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Wheat gluten protein and its impacts on wheat processing quality

Wujun MA, Zitong YU, Maoyun SHE, Yun ZHAO, Shahidul ISLAM

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第3期   页码 279-287 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019267

摘要:

Before the advent of the wheat genomic era, a wide range of studies were conducted to understand the chemistry and functions of the wheat storage proteins, which are the major determinants of wheat flour the suitability of wheat flour for various end products, such as bread, noodles and cakes. Wheat grain protein is divided into gluten and non-gluten fractions and the wheat processing quality mainly depends on the gluten fractions. Gluten provides the unique extensibility and elasticity of dough that are essential for various wheat end products. Disulfide bonds are formed between cysteine residues, which is the chemical bases for the physical properties of dough. Based on the SDS-extractability, grain protein is divided into SDS-unextractable polymeric protein (UPP) and SDS-extractable polymeric protein. The percentage of UPP is positively related to the formation of disulfide bonds in the dough matrix. In the wheat genomic era, new glutenins with long repetitive central domains that contain a high number of consensus hexapeptide and nonapeptide motifs as well as high content of cysteine and glutamine residues should be targeted.

关键词: wheat gluten     consensus motifs     disulfide bonds     SDS-unextractable polymeric protein     glutenins     gliadins     processing quality     storage protein    

IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CROP PRODUCTION, PESTS AND PATHOGENS OF WHEAT AND RICE

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第9卷 第1期   页码 4-18 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2021432

摘要:

Ongoing climate change is expected to have impacts on crops, insect pests, and plant pathogens and poses considerable threats to sustainable food security. Existing reviews have summarized impacts of a changing climate on agriculture, but the majority of these are presented from an ecological point of view, and scant information is available on specific species in agricultural applications. This paper provides an overview of impacts of climate change on two staple crops, wheat and rice. First, the direct effects of climate change on crop growth, yield formation, and geographic distribution of wheat and rice are reviewed. Then, the effects of climate change on pests and pathogens related with wheat and rice, and their interactions with the crops are summarized. Finally, potential management strategies to mitigate the direct impacts of climate change on crops, and the indirect impacts on crops through pests and pathogens are outlined. The present overview aims to aid agriculture practitioners and researchers who are interested in wheat and rice to better understand climate change related impacts on the target species.

A brief history of wheat utilization in China

Minxia LU, Liang CHEN, Jinxiu WANG, Ruiliang LIU, Yang YANG, Meng WEI, Guanghui DONG

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第3期   页码 288-295 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019266

摘要:

Wheat is one of the most important crops in both China and the world, and its domestication can be traced back to ~10000 years ago. However, the history of its origin and utilization in China remains highly ambiguous. Drawing upon the most recent results of taxonomic, genetic, archeological and textual studies focused on the wheat in prehistory, this paper argues that wheat was not domesticated but introduced into China in the late fifth millennium BP. In the subsequent centuries, this exotic crop was quickly utilized as a staple food in northwest China. In contrast, it was not adopted as a staple in Central Plains until the Han Dynasty (202 BCE–220 CE), which was mainly as a consequence of the living environment, population and innovations in food processing technology.

关键词: multidisciplinary evidence     prehistoric food globalization     wheat consumption     wheat domestication    

Transcriptome analysis of wheat grain using RNA-Seq

Liu WEI,Zhihui WU,Yufeng ZHANG,Dandan GUO,Yuzhou XU,Weixia CHEN,Haiying ZHOU,Mingshan YOU,Baoyun LI

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第1卷 第3期   页码 214-222 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2014024

摘要: With the increase in consumer demand, wheat grain quality improvement has become a focus in China and worldwide. Transcriptome analysis is a powerful approach to research grain traits and elucidate their genetic regulation. In this study, two cDNA libraries from the developing grain and leaf-stem components of bread wheat cultivar, Nongda211, were sequenced using Roche/454 technology. There were 1061274 and 1516564 clean reads generated from grain and leaf-stem, respectively. A total of 61393 high-quality unigenes were obtained with an average length of 1456 bp after assembly. The analysis of the 61393 unigenes involved in the biological processes of the grain showed that there were 7355 differentially expressed genes upregulated in the grain library. Gene ontology enrichment and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis showed that many transcription products and transcription factors associated with carbohydrate and protein metabolism were abundantly expressed in the grain. These results contribute to excavate genes associated with wheat quality and further study how they interact.

关键词: transcriptome analysis     wheat grain     differentially expressed genes     enrichment analysis    

RESPONSE OF WHEAT COMPOSITE CROSS POPULATIONS TO DISEASE AND CLIMATE VARIATION OVER 13 GENERATIONS

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第3期   页码 400-415 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2021394

摘要:

Since the F5 (2005), three winter wheat composite cross populations (CCPs) based on germplasm specifically suitable for low-input conditions were subjected to natural selection under organic and conventional management. In the F6, each CCP was divided into two parallel populations (12 CCPs in total) and maintained continuously until 2018. Commonly used modern cultivars with different disease susceptibilities were grown alongside to assess the agronomic performance of the CCPs. The organically managed CCPs were comparable in yield and foliar disease resistance to two continuously used reference cultivars, Achat and Capo. In contrast, under conventional management the cv. Capo outyielded the CCPs (Achat was not tested), highlighting the importance of parental cultivar choice for specific management systems. The CCPs were found to be moderately resistant to brown rust and even to the newly emerged stripe rust races prevalent in Europe since 2011. Differences between the CCPs were mainly due to parental genetic background and were significant in the first five generations, but were no longer so in the last five generations. In addition, these differences tended to vary depending on the experimental year and the environmental stresses present. In conclusion, the CCPs despite being derived from older cultivars are able to compete with more recently released reference cultivars under organic farming practices and represent a dynamic germplasm resource.

 

关键词: evolutionary breeding     heterogeneous crop population     management system    

我国小麦生产应对入世之策略

白选杰

《中国工程科学》 2003年 第5卷 第3期   页码 21-24

摘要:

我国小麦生产应对入世的主要策略是:依靠先进栽培技术,提高小麦生产效益;调整优化种植结构,发展优质专用小麦;积极发展商品生产,认真搞好深层加工;搞好产销衔接工作,扩大小麦市场销售;科研推广通力合作,提高生产科技含量;充分利用“绿箱"政策,加大财政支持力度。

关键词: 小麦     WTO     策略    

Genetic improvement of wheat grain quality at CIMMYT

Carlos GUZMÁN, Karim AMMAR, Velu GOVINDAN, Ravi SINGH

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第3期   页码 265-272 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019260

摘要:

The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) is the global leader in publicly-funded maize and wheat research and in farming systems based on these crops. CIMMYT leads the Global Wheat Program (GWP), which includes some of the largest wheat breeding programs in the world. The GWP has been successful in developing wheat germplasm that is used extensively worldwide. Wheat quality improvement is a central component of all the breeding efforts at CIMMYT and the Wheat Chemistry and Quality Laboratory represents an integral part of the breeding programs. Wheat quality is addressed at CIMMYT over the full range of this very wide and variable concept with milling, processing, end-use and nutritional quality targeted. Wheat progenitors and advanced lines developed by the breeders are assessed for diverse quality attributes, with the aim of identifying those that fulfill the requirements in terms of milling, processing, end-use and nutritional quality in different target regions. Significant research is conducted to make more efficient the integration of wheat quality traits in the breeding programs. The main topics being addressed are (1) methodologies to analyze grain quality traits, (2) genetic control and environmental effects on quality traits, (3) characterization of genetic resources for quality improvement, and (4) diversifying grain properties for novel uses.

关键词: biofortification     breeding     grain quality     wheat    

Comments on this special issue on “Wheat Genetics and Breeding”

Zhonghu HE, Xu LLU

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第3期   页码 309-309 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019264

Response of peroxidase and catalase to acid rain stress during seed germination of rice, wheat, and rape

WANG Lihong, HUANG Xiaohua, ZHOU Qing

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第3期   页码 364-369 doi: 10.1007/s11783-008-0053-5

摘要: Seed germination of plants with various acid-resistance display different responses to acid rain. To understand the reason why such differences occur, the effects of simulated acid rain (pH 2.5–5.0) on the activities of peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) during seed germination of rice (), wheat (), and rape ( var. ) were investigated. Results indicated that the maximum change in activities of CAT and POD by acid rain treatment with different acidity and time in relation to the referent treatment without acid rain, was in the order: rice (28.8%, 31.7%) < wheat (34.7%, 48.3%) < rape (79.3%, 50.0%). The pH level for which the treatment with acid rain did not cause significant difference ( < 0.05) was in the order: rice (3.5) > wheat (4.0) > rape (5.0). Moreover, the change in activity of POD was higher than that of CAT, which showed that POD was more sensitive to acid rain stress than CAT. The difference in the ability of POD and CAT in removing free radicals was one reason why the germination indexes of these three species behaved differently.

Highlights of special issue on “Wheat Genetics and Breeding”

Zhonghu HE, Zhendong ZHAO, Shunhe CHENG

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第3期   页码 207-209 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019263

Fabrication of cellulose aerogel from wheat straw with strong absorptive capacity

Jian LI,Caichao WAN,Yun LU,Qingfeng SUN

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第1卷 第1期   页码 46-52 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2014004

摘要: An effectively mild solvent solution containing NaOH/PEG was employed to dissolve the cellulose extracted from the wheat straw. With further combined regeneration process and freeze-drying, the cellulose aerogel was successfully obtained. Scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction technique, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller were used to characterize this cellulose aerogel of low density (about 40 mg·cm ) and three-dimensional network with large specific surface area (about 101 m ·g ). Additionally, with a hydrophobic modification by trimethylchlorosilane, the cellulose aerogel showed a strong absorptive capacity for oil and dye solutions.

关键词: cellulose aerogel     absorptive capacity     waste wheat straw     freeze-drying    

International Winter Wheat Improvement Program: history, activities, impact and future

Alexey MORGOUNOV, Fatih OZDEMIR, Mesut KESER, Beyhan AKIN, Thomas PAYNE, Hans-Joachim BRAUN

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第3期   页码 240-250 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019261

摘要:

International Winter Wheat Improvement Program (IWWIP) was established in 1986 between the Government of Turkey and CIMMYT with three main objectives: (1) develop winter/facultative germplasm for Central and West Asia, (2) facilitate global winter wheat germplasm exchange, and (3) training wheat scientists. ICARDA joined the program in 1991 making it a three-way partnership that continues to work effectively. The germplasm developed by IWWIP as well as the winter wheat cultivars and lines received from global cooperators are assembled into international nurseries. These nurseries are offered annually to public and private entities (IWWIP website) and distributed to more than 100 cooperators in all continents. IWWIP impact has primarily been in new winter wheat cultivars combining broad adaptation, high yield potential, drought tolerance and disease resistance. A total of 93 IWWIP cultivars have been released in 11 countries occupying annually an estimated 2.5–3.0 Mha. IWWIP cooperation with researchers in Turkey, Central and West Asia and several US universities has resulted in a number of publications reviewed in this paper. Important IWWIP impacts include national inventories of wheat landraces in Turkey, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, their collection, characterization, evaluation and utilization.

关键词: biotic and abiotic stresses     breeding     methodology     winter wheat    

六倍体合成小麦——过去、现在与未来 Review

李爱丽,刘登才,杨武云,Masahiro Kishii,毛龙

《工程(英文)》 2018年 第4卷 第4期   页码 552-558 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2018.07.001

摘要:

近年来,小麦单产产量已经达到了平台期。随着世界人口的增加,人们对未来粮食安全的担忧与日俱增。六倍体人工合成小麦(SHW)能够将野生近缘种的重要农艺性状转移到栽培小麦,为现代小麦育种提供产量潜力、抗旱性、抗病性和养分高效利用的新资源,从而在现代小麦育种中越来越受到重视。本文综述了SHW 产生、研究和利用的现状,特别介绍了其对小麦育种的贡献。同时,简要介绍了基于基因组研究合成小麦生长优势分子机制的新进展。对于利用SHW 改良现代小麦品种的分子机制的了解,将进一步促进SHW 的利用,为满足世界粮食安全发挥重要作用。

关键词: 合成小麦     小麦     多倍化     抗病性     抗逆性     产量    

New insights in the battle between wheat and

Chunlei TANG,Xiaojie WANG,Yulin CHENG,Minjie LIU,Mengxin ZHAO,Jinping WEI,Zhensheng KANG

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第2卷 第2期   页码 101-114 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2015068

摘要: Wheat stripe rust caused by f. sp. ( ) poses a great threat to wheat production worldwide. The rapid change in virulence of leads to a loss of resistance in currently resistant wheat cultivars, which results in frequent disease epidemics. Therefore, a major focus is currently placed on investigating the molecular mechanisms underlying this rapid variation of pathogenicity and coevolving wheat resistance. Limited by the lack of a system for stable transformation of and the difficulties in wheat transformation, it is not easy to generate deeper insights into the wheat- interaction using established genetic methods. Nevertheless, considerable effort has been made to unravel the wheat- interaction and significant progress is being made. Histology and cytology have revealed basic details of infection strategies and defense responses during wheat- interactions, identified cellular components involved in wheat- interactions, and have helped to elucidate their role in the infection process or in plant defense responses. Transcriptome and genome sequencing has revealed the molecular features and dynamics of the wheat- pathosystem. Extensive molecular analyses have led to the identification of major components in the wheat resistance response and in virulence. Studies of wheat- interactions have now entered a new phase in which cellular and molecular approaches are being used. This review focuses on the cellular biology of wheat- interactions and integrates the emerging data from molecular analyses with the histocytological observations.

关键词: wheat     strip rust     Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici     host defense     pathogen virulence     biotrophic fungus    

Comparative proteomic analysis of cold responsive proteins in two wheat cultivars with different tolerance

Shujuan ZHANG,Guoqi SONG,Yulian LI,Jie GAO,Jiao WANG,Guiju CHEN,Haosheng LI,Genying LI,Zhendong ZHAO

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第1卷 第1期   页码 37-45 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2014008

摘要: Spring radiation frost (SRF) is a severe environmental stress which impairs wheat yield and productivity worldwide. To better understand the mechanism of wheat ( ) responding to SRF, a comparative proteomic analysis was performed to analyze the changes of the key proteins in two wheat cultivars Jimai22 and Luyuan301 with high and low tolerance to SRF respectively. A total of 43 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) which mainly involved in carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism, resistance proteins and antioxidant enzymes, photosynthesis and cellular respiration proteins, cell-wall related proteins, protein translation/processing/degradation and signal transduction were isolated and identified by two-dimensional electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF-TOF MS. The results revealed that of the 21 DEPs in Jimai22 responding to the SRF, 13 DEPs were upregulated and 8 DEPs were downregulated, and that of the 22 DEPs in Luyuan301, 9 DEPs were upregulated and 13 DEPs were downregulated. These DEPs might be responsible for the stronger cold resistance of Jimai22 compared to Luyuan301. The expression pattern and function analysis of these DEPs were very significant to understanding the mechanism of the SRF responses in wheat.

关键词: common wheat     spring radiation frost     proteomic analysis     2-DE     MALDI-TOF-TOF MS    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Wheat gluten protein and its impacts on wheat processing quality

Wujun MA, Zitong YU, Maoyun SHE, Yun ZHAO, Shahidul ISLAM

期刊论文

IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CROP PRODUCTION, PESTS AND PATHOGENS OF WHEAT AND RICE

期刊论文

A brief history of wheat utilization in China

Minxia LU, Liang CHEN, Jinxiu WANG, Ruiliang LIU, Yang YANG, Meng WEI, Guanghui DONG

期刊论文

Transcriptome analysis of wheat grain using RNA-Seq

Liu WEI,Zhihui WU,Yufeng ZHANG,Dandan GUO,Yuzhou XU,Weixia CHEN,Haiying ZHOU,Mingshan YOU,Baoyun LI

期刊论文

RESPONSE OF WHEAT COMPOSITE CROSS POPULATIONS TO DISEASE AND CLIMATE VARIATION OVER 13 GENERATIONS

期刊论文

我国小麦生产应对入世之策略

白选杰

期刊论文

Genetic improvement of wheat grain quality at CIMMYT

Carlos GUZMÁN, Karim AMMAR, Velu GOVINDAN, Ravi SINGH

期刊论文

Comments on this special issue on “Wheat Genetics and Breeding”

Zhonghu HE, Xu LLU

期刊论文

Response of peroxidase and catalase to acid rain stress during seed germination of rice, wheat, and rape

WANG Lihong, HUANG Xiaohua, ZHOU Qing

期刊论文

Highlights of special issue on “Wheat Genetics and Breeding”

Zhonghu HE, Zhendong ZHAO, Shunhe CHENG

期刊论文

Fabrication of cellulose aerogel from wheat straw with strong absorptive capacity

Jian LI,Caichao WAN,Yun LU,Qingfeng SUN

期刊论文

International Winter Wheat Improvement Program: history, activities, impact and future

Alexey MORGOUNOV, Fatih OZDEMIR, Mesut KESER, Beyhan AKIN, Thomas PAYNE, Hans-Joachim BRAUN

期刊论文

六倍体合成小麦——过去、现在与未来

李爱丽,刘登才,杨武云,Masahiro Kishii,毛龙

期刊论文

New insights in the battle between wheat and

Chunlei TANG,Xiaojie WANG,Yulin CHENG,Minjie LIU,Mengxin ZHAO,Jinping WEI,Zhensheng KANG

期刊论文

Comparative proteomic analysis of cold responsive proteins in two wheat cultivars with different tolerance

Shujuan ZHANG,Guoqi SONG,Yulian LI,Jie GAO,Jiao WANG,Guiju CHEN,Haosheng LI,Genying LI,Zhendong ZHAO

期刊论文