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Facile fabrication of dolomite-doped biochar/bentonite for effective removal of phosphate from complex

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1671-7

摘要:

● Dolomite-doped biochar/bentonite was synthesized for phosphate removal.

关键词: Biochar-bentonite composite     Dolomite doping     Phosphate adsorption     Polymeric matrix membrane     Adsorption-filtration dual functions     Low-concentration phosphate    

Mechanistic insights into the synergetic remediation and amendment effects of zeolite/biochar composite

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.1007/s11783-024-1874-6

摘要:

● Converting of red soil into a zeolite framework has been reported for the first time.

关键词: Red soil     Heavy metal pollution     Zeolite/biochar composite     Soil remediation     Soil amendment    

Removal of copper ions from aqueous solution by adsorption using LABORATORIES-modified bentonite (organo-bentonite

Sandy, Velycia MARAMIS, Alfin KURNIAWAN, Aning AYUCITRA, Jaka SUNARSO, Suryadi ISMADJI

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第1期   页码 58-66 doi: 10.1007/s11705-011-1160-6

摘要: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic aspects of the adsorption of copper ions from an aqueous solution using linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LABORATORIES) modified bentonite (organo-bentonite) are reported. Modification of bentonite was performed via microwave heating with a concentration of LABORATORIES surfactant equivalent to 1.5 times that of the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of the raw bentonite. Experimental parameters affecting the adsorption process such as pH, contact time and temperature were studied. Several adsorption equations (e.g., Langmuir, Freundlich, Sips and Toth) with temperature dependency were used to correlate the equilibrium data. These models were evaluated based on the theoretical justifications of each isotherm parameter. The Sips model had the best fit for the adsorption of copper ions onto organo-bentonite. For the kinetic data, the pseudo-second order model was superior to the pseudo-first order model. Thermodynamically, the adsorption of copper ions occurs via chemisorption and the process is endothermic (Δ >0), irreversible (Δ >0) and nonspontaneous (Δ >0).

关键词: heavy metal     copper     adsorption     organo-bentonite     temperature dependent    

Novel approach to control adsorbent aggregation: iron fixed bentonite-fly ash for Lead (Pb) and Cadmium

Teza Mwamulima, Xiaolin Zhang, Yongmei Wang, Shaoxian Song, Changsheng Peng

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0979-6

摘要: In the present study, a novel approach was used to control zero valent iron aggregation and separation problems by fixing zero valent iron (ZVI) on bentonite-fly ash pellets. For this purpose, porous low cost bentonite-fly ash (BFA) pellets with size of 2.00 cm in length and 0.35 cm in diameter were prepared and fixed with ZVI to manufacture zero valent iron bentonite-fly ash (ZVI-BFA) pellets. Importantly, unlike powdered adsorbents, ZVI-BFA can easily be separated from final effluents when exhausted without any disintegration. The performance of the developed novel adsorbent was investigated for the removal of Pb and Cd from aqueous media. At 100 mg·L and 1 g adsorbent, a maximum of 89.5% of Cd and 95.6% of Pb was removed by ZVI-BFA as compared to 56% and 95% removal by BFA. At 200 mg·L , Cd and Pb removal by ZVI-BFA was 56% and 99.8% respectively as compared to only 28% and 96% by BFA. Further, the removal kinetics was best fitted for pseudo-second order model. The study provides the basis for improving the removal capacity of porous materials by iron fixation while taking separation ability into consideration.

关键词: Zero valent iron     Bentonite     Fly ash     Heavy metals removal     Synthesis    

Modeling of bentonite/sepiolite plastic concrete compressive strength using artificial neural network

Ali Reza GHANIZADEH, Hakime ABBASLOU, Amir Tavana AMLASHI, Pourya ALIDOUST

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第1期   页码 215-239 doi: 10.1007/s11709-018-0489-z

摘要: Plastic concrete is an engineering material, which is commonly used for construction of cut-off walls to prevent water seepage under the dam. This paper aims to explore two machine learning algorithms including artificial neural network (ANN) and support vector machine (SVM) to predict the compressive strength of bentonite/sepiolite plastic concretes. For this purpose, two unique sets of 72 data for compressive strength of bentonite and sepiolite plastic concrete samples (totally 144 data) were prepared by conducting an experimental study. The results confirm the ability of ANN and SVM models in prediction processes. Also, Sensitivity analysis of the best obtained model indicated that cement and silty clay have the maximum and minimum influences on the compressive strength, respectively. In addition, investigation of the effect of measurement error of input variables showed that change in the sand content (amount) and curing time will have the maximum and minimum effects on the output mean absolute percent error (MAPE) of model, respectively. Finally, the influence of different variables on the plastic concrete compressive strength values was evaluated by conducting parametric studies.

关键词: bentonite/sepiolite plastic concrete     compressive strength     artificial neural network     support vector machine     parametric analysis    

Enhancing the adsorption function of biochar by mechanochemical graphitization for organic pollutant

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第6期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1418-2

摘要:

• Mechanochemical treatment reduced the calcination temperature for biochar synthesis.

关键词: Biochar     Mechanochemical treatment     Graphitization     Calcination temperature     Organic pollutant    

Cattle manure biochar and earthworm interactively affected CO and NO emissions in agricultural and forest

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1473-8

摘要:

• Earthworms increase CO2 and N2O emissions in agricultural and forest soil.

关键词: Carbon sequestration     Forest soil     Cattle manure biochar     Greenhouse gas emissions     Soil fauna    

Effects of different types of biochar on the properties and reactivity of nano zero-valent iron in soil

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1388-4

摘要:

• Biochar enhanced the mobility and stability of zero-valent iron nanoparticles.

关键词: Nano zero-valent iron     Biochar     BDE209     Transport     Soil    

Non-thermal plasma enhances performances of biochar in wastewater treatment and energy storage applications

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第4期   页码 475-483 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2070-x

摘要: Surface functionalization or modification to introduce more oxygen-containing functional groups to biochar is an effective strategy for tuning the physicochemical properties and promoting follow-up applications. In this study, non-thermal plasma was applied for biochar surface carving before being used in contaminant removal and energy storage applications. The results showed that even a low dose of plasma exposure could introduce a high number density of oxygen-functional groups and enhance the hydrophilicity and metal affinity of the pristine biochar. The plasma-treated biochar enabled a faster metal-adsorption rate and a 40% higher maximum adsorption capacity of heavy metal ion Pb2+. Moreover, to add more functionality to biochar surface, biochar with and without plasma pre-treatment was activated by KOH at a temperature of 800 °C. Using the same amount of KOH, the plasma treatment resulted in an activated carbon product with the larger BET surface area and pore volume. The performance of the treated activated carbon as a supercapacitor electrode was also substantially improved by>30%. This study may provide guidelines for enhancing the surface functionality and application performances of biochar using non-thermal-based techniques.

关键词: non-thermal plasma     surface functionalization     biochar modification     wastewater treatment     supercapacitor    

Sorption of phenanthrene to biochar modified by base

Zhengjun Feng, Lizhong Zhu

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0978-7

摘要: Biochar (BC) is a potential material for removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from soil and water, and base modification is a promising method for improving its sorption ability. In this study, we synthesized a series of base-modified biochars, and evaluated their sorption of phenanthrene. Original biochars were produced by pyrolysis of three feedstocks (rice straw, wood and bamboo) at five temperatures (300°C, 350°C, 400°C, 500°C and 700°C). Base-modified biochars were further obtained by washing of biochars with base solution. The base soluble carbon (SC) was extracted from the supernatant, which were only obtained from biochars pyrolyzed at low temperatures (<500°C) and the content was decreased with the increase of pyrolysis temperature. The SC content between different feedstocks followed the trend of rice straw>wood>bamboo when same pyrolysis conditions were applied. It was found that base modification improved the sorption of phenanthrene on biochars that SC could be extracted from (extractable-BCs). However, base treatment but had limited effects for biochars that no SC could be extracted from. It suggested that base modification improved the sorption of phenanthrene to extractable-BCs by removing the SC and thus increasing the surface area and hydrophobicity. Therefore, base modification was suggested to be used in modifying extractable-BCs.

关键词: Biochar     Base modification     Phenanthrene    

Selective preparation for biofuels and high value chemicals based on biochar catalysts

《能源前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第5期   页码 635-653 doi: 10.1007/s11708-023-0878-4

摘要: The reuse of biomass wastes is crucial toward today’s energy and environmental crisis, among which, biomass-based biochar as catalysts for biofuel and high value chemical production is one of the most clean and economical solutions. In this paper, the recent advances in biofuels and high chemicals for selective production based on biochar catalysts from different biomass wastes are critically summarized. The topics mainly include the modification of biochar catalysts, the preparation of energy products, and the mechanisms of other high-value products. Suitable biochar catalysts can enhance the yield of biofuels and higher-value chemicals. Especially, the feedstock and reaction conditions of biochar catalyst, which affect the efficiency of energy products, have been the focus of recent attentions. Mechanism studies based on biochar catalysts will be helpful to the controlled products. Therefore, the design and advancement of the biochar catalyst based on mechanism research will be beneficial to increase biofuels and the conversion efficiency of chemicals into biomass. The advanced design of biochar catalysts and optimization of operational conditions based on the biomass properties are vital for the selective production of high-value chemicals and biofuels. This paper identifies the latest preparation for energy products and other high-value chemicals based on biochar catalysts progresses and offers insights into improving the yield of high selectivity for products as well as the high recyclability and low toxicity to the environment in future applications.

关键词: biomass     biochar catalysts     biofuels     high chemicals    

Erratum to: Synthesis of vinasse-dolomite nanocomposite biochar via a novel developed functionalization

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1387-5

Adsorption of herring sperm DNA onto pine sawdust biochar: Thermodynamics and site energy distribution

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第11期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1579-7

摘要:

● Adsorption of environmental deoxyribonucleic acid on biochar was studied.

关键词: Environmental deoxyribonucleic acid     Antibiotic resistance genes     Biochar     Adsorption thermodynamics    

A “Seawater-in-Sludge” approach for capacitive biochar production via the alkaline and alkaline earth

Xiling Li, Tianwei Hao, Yuxin Tang, Guanghao Chen

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第1期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1295-0

摘要: Abstract • Capacitive biochar was produced from sewage sludge. • Seawater was proved to be an alternative activation agent. • Minerals vaporization increased the surface area of biochar. • Molten salts acted as natural templates for the development of porous structure. Sewage sludge is a potential precursor for biochar production, but its effective utilization involves costly activation steps. To modify biochar properties while ensuring cost-effectiveness, we examined the feasibility of using seawater as an agent to activate biochar produced from sewage sludge. In our proof-of-concept study, seawater was proven to be an effective activation agent for biochar production, achieving a surface area of 480.3 m2/g with hierarchical porosity distribution. Benefited from our design, the catalytic effect of seawater increased not only the surface area but also the graphitization degree of biochar when comparing the pyrolysis of sewage sludge without seawater. This leads to seawater activated biochar electrodes with lower resistance, higher capacitance of 113.9 F/g comparing with control groups without seawater. Leveraging the global increase in the salinity of groundwater, especially in coastal areas, these findings provide an opportunity for recovering a valuable carbon resource from sludge.

关键词: Sewage sludge     Biochar     Seawater     Recourse recovery     Capacitor    

The speciation, leachability and bioaccessibility of Cu and Zn in animal manure-derived biochar: effect

Qi Lin, Xin Xu, Lihua, Wang, Qian Chen, Jing Fang, Xiaodong Shen, Liping Lou, Guangming Tian

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0924-8

摘要: Biochars derived from animal manures may accumulate potentially toxic metals and cause a potential risk to ecosystem. The synchrotron-based X-ray spectroscopy, sequential fractionation schemes, bioaccessibility extraction and leaching procedure were performed on poultry and swine manure-derived biochars (denoted PB and SB, respectively) to evaluate the variance of speciation and activity of Cu and Zn as affected by the feedstock and pyrolysis temperature. The results showed that Cu speciation was dependent on the feedstock with Cu-citrate-like in swine manure and species resembling Cu-glutathione and CuO in poultry manure. Pyrolyzed products, however, had similar Cu speciation mainly with species resembling Cu-citrate, CuO and CuS/Cu S. Organic bound Zn and Zn (PO ) -like species were dominant in both feedstock and biochars. Both Cu and Zn leaching with synthetic precipitation leaching procedure (SPLP) and toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) decreased greatly with the rise of pyrolysis temperature, which were consistent with the sequential extraction results that pyrolysis converted Cu and Zn into less labile phases such as organic/sulfide and residual fractions. The potential bioaccessibility of Zn decreased for both the PB and SB, closely depending on the content of non-residual Zn. The bioaccessibility of Cu, however, increased for the SB prepared at 300°C–700°C, probably due to the increased proportion of CuO. Concerning the results of sequential fractionation schemes, bioaccessibility extraction and leaching procedure, pyrolysis at 500°C was suggested as means of reducing Cu/Zn lability and poultry manure was more suitable for pyrolysis treatment.

关键词: Animal manure     Biochar     Metals     Molecular species     Pyrolysis    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Facile fabrication of dolomite-doped biochar/bentonite for effective removal of phosphate from complex

期刊论文

Mechanistic insights into the synergetic remediation and amendment effects of zeolite/biochar composite

期刊论文

Removal of copper ions from aqueous solution by adsorption using LABORATORIES-modified bentonite (organo-bentonite

Sandy, Velycia MARAMIS, Alfin KURNIAWAN, Aning AYUCITRA, Jaka SUNARSO, Suryadi ISMADJI

期刊论文

Novel approach to control adsorbent aggregation: iron fixed bentonite-fly ash for Lead (Pb) and Cadmium

Teza Mwamulima, Xiaolin Zhang, Yongmei Wang, Shaoxian Song, Changsheng Peng

期刊论文

Modeling of bentonite/sepiolite plastic concrete compressive strength using artificial neural network

Ali Reza GHANIZADEH, Hakime ABBASLOU, Amir Tavana AMLASHI, Pourya ALIDOUST

期刊论文

Enhancing the adsorption function of biochar by mechanochemical graphitization for organic pollutant

期刊论文

Cattle manure biochar and earthworm interactively affected CO and NO emissions in agricultural and forest

期刊论文

Effects of different types of biochar on the properties and reactivity of nano zero-valent iron in soil

期刊论文

Non-thermal plasma enhances performances of biochar in wastewater treatment and energy storage applications

期刊论文

Sorption of phenanthrene to biochar modified by base

Zhengjun Feng, Lizhong Zhu

期刊论文

Selective preparation for biofuels and high value chemicals based on biochar catalysts

期刊论文

Erratum to: Synthesis of vinasse-dolomite nanocomposite biochar via a novel developed functionalization

期刊论文

Adsorption of herring sperm DNA onto pine sawdust biochar: Thermodynamics and site energy distribution

期刊论文

A “Seawater-in-Sludge” approach for capacitive biochar production via the alkaline and alkaline earth

Xiling Li, Tianwei Hao, Yuxin Tang, Guanghao Chen

期刊论文

The speciation, leachability and bioaccessibility of Cu and Zn in animal manure-derived biochar: effect

Qi Lin, Xin Xu, Lihua, Wang, Qian Chen, Jing Fang, Xiaodong Shen, Liping Lou, Guangming Tian

期刊论文