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Toward sustainable intensification of agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa

Andreas BUERKERT, Eva SCHLECHT

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第4期   页码 401-405 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2020341

摘要:

Across the African continent efforts to intensify agriculture have been limited to specific commodities, locations or particular production schemes. The causes for the widespread failure to overcome low land and labor productivity while maintaining ecosystem services have often be analyzed but remain poorly understood. A social-ecological system approach may help to better understand the complex nature of ecological disadvantages, postcolonial structures, limited connect between producers and consumer markets, low off-farm livelihood opportunities, partial underpopulation and lacking experience with the concept of sustainable production as a major impediment for sustainable intensification of the agricultural sector. Nevertheless, recent success stories in agro-pastoral systems as well as urban vegetable and animal production and associated value chains in West Africa, and in intensive mixed-cropping systems of the Great Lakes Region show the potential of stakeholder-driven agricultural intensification. Proper interpretation of these cases may provide lessons for a more widespread eco-intensification of smallholder agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa.

关键词: colonial heritage     land use     marketing     property rights     subsistence agriculture     urbanization     value chains    

Research fronts of agriculture in 2023 INFORMATION

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2024年 第11卷 第2期   页码 347-354 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2024568

摘要:

Research fronts of agriculture in 2023

China’s Agriculture Green Development: from Concept to Actions RESEARCH ARTICLE

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2024年 第11卷 第1期   页码 20-34 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023512

摘要:

China has initiated a green transformation plan in 2015, which was soon applied to agriculture, known as the Agriculture Green Development (AGD) initiative, with the goals of achieving food security, high resource use efficiency, and an ecofriendly environment. To assess the agricultural transformation from 1997 to 2020, this paper proposes a national-scale indicator system consisting three dimensions (socioeconomic, food production and eco-environmental) and ten sub-dimensions to quantify the AGD score. This study showed that AGD score in China was at a moderate level during 1997–2010, scoring 40 out of 100. During this stage, decreased scores in the sub-dimensions of resource consumption, environmental quality, and environmental cost have offset the improvement in the socioeconomic dimension, resulting in fluctuated scores around 40. In the second stage (2011–2020), China’s AGD score improved but still at moderate level, scoring an average of 46.3, with each dimension increasing by 5.3%–25.0%. These results indicate that China has made progress in the agricultural transformation, transitioning from conceptualization to actions through the implementation of various policies and projects. However, the study emphasizes the need for more effort to address the insufficient and unbalanced development, along with the growing eco-environmental challenges, especially the trade-offs among dimensions.

关键词: agricultural transformation     Agriculture Green Development     historical trend     indicator system     theoretical conception    

Policy options for Agriculture Green Development by farmers in China

Laurence E. D. SMITH

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第1期   页码 90-97 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019290

摘要:

Farmers are the key agents who manage land and water. Agriculture Green Development (AGD) requires a transformation in farming from high resource consumption and environmental cost to sustainable intensification with high productivity, high resource use efficiency and low environmental risk. This paper analyzes the public policy challenge of AGD and makes the case for a location-sensitive policy mix made up of regulation, advice provision, voluntarism and targeted incentives. The public agricultural extension service in China is a key resource, but one that requires reorientation and reform with the aim of better balancing high farm productivity with environmental protection.

关键词: agriculture     environment     development     incentives     policy     regulation    

2023年度农业前沿

农业项目组

《全球工程前沿》 2023年 第7卷 第1期   页码 181-208

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE SPECIAL ISSUE “CARBON NEUTRALITY AND A LOW CARBON ECONOMY FOR AGRICULTURE

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第2期   页码 153-154 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023497

摘要: HIGHLIGHTS OF THE SPECIAL ISSUE “CARBON NEUTRALITY AND A LOW CARBON ECONOMY FOR AGRICULTURE”

关键词: CARBON     ISSUE     NEUTRALITY     HIGHLIGHTS     AGRICULTURE    

Highlights of special issue on ‘Agriculture in Water-Limited Areas’

Pute WU

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第4卷 第2期   页码 123-125 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2017147

Toward Agriculture Green Development

Oene OENEMA

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第1期   页码 110-111 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019314

GRASSLAND AGRICULTURE IN CHINA—A REVIEW

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第1期   页码 35-44

摘要:

• Grassland-based livestock production systems cover large areas in China.

• China is facing degradation of rangeland and has great shortage of forage.

• Five types of mixed crop-livestock systems in China described.

• Improving crop–livestock integration requires S&T and policy supports.

 

Interactions between crops and livestock have been at the core of the evolution of many agricultural systems. In this paper, we review the development and characteristics of mixed crop-livestock systems, with a focus on grassland-based systems, as these cover large areas in China, and face several challenges. Following the transition from the original hunting and foraging systems to a sedentary lifestyle with integrated crop-livestock production systems some 8000 years ago, a range of different mixed systems have developed, depending on rainfall, solar radiation and temperature, culture and markets. We describe 5 main types of integrated systems, (1) livestock and rangeland, (2) livestock and grain production, (3) livestock and crop – grassland rotations, (4) livestock, crops and forest (silvo-pasture), and (5) livestock, crops and fish ponds. Next, two of these mixed systems are described in greater detail, i.e., the mountain-oasis-desert system and its modifications in arid and semi-arid regions, and the integrated crop-livestock production systems on the Loess Plateau. In general, crop-livestock interactions in integrated systems have significant positive effects on crop production, livestock production, energy use efficiency and economic profitability. We conclude that improved integration of crop-livestock production systems is one of the most important ways for achieving a more sustainable development of animal agriculture in China.

新时期中国农业发展与现代农业建设

卢良恕,孙君茂

《中国工程科学》 2004年 第6卷 第1期   页码 22-29

摘要:

20世纪末,中国农业进入新的发展阶段,实施了农业和农村经济结构战略性调整的重大举措,取得了显著成就。党的十六大确立了全面建设小康社会的奋斗目标,明确指出建设现代农业是全面建设小康社会的重大任务之一。现代农业是继原始农业、传统农业之后的一个农业发展新阶段,具有丰富的内涵、鲜明的特点和四种主要型态。现代农业建设要面对新形势,采取新的战略对策。

关键词: 现代农业     农村经济     中国    

面向2050 年我国现代智慧生态农业发展战略研究

刘旭,李文华,赵春江,闵庆文,杨信廷,刘某承

《中国工程科学》 2022年 第24卷 第1期   页码 38-45 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2022.01.006

摘要:

为实现农业强而永续、农村美并生态、农民富且体面的乡村全面振兴美好愿景,本文分析了未来30 年我国农产品需求、农业产业结构和农业劳动力需求的变化趋势,提出了未来我国农业应坚持发展“现代智慧生态农业”这一基本方略,实现“确保国家粮食安全、高效绿色高值农业永续发展”两个目标,推进“农业效能提升、系统优化、资源高效循环”三个战略,重构“创新型农业科技体系、现代化农业经营体系、社会化农业服务体系、新时代农业人才体系”四个体系,创新“生物技术以改造农业、装备技术以武装农业、生态技术以支撑农业、信息技术以提升农业”四项技术,实施“现代智慧生态农业试点示范工程、现代生产生活废弃物处理工程、农业全产业链高质量发展监测与评估工程、以养殖企业为主导的种养结合模式创建工程、农业农村人才培育工程”五大工程,为实现社会主义现代化强国的宏伟目标奠定坚实基础。

关键词: 农业发展方略,现代农业,智慧农业,生态农业    

Navigating the environmental, economic and social impacts of sustainable agriculture and food systems

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2024550

摘要: Navigating the environmental, economic and social impacts of sustainable agriculture and food systems: a review

关键词: impacts agriculture food    

2017年度农业前沿

农业项目组

《全球工程前沿》 2017年 第1卷 第1期   页码 179-197

2018年度农业前沿

农业项目组

《全球工程前沿》 2018年 第2卷 第1期   页码 164-182

2019年度农业前沿

农业项目组

《全球工程前沿》 2019年 第3卷 第1期   页码 150-170

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Toward sustainable intensification of agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa

Andreas BUERKERT, Eva SCHLECHT

期刊论文

Research fronts of agriculture in 2023

期刊论文

China’s Agriculture Green Development: from Concept to Actions

期刊论文

Policy options for Agriculture Green Development by farmers in China

Laurence E. D. SMITH

期刊论文

2023年度农业前沿

农业项目组

期刊论文

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE SPECIAL ISSUE “CARBON NEUTRALITY AND A LOW CARBON ECONOMY FOR AGRICULTURE

期刊论文

Highlights of special issue on ‘Agriculture in Water-Limited Areas’

Pute WU

期刊论文

Toward Agriculture Green Development

Oene OENEMA

期刊论文

GRASSLAND AGRICULTURE IN CHINA—A REVIEW

期刊论文

新时期中国农业发展与现代农业建设

卢良恕,孙君茂

期刊论文

面向2050 年我国现代智慧生态农业发展战略研究

刘旭,李文华,赵春江,闵庆文,杨信廷,刘某承

期刊论文

Navigating the environmental, economic and social impacts of sustainable agriculture and food systems

期刊论文

2017年度农业前沿

农业项目组

期刊论文

2018年度农业前沿

农业项目组

期刊论文

2019年度农业前沿

农业项目组

期刊论文