solvates and polymorphs of clindamycin phosphate: Structural, thermal stability and moisture stability

Junbo Gong, Dejiang Zhang, Yuanyuan Ran, Keke Zhang, Shichao Du

期刊论文

Evaluation and prediction of slope stability using machine learning approaches

期刊论文

Effect of cutterhead configuration on tunnel face stability during shield machine maintenance outages

期刊论文

Modified Bishop method for stability analysis of weakly sloped subgrade under centrifuge model test

期刊论文

Effect of undercut on the lower bound stability of vertical rock escarpment using finite element and

Shuvankar DAS; Debarghya CHAKRABORTY

期刊论文

Correction to: Effect of undercut on the lower bound stability of vertical rock escarpment using finite

期刊论文

Design and stability analysis of continuous skew tied-arch bridge over Bin Jiang River

YU Jiancheng, TONG Hao, HUANG Wei

期刊论文

Generation of enhanced stability of SnO/In(OH)/InP for photocatalytic water splitting by SnO protection

期刊论文

Influence of boundary conditions and turntable speeds on the stability of hydrostatic oil cavity

Zhaomiao LIU, Chengyin ZHANG, Feng SHEN

期刊论文

Three-dimensional stability analysis of the dam foundation at Baise

XU Qianjun, LI Xu, CHEN Zuyu

期刊论文

Seismic stability of earth slopes with tension crack

Yundong ZHOU, Fei ZHANG, Jingquan Wang, Yufeng GAO, Guangyu DAI

期刊论文

Enhanced methanation stability of nano-sized MoS

Zhenhua LI, Jia HE, Haiyang WANG, Baowei WANG, Xinbin MA

期刊论文

A real-life stability model for a large shield-driven tunnel in heterogeneous soft soils

Xinyu HU, Zixin ZHANG, Scott KIEFFER

期刊论文

Construction of nitrogen-doped carbon cladding LiMnO film electrode with enhanced stability for electrochemically

期刊论文

Regulation of NLR stability in plant immunity

Tao WANG, Jiaxin LI, Qian-Hua SHEN

期刊论文