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Bridging science, technology and policy in emerging contaminants control

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1665-5

Emerging contaminant control: From science to action

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1559-y

摘要: Since the concept of emerging contaminants (ECs) was first proposed in 2001, the global scientific research of ECs has developed rapidly. In the past decades, great progress has been achieved in the scientific research of ECs in China, including the establishment of EC analysis method system, the evaluation of the pollution status, pollution characteristics and environmental risk of ECs in typical regions of China, and establishment of EC control technology system. Continuous progress in scientific research of ECs promoted China’s action on EC control. It is planned that the environmental risk of ECs will be generally controlled by 2035 in China. Priority ECs should be screened for environmental management. Although great efforts have been made, the EC control in China still faces tremendous challenges. It is necessary to bridge the gap between scientific research and decision-making management. Based on the science and technology study, various measures such as engineering, policy management and public participation should be combinedly adopted for EC control.

关键词: Emerging contaminants     Priority pollutants     PPCPs     POPs     Control policy    

CROP-LIVESTOCK INTEGRATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN CHINA: THE HISTORY OF STATE POLICY GOALS, REFORM

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第4期   页码 518-529 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023525

摘要:

This paper examines the historical evolution of crop-livestock integration in China with a specific focus on its role in mitigating non-point source pollution. Extensive examination of existing literature has unearthed the roots of crop-livestock integration dating back to the Western Zhou Dynasty (1046 to 771 BCE), ultimately culminating in a multifaceted and intricately interwoven system of rural development policies seen in contemporary China. This paper identifies and characterizes four distinct stages in the historical trajectory of crop-livestock integration: the era of self-sufficient subsistence production in traditional times (1046 BCE to 1948); the period where crop-livestock integration emerged as a pivotal strategy for augmenting grain and meat production under collectivist policies (1949‒1977); the phase marked by the industrialization and expansion of the livestock sector during the early years of economic reforms (1978‒2011); and the present era in which crop-livestock integration is harnessed as a mechanism for pollution control and ecological preservation in contemporary China (2012 to present). This paper illuminates the diverse contributions of crop-livestock integration in different epochs of rural development within China, which contributes to a nuanced and more theoretically grounded comprehension of circular agriculture. This understanding has the potential to be leveraged to promote sustainable rural development in broader contexts.

关键词: crop-livestock integration     non-point source pollution control     nutrient cycling     policy intervention     sustainable development    

Analysis of the current situation of environmental policy of China and establishment of distributed environmentalpolicy framework

Chaoyang FU,Wangfeng LI

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第2期   页码 310-316 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0658-9

摘要: In this study, China’s current macro-environmental policies as well as their implementation and management tools are analyzed. By using the basic economic methodology, detailed studies are conducted focusing on the implementation effect of contemporary China’s typical environmental policy of the total pollutant discharge quantity control type, and also the two types of environmental management tools are compared from the perspective of implementation costs and policy uncertainty. By introduction of distributed management tools into the implementation of environmental policies, market-oriented means and the methods of economic analysis are introduced into environmental policy decision-making mechanisms, which could afford a new method for changing the current relatively low efficiency of environmental policy, solving the problem of “government failure” in environmental policy implementation, and providing a new way to make environmental policy system more flexible and more efficient. It is of great practical significance to solve China's current structural, complex and accumulative environmental problems.

关键词: environmental policy     distributed environment policy     distributed parameter model     lumped parameter model    

输入饱和下多智能体系统最优一致性控制:一类非零和博弈方法 Research Article

李洪阳1,2,魏庆来1,2,3

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第23卷 第7期   页码 1010-1019 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.2200010

摘要: 本文针对输入饱和下的多智能体系统,提出一种最优一致性控制方法。引入多智能体博弈理论,将最优一致性控制问题转化为多智能体非零和博弈。之后,通过求解具有非二次输入能量项的耦合Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman(HJB)方程,实现Nash平衡。提出脱策强化学习方法,在系统模型未知情况下获得Nash平衡解;引入评判神经网络和执行神经网络实现所提方法。理论分析显示迭代控制律收敛到Nash平衡。仿真实验验证了所提方法的有效性。

关键词: 最优一致性控制;多智能体系统;非零和博弈;自适应动态规划;输入饱和;脱策强化学习;策略迭代    

China’s policy framework for carbon capture, utilization and storage: Review, analysis, and outlook

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第3期   页码 400-411 doi: 10.1007/s11708-023-0862-z

摘要: Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) is estimated to contribute substantial CO2 emission reduction to carbon neutrality in China. There is yet a large gap between such enormous demand and the current capacity, and thus a sound enabling environment with sufficient policy support is imperative for CCUS development. This study reviewed 59 CCUS-related policy documents issued by the Chinese government as of July 2022, and found that a supporting policy framework for CCUS is taking embryonic form in China. More than ten departments of the central government have involved CCUS in their policies, of which the State Council, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), and the Ministry of Ecological Environment (MEE) have given the greatest attention with different focuses. Specific policy terms are further analyzed following the method of content analysis and categorized into supply-, environment- and demand-type policies. The results indicate that supply-type policies are unbalanced in policy objectives, as policy terms on technology research and demonstration greatly outnumber those on other objectives, and the attention to weak links and industrial sectors is far from sufficient. Environment-type policies, especially legislations, standards, and incentives, are inadequate in pertinence and operability. Demand-type policies are absent in the current policy system but is essential to drive the demand for the CCUS technology in domestic and foreign markets. To meet the reduction demand of China’s carbon neutral goal, policies need to be tailored according to needs of each specific technology and implemented in an orderly manner with well-balanced use on multiple objectives.

关键词: carbon capture     utilization     and storage (CCUS)     policy     content analysis     China    

Hierarchical methodological framework to improve Policy Environmental Assessment: Based on policy layer

Yinglie ZHOU, Cunkuan BAO,

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第1期   页码 82-90 doi: 10.1007/s11783-010-0004-9

摘要: This study explores the current implementation challenges of the Policy Environmental Assessment (PEA), including the implementation of a far richer, more diverse (at macro level), and better understanding of PEA and integration with decision making. The results contribute to the analysis of PEA through different hierarchies of assessment. Stemming from the theory and practice of policy, a concept of PEA hierarchies is proposed including the uppermost PEA, upper-lower PEA, and lowermost PEA. Afterward, the differences of the three hierarchies are interpreted, in terms of aims, principles, processes, and methods. The evaluation of the policy environmental impacts from different lens helps solve the complexities of policies and identify opportunities for improvement of PEA.

关键词: Policy Environmental Assessment (PEA)     policy hierarchy     PEA hierarchy     methodological framework    

Translating evidence into policy in China: opportunities and challenges

Jiyao Wang, Xuejuan Jin

《医学前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第3期   页码 315-320 doi: 10.1007/s11684-011-0146-6

摘要: Research and evidence are critical for the formulation of policies and practices in support of health care. In the past two decades, the Chinese Clinical Epidemiology Network has been promoting evidence-based policy making in China. Evidence-based policy has become a major part of the government’s approach to policy making. The current article addresses the translation of evidence into health policies based on the expansion of evidence-based medicine in China. It also discusses the opportunities and challenges for certain evidence to be considered in policy making and practice in the future.

关键词: clinical epidemiology     evidence-based decision making     policy    

Moving policy and regulation forward for single-use plastic alternatives

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1423-5

摘要: Single-use plastics are often used once or cannot be reused for extended periods. They are widely consumed with the rapid development of social economy. The waste generated by single-use plastics threatens ecosystem health by entering the environment and ultimately restricts sustainable human development. The innovation of sustainable and environmentally friendly single-use plastic alternative materials and the joint participation of governments, enterprises and the public are promising technologies and management approaches that can solve the problem of single-use plastics wastes. The development of single-use plastic alternative products can be promoted fundamentally only by improving relevant legislation and standards, providing differentiated industrial policies, encouraging scientific and technological innovation and expanding public participation.

关键词: Single-use plastic alternatives     Policy     Regulation     Sustainable development    

院校医学人才教育发展现状与国家宏观调控政策探讨

白慧君,冯昊,王彩云,付文华,高百红,詹启敏

《中国工程科学》 2019年 第21卷 第2期   页码 69-73 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2019.02.003

摘要:

院校医学教育肩负着教育和健康两大民生工程,承担着为医药卫生事业输送高质量人才的重任。随着人民群众对健康需求的日益增长,医药服务模式在我国经历重大变革,国际院校医学教育的发展趋势对医学类高校提出更高的要求。本文从我国医药卫生院校教育发展的实际出发,分析我国医药卫生人才院校教育的发展现状和存在的问题,并以国际上先进的医学教育模式为参照,探讨与我国现代医药卫生人才发展目标相适应的新型国家医药卫生人才院校教育培养架构体系,并提出相关政策建议,为培养我国优秀医药卫生人才、保护居民健康、推动医疗产业发展提供思路。

关键词: 院校教育     医药卫生人才培养     政策建议    

Towards the sustainable intensification of agriculture—a systems approach to policy formulation

Leslie G. FIRBANK

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第1期   页码 81-89 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019291

摘要:

The sustainable intensification of agriculture involves providing sufficient food and other ecosystem services without going beyond the limits of the earth’s system. Here a project management approach is suggested to help guide agricultural policy to deliver these objectives. The first step is to agree measurable outcomes, integrating formal policy goals with the often much less formal and much more diverse goals of individual farmers. The second step is to assess current performance. Ideally, this will involve the use of farm-scale metrics that can feed into process models that address social and environmental domains as well as production issues that can be benchmarked and upscaled to landscape and country. Some policy goals can be delivered by supporting ad hoc interventions, while others require the redesign of the farming system. A pipeline of research, knowledge and capacity building is needed to ensure the continuous increase in farm performance. System models can help prioritise policy interventions. Formal optimization of land use is only appropriate if the policy goals are clear, and the constraints understood. In practice, the best approach may depend on the scale of action that is required, and on the amount of resource and infrastructure available to generate, implement and manage policy.

关键词: agricultural policy     ecosystem services     indicators of sustainable intensification     knowledge exchange     land use optimization    

Development of an integrated policy making tool for assessing air quality and human health benefits ofair pollution control

Xuezhen QIU,Yun ZHU,Carey JANG,Che-Jen LIN,Shuxiao WANG,Joshua FU,Junping XIE,Jiandong WANG,Dian DING,Shicheng LONG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第6期   页码 1056-1065 doi: 10.1007/s11783-015-0796-8

摘要: Efficient air quality management is critical to protect public health from the adverse impacts of air pollution. To evaluate the effectiveness of air pollution control strategies, the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) has developed the Software for Model Attainment Test-Community Edition (SMAT-CE) to assess the air quality attainment of emission reductions, and the Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program-Community Edition (BenMAP-CE) to evaluate the health and economic benefits of air quality improvement respectively. Since scientific decision-making requires timely and coherent information, developing the linkage between SMAT-CE and BenMAP-CE into an integrated assessment platform is desirable. To address this need, a new module linking SMAT-CE to BenMAP-CE has been developed and tested. The new module streamlines the assessment of air quality and human health benefits for a proposed air pollution control strategy. It also implements an optimized data gridding algorithm which significantly enhances the computational efficiency without compromising accuracy. The performance of the integrated software package is demonstrated through a case study that evaluates the air quality and associated economic benefits of a national-level control strategy of PM . The results of the case study show that the proposed emission reduction reduces the number of nonattainment sites from 379 to 25 based on the US National Ambient Air Quality Standards, leading to more than US$334 billion of economic benefits annually from improved public health. The integration of the science-based software tools in this study enhances the efficiency of developing effective and optimized emission control strategies for policy makers.

关键词: air quality assessment     human health benefit     economic benefit     air quality attainment assessment     air pollution control strategy     decision support system    

Agriculture Green Development in China and the UK: common objectives and converging policy pathways

Yuelai LU, David NORSE, David POWLSON

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第1期   页码 98-105 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019298

摘要:

This paper has three aims. First, to examine how the negative environmental consequences of intensive agriculture have driven China and the UK to shift away from narrowly focused farm output policies and adopt more holistic green development pathways. Second, to explore the policy objectives they have in common. Third, to assess the numerous opportunities for joint research and knowledge sharing through the Sustainable Agriculture Innovation Network and other existing institutional mechanisms. The intensification of agricultural production in the UK started several decades earlier than in China as did the negative environmental consequences of the farm practices. However, their strategies and policies for sustainable intensification and green development have much in common. These are set out in two main documents: the Chinese State Council guidelines for green agriculture and the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs 25 Year Environment Plan. There are substantial mutual advantages from greater collaboration on problem identification and monitoring; the development of appropriate technological and management responses and the formulation of sound policies. To achieve this potential, it is recommended that further thought be given to how best to bring together all of the key stakeholders along the whole food chain.

关键词: Agriculture Green Development     China     policy     UK    

Cost-benefit analysis of China’s national air pollution control plan

Jing ZHANG, Hongqiang JIANG, Wei ZHANG, Guoxia MA, Yanchao WANG, Yaling LU, Xi HU, Jia ZHOU, Fei PENG, Jun BI, Jinnan WANG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第4期   页码 524-537 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0074-8

摘要: China’s rapid economic growth has caused severe air pollution and public health problems. Therefore, the Chinese government launched the National Air Pollution Control Plan (hereinafter referred to as the “Air Plan”) in 2013–2017 to improve air quality and safeguard public health. In this study, an analytical framework for a cost-benefit analysis applicable to China was constructed, and the costs and benefits of the implementation of the “Air Plan” in 30 cities and provinces in China from 2013 to 2017 were evaluated. Results show that the total cost of implementation of the “Air Plan” is 1.6511 trillion RMB. The benefits of air quality improvement were determined to be 2.4691 trillion RMB through the willingness-to-pay method to calculate the economic loss of premature deaths. The net benefit related to the implementation of the “Air Plan” was 818 billion RMB. The public health benefit of air quality improvement was 1.5 times the cost of the nationwide implementation of the “Air Plan”. At the provincial level, net benefits that reach 279.3 billion RMB were the highest in Guangdong, whereas the benefit-cost ratio, where the benefit was 5.5 times the cost, was the highest in Fujian. Estimations in this study can serve as a reference for China in formulating similar environmental policies and implementing the “3-year Plan to Defend the Blue Sky”. In addition, these estimations have practical significance for advancing the long-term effective mechanisms of the cost-benefit analysis of China’s environmental policies.

关键词: Air Plan     cost-benefit analysis     health benefits     environmental policy    

GREENHOUSE GAS AND AMMONIA EMISSION MITIGATION PRIORITIES FOR UK POLICY TARGETS

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第2期   页码 268-280 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023495

摘要:

● An expert survey highlighted the most effective strategies for GHG and ammonia mitigation.

关键词: agriculture     ammonia     greenhouse gas     mitigation     net zero    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Bridging science, technology and policy in emerging contaminants control

期刊论文

Emerging contaminant control: From science to action

期刊论文

CROP-LIVESTOCK INTEGRATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN CHINA: THE HISTORY OF STATE POLICY GOALS, REFORM

期刊论文

Analysis of the current situation of environmental policy of China and establishment of distributed environmentalpolicy framework

Chaoyang FU,Wangfeng LI

期刊论文

输入饱和下多智能体系统最优一致性控制:一类非零和博弈方法

李洪阳1,2,魏庆来1,2,3

期刊论文

China’s policy framework for carbon capture, utilization and storage: Review, analysis, and outlook

期刊论文

Hierarchical methodological framework to improve Policy Environmental Assessment: Based on policy layer

Yinglie ZHOU, Cunkuan BAO,

期刊论文

Translating evidence into policy in China: opportunities and challenges

Jiyao Wang, Xuejuan Jin

期刊论文

Moving policy and regulation forward for single-use plastic alternatives

期刊论文

院校医学人才教育发展现状与国家宏观调控政策探讨

白慧君,冯昊,王彩云,付文华,高百红,詹启敏

期刊论文

Towards the sustainable intensification of agriculture—a systems approach to policy formulation

Leslie G. FIRBANK

期刊论文

Development of an integrated policy making tool for assessing air quality and human health benefits ofair pollution control

Xuezhen QIU,Yun ZHU,Carey JANG,Che-Jen LIN,Shuxiao WANG,Joshua FU,Junping XIE,Jiandong WANG,Dian DING,Shicheng LONG

期刊论文

Agriculture Green Development in China and the UK: common objectives and converging policy pathways

Yuelai LU, David NORSE, David POWLSON

期刊论文

Cost-benefit analysis of China’s national air pollution control plan

Jing ZHANG, Hongqiang JIANG, Wei ZHANG, Guoxia MA, Yanchao WANG, Yaling LU, Xi HU, Jia ZHOU, Fei PENG, Jun BI, Jinnan WANG

期刊论文

GREENHOUSE GAS AND AMMONIA EMISSION MITIGATION PRIORITIES FOR UK POLICY TARGETS

期刊论文