资源类型

期刊论文 806

年份

2024 43

2023 117

2022 103

2021 98

2020 66

2019 37

2018 31

2017 41

2016 30

2015 27

2014 24

2013 30

2012 24

2011 19

2010 22

2009 28

2008 11

2007 15

2006 5

2005 3

展开 ︾

关键词

4D打印 5

Cu(In 4

Ga)Se2 3

光催化 3

CCS 2

CO2利用 2

CO2封存 2

CO2捕集 2

二氧化碳 2

低碳发展 2

催化剂 2

增材制造 2

碳中和 2

2

&alpha 1

(GaxIn1−x)2O3薄膜;带隙可调谐;磁控溅射 1

1860 MPa等级 1

1T/2H-MoS2 1

2 1

展开 ︾

检索范围:

排序: 展示方式:

Complete oxidation of methane on CoO-SnO catalysts

Xingfu TANG , Jiming HAO , Junhua LI ,

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第3期   页码 265-270 doi: 10.1007/s11783-009-0019-2

摘要: CoO-SnO hybrid oxides were prepared by the coprecipitation method and were used to oxidate methane (CH) in presence of oxygen. The CoO-SnO with a molar ratio of Co/(Co+Sn) at 0.75 exhibited the highest catalytic activity among all the CoO-SnO hybrid oxides. Experimental results showed that the catalysts were considerably stable in the CH combustion reaction, and were verified by X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS). It was found that CoO was the active species, and SnO acted as a support or a promoting component in the CoO-SnO hybrid oxides. The surface area was not a major factor that affected catalytic activity. The hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H-TPR) results demonstrated that the interaction between cobalt and tin oxides accelerated the mobility of oxygen species of CoO-SnO, leading to higher catalytic activity.

关键词: Co3O4-SnO2     complete oxidation     methane (CH4)    

我国甲烷排放控制的中长期挑战与应对

张博,郭金玲,高俊莲,张国生,刘合

《中国工程科学》 2024年 第26卷 第2期   页码 185-197 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2024.07.007

摘要:

甲烷(CH<sub>4sub>)是全球第二大温室气体,控制CH<sub>4sub>排放兼具气候、环境、安全与经济效益;我国的CH<sub>4sub>排放量较大,开展中长期CH<sub>本文从CH<sub>4sub>排放控制的科学基础出发,辨识了我国CH<sub>4sub>排放特征并剖析了CH<sub>4sub>排放控制面临的中长期挑战;从总体管控思路、各领域CH<sub>4sub>排放控制行动方向、减排技术与措施体系架构等方面阐明了我国中长期CH<sub>4sub>排放控制的行动逻辑,进而提出了我国中长期CH<sub>4sub>排放管控对策。建议着眼长远,从设定全口径目标、责任分配与落实、筑牢减排能力、增强管控合力出发,战略谋划CH<sub>4sub>排放控制工作,协同推进制度创新、科技创新、模式创新,加速实现我国从控制CH<sub>4sub>排放向减少CH<sub>4sub>排放的进程转变。

关键词: CH<sub>4sub>排放控制;减排技术;减排措施;管控对策;温室气体减排    

CH<sub>4sub> and N<sub>2sub>O emissions from double-rice cropping system as affected by Chinese milk

Heshui XU,Dengyun LI,Bo ZHU,Kai ZHANG,Yadong YANG,Chen WANG,Ying JIANG,Zhaohai ZENG

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第4卷 第1期   页码 59-68 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2017137

摘要: Chinese milk vetch (CMV) and rice straw (RS) were incorporated into soil to substitute for synthetic N fertilizers and to maintain soil fertility. However, little is known about the integrated impacts of CMV and RS incorporation on CH and N O emissions in double-rice cropping systems in southern China. A field experiment was conducted to estimate the integrated impacts of CMV and RS incorporation in the early- and late-rice seasons on CH and N O emissions. All treatments received uniform N inputs, 6%–37% of which was replaced by CMV and RS crop residue. CMV and/or RS incorporation produced equivalent or slightly more grain yield, while reducing N O emissions by 3%–43%. However, both CMV and RS incorporation increased CH emissions. Annual CH emissions ranged from 321 to 614 kg·hm from CMV and RS amendment treatments, which were 1.5–2.9 times higher than that from synthetic N. Compared with single synthetic N fertilizer, incorporation of CMV and/or RS increased GWP and yield-scaled GWP by 45%–164% and 45%–153%, respectively. Our results demonstrate CMV and RS amendments replacing N fertilizer, maintained stable yield, mitigated N O emission, but enhanced CH emission. Further study is needed on crop residue management in double-cropping rice systems.

关键词: Chinese milk vetch     CH4     double-rice cropping system     grain yield     N2O     rice straw    

Frontier science and challenges on offshore carbon storage

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第7期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1680-6

摘要:

● The main direct seal up carbon options and challenges are reviewed.

关键词: Offshore carbon storage     Direct CO2 injection     CO2-CH4 replacement     CO2-EOR     CCS hubs     CO2 transport    

Effect of TiO

Navid Azizi, Mojgan Isanejad, Toraj Mohammadi, Reza M. Behbahani

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第3期   页码 517-530 doi: 10.1007/s11705-018-1781-0

摘要: Membranes have attracted much attention as economical methods for industrial chemical processes. The effects of the titanium dioxide nanoparticle load on the morphology and CO /CH separation performance of poly (ether-block-amide) (PEBAX-1657) mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) were investigated from pressures of 3–12 bar and temperatures of 30°C–60°C. The PEBAX membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermal gravimetric analysis, atomic force microscopy and tensile strength analysis. The incorporation of TiO nanoparticles into the polymeric MMMs improved the CO /CH gas separation performance (both the permeability and selectivity) of the membranes. The CO permeability and ideal CO /CH selectivity values of the nanocomposite membrane loaded with 8 wt-% TiO were 172.32 Barrer and 24.79, respectively whereas those of the neat membrane were 129.87 Barrer and 21.39, respectively.

关键词: mixed matrix membrane     TiO2 nanoparticles     PEBAX-1657     CO2/CH4 separation    

Review on cryogenic technologies for CO removal from natural gas

Yujing BI, Yonglin JU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第5期   页码 793-811 doi: 10.1007/s11708-022-0821-0

摘要: CO2 in natural gas (NG) is prone to condense directly from gas to solid or solidify from liquid to solid at low temperatures due to its high triple point and boiling temperature, which can cause a block of equipment. Meanwhile, CO2 will also affect the calorific value of NG. Based on the above reasons, CO2 must be removed during the NG liquefaction process. Compared with conventional methods, cryogenic technologies for CO2 removal from NG have attracted wide attention due to their non-polluting and low-cost advantages. Its integration with NG liquefaction can make rational use of the cold energy and realize the purification of NG and the production of by-product liquid CO2. In this paper, the phase behavior of the CH4-CO2 binary mixture is summarized, which provides a basis for the process design of cryogenic CO2 removal from NG. Then, the detailed techniques of design and optimization for cryogenic CO2 removal in recent years are summarized, including the gas-liquid phase change technique and the gas-solid phase change technique. Finally, several improvements for further development of the cryogenic CO2 removal process are proposed. The removal process in combination with the phase change and the traditional techniques with renewable energy will be the broad prospect for future development.

关键词: cryogenic CO2 removal     purification of natural gas (NG)     biogas upgrading     CH4-CO2 binary system    

Ni-Co bimetallic catalyst for CH

Xiaohong LI, Jun AI, Wenying LI, Dongxiong LI

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第4期   页码 476-480 doi: 10.1007/s11705-010-0512-y

摘要: A co-precipitation method was employed to prepare Ni/Al O -ZrO , Co/Al O -ZrO and Ni-Co/Al O -ZrO catalysts. Their properties were characterized by N adsorption (BET), thermogravimetric analysis TGA , temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), temperature-programmed desorption (CO -TPD), and temperature-programmed surface reaction (CH -TPSR and CO -TPSR). Ni-Co/Al O -ZrO bimetallic catalyst has good performance in the reduction of active components Ni, Co and CO adsorption. Compared with mono-metallic catalyst, bimetallic catalyst could provide more active sites and CO adsorption sites (C+ CO = 2CO) for the methane-reforming reaction, and a more appropriate force formed between active components and composite support (SMSI) for the catalytic reaction. According to the CH -CO -TPSR, there were 80.9% and 81.5% higher CH and CO conversion over Ni-Co/Al O -ZrO catalyst, and its better resistance to carbon deposition, less than 0.5% of coke after 4 h reaction, was found by TGA. The high activity and excellent anti-coking of the Ni-Co/Al O -ZrO catalyst were closely related to the synergy between Ni and Co active metal, the strong metal-support interaction and the use of composite support.

关键词: Ni-Co bimetallic catalyst     composite support     CH4 reforming with CO2    

Effect of carbon deposition over carbonaceous catalysts on CH

Yongfa ZHANG, Meng ZHANG, Guojie ZHANG, Huirong ZHANG

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第4期   页码 481-485 doi: 10.1007/s11705-010-0523-8

摘要: An investigation was made using a continuous fixed bed reactor to understand the influence of carbon deposition obtained under different conditions on CH -CO reforming. Thermogravimetry (TG) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were employed to study the characteristics of carbon deposition. It was found that the carbonaceous catalyst is an efficient catalyst in methane decomposition and CH -CO reforming. The trend of methane decomposition at lower temperatures is similar to that at higher temperatures. The methane conversion is high during the initial of stage of the reaction, and then decays to a relatively fixed value after about 30 min. With temperature increase, the methane decomposition rate increases quickly. The reaction temperature has significant influence on methane decomposition, whereas the carbon deposition does not affect methane decomposition significantly. Different types of carbon deposition were formed at different methane decomposition reaction temperatures. The carbon deposition Type I generated at 900°C has a minor effect on CH -CO reforming and it easily reacts with carbon dioxide, but the carbon deposition Type II generated at 1000°C and 1100°C clearly inhibits CH -CO reforming and it is difficult to react with carbon dioxide. The results of XRD showed that some graphite structures were found in carbon deposition Type II.

关键词: carbon deposition     carbonaceous catalyst     CH4-CO2 reforming    

Design and analysis of dual fuel methanol-power poly-generation

Minghua WANG , Zheng LI , Weidou NI ,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第3期   页码 341-347 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0023-z

摘要: A dual fuel head poly-generation flowsheet was designed based on coal gas and coke oven gas. To help clearly understand the system performance, a 1.2×10−3.2×10kg methanol and 274―496MW power poly-generation system was simulated by using the commercially available software ASPEN Plus and GT Pro. The technology scheme, the operating parameters, and the efficiency of the system were also analyzed and evaluated, which will be used for building industrial devices.

关键词: dual fuel     methanol-power poly-generation     CO2 and CH4 reforming     splitting ratio    

A density functional theory study of methane activation on MgO supported NiM cluster: role of M on C–H activation

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第10期   页码 1485-1492 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2169-8

摘要: Methane activation is a pivotal step in the application of natural gas converting into high-value added chemicals via methane steam/dry reforming reactions. Ni element was found to be the most widely used catalyst. In present work, methane activation on MgO supported Ni–M (M = Fe, Co, Cu, Pd, Pt) cluster was explored through detailed density functional theory calculations, compared to pure Ni cluster. CH4 adsorption on Cu promoted Ni cluster requires overcoming an energy of 0.07 eV, indicating that it is slightly endothermic and unfavored to occur, while the adsorption energies of other promoters M (M = Fe, Co, Pd and Pt) are all higher than that of pure Ni cluster. The role of M on the first C–H bond cleavage of CH4 was investigated. Doping elements of the same period in Ni cluster, such as Fe, Co and Cu, for C–H bond activation follows the trend of the decrease of metal atom radius. As a result, Ni–Fe shows the best ability for C–H bond cleavage. In addition, doping the elements of the same family, like Pd and Pt, for CH4 activation is according to the increase of metal atom radius. Consequently, C–H bond activation demands a lower energy barrier on Ni–Pt cluster. To illustrate the adsorptive dissociation behaviors of CH4 at different Ni–M clusters, the Mulliken atomic charge was analyzed. In general, the electron gain of CH4 binding at different Ni–M clusters follows the sequence of Ni–Cu (–0.02 e) < Ni (–0.04 e) < Ni–Pd (–0.08 e) < Ni–Pt (–0.09 e) < Ni–Co (–0.10 e) < Ni–Fe (–0.12 e), and the binding strength between catalysts and CH 4 raises with the CH4 electron gain increasing. This work provides insights into understanding the role of promoter metal M on thermal-catalytic activation of CH4 over Ni/MgO catalysts, and is useful to interpret the reaction at an atomic scale.

关键词: CH4 dissociation     Ni–M     C–H bond activation     charge transfer    

Greenhouse gas emissions during co-composting of cattle feedlot manure with construction and demolition (C&D) waste

Xiying Hao, Francis J. Larney

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0955-1

摘要: Manure management strategies should reflect current animal feeding practices and encourage recycling of organic waste to help protect our environment. This research investigated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions during cattle manure stockpiling or composting with and without construction and demolition (C&D) waste. Manure was collected from cattle fed a typical finishing diet (CK manure) and from cattle on diets which included 30% dried distillers grains with solubles (DG manure). The CK and DG manures were co-composted with (4:1) C&D waste (treatments: CK_CD DG_CD), composted alone (treatments: CK and DG) in 13 m bins or stockpiled without C&D waste (treatments: CK_ST and DG_ST) for 99 days. Manure type (CK vs. DG manure) had no effect on GHG emissions over the 99 day manure composting or stockpiling. Composting with C&D waste produced similar CO emissions, about double that from manure stockpiling (7.0 kgC·m ). In contrast, CH emissions were reduced by the inclusion of C&D waste (64 gC·m with C&D vs. 244 gC·m without C&D) while the manure stockpile emitted the greatest amount of CH (464 gC·m ). Additionally, only 0.48% of C was emitted in CH form with C&D waste, compared to 1.68% when composting without C&D waste and 7.00% when cattle manure was stockpiled. The N O emissions (12.4 to 18.0 gN·m ) were similar across all treatments. The lower CH emissions with C&D waste are beneficial in reducing overall GHG emissions from manure composting, while reducing the amount of material entering landfills.

关键词: Livestock manure     greenhouse gas flux     straw bale compost bin     N2O     CH4     CO2    

ZnFe<sub>2sub>O<sub>4sub>/BiVO<sub>4sub> Z-scheme heterojunction for efficient visible-light photocatalytic

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第11期   页码 1728-1740 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2322-z

摘要: A novel Z-scheme ZnFe2O4/BiVO4 heterojunction photocatalyst was successfully synthesized using a convenient solvothermal method and applied in the visible light photocatalytic degradation of ciprofloxacin, which is a typical antibiotic contaminant in wastewater. The heterostructure of as-synthesized catalysts was confirmed using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy characterizations. Compared with the single-phase counterparts, ZnFe2O4/BiVO4 demonstrated considerably enhanced photogenerated charge separation efficiencies because of the Z-scheme transfer mechanism of electrons between the composite photocatalysts. Consequently, the 30% ZnFe2O4/BiVO4 catalyst afforded a degradation rate of up to 97% of 20 mg/L ciprofloxacin under 30 min of visible light irradiation with a total organic carbon removal rate of 50%, which is an excellent activity compared with ever reported BiVO4-based catalysts. In addition, the liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and quantitative structure-activity relationships model analyses demonstrated that the toxicity of the intermediates was lower than that of the parent ciprofloxacin. Moreover, the as-synthesized ZnFe2O4/BiVO4 heterojunctions were quite stable and could be reused at least four times. This study thus provides a promising Z-scheme heterojunction photocatalyst for the efficient removal and detoxication of antibiotic pollutants from wastewater.

关键词: ZnFe2O4/BiVO4     Z-scheme heterojunction     photocatalytic degradation     ciprofloxacin    

Li<sub>4sub>SiO<sub>4sub>-coated LiNi<sub>0.5sub>Mn<sub>1.5sub>O<sub>4sub> as the high performance

Shifeng YANG, Wenfeng REN, Jian CHEN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第3期   页码 374-382 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0494-2

摘要: The preparation of Li SiO -coated LiNi Mn O materials by sintering the SiO -coated nickel-manganese oxides with lithium salts using abundant and low-cost sodium silicate as the silicon source was reported. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. It was found that a uniform and complete SiO coating layer could be obtained at a suitable pH value of 10, which transformed to a good Li SiO coating layer afterwards. When used as the cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries, the Li SiO -coated LiNi Mn O samples deliver a better electrochemical performance in terms of the discharge capacity, rate capability, and cycling stability than that of the pristine material. It can still deliver 111.1 mAh/g at 20 C after 300 cycles, with a retention ratio of 93.1% of the stable capacity, which is far beyond that of the pristine material (101.3 mAh/g, 85.6%).

关键词: lithium-ion batteries     cathode material     LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4     lithium-ion conductor     coating    

Rh<sub>2sub>O<sub>3sub>/hexagonal CePO<sub>4sub> nanocatalysts for N<sub>2sub>O decomposition

Huan Liu, Zhen Ma

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第4期   页码 586-593 doi: 10.1007/s11705-017-1659-6

摘要: Hexagonal CePO nanorods were prepared by a precipitation method and hexagonal CePO nanowires were prepared by hydrothermal synthesis at 150 °C. Rh(NO ) was then used as a precursor for the impregnation of Rh O onto these CePO materials. The Rh O supported on the CePO nanowires was much more active for the catalytic decomposition of N O than the Rh O supported on CePO nanorods. The stability of both catalysts as a function of time on stream was studied and the influence of the co-feed (CO , O , H O or O /H O) on the N O decomposition was also investigated. The samples were characterized by N adsorption-desorption, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron microscopy, hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction, oxygen temperature-programmed desorption, and CO temperature-programmed desorption in order to correlate the physicochemical and catalytic properties.

关键词: Rh2O3     CePO4     N2O decomposition    

Greenhouse gas emissions from different pig manure management techniques: a critical analysis

Conor Dennehy, Peadar G. Lawlor, Yan Jiang, Gillian E. Gardiner, Sihuang Xie, Long D Nghiem, Xinmin Zhan

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0942-6

摘要: Manure management is the primary source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from pig farming, which in turn accounts for 18% of the total global GHG emissions from the livestock industry. In this review, GHG emissions (N O and CH emissions in particular) from individual pig manure (PGM) management practices (European practises in particular) are systematically analyzed and discussed. These manure management practices include manure storage, land application, solid/liquid separation, anaerobic digestion, composting and aerobic wastewater treatment. The potential reduction in net GHG emissions by changing and optimising these techniques is assessed. This review also identifies key research gaps in the literature including the effect of straw covering of liquid PGM storages, the effect of solid/liquid separation, and the effect of dry anaerobic digestion on net GHG emissions from PGM management. In addition to identifying these research gaps, several recommendations including the need to standardize units used to report GHG emissions, to account for indirect N O emissions, and to include a broader research scope by conducting detailed life cycle assessment are also discussed. Overall, anaerobic digestion and compositing to liquid and solid fractions are best PGM management practices with respect to their high GHG mitigation potential.

关键词: CH4     N2O     Storage     Anaerobic digestion     Composting     Separation    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Complete oxidation of methane on CoO-SnO catalysts

Xingfu TANG , Jiming HAO , Junhua LI ,

期刊论文

我国甲烷排放控制的中长期挑战与应对

张博,郭金玲,高俊莲,张国生,刘合

期刊论文

CH<sub>4sub> and N<sub>2sub>O emissions from double-rice cropping system as affected by Chinese milk

Heshui XU,Dengyun LI,Bo ZHU,Kai ZHANG,Yadong YANG,Chen WANG,Ying JIANG,Zhaohai ZENG

期刊论文

Frontier science and challenges on offshore carbon storage

期刊论文

Effect of TiO

Navid Azizi, Mojgan Isanejad, Toraj Mohammadi, Reza M. Behbahani

期刊论文

Review on cryogenic technologies for CO removal from natural gas

Yujing BI, Yonglin JU

期刊论文

Ni-Co bimetallic catalyst for CH

Xiaohong LI, Jun AI, Wenying LI, Dongxiong LI

期刊论文

Effect of carbon deposition over carbonaceous catalysts on CH

Yongfa ZHANG, Meng ZHANG, Guojie ZHANG, Huirong ZHANG

期刊论文

Design and analysis of dual fuel methanol-power poly-generation

Minghua WANG , Zheng LI , Weidou NI ,

期刊论文

A density functional theory study of methane activation on MgO supported NiM cluster: role of M on C–H activation

期刊论文

Greenhouse gas emissions during co-composting of cattle feedlot manure with construction and demolition (C&D) waste

Xiying Hao, Francis J. Larney

期刊论文

ZnFe<sub>2sub>O<sub>4sub>/BiVO<sub>4sub> Z-scheme heterojunction for efficient visible-light photocatalytic

期刊论文

Li<sub>4sub>SiO<sub>4sub>-coated LiNi<sub>0.5sub>Mn<sub>1.5sub>O<sub>4sub> as the high performance

Shifeng YANG, Wenfeng REN, Jian CHEN

期刊论文

Rh<sub>2sub>O<sub>3sub>/hexagonal CePO<sub>4sub> nanocatalysts for N<sub>2sub>O decomposition

Huan Liu, Zhen Ma

期刊论文

Greenhouse gas emissions from different pig manure management techniques: a critical analysis

Conor Dennehy, Peadar G. Lawlor, Yan Jiang, Gillian E. Gardiner, Sihuang Xie, Long D Nghiem, Xinmin Zhan

期刊论文