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UPFC setting to avoid active power flow loop considering wind power uncertainty

Shenghu LI, Ting WANG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第1期   页码 165-175 doi: 10.1007/s11708-020-0686-z

摘要: The active power loop flow (APLF) may be caused by impropriate network configuration, impropriate parameter settings, and/or stochastic bus powers. The power flow controllers, e.g., the unified power flow controller (UPFC), may be the reason and the solution to the loop flows. In this paper, the critical existence condition of the APLF is newly integrated into the simultaneous power flow model for the system and UPFC. Compared with the existing method of alternatively solving the simultaneous power flow and sensitivity-based approaching to the critical existing condition, the integrated power flow needs less iterations and calculation time. Besides, with wind power fluctuation, the interval power flow (IPF) is introduced into the integrated power flow, and solved with the affine Krawcyzk iteration to make sure that the range of active power setting of the UPFC not yielding the APLF. Compared with Monte Carlo simulation, the IPF has the similar accuracy but less time.

关键词: active power loop flow (APLF)     unified power flow controller (UPFC)     wind power uncertainty     interval power flow (IPF)    

Power fluctuation and power loss of wind turbines due to wind shear and tower shadow

Binrong WEN, Sha WEI, Kexiang WEI, Wenxian YANG, Zhike PENG, Fulei CHU

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第12卷 第3期   页码 321-332 doi: 10.1007/s11465-017-0434-1

摘要:

The magnitude and stability of power output are two key indices of wind turbines. This study investigates the effects of wind shear and tower shadow on power output in terms of power fluctuation and power loss to estimate the capacity and quality of the power generated by a wind turbine. First, wind speed models, particularly the wind shear model and the tower shadow model, are described in detail. The widely accepted tower shadow model is modified in view of the cone-shaped towers of modern large-scale wind turbines. Power fluctuation and power loss due to wind shear and tower shadow are analyzed by performing theoretical calculations and case analysis within the framework of a modified version of blade element momentum theory. Results indicate that power fluctuation is mainly caused by tower shadow, whereas power loss is primarily induced by wind shear. Under steady wind conditions, power loss can be divided into wind farm loss and rotor loss. Wind farm loss is constant at 3α(3α−1)R2/(8H2). By contrast, rotor loss is strongly influenced by the wind turbine control strategies and wind speed. That is, when the wind speed is measured in a region where a variable-speed controller works, the rotor loss stabilizes around zero, but when the wind speed is measured in a region where the blade pitch controller works, the rotor loss increases as the wind speed intensifies. The results of this study can serve as a reference for accurate power estimation and strategy development to mitigate the fluctuations in aerodynamic loads and power output due to wind shear and tower shadow.

关键词: wind turbine     wind shear     tower shadow     power fluctuation     power loss    

The world’s first offshore wind power non-desalination of seawater electrolysis for hydrogen production

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第3期   页码 317-319 doi: 10.1007/s11708-023-0888-2

摘要: The world’s first offshore wind power non-desalination of seawater electrolysis for hydrogen production successfully tested in Fujian, China

关键词: China     wind power non    

A comprehensive review of wind power based power system frequency regulation

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第5期   页码 611-634 doi: 10.1007/s11708-023-0876-6

摘要: Wind power (WP) is considered as one of the main renewable energy sources (RESs) for future low-carbon and high-cost-efficient power system. However, its low inertia characteristic may threaten the system frequency stability of the power system with a high penetration of WP generation. Thus, the capability of WP participating in the system frequency regulation has become a research hotspot. In this paper, the impact of WP on power system frequency stability is initially presented. In addition, various existing control strategies of WP participating in frequency regulation are reviewed from the wind turbine (WT) level to the wind farm (WF) level, and their performances are compared in terms of operating principles and practical applications. The pros and cons of each control strategy are also discussed. Moreover, the WP combing with energy storage system (ESS) for system frequency regulation is explored. Furthermore, the prospects, future challenges, and solutions of WP participating in power system frequency regulation are summarized.

关键词: frequency regulation strategies     wind turbine generators     grid-forming control     model predictive control     energy storage system    

Equivalent circuit and characteristic simulation of a brushless electrically excited synchronous windpower generator

Hao WANG, Fengge ZHANG, Tao GUAN, Siyang YU

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第12卷 第3期   页码 420-426 doi: 10.1007/s11465-017-0439-9

摘要:

A brushless electrically excited synchronous generator (BEESG) with a hybrid rotor is a novel electrically excited synchronous generator. The BEESG proposed in this paper is composed of a conventional stator with two different sets of windings with different pole numbers, and a hybrid rotor with powerful coupling capacity. The pole number of the rotor is different from those of the stator windings. Thus, an analysis method different from that applied to conventional generators should be applied to the BEESG. In view of this problem, the equivalent circuit and electromagnetic torque expression of the BEESG are derived on the basis of electromagnetic relation of the proposed generator. The generator is simulated and tested experimentally using the established equivalent circuit model. The experimental and simulation data are then analyzed and compared. Results show the validity of the equivalent circuit model.

关键词: wind power     brushless electrically excited synchronous generator     hybrid rotor     equivalent circuit    

Windmills: Ancestors of the wind power generation

Cesare ROSSI, Flavio RUSSO, Sergio SAVINO

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第12卷 第3期   页码 389-396 doi: 10.1007/s11465-017-0414-5

摘要:

A brief description of the windmills from the second millennium BC to the Renaissance is presented. This survey is a part of several studies conducted by the authors on technology in the ancient world. The windmills are the first motor, other than human muscles, and are the ancestors of the modern wind turbines. Some authors’ virtual reconstructions of old windmills are also presented. The paper shows that the operating principle of many modern machines had already been conceived in the ancient times by using a technology that was more advanced than expected, but with two main differences, as follows: Similar tasks were accomplished by using much less energy; and the environmental impact was nil or very low. Modern designers should sometimes consider simplicity rather than the use of a large amount of energy.

关键词: windmills     ancient machines     history of windmill    

Investigation on available wind energy at Tungku beach

M. G. YAZDANI, M. A. SALAM

《能源前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第3期   页码 275-279 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0194-x

摘要: In this paper, wind velocities and directions (sea and land) are recorded in different days and times. The data collected were compared with the weather data from the Brunei Darussalam Meteorological Service (BDMS) and the findings of other researchers and were found to be in good agreement. The potential of wind energy is predicted from the available data collected. The average generated power (forenoon and afternoon) is found to be 25 (mean) and 18 W (median), 101 (mean) and 73 W (median), 912 (mean) and 660 W (median), 10137 (mean) and 7331 W (median) for a rotor with a diameter of 2.5, 5, 15 and 50 m, respectively. The power density for wind farming is found to be 0.26 (mean) and 0.19 (median), 0.31 (mean) and 0.22 (median) for the rotor whose diameter is 2.5 and 50 m, respectively, while the average values are found to be 0.28 (mean) and 0.2 (median) for the rotor whose diameter is 5 and 15 m.

关键词: wind velocity     temperature     tower height     power density     Raleigh distribution     electrical power    

Solving multi-objective optimal power flow problem considering wind-STATCOM using differential evolution

Belkacem MAHDAD, K. SRAIRI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第1期   页码 75-89 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0222-x

摘要: In this paper, a simple strategy based differential evolution was proposed for solving the problem of multi-objective environmental optimal power flow considering a hybrid model (Wind-Shunt-FACTS). The DE algorithm optimized simultaneously a combined vector control based active power of wind sources and reactive power of multi STATCOM exchanged with the electrical power system to minimize fuel cost and emissions. The proposed strategy was examined and applied to the standard IEEE 30-bus with smooth cost function to solve the problem of security environmental economic dispatch considering multi distributed hybrid model based wind and STATCOM controllers. In addition, the proposed approach was validated on a large practical electrical power system 40 generating units considering valve point effect. Simulation results demonstrate that choosing the installation of multi type of FACTS devices in coordination with many distributed wind sources is a vital research area.

关键词: differential evolution     multi-objective function     optimal power flow     economic dispatch     valve point effect     environment     wind source     STATCOM    

Tianrun Xia County phase III 99.5 MW wind power engineering technology and green innovation

Xiaobo WANG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第1期   页码 131-137 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0012-9

摘要:

关键词: low carbon design     green standard system     environmental protection     sustainable development     Tianrun Sijiao Town wind farm    

Framework design of a hybrid energy system by combining wind farm with small gas turbine power plants

Nengsheng BAO, Weidou NI,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第2期   页码 205-210 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0073-2

摘要: Owing to the stochastic characteristic of natural wind speed, the output fluctuation of wind farm has a negative impact on power grid when a large-scale wind farm is connected to a power grid. It is very difficult to overcome this impact only by wind farm itself. A novel power system called wind-gas turbine hybrid energy system was discussed, and the framework design of this hybrid energy system was presented in detail in this paper. The hybrid energy system combines wind farm with several small gas turbine power plants to form an integrated power station to provide a relatively firm output power. The small gas turbine power plant has such special advantages as fast start-up, shutdown, and quick load regulation to fit the requirement of the hybrid energy system. Therefore, the hybrid energy system uses the output from the small gas turbine power plants to compensate for the output fluctuation from the wind farm for the firm output from the whole power system. To put this hybrid energy system into practice, the framework must be designed first. The capacity of the wind farm is chosen according to the capacity and units of small gas turbine power plants, load requirement from power grid, and local wind energy resource distribution. Finally, a framework design case of hybrid energy system was suggested according to typical wind energy resource in Xinjiang Autonomous Region in China.

关键词: framework design     hybrid energy system     wind farm     gas turbine power plants    

Investigation on the integral output power model of a large-scale wind farm

BAO Nengsheng, MA Xiuqian, NI Weidou

《能源前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第1期   页码 67-78 doi: 10.1007/s11708-007-0006-x

摘要: The integral output power model of a large-scale wind farm is needed when estimating the wind farm s output over a period of time in the future. The actual wind speed power model and calculation method of a wind farm made up of many wind turbine units are discussed. After analyzing the incoming wind flow characteristics and their energy distributions, and after considering the multi-effects among the wind turbine units and certain assumptions, the incoming wind flow model of multi-units is built. The calculation algorithms and steps of the integral output power model of a large-scale wind farm are provided. Finally, an actual power output of the wind farm is calculated and analyzed by using the practical measurement wind speed data. The characteristics of a large-scale wind farm are also discussed.

关键词: power model     actual     energy     large-scale     practical measurement    

Regional wind power forecasting model with NWP grid data optimized

Zhao WANG, Weisheng WANG, Bo WANG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第2期   页码 175-183 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0471-9

摘要: Unlike the traditional fossil energy, wind, as the clean renewable energy, can reduce the emission of the greenhouse gas. To take full advantage of the environmental benefits of wind energy, wind power forecasting has to be studied to overcome the troubles brought by the variable nature of wind. Power forecasting for regional wind farm groups is the problem that many power system operators care about. The high-dimensional feature sets with redundant information are frequently encountered when dealing with this problem. In this paper, two kinds of feature set construction methods are proposed which can achieve the proper feature set either by selecting the subsets or by transforming the original variables with specific combinations. The former method selects the subset according to the criterion of minimal-redundancy-maximal-relevance (mRMR), while the latter does so based on the method of principal component analysis (PCA). A locally weighted learning method is also proposed to utilize the processed feature set to produce the power forecast results. The proposed model is simple and easy to use with parameters optimized automatically. Finally, a case study of 28 wind farms in East China is provided to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

关键词: regional wind power forecasting     feature set     minimal-redundancy-maximal-relevance (mRMR)     principal component analysis (PCA)     locally weighted learning model    

Performance of PI controller for control of active and reactive power in DFIG operating in a grid-connectedvariable speed wind energy conversion system

Azzouz TAMAARAT,Abdelhamid BENAKCHA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 371-378 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0318-6

摘要: Due to several factors, wind energy becomes an essential type of electricity generation. The share of this type of energy in the network is becoming increasingly important. The objective of this work is to present the modeling and control strategy of a grid connected wind power generation scheme using a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) driven by the rotor. This paper is to present the complete modeling and simulation of a wind turbine driven DFIG in the second mode of operating (the wind turbine pitch control is deactivated). It will introduce the vector control, which makes it possible to control independently the active and reactive power exchanged between the stator of the generator and the grid, based on vector control concept (with stator flux or voltage orientation) with classical PI controllers. Various simulation tests are conducted to observe the system behavior and evaluate the performance of the control for some optimization criteria (energy efficiency and the robustness of the control). It is also interesting to play on the quality of electric power by controlling the reactive power exchanged with the grid, which will facilitate making a local correction of power factor.

关键词: wind power     doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)     vector control     active power     reactive power     maximum power point tracking (MPPT)    

Novel power capture optimization based sensorless maximum power point tracking strategy and internalmodel controller for wind turbines systems driven SCIG

Ali EL YAAKOUBI,Kamal ATTARI,Adel ASSELMAN,Abdelouahed DJEBLI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第4期   页码 742-756 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0462-x

摘要: Under the trends to using renewable energy sources as alternatives to the traditional ones, it is important to contribute to the fast growing development of these sources by using powerful soft computing methods. In this context, this paper introduces a novel structure to optimize and control the energy produced from a variable speed wind turbine which is based on a squirrel cage induction generator (SCIG) and connected to the grid. The optimization strategy of the harvested power from the wind is realized by a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm based on fuzzy logic, and the control strategy of the generator is implemented by means of an internal model (IM) controller. Three IM controllers are incorporated in the vector control technique, as an alternative to the proportional integral (PI) controller, to implement the proposed optimization strategy. The MPPT in conjunction with the IM controller is proposed as an alternative to the traditional tip speed ratio (TSR) technique, to avoid any disturbance such as wind speed measurement and wind turbine (WT) characteristic uncertainties. Based on the simulation results of a six KW-WECS model in Matlab/Simulink, the presented control system topology is reliable and keeps the system operation around the desired response.

关键词: power optimization     wind energy conversion system     maximum power point tracking (MPPT)     fuzzy logic     internal model (IM) controller    

Renewable power for China: Past, present, and future

Eric MARTINOT

《能源前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第3期   页码 287-294 doi: 10.1007/s11708-010-0120-z

摘要: This paper briefly examines the history, status, policy situation, development issues, and prospects for key renewable power technologies in China. The country has become a global leader in wind turbine and solar photovoltaic (PV) production, and leads the world in total power capacity from renewable energy. Policy frameworks have matured and evolved since the landmark 2005 Renewable Energy Law, updated in 2009. China’s 2020 renewable energy target is similar to that of the EU. However, China continues to face many challenges in technology development, grid-integration, and policy frameworks. These include training, research and development, wind turbine operating experience and performance, transmission constraints, grid interconnection time lags, resource assessments, power grid integration on large scales, and continued policy development and adjustment. Wind and solar PV targets for 2020 will likely be satisfied early, although domestic demand for solar PV remains weak and the pathways toward incorporating distributed and building-integrated solar PV are uncertain. Prospects for biomass power are limited by resource constraints. Other technologies such as concentrating solar thermal power, ocean energy, and electricity storage require greater attention.

关键词: renewable energy     wind power     solar power     sustainable energy policy     green industry    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

UPFC setting to avoid active power flow loop considering wind power uncertainty

Shenghu LI, Ting WANG

期刊论文

Power fluctuation and power loss of wind turbines due to wind shear and tower shadow

Binrong WEN, Sha WEI, Kexiang WEI, Wenxian YANG, Zhike PENG, Fulei CHU

期刊论文

The world’s first offshore wind power non-desalination of seawater electrolysis for hydrogen production

期刊论文

A comprehensive review of wind power based power system frequency regulation

期刊论文

Equivalent circuit and characteristic simulation of a brushless electrically excited synchronous windpower generator

Hao WANG, Fengge ZHANG, Tao GUAN, Siyang YU

期刊论文

Windmills: Ancestors of the wind power generation

Cesare ROSSI, Flavio RUSSO, Sergio SAVINO

期刊论文

Investigation on available wind energy at Tungku beach

M. G. YAZDANI, M. A. SALAM

期刊论文

Solving multi-objective optimal power flow problem considering wind-STATCOM using differential evolution

Belkacem MAHDAD, K. SRAIRI

期刊论文

Tianrun Xia County phase III 99.5 MW wind power engineering technology and green innovation

Xiaobo WANG

期刊论文

Framework design of a hybrid energy system by combining wind farm with small gas turbine power plants

Nengsheng BAO, Weidou NI,

期刊论文

Investigation on the integral output power model of a large-scale wind farm

BAO Nengsheng, MA Xiuqian, NI Weidou

期刊论文

Regional wind power forecasting model with NWP grid data optimized

Zhao WANG, Weisheng WANG, Bo WANG

期刊论文

Performance of PI controller for control of active and reactive power in DFIG operating in a grid-connectedvariable speed wind energy conversion system

Azzouz TAMAARAT,Abdelhamid BENAKCHA

期刊论文

Novel power capture optimization based sensorless maximum power point tracking strategy and internalmodel controller for wind turbines systems driven SCIG

Ali EL YAAKOUBI,Kamal ATTARI,Adel ASSELMAN,Abdelouahed DJEBLI

期刊论文

Renewable power for China: Past, present, and future

Eric MARTINOT

期刊论文