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Improved resilience measure for component recovery priority in power grids

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第4期   页码 545-556 doi: 10.1007/s42524-021-0161-5

摘要: Given the complexity of power grids, the failure of any component may cause large-scale economic losses. Consequently, the quick recovery of power grids after disasters has become a new research direction. Considering the severity of power grid disasters, an improved power grid resilience measure and its corresponding importance measures are proposed. The recovery priority of failed components after a disaster is determined according to the influence of the failed components on the power grid resilience. Finally, based on the data from the 2019 Power Yearbook of each city in Shandong Province, China, the power grid resilience after a disaster is analyzed for two situations, namely, partial components failure and failure of all components. Result shows that the recovery priorities of components with different importance measures vary. The resilience evaluations under different repair conditions prove the feasibility of the proposed method.

关键词: resilience measure     power grid     importance measure     component recovery    

Technologies for pollutant removal and resource recovery from blackwater: a review

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第7期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1683-3

摘要:

● Blackwater is the main source of organics and nutrients in domestic wastewater.

关键词: Blackwater     Water-flushing toilet     Sanitation     Nutrient recovery     Water reuse     Sustainable development    

Dissolved methane in anaerobic effluent: Emission or recovery?

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1537-4

摘要: Various anaerobic processes have been explored for the energy-efficient treatment of municipal wastewater. However, dissolved methane in anaerobic effluent appears to be a barrier towards the energy and carbon neutrality of wastewater treatment. Although several dissolved methane recovery methods have been developed, their engineering feasibility and economic viability have not yet been assessed in a holistic manner. In this perspective, we thus intend to offer additional insights into the cost-benefit of dissolved methane recovery against its emission.

关键词: Anaerobic treatment     Municipal wastewater     Dissolved methane     Methane recovery     Carbon emission    

China Launched the First Wastewater Resource Recovery Factory in Yixing

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第1期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1496-1

Highly selective and green recovery of lithium ions from lithium iron phosphate powders with ozone

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第6期   页码 749-758 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2261-0

摘要: Since lithium iron phosphate cathode material does not contain high-value metals other than lithium, it is therefore necessary to strike a balance between recovery efficiency and economic benefits in the recycling of waste lithium iron phosphate cathode materials. Here, we describe a selective recovery process that can achieve economically efficient recovery and an acceptable lithium leaching yield. Adjusting the acid concentration and amount of oxidant enables selective recovery of lithium ions. Iron is retained in the leaching residue as iron phosphate, which is easy to recycle. The effects of factors such as acid concentration, acid dosage, amount of oxidant, and reaction temperature on the leaching of lithium and iron are comprehensively explored, and the mechanism of selective leaching is clarified. This process greatly reduces the cost of processing equipment and chemicals. This increases the potential industrial use of this process and enables the green and efficient recycling of waste lithium iron phosphate cathode materials in the future.

关键词: lithium iron phosphate powder     stoichiometric number     selective leaching     lithium recovery    

“NEW” resource recovery from wastewater using bioelectrochemical systems: Moving forward with functions

Akshay Jain, Zhen He

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-018-1052-9

摘要:

Resource recovery from wastewater is a key function of bioelectrochemical systems.

NEW resources to recover include Nutrient, Energy, and Water.

Identifying proper application niches can guide BES research and development.

More efforts should be invested to the application of recovered resources.

A mindset for energy performance and system scaling is critically important.

关键词: Bioelectrochemical systems     Resource recovery     Wastewater treatment     Energy     Nutrients    

Sustainability of metal recovery from E-waste

Biswajit Debnath, Ranjana Chowdhury, Sadhan Kumar Ghosh

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-018-1044-9

摘要:

Metal recovery techniques from electronic waste reported in literature.

Metal recovery processes followed in Industries from electronic waste.

Sustainability analysis of metal recovery processes from electronic waste.

关键词: E-waste     Metal recovery     Metal Recovery from E-waste (MREW)     Sustainability    

Creep and recovery behaviors of magnetorheological elastomers

Weihua LI, Yang ZHOU, Tongfei TIAN, Gursel ALICI,

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第5卷 第3期   页码 341-346 doi: 10.1007/s11465-010-0096-8

摘要: This paper presents experimental and modeling study of creep and recovery behaviors of magneto-rheological elastomers (MREs) under constant stresses. Experimental study was accomplished using a rheometer with parallel-plate geometry. Under constant stresses ranging from a small value to a large one, the resultant strains were recorded. The experimental results demonstrated that MREs behave as linear visocleastic properties. The effects of the magnetic field and stress on MRE creep behaviors were discussed. Moreover, a four-parameter viscoelastic model was developed to describe MRE creep behaviors. The comparison between the experimental results and the modeling predictions indicates that the model can predict MRE creep behaviors very well.

关键词: magneto-rheological elastomers (MREs)     creep     recovery     linear viscoelastic model    

Bio-based Technologies for Resource Recovery

Aijie Wang, David Stuckey

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-018-1079-y

摘要:

关键词: valign=     top     class=     J_zhaiyao    

Copper recovery from waste printed circuit boards concentrated metal scraps by electrolysis

Xiaonan Liu, Qiuxia Tan, Yungui Li, Zhonghui Xu, Mengjun Chen

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0997-4

摘要: Copper recovery is the core of waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) treatment. In this study, we proposed a feasible and efficient way to recover copper from WPCBs concentrated metal scraps by direct electrolysis and factors that affect copper recovery rate and purity, mainly CuSO ·5H O concentration, NaCl concentration, H SO concentration and current density, were discussed in detail. The results indicated that copper recovery rate increased first with the increase of CuSO ·5H O NaCl, H SO and current density and then decreased with further increasing these conditions. NaCl, H SO and current density also showed a similar impact on copper purity, which also increased first and then decreased. Copper purity increased with the increase of CuSO ·5H O. When the concentration of CuSO ·5H O, NaCl and H SO was respectively 90, 40 and 118 g/L and current density was 80 mA/cm , copper recovery rate and purity was up to 97.32% and 99.86%, respectively. Thus, electrolysis proposes a feasible and prospective approach for waste printed circuit boards recycle, even for e-waste, though more researches are needed for industrial application.

关键词: Waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs)     Copper     Recovery rate     Purity     Electrolysis    

Emerging electrochemical processes for materials recovery from wastewater: Mechanisms and prospects

Lingchen Kong, Xitong Liu

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1269-2

摘要: Abstract • Mechanisms for selective recovery of materials in electrochemical processes are discussed. • Wastewaters that contain recoverable materials are reviewed. • Application prospects are discussed from both technical and non-technical aspects. Recovering valuable materials from waste streams is critical to the transition to a circular economy with reduced environmental damages caused by resource extraction activities. Municipal and industrial wastewaters contain a variety of materials, such as nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus), lithium, and rare earth elements, which can be recovered as value-added products. Owing to their modularity, convenient operation and control, and the non-requirement of chemical dosage, electrochemical technologies offer a great promise for resource recovery in small-scale, decentralized systems. Here, we review three emerging electrochemical technologies for materials recovery applications: electrosorption based on carbonaceous and intercalation electrodes, electrochemical redox processes, and electrochemically induced precipitation. We highlight the mechanisms for achieving selective materials recovery in these processes. We also present an overview of the advantages and limitations of these technologies, as well as the key challenges that need to be overcome for their deployment in real-world systems to achieve cost-effective and sustainable materials recovery.

关键词: Materials recovery     Electrosorption     Capacitive deionization     Redox processes     Electrochemical precipitation    

Occurrence of veterinary antibiotics in struvite recovery from swine wastewater by using a fluidized

Zhi-Long Ye, Yujun Deng, Yaoyin Lou, Xin Ye, Shaohua Chen

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-018-1015-1

摘要: Recovering phosphorus from livestock wastewater has gained extensive attention. The residue of veterinary antibiotics in the wastewater may be present in the recovered products, thereby posing pharmacological threats to the agricultural planting and human health. This study investigated antibiotic occurrence in the struvite particles recovered from swine wastewater by using a fluidized bed. Results revealed that tetracyclines possessed significant residues in the struvite granules, with the values ranging from 195.2 mg·kg to 1995.0 mg·kg . As for fluoroquinolones, their concentrations varied from 0.4 mg·kg to 1104.0 mg·kg . Struvite particles were of various sizes and shapes and displayed different antibiotic adsorption capacities. The data also showed that the smaller granules contained much more antibiotics than the larger ones, indicating that the fluidized granulation process of struvite crystals plays an important role on the accumulation of antibiotics. For tetracyclines, organic matters and struvite adsorption exerted significant impacts on tetracyclines migration. The outcomes underscore the need to consider the residues of antibiotics in resource recovery from wastewater because they exert pharmacological impacts on the utilization of recovered products.

关键词: Antibiotic     Struvite     Phosphorus recovery     Swine wastewater     Fluidized bed    

CO, N, and CO/N mixed gas injection for enhanced shale gas recovery and CO geological storage

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第3期   页码 428-445 doi: 10.1007/s11708-023-0865-9

摘要: In this work, using fractured shale cores, isothermal adsorption experiments and core flooding tests were conducted to investigate the performance of injecting different gases to enhance shale gas recovery and CO2 geological storage efficiency under real reservoir conditions. The adsorption process of shale to different gases was in agreement with the extended-Langmuir model, and the adsorption capacity of CO2 was the largest, followed by CH4, and that of N2 was the smallest of the three pure gases. In addition, when the CO2 concentration in the mixed gas exceeded 50%, the adsorption capacity of the mixed gas was greater than that of CH4, and had a strong competitive adsorption effect. For the core flooding tests, pure gas injection showed that the breakthrough time of CO2 was longer than that of N2, and the CH4 recovery factor at the breakthrough time (RCH4) was also higher than that of N2. The RCH4 of CO2 gas injection was approximately 44.09%, while the RCH4 of N2 was only 31.63%. For CO2/N2 mixed gas injection, with the increase of CO2 concentration, the RCH4 increased, and the RCH4 for mixed gas CO2/N2 = 8:2 was close to that of pure CO2, about 40.24%. Moreover, the breakthrough time of N2 in mixed gas was not much different from that when pure N2 was injected, while the breakthrough time of CO2 was prolonged, which indicated that with the increase of N2 concentration in the mixed gas, the breakthrough time of CO2 could be extended. Furthermore, an abnormal surge of N2 concentration in the produced gas was observed after N2 breakthrough. In regards to CO2 storage efficiency (Sstorage-CO2), as the CO2 concentration increased, Sstorage-CO2 also increased. The Sstorage-CO2 of the pure CO2 gas injection was about 35.96%, while for mixed gas CO2/N2 = 8:2, Sstorage-CO2 was about 32.28%.

关键词: shale gas     gas injection     competitive adsorption     enhanced shale gas recovery     CO2 geological storage    

Nitrogen recovery from wastewater using microbial fuel cells

Yong XIAO,Yue ZHENG,Song WU,Zhao-Hui YANG,Feng ZHAO

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第1期   页码 185-191 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0730-5

摘要: Nitrogen is one of major contaminants in wastewater; however, nitrogen, as bio-elements for crop growth, is the indispensable fertilizer in agriculture. In this study, two-chamber microbial fuel cells (MFCs) were first operated with microorganisms in anode chamber and potassium ferricyanide as catholyte. After being successfully startup, the two-chamber MFCs were re-constructed to three-chamber MFCs which were used to recover the and of synthetic wastewater into value-added nitrogenous fertilizer from cathode chamber and anode chamber, respectively. Ferric nitrate was used as the sole electron acceptor in cathode, which also was used to evaluate the recover efficiency in the case major anion of in cathode. The output voltage of these MFCs was about 600–700 mV at an external load of 500 Ω. About 47% in anode chamber and 83% in cathode chamber could be recovered. Higher current density can selectively improve the recovery efficiency of both and . The study demonstrated a nitrogen recovery process from synthetic wastewater using three-chamber MFCs.

关键词: nitrogen recovery     microbial fuel cells (MFCs)     electromigration     wastewater treatment    

装备系统故障自愈原理研究

高金吉

《中国工程科学》 2005年 第7卷 第5期   页码 43-48

摘要:

装备故障可否在其运行中得到控制或自行消除?故障能否像人和动物的疾病一样可以“自愈”?在系统科学的指导下,移植现代医学“自主调理”治疗原理,包括免疫、防御、代偿、自修复和适应等,可以用来指导研究装备自愈原理及工程应用;重点研究了以故障预防和消除为目标的装备系统自愈调控原理,为研制出具有自愈功能的新一代装备提供科学依据。

关键词: 装备系统     故障自愈原理     故障自愈调控     诊断     主动控制    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Improved resilience measure for component recovery priority in power grids

期刊论文

Technologies for pollutant removal and resource recovery from blackwater: a review

期刊论文

Dissolved methane in anaerobic effluent: Emission or recovery?

期刊论文

China Launched the First Wastewater Resource Recovery Factory in Yixing

期刊论文

Highly selective and green recovery of lithium ions from lithium iron phosphate powders with ozone

期刊论文

“NEW” resource recovery from wastewater using bioelectrochemical systems: Moving forward with functions

Akshay Jain, Zhen He

期刊论文

Sustainability of metal recovery from E-waste

Biswajit Debnath, Ranjana Chowdhury, Sadhan Kumar Ghosh

期刊论文

Creep and recovery behaviors of magnetorheological elastomers

Weihua LI, Yang ZHOU, Tongfei TIAN, Gursel ALICI,

期刊论文

Bio-based Technologies for Resource Recovery

Aijie Wang, David Stuckey

期刊论文

Copper recovery from waste printed circuit boards concentrated metal scraps by electrolysis

Xiaonan Liu, Qiuxia Tan, Yungui Li, Zhonghui Xu, Mengjun Chen

期刊论文

Emerging electrochemical processes for materials recovery from wastewater: Mechanisms and prospects

Lingchen Kong, Xitong Liu

期刊论文

Occurrence of veterinary antibiotics in struvite recovery from swine wastewater by using a fluidized

Zhi-Long Ye, Yujun Deng, Yaoyin Lou, Xin Ye, Shaohua Chen

期刊论文

CO, N, and CO/N mixed gas injection for enhanced shale gas recovery and CO geological storage

期刊论文

Nitrogen recovery from wastewater using microbial fuel cells

Yong XIAO,Yue ZHENG,Song WU,Zhao-Hui YANG,Feng ZHAO

期刊论文

装备系统故障自愈原理研究

高金吉

期刊论文