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Energy neutrality potential of wastewater treatment plants: A novel evaluation framework integratingenergy efficiency and recovery

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第9期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1549-0

摘要:

• Framework of indicators was established based on energy efficiency and recovery.

关键词: Wastewater treatment plants     Energy neutrality potential     Energy efficiency     Energy recovery     Evaluation framework    

Regional characteristics of industrial energy efficiency in China: application of stochastic frontier

Tao HUANG,Akio ONISHI,Feng SHI,Masafumi MORISUGI,Mjo Lwin CHERRY

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第3期   页码 506-521 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0656-y

摘要: This paper analyzed regional industrial energy efficiency in China with Total-Factor Energy Efficiency (TFEE). The East region has the best energy efficiency and the Central and the West regions stand as the second and the third respectively. However, it is found that industrial energy efficiency of all regions increased from 1998 to 2006. This result is consistent with level of economic development of every region. The industries of all provinces in China are not yet at the frontier efficiency position, therefore, to the frontier as target, their technology levels and production processes should be adjusted accordingly. Compared with the conventional energy efficiency, the inverse of energy intensity, which is defined as the ratio of actual output to energy input, is regarded as Single-Factor Energy Efficiency (SFEE) index. Although TFEE ranks are not changed for each region, they are different for each province. The comparative result also shows that the substitution among inputs (labor, capital stock, and energy) to produce the output is significant. The SFEE scores could be over-estimated if energy is taken as the single input in the production. Finally, we identified determining factors affecting industrial energy efficiency using Tobit model. The results indicate that an increase of per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the percentage of output value of industry invested by Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and abroad, energy price and investment of scientific and technological activities for industry could be possible contributors and drivers to the industrial energy efficiency. However, increasing of heavy industry will lead to worse industrial energy efficiency.

关键词: industrial energy efficiency     stochastic frontier analysis     total-factor energy efficiency     single factor energy efficiency    

A Comprehensive Evaluation of Policy Effectiveness for Energy Efficiency in Existing Buildings

Xing Wei,Han-ding Guo

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2014年 第1卷 第4期   页码 341-347 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2014060

摘要: The healthy and stable development of energy efficiencies in existing buildings cannot be separated from effective policy operation, and evaluating policy effectiveness contributes to scientifically-sound government decision-making. This paper creates an evaluation index system and a grey comprehensive evaluation model for policy effectiveness for energy efficiency in existing buildings using three dimensions: 1) the effect of the policy itself; 2) the administrative effect of the policy; and 3) policy implementation effects. It chooses the government’s subsidy policy and preferential tax policy at market cultivation stage for its empirical comparative evaluation. The evaluation indicates that the former is more effective. Finally, it puts forward policy development suggestions from the perspective of: 1) clarifying incentive object; 2) broadening incentive scope; 3) increasing incentive intensity; and 4) innovating incentive mode.

关键词: grey comprehensive evaluation     existing buildings     energy efficiency     policies effectiveness    

Achieving energy efficiency in government buildings through mandatory policy and program enforcement

Patrick X.W. ZOU, Morshed ALAM, Van Manh PHUNG, Dipika WAGLE, Rodney STEWART, Edoardo BERTONE, Oz SAHIN, Chris BUNTINE

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2017年 第4卷 第1期   页码 92-103 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2017101

摘要: Government buildings are responsible for a significant proportion of energy consumption worldwide, for example, in Australia, up to 41.5 PJ energy was consumed by government buildings in 2011–2012. While the newly constructed buildings may be energy efficient, the existing buildings, which account for more than 85% of the total building stock, were built prior to the time when energy rating systems was put in practice and are consequently energy inefficient to a large degree. Reducing the energy consumption in existing government buildings is essential, as it will not only reduce the costs and environmental impacts, but also show governments’ strong commitment towards the reduction of greenhouse gas emission. Furthermore, successful building energy retrofit projects are the showcases to the general public, encouraging other sectors (e.g. commercial) to conduct building retrofits for energy savings. Recognising these benefits, several state governments in Australia have introduced building energy efficiency policies and programs. This paper reviewed the energy efficiency policies/programs in five States in Australia: Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia, and Queensland in terms of respective policies and targets, implementation methods and current progress. The lessons learned from these programs were also discussed. This research revealed that the key factors for a successful government building energy retrofitting program are 1) having a properly enforced energy efficiency mandate with clear energy saving targets, 2) establishing an expert facilitation team and 3) implementing suitable financing and procurement methods.

关键词: building energy retrofit     policy     energy efficiency     energy performance contract     energy auditing    

Quantification of energy related industrial eco-efficiency of China

Jiansu MAO, Yanchun DU, Linyu XU, Yong ZENG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第4期   页码 585-596 doi: 10.1007/s11783-010-0289-8

摘要: Improving eco-efficiency is propitious for saving resources and reducing emissions, and has become a popular route to sustainable development. We define two energy-related eco-efficiencies: energy efficiency (ENE) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission-related eco-efficiency (GEE) using energy consumption and the associated GHG emissions as the environmental impacts. Using statistical data, we analyze China’s energy consumption and GHG emissions by industrial subsystem and sector, and estimate the ENE and GEE values for China in 2007 as 4.871×10 ?US$/PJ and 4.26×10 US$/TgCO eq, respectively. Industry is the primary contributing subsystem of China’s economy, contributing 45.2% to the total economic production, using 79.6% of the energy consumed, and generating 91.4% of the total GHG emissions. We distinguish the individual contributions of the 39 industrial sectors to the national economy, overall energy consumption, and GHG emissions, and estimate their energy-related eco-efficiencies. The results show that although ferrous metal production contributes only 3.5% to the national industrial economy, it consumes the most industrial energy (20% of total), contributes 16% to the total industrial global warming potential (GWP), and ranks third in GHG emissions. The power and heat sector ranks first in GHG emissions and contributes one-third of the total industrial GWP, although it only consumes about 8% of total industrial energy and, like ferrous metal production, contributes 3.5% to the national economy. The ENE of the ferrous metal and power and heat sectors are only 8 and 2.1×10 US$/PJ, while the GEE for these two sectors are 9 and 4×10 US$/GgCO eq, respectively; these are nearly the lowest ENE and GEE values among all 39 industry sectors. Finally, we discuss the possibility of eco-efficiency improvement through a comparison with other countries.

关键词: eco-efficiency     greenhouse gas (GHG)     global warming potential (GWP)     industrial sectors     energy saving    

End-use energy utilization efficiency of Nigerian residential sector

Fidelis I. ABAM,Olayinka S. OHUNAKIN,Bethrand N. NWANKWOJIKE,Ekwe B. EKWE

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 322-334 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0329-3

摘要: In this paper, the end-use efficiencies of the different energy carriers and the overall energy efficiency in the Nigerian residential sector (NRS) were estimated using energy and exergy analysis. The energy and exergy flows were considered from 2006 to 2011. The overall energy efficiency ranges from 19.15% in 2006 to 20.19% in 2011 with a mean of (19.96±0.23)% while the overall exergy efficiency ranges from 4.34% in 2006 to 4.40% in 2011 with a mean of (4.31±0.059)%. The energy and exergy efficiency margin was 15.58% with a marginal improvement of 0.07% and 0.02%, respectively when compared with previous results. The contribution of the energy carriers to the total energy and exergy inputs were 1.45% and 1.43% for electricity, 1.95% and 3% for fossil fuel and 96.6% and 95.57% for bio-fuel. The result shows that approximately 65% of the residence use wood and biomass for domestic cooking and heating, and only a fraction of the residence have access to electricity. LPG was found to be the most efficient while kerosene, charcoal, wood and other biomass the least in this order. Electricity utilization exergy efficiency is affected by vapor-compression air conditioning application apart from low potential energy applications. In addition, this paper has suggested alternatives in the end-use application and has demonstrated the relevance of exergy analysis in enhancing sustainable energy policies and management and improved integration techniques.

关键词: end-use     energy     exergy efficiency     residential sector     Nigeria    

Energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions reduction opportunities in district heating source in

Gaofeng CHEN, Xuejing ZHENG, Lin CONG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第3期   页码 285-295 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0197-7

摘要: Building a trading market can promote energy conservation provided that the trading method is determined. Energy consumption for heat supply is huge. Tianjin Municipal Government is planning to establish an energy efficiency trading platform for district heating taking into consideration the experience in carbon trading market and specific situation in Tianjin. This paper presented an in-depth analysis of the district heating industry in Tianjin municipality, and identified the potentials of energy saving and carbon dioxide emissions reduction. Since energy efficiency was closely related to different heating source technologies, baselines were determined for boiler plants and thermal power plants respectively. Three scenarios were discussed for baseline determination. 472 boiler plants were surveyed and operational data relating to energy consumption were collected. Through data analysis, 27 boiler plants which have reasonable recorded energy consumption values were chosen as samples. By analyzing the dataset and referring to the related standards, method of determining the baseline for district heating carbon market was established. Finxally, the baseline for boiler plant was determined to be 52.0 kgce/GJ, and that for thermal power plant was 43.0 kgce/GJ in 2011. Carbon abatement against the baselines above was calculated and considerable carbon dioxide emissions reduction could be achieved.

关键词: district heating     energy efficiency     baseline     carbon abatement    

A valveless piezoelectric pump with novel flow path design of function of rectification to improve energyefficiency

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第17卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11465-022-0685-3

摘要: Existing valveless piezoelectric pumps are mostly based on the flow resistance mechanism to generate unidirectional fluid pumping, resulting in inefficient energy conversion because the majority of mechanical energy is consumed in terms of parasitic loss. In this paper, a novel tube structure composed of a Y-shaped tube and a ȹ-shaped tube was proposed considering theory of jet inertia and vortex dissipation for the first time to improve energy efficiency. After verifying its feasibility through the flow field simulation, the proposed tubes were integrated into a piezo-driven chamber, and a novel valveless piezoelectric pump with the function of rectification (NVPPFR) was reported. Unlike previous pumps, the reported pump directed the reflux fluid to another flow channel different from the pumping fluid, thus improving pumping efficiency. Then, mathematical modeling was established, including the kinetic analysis of vibrator, flow loss analysis of fluid, and pumping efficiency. Eventually, experiments were designed, and results showed that NVPPFR had the function of rectification and net pumping effect. The maximum flow rate reached 6.89 mL/min, and the pumping efficiency was up to 27%. The development of NVPPFR compensated for the inefficiency of traditional valveless piezoelectric pumps, broadening the application prospect in biomedicine and biology fields.

关键词: composite tube     valveless piezoelectric pump     rectification     energy efficiency    

Research on Evaluating the Efficiency of the Project Financing of the Energy Service Company

Bao-zhen Zhang,Han-ding Guo,Cai-xia Yang,Lei Wang

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2016年 第3卷 第3期   页码 252-257 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2016044

摘要: The financing efficiency evaluation of the ESCO (Energy Service Company) is an important approach to improve the operation efficiency of existing building energy-saving projects. To scientifically and reasonably evaluate the financing efficiency of the ESCO, this paper puts forward a combination evaluation model based on the method set. Firstly, the method set is composed of different methods that meet the demand of statistical coherence, and KENALL-W coefficient test of concordance is used to check up the coherence of the ranking results of the different methods. Secondly, mean, Borda and Copeland are used separately for calculating the combination evaluation results and the circular combination method is used to ensure the coherence of evaluation results. Finally, the combination evaluation model is used to evaluate the 10 ESCO business project financing benefits, and the effectiveness of the models is verified accordingly.

关键词: ESCO     project financing     financing efficiency     method set     combination evaluation    

Energy efficiency of small buildings with smart cooling system in the summer

Yazdan DANESHVAR, Majid SABZEHPARVAR, Seyed Amir Hossein HASHEMI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第4期   页码 651-660 doi: 10.1007/s11708-020-0699-7

摘要: In this paper, a novel cooling control strategy as part of the smart energy system that can balance thermal comfort against building energy consumption by using the sensing and machine programming technology was investigated. For this goal, a general form of a building was coupled by the smart cooling system (SCS) and the consumption of energy with thermal comfort cooling of persons simulated by using the EnergyPlus software and compared with similar buildings without SCS. At the beginning of the research, using the data from a survey in a randomly selected group of hundreds and by analyzing and verifying the results of the specific relationship between the different groups of people in the statistical society, the body mass index (BMI) and their thermal comfort temperature were obtained, and the sample building was modeled using the EnergyPlus software. The result show that if an intelligent ventilation system that can calculate the thermal comfort temperature was used in accordance with the BMI of persons, it can save up to 35% of the cooling load of the building yearly.

关键词: smart home     heating and cooling systems     saving energy     optimal consumption of energy    

QPSO-ILF-ANN-based optimization of TBM control parameters considering tunneling energy efficiency

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第1期   页码 25-36 doi: 10.1007/s11709-022-0908-z

摘要: In recent years, tunnel boring machines (TBMs) have been widely used in tunnel construction. However, the TBM control parameters set based on operator experience may not necessarily be suitable for certain geological conditions. Hence, a method to optimize TBM control parameters using an improved loss function-based artificial neural network (ILF-ANN) combined with quantum particle swarm optimization (QPSO) is proposed herein. The purpose of this method is to improve the TBM performance by optimizing the penetration and cutterhead rotation speeds. Inspired by the regularization technique, a custom artificial neural network (ANN) loss function based on the penetration rate and rock-breaking specific energy as TBM performance indicators is developed in the form of a penalty function to adjust the output of the network. In addition, to overcome the disadvantage of classical error backpropagation ANNs, i.e., the ease of falling into a local optimum, QPSO is adopted to train the ANN hyperparameters (weight and bias). Rock mass classes and tunneling parameters obtained in real time are used as the input of the QPSO-ILF-ANN, whereas the cutterhead rotation speed and penetration are specified as the output. The proposed method is validated using construction data from the Songhua River water conveyance tunnel project. Results show that, compared with the TBM operator and QPSO-ANN, the QPSO-ILF-ANN effectively increases the TBM penetration rate by 14.85% and 13.71%, respectively, and reduces the rock-breaking specific energy by 9.41% and 9.18%, respectively.

关键词: tunnel boring machine     control parameter optimization     quantum particle swarm optimization     artificial neural network     tunneling energy efficiency    

Energy efficiency of rural residential buildings: a sustainable case study in Daping Village, Sichuan

Jiaping LIU, Rongrong HU, Liu YANG, Dalong LIU, Runshan WANG,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第1期   页码 117-121 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0081-2

摘要: A new type of rural residential building that is ecological, energy efficient and comfortable was designed. Research on the new building was sponsored by the Post-disaster Reconstruction Project in Daping Village, Sichuan Province. Based on field investigation and quantitative analysis, an appropriate design strategy and technology is presented, including climatic design strategies, local material use and building energy simulation.

关键词: rural residential building     energy efficiency     sustainability    

Reverse electrodialysis heat engine with helium-gap diffusion distillation: Energy efficiency analysis

《能源前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.1007/s11708-024-0947-3

摘要: The depletion of energy resources poses a significant threat to the development of human society. Specifically, a considerable amount of low-grade heat (LGH), typically below 100 °C, is currently being wasted. However, efficient utilization of this LGH can relieve energy shortages and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. To address this challenge, reverse electrodialysis heat engine (REDHE) which can efficiently convert LGH into electricity has emerged as a promising technology in recent years. Extensive efforts have been dedicated to exploring more suitable thermal distillation technologies for enhancing the performance of REDHE. This paper introduces a novel REDHE that incorporates helium-gap diffusion distillation (HGDD) as the thermal separation (TS) unit. The HGDD device is highly compact and efficient, operating at a normal atmospheric pressure, which aligns with the operational conditions of the reverse electrodialysis (RED) unit. A validated mathematical model is employed to analyze the impacts of various operating and structural parameters on the REDHE performance. The results indicate that maintaining a moderate molality of the cold stream, elevating the inlet temperatures of hot and cold streams, lengthening hot- and cold-stream channels, and minimizing the thickness of helium gaps contribute to improving the REDHE performance. Especially, a maximum energy conversion efficiency of 2.96% is achieved by the REDHE when decreasing the thickness of helium gaps to 3 mm and increasing the length of stream channels to 5 m.

关键词: helium-gap diffusion distillation (HGDD)     reverse electrodialysis (RED)     heat engine     low-grade heat (LGH)    

Microwave-induced high-energy sites and targeted energy transition promising for efficient energy deployment

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期   页码 931-942 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0771-y

摘要: Diverse interactions between microwaves and irradiated media provide a solid foundation for identifying novel organization pathways for energy flow. In this study, a high-energy-site phenomenon and targeted-energy transition mechanism were identified in a particular microwave heating (MH) process. Intense discharges were observed when microwaves were imposed on irregularly sized SiC particles, producing tremendous heat that was 8-fold the amount generated in the discharge-free case. Energy efficiency was thereby greatly improved in the electricity-microwaves-effective heat transition. Meanwhile, the dispersed microwave field energy concentrated in small sites, where local temperatures could reach 2000°C– 4000°C, with the energy density reaching up to 4.0 × 105 W/kg. This can be called a high-energy site phenomenon which could induce further processes or reactions enhancement by coupling effects of heat, light, and plasma. The whole process, including microwave energy concentration and intense site-energy release, shapes a targeted-energy transition mechanism that can be optimized in a controlled manner through morphology design. In particular, the discharge intensity, frequency, and high-energy sites were strengthened through the fabrication of sharp nano/microstructures, conferring twice the energy efficiency of untreated metal wires. The microwave-induced high-energy sites and targeted energy transition provide an important pathway for high-efficiency energy deployment and may lead to promising applications.

关键词: microwave discharge     high-energy sites     targeted-energy transition     morphology design     energy efficiency    

Method for rating energy performance of public buildings

Jincheng XING,Youli LI,Jihong LING,Huiyang YU,Liwen WANG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 379-385 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0328-4

摘要: This paper discussed a comparative study of several state-of-art methods for determining building energy consumption benchmark. A new approach, which combined the idea of “building benchmark” and “operational benchmark” in its rating system, was proposed. A case study was conducted which applied the proposed approach to benchmarking an existing office building in Tianjin. Besides, the calculation of benchmarks of the reference building model and real building model using the rating method in eQUEST was also considered. Furthermore, the simulation results of the reference building model were taken as the baseline to divide real office buildings into different energy performance grades.

关键词: energy consumption benchmark     energy efficiency benchmark     energy performance level    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Energy neutrality potential of wastewater treatment plants: A novel evaluation framework integratingenergy efficiency and recovery

期刊论文

Regional characteristics of industrial energy efficiency in China: application of stochastic frontier

Tao HUANG,Akio ONISHI,Feng SHI,Masafumi MORISUGI,Mjo Lwin CHERRY

期刊论文

A Comprehensive Evaluation of Policy Effectiveness for Energy Efficiency in Existing Buildings

Xing Wei,Han-ding Guo

期刊论文

Achieving energy efficiency in government buildings through mandatory policy and program enforcement

Patrick X.W. ZOU, Morshed ALAM, Van Manh PHUNG, Dipika WAGLE, Rodney STEWART, Edoardo BERTONE, Oz SAHIN, Chris BUNTINE

期刊论文

Quantification of energy related industrial eco-efficiency of China

Jiansu MAO, Yanchun DU, Linyu XU, Yong ZENG

期刊论文

End-use energy utilization efficiency of Nigerian residential sector

Fidelis I. ABAM,Olayinka S. OHUNAKIN,Bethrand N. NWANKWOJIKE,Ekwe B. EKWE

期刊论文

Energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions reduction opportunities in district heating source in

Gaofeng CHEN, Xuejing ZHENG, Lin CONG

期刊论文

A valveless piezoelectric pump with novel flow path design of function of rectification to improve energyefficiency

期刊论文

Research on Evaluating the Efficiency of the Project Financing of the Energy Service Company

Bao-zhen Zhang,Han-ding Guo,Cai-xia Yang,Lei Wang

期刊论文

Energy efficiency of small buildings with smart cooling system in the summer

Yazdan DANESHVAR, Majid SABZEHPARVAR, Seyed Amir Hossein HASHEMI

期刊论文

QPSO-ILF-ANN-based optimization of TBM control parameters considering tunneling energy efficiency

期刊论文

Energy efficiency of rural residential buildings: a sustainable case study in Daping Village, Sichuan

Jiaping LIU, Rongrong HU, Liu YANG, Dalong LIU, Runshan WANG,

期刊论文

Reverse electrodialysis heat engine with helium-gap diffusion distillation: Energy efficiency analysis

期刊论文

Microwave-induced high-energy sites and targeted energy transition promising for efficient energy deployment

期刊论文

Method for rating energy performance of public buildings

Jincheng XING,Youli LI,Jihong LING,Huiyang YU,Liwen WANG

期刊论文